Muscular System Test Quiz

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| By Jessiejaxson
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Muscular System Test Quiz - Quiz

Welcome to the ultimate Muscular System Test quiz, where we'll flex our knowledge and dive deep into the fascinating world of muscles! Are you ready to put your muscle memory to the ultimate challenge? Let's get those brain muscles pumping!

In this thrilling quiz, we'll explore the intricate workings of the muscular system. From the powerhouses of the body to the finest details of muscle fibers, we'll unravel the mysteries and test your understanding like never before.
Picture yourself as an adventurous muscle explorer embarking on a journey through the human body. From identifying different types of muscles to understanding the Read morefascinating process of muscle contraction, this quiz will keep you engaged every step of the way.

Challenge yourself with questions that range from the basic building blocks of muscles to advanced concepts like muscle fatigue and energy production. You'll discover the secrets behind muscle growth and repair, and even explore the role of muscles in sports performance.

So, gather your mental energy, limber up your thinking cap, and get ready to flex your muscles of knowledge! Prepare for an interactive, engaging, and entertaining adventure through the Muscular System Test. Get ready to amaze yourself with your muscle mastery! Let's begin!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Enter/o refers to

    • A.

      Small intestine

    • B.

      Intestines

    • C.

      Colon

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Small intestine
    Explanation
    The term "enter/o" is a combining form that specifically refers to the small intestine. It is derived from the Greek word "enteron," which means intestine. Therefore, when "enter/o" is used, it is specifically indicating the small intestine and not the entire digestive system or any other part of the intestines.

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  • 2. 

    ____________ ___________ ___________ is an autoimmune muscle dissorder.

    Correct Answer
    Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy
    DMD
    duchennes
    Explanation
    Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is an autoimmune muscle disorder. It is a genetic condition that causes progressive muscle weakness and degeneration. DMD primarily affects boys and is caused by a mutation in the dystrophin gene, which is responsible for producing a protein that helps muscles function properly. The absence or deficiency of this protein leads to the deterioration of muscle fibers and ultimately affects the individual's ability to walk, breathe, and perform daily activities.

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  • 3. 

    These are striated muscles:

    • A.

      Skeletal

    • B.

      Cardiac

    • C.

      Smooth

    • D.

      Both A & B

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A & B
    Explanation
    Both skeletal and cardiac muscles are striated muscles. Skeletal muscles are attached to the bones and are responsible for voluntary movements. Cardiac muscles are found in the walls of the heart and are responsible for pumping blood. Smooth muscles, on the other hand, are not striated and are found in the walls of organs such as the stomach and intestines. They are responsible for involuntary movements. Therefore, the correct answer is both A (skeletal) and B (cardiac).

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  • 4. 

    This type of muscle tissue is located in the walls of hollow internal structures such as the stomach, blood vessels, and airways:

    • A.

      Skeletal muscle tissue

    • B.

      Smooth muscle tissue

    • C.

      Cardiac muscle tissue

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Smooth muscle tissue
    Explanation
    Smooth muscle tissue is located in the walls of hollow internal structures such as the stomach, blood vessels, and airways. Unlike skeletal muscle tissue, which is attached to bones and allows for voluntary movement, smooth muscle tissue is involuntary and contracts slowly and rhythmically. Cardiac muscle tissue, on the other hand, is only found in the heart and is responsible for its involuntary contractions. Therefore, the correct answer is smooth muscle tissue.

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  • 5. 

    Smooth muscle tissue is:

    • A.

      Non-striated

    • B.

      Voluntary

    • C.

      Involuntary

    • D.

      Striated

    • E.

      Both A & C

    Correct Answer
    E. Both A & C
    Explanation
    Smooth muscle tissue is both non-striated and involuntary. Non-striated means that the muscle fibers do not have the distinct banding pattern seen in striated muscle tissue. Smooth muscle tissue is found in the walls of organs and blood vessels, and its contractions are not under conscious control, making it involuntary. Therefore, the correct answer is both A & C.

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  • 6. 

    A muscle cell are also called  ____________________________

    Correct Answer
    a muscle fiber
    muscle fibers
    muscle fiber
    Explanation
    Muscle cells are also referred to as muscle fibers. The term "muscle fiber" is used to describe the individual cells that make up a muscle. These cells are long and cylindrical in shape, and they have the ability to contract and relax, allowing for movement and the generation of force. The plural form "muscle fibers" is used to describe multiple muscle cells collectively.

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  • 7. 

    What striated muscle tissue is attached to bones and moving parts of the skeleton?

    • A.

      Connective tissue

    • B.

      Smooth tissue

    • C.

      Skeletal tissue

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Skeletal tissue
    Explanation
    Skeletal tissue is the correct answer because it is the type of striated muscle tissue that is attached to bones and moving parts of the skeleton. This tissue is responsible for voluntary movements and provides support and structure to the body. Connective tissue is not a type of muscle tissue, smooth tissue is found in organs and not attached to bones, and "none of the above" is incorrect as skeletal tissue fits the given description.

