Muscoloskeletal - 30 Mins - EMT-b

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 70

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EMT Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Your patient has fallen from a horse and has a fractured lower leg. Since the broken bone has torn through the skin, this fracture is called:
    • A. 

      Closed

    • B. 

      Open

    • C. 

      Simple

    • D. 

      Spinal

  • 2. 
    An important reason to splint a closed painful, swollen, deformed injury is to:
    • A. 

      Cover any external injuries

    • B. 

      Prevent it from becoming an open injury

    • C. 

      Allow the patient to move the injured extremity without pain

    • D. 

      Make transporting the patient easier and more comfortable

  • 3. 
    General rules of splinting include
    • A. 

      Attempting to push protruding bones back into place

    • B. 

      Splinting of all injuries individually prior to transport

    • C. 

      Not using extra padding, as this may decrease the effectiveness of the splint

    • D. 

      Checking for pulse, motor function, and sensation before and after splinting

  • 4. 
    If you have applied a splint properly, it will immobilize the
    • A. 

      Injury site, only

    • B. 

      Adjacent joints and bone ends

    • C. 

      Entire extremity

    • D. 

      Injury site and one joint below

  • 5. 
    If your patient is a high priority for "load and go" transport, the fastest method of splinting would be securing
    • A. 

      The injured limb to the torso

    • B. 

      The injured limb to an uninjured limb

    • C. 

      The entire body to a spine board

    • D. 

      Each site individually to a rigid splint

  • 6. 
    Your first priority in treating a patient with a swollen and deformed extremity is:
    • A. 

      Opening and maintaining the airway

    • B. 

      Splinting the swollen, deformed extremities

    • C. 

      Applying direct pressure to open injuries

    • D. 

      Assessing circulation in injured extremities.

  • 7. 
    Your 35-year-old male patient has fallen while rock climbing. During your assessment you find a deformed right lower leg. The distal extremity is pulseless and the skin is cool and cyanotic. Your emergency treatment for this injury should include
    • A. 

      Splinting the extremity as it is

    • B. 

      Attempting to realign the injured extremity

    • C. 

      Applying a traction splint

    • D. 

      Moving the patient to your ambulance before splinting

  • 8. 
    Traction splints are specifically designed to splint injuries to the
    • A. 

      Upper arm

    • B. 

      Lower arm

    • C. 

      Upper leg

    • D. 

      Lower leg

  • 9. 
    Use of a traction splint is contraindicated if your patient also
    • A. 

      Has a knee injury

    • B. 

      Has a back injury

    • C. 

      Has a femur fracture

    • D. 

      Has no distal pulse in the injured extremity

  • 10. 
    Which of the following splinting devices would NOT be appropriate for the management of a fractured tibia?
    • A. 

      Air inflated splint

    • B. 

      Two rigid board splints

    • C. 

      Traction splint

    • D. 

      Single rigid splint

  • 11. 
    Your 64-year-old female patient has slipped on the ice and you suspect a pelvic fracture. This type of injury is very serious, because
    • A. 

      A pelvic injury is very painful

    • B. 

      Internal organs, blood vessels, and nerves may be injured

    • C. 

      A pelvic injury is difficult to stabilize

    • D. 

      The patient cannot be log rolled

  • 12. 
    Splinting someone to death" means:
    • A. 

      Splinting too tightly, compressing blood vessels and nerves

    • B. 

      Splinting too loosely, permitting movement and further tissue damage

    • C. 

      Splinting without first applying traction or realignment, causing further tissue damage

    • D. 

      Spending too much time splinting, neglecting care for life-threatening conditions, and unnecessarily delaying transport

  • 13. 
    When force is transmitted to the body's internal structures causing internal organs to rupture or bleed internally, or small bone fractures to occur is called a(n):
    • A. 

      Crush injury

    • B. 

      Concussion

    • C. 

      Contusion

    • D. 

      Avulsion

  • 14. 
    To properly apply a pressure dressing and bandage to an open wound it is important that you:
    • A. 

      Apply a tourniquet to control bleeding

    • B. 

      Replace any dressings that become blood-soaked

    • C. 

      Apply an antiseptic solution to the wound

    • D. 

      Expose the entire wound, cutting away clothing as needed

  • 15. 
    A 32-year-old female patient has amputated her index finger in a table saw accident. You have bandaged her hand. The best way to transport the amputated finger is by:
    • A. 

      Placing the finger directly on ice

    • B. 

      Wrapping the finger well in an occlusive dressing

    • C. 

      Placing the finger directly in sterile saline

    • D. 

      Wrapping the finger in gauze, placing it in a plastic bag, and keeping it cool