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  • 8. 

    This type of contraction is responsible for maintaining posture:

    • A.

      Tetanic contraction

    • B.

      Isometric contraction

    • C.

      Tonic contraction

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Isometric contraction
    Explanation
    Isometric contraction is the correct answer because it refers to a type of muscle contraction where the muscle length remains constant while tension is produced. This type of contraction is responsible for maintaining posture because it allows the muscles to exert force without changing their length, thereby keeping the body in a stable position.

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  • 9. 

    When bending the elbow, the orgin is at the _______________________

    Correct Answer
    shoulder
    Explanation
    When bending the elbow, the origin refers to the point where the movement begins. In this case, the movement of bending the elbow originates from the shoulder joint. The shoulder joint acts as the starting point for the motion, allowing the arm to flex and the elbow to bend.

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  • 10. 

    ____________________________ anchor muscle firmly to bones

    Correct Answer
    tendons, tendon
    Explanation
    Tendons are strong, fibrous tissues that connect muscles to bones, anchoring muscles firmly in place. They enable the transmission of force from muscles to bones, facilitating movement and providing stability in the musculoskeletal system.

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  • 11. 

    A muscle produces ATP.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A muscle uses but does not produce ATP.

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  • 12. 

    Muscular tissue produces body movement, stabilizes body position, regulates organ volume, moves substances within the body, and produces heat.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    These are the functions of muscular tissue

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  • 13. 

    Most skeletal muscles attach to ______ bones and have a moveable _________ between them.

    • A.

      1 bone, moveable tendon

    • B.

      2 bones, moveable joint

    • C.

      4 bones, moveable ligament

    Correct Answer
    B. 2 bones, moveable joint
    Explanation
    Skeletal muscles attach to two bones and have a moveable joint between them. This is because muscles work by pulling on bones to create movement. The joint allows for the bones to move in relation to each other, enabling the muscle to exert force and produce motion. Therefore, the answer "2 bones, moveable joint" accurately describes the attachment and movement of skeletal muscles.

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  • 14. 

    The muscle's attachment to the more stationary bone is called the _____.

    • A.

      Connective tisse

    • B.

      Origin

    • C.

      Rotation

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Origin
    Explanation
    The muscle's attachment to the more stationary bone is called the origin. This is where the muscle originates from and provides a stable base for muscle contraction. The origin is typically located closer to the midline of the body and remains relatively fixed during movement.

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  • 15. 

    The muscle's ______________ is its attachment to the more movable bone.

    • A.

      Insertion

    • B.

      Extension

    Correct Answer
    A. Insertion
    Explanation
    The muscle's "insertion" refers to its attachment to the more movable bone. This means that the muscle is connected to the bone in a way that allows it to move the bone when it contracts. The insertion point is usually located further away from the body's midline compared to the muscle's origin, which is its attachment to the less movable bone.

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  • 16. 

    What attach muscle to bones at both orgin and insertion sites?

    Correct Answer
    tendons
    tendon
    the tendon
    Explanation
    Tendons attach muscles to bones at both the origin and insertion sites. They are tough, fibrous connective tissues that provide stability and transmit the force generated by the muscle to the bone, allowing movement. Tendons are responsible for transferring the contraction of the muscle to the bone, enabling the body to perform various movements and actions.

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  • 17. 

    Tendon sheaths and bursae perform this function:

    • A.

      Attaching muscle to bone

    • B.

      Temperature regulation

    • C.

      Lubrication

    Correct Answer
    C. Lubrication
    Explanation
    Tendon sheaths and bursae are structures in the body that are responsible for lubricating joints and reducing friction between tendons, muscles, and bones. They contain synovial fluid, which acts as a lubricant and helps to reduce wear and tear on the joints during movement. This lubrication function is essential for smooth and pain-free movement of the muscles and bones.

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  • 18. 

    For muscle contractions to occur, the body needs:

    • A.

      Tendons and joints

    • B.

      ATP and calcium

    • C.

      Mitochondria and X chromosones

    • D.

      Sodium and calcium

    Correct Answer
    B. ATP and calcium
    Explanation
    Muscle contractions require ATP (adenosine triphosphate) and calcium. ATP is the main source of energy for muscle contractions, providing the necessary fuel for the muscle fibers to contract. Calcium plays a crucial role in the process by binding to proteins in the muscle fibers, allowing them to interact and generate force. Without ATP, the muscles would not have the energy to contract, and without calcium, the muscle fibers would not be able to generate force effectively. Therefore, both ATP and calcium are essential for muscle contractions to occur.

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  • 19. 

    Any muscle inflammation is termed

    • A.

      Myositis

    • B.

      Myoistis

    • C.

      Myostisis

    • D.

      Myoititis

    Correct Answer
    A. Myositis
    Explanation
    correct spelling is myositis

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  • 20. 

    True or False: Muscular dystrophy is a chronic disease characterized by muscle weakness.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    True.
    Muscular dystrophy is indeed a chronic disease characterized by muscle weakness. It refers to a group of genetic disorders that cause progressive muscle degeneration and weakness over time.

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  • 21. 

    Muscles move bones by ____________________ on them.

    • A.

      Pushing

    • B.

      Pulling

    Correct Answer
    B. Pulling
    Explanation
    Muscles move bones by pulling on them. When muscles contract, they generate a pulling force that causes the bones to move. This pulling action is possible due to the arrangement of muscles and tendons, which are connective tissues that attach muscles to bones. As the muscle fibers contract, they shorten and exert a pulling force on the tendons, which in turn pull on the bones, resulting in movement.

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  • 22. 

    If a prime mover caused extension, the antagonist would cause _____________

    • A.

      Rotation

    • B.

      Flexion

    • C.

      Isometric contractions

    Correct Answer
    B. Flexion
    Explanation
    If a prime mover caused extension, the antagonist would cause flexion. Flexion is the movement that decreases the angle between two body parts, typically in the sagittal plane. In this scenario, the prime mover is responsible for extending a joint, which means it is causing the angle between the body parts to increase. The antagonist muscle, which has an opposing action to the prime mover, would then cause flexion to decrease the angle and counteract the extension caused by the prime mover.

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  • 23. 

    True or false: Tonic Contraction move body parts and hold muscles in position.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Tonic contractions don't move body parts; they hold muscles in position.

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  • 24. 

     _________________ occurs when body temperature falls below normal levels.

    • A.

      Hyperthermia

    • B.

      Hypothermia

    • C.

      Chills

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypothermia
    Explanation
    hypo is low hyper is high

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  • 25. 

    A quick, jerky response to a stimulus is called a _________________

    Correct Answer
    twitch
    twich
    Explanation
    A quick, jerky response to a stimulus is called a twitch.

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  • 26. 

    Muscle contractions causing shivering would produce _________________

    Correct Answer
    heat
    Explanation
    Muscle contractions causing shivering would produce heat. When muscles contract rapidly during shivering, it generates heat as a byproduct. This heat is produced to help maintain the body's core temperature and prevent hypothermia. Shivering is a physiological response to cold temperatures or illness, and it is the body's way of generating internal heat to keep warm.

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  • 27. 

    _____________ muscle  contractions don’t always produce movement

    • A.

      Isometric

    • B.

      Isotonic

    • C.

      Tetanic

    Correct Answer
    A. Isometric
    Explanation
    Isometric muscle contractions don't always produce movement because they occur when the muscle is activated and generating force, but there is no change in the length of the muscle or movement at the joint. In other words, the muscle contracts but there is no visible movement. This type of contraction is commonly seen in activities like holding a heavy object in a fixed position or maintaining a static posture.

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  • 28. 

    When muscles are constantly stimulated and the strength of muscle contractions decreases, it is known as

    • A.

      Oxgyen debt

    • B.

      Fatigue

    • C.

      Atrophy

    • D.

      Myalgia

    Correct Answer
    B. Fatigue
    Explanation
    Fatigue is the correct answer because when muscles are constantly stimulated, they can become tired and lose their strength to contract. This can happen due to a lack of oxygen and energy supply to the muscles, leading to a decrease in muscle performance. Fatigue is a common phenomenon that occurs after prolonged or intense physical activity, and it can also be caused by various medical conditions or lifestyle factors.

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  • 29. 

    Muscle contraction that produces movement of a joint.

    • A.

      Isotonic

    • B.

      Isometric

    • C.

      Abduction

    • D.

      Adduction

    Correct Answer
    A. Isotonic
    Explanation
    Isotonic refers to a type of muscle contraction that produces movement of a joint. In an isotonic contraction, the muscle length changes as it contracts and moves a joint, resulting in visible movement. This is in contrast to an isometric contraction, where the muscle contracts but there is no movement of the joint. Abduction and adduction refer to movements of the limbs away from and towards the midline of the body, respectively, and are not directly related to muscle contractions.

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  • 30. 

    Lifting something is an example of what kind of skeletal muscle contraction?

    • A.

      Flexion

    • B.

      Extension

    • C.

      Isometric contraction

    • D.

      Isotonic contraction

    Correct Answer
    D. Isotonic contraction
    Explanation
    Isometric example is lifting something extreamly heavy

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  • 31. 

    __________ is a type of muscle contraction that would help a person with hypothermia.

    Correct Answer
    shivering
    Explanation
    Shivering is a physiological response to cold temperatures or hypothermia. It involves involuntary muscle contractions, especially in the limbs and core, to generate heat and raise the body's core temperature when it drops due to exposure to cold conditions.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Oct 03, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 20, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Jessiejaxson
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