# How Much Can You Score On This Earth Quiz?

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| By Mitchfairchild
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Mitchfairchild
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 220
Questions: 27 | Attempts: 220

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It's time to answer some interesting questions on Earth! Let’s take this quiz and find out how much you really know.

• 1.

### What is the name for the huge landmass that Alfred Wegener believed covered much of the Earth 200 million years ago?

• A.

Pangea

• B.

Mantle

• C.

Crust

• D.

The Alotaland

A. Pangea
Explanation
Alfred Wegener believed that a huge landmass called Pangea covered much of the Earth 200 million years ago. Pangea was a supercontinent that included all of the Earth's current continents joined together as one. Wegener's theory of continental drift proposed that the continents were once connected and have since moved apart over time. The name "Pangea" comes from the Greek words "pan" meaning "all" and "gea" meaning "earth."

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• 2.

### What kind of boundary is formed when two lithospheric plates slide past each other?

• A.

Oceanic Boundary

• B.

Crust Boundary

• C.

Transform Boundary

• D.

Green Boundary

C. Transform Boundary
Explanation
A transform boundary is formed when two lithospheric plates slide past each other. This type of boundary is characterized by horizontal movement, where the plates move horizontally in opposite directions. Transform boundaries are commonly associated with earthquakes and can be found on land or in the ocean.

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• 3.

### Which of the following are layers of the Earth?

• A.

Precipitation, moderation, epitaph, graphic

• B.

Inner, Outer, Mantle, Crust

• C.

Jesuit, Epinephrin, Asprin, Decongestant

• D.

B. Inner, Outer, Mantle, Crust
Explanation
The correct answer is Inner, Outer, Mantle, Crust. These are the layers of the Earth. The inner layer is the inner core, followed by the outer core, then the mantle, and finally the crust. These layers have different compositions and properties, with the inner core being solid, the outer core being liquid, the mantle being semi-fluid, and the crust being solid and the outermost layer of the Earth.

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• 4.

### What two types of crust make up the surface of the earth?

• A.

Continental & Osmosis

• B.

Continental & Divide

• C.

Oceanic & Oleander

• D.

Oceanic & Continental

D. Oceanic & Continental
Explanation
The surface of the Earth is made up of two types of crust: oceanic crust and continental crust. Oceanic crust is found beneath the oceans and is thinner and denser than continental crust. Continental crust, on the other hand, makes up the landmasses and is thicker and less dense than oceanic crust. These two types of crust interact with each other at plate boundaries, forming various geological features such as mountains, trenches, and volcanoes.

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• 5.

### How did the Himalayan Mountains form?

• A.

Two continental plates converged

• B.

Two continental plates diverged

• C.

Two oceanic plates converged

• D.

An oceanic plate and a continental plate converged

A. Two continental plates converged
Explanation
The Himalayan Mountains formed as a result of two continental plates converging. This process, known as continental collision, occurs when two tectonic plates carrying continents collide with each other. The force of their collision causes the crust to buckle and fold, leading to the formation of mountain ranges. In the case of the Himalayas, the Indian Plate collided with the Eurasian Plate, resulting in the uplift of the Himalayan region and the formation of the tallest mountain range on Earth.

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• 6.

### As rock moves away from a mid - ocean ridge, it is replaced by:

• A.

Molten rock

• B.

Continental crust

• C.

Suspect terraines

• D.

Older rock

A. Molten rock
Explanation
As rock moves away from a mid-ocean ridge, it is replaced by molten rock. This is because mid-ocean ridges are areas where tectonic plates are spreading apart, causing magma to rise up from the mantle and create new crust. As the plates move apart, the newly formed crust pushes the older rock away, creating a continuous cycle of crust formation and movement. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that the rock being replaced is molten rock.

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• 7.

### The region along a plate boundary where one plate is forced under another plate is called a:

• A.

Rift valley

• B.

Paleomagnetic band

• C.

Transform fault

• D.

Subduction zone

D. Subduction zone
Explanation
A subduction zone refers to the region along a plate boundary where one tectonic plate is forced beneath another plate. This process occurs when two plates converge, and the denser plate sinks into the mantle. Subduction zones are typically associated with intense geological activity, including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and the formation of mountain ranges. This term is used to describe the specific geological phenomenon rather than a rift valley, paleomagnetic band, or transform fault, which are different types of plate boundaries.

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• 8.

### Sea floor spreading occurs at:

• A.

Subduction zones

• B.

Divergent boundaries

• C.

Transform faults

• D.

Terraine boundaries

B. Divergent boundaries
Explanation
Sea floor spreading occurs at divergent boundaries. Divergent boundaries are locations where two tectonic plates are moving away from each other. As the plates separate, magma rises from the mantle and fills the gap, creating new oceanic crust. This process leads to the formation of mid-ocean ridges, where the sea floor is spreading apart. As the new crust is formed, older crust is pushed away from the ridge, causing the ocean floor to spread out in opposite directions. This process is a key component of plate tectonics and contributes to the continuous renewal of the Earth's crust.

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• 9.

### If you used the theory of plate tectonics to predict the most likely place for the next earthquake or volcanic eruption , you should predict that it is most likely to occur:

• A.

Where one has not happened in at least 10 million years

• B.

In the interior of any continent

• C.

Along boundaries between colliding lithospheric plates

• D.

Where two plates are diverging from one another.

C. Along boundaries between colliding lithospHeric plates
Explanation
The theory of plate tectonics states that the Earth's lithosphere is divided into several large plates that are constantly moving. Along the boundaries between these plates, there is a lot of geological activity, including earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. This is because the movement of the plates creates stress and pressure, which can be released through seismic activity. Therefore, if one were to use the theory of plate tectonics to predict the most likely place for the next earthquake or volcanic eruption, it would be along the boundaries between colliding lithospheric plates.

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• 10.

### __________________ means "shrinking" or decreasing in illumination

• A.

Waining

• B.

Waxing

• C.

Weathered

• D.

Warrior

A. Waining
Explanation
The term "waining" refers to the process of gradually decreasing or shrinking in illumination. It is often used to describe the phases of the moon when it appears to be getting smaller. Therefore, "waining" is the correct answer as it directly aligns with the given definition.

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• 11.

### __________________ means "growing" or expanding in illumination

• A.

Weathered

• B.

Warrior

• C.

Waning

• D.

Waxing

D. Waxing
Explanation
The term "waxing" refers to the process of the moon increasing in illumination as it moves from a new moon to a full moon. This term is often used in astronomy and astrology to describe the moon's phase.

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• 12.

### When the Moon is between the Earth and the Sun, it is most likely what phase?

• A.

Full Moon

• B.

1st Quarter

• C.

New Moon

• D.

3rd Quarter

C. New Moon
Explanation
When the Moon is between the Earth and the Sun, it is most likely in the New Moon phase. During this phase, the side of the Moon facing the Earth is not illuminated by the Sun, making it appear completely dark from Earth. This occurs because the Sun's light is shining on the side of the Moon that is facing away from us.

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• 13.

### During the New Moon phase, we can see light from the Sun shining on the Moon

• A.

True

• B.

False

• C.

Maybe

• D.

IDK

B. False
Explanation
During the New Moon phase, the Moon is positioned between the Earth and the Sun, with the side of the Moon facing the Earth in darkness. This means that no sunlight is directly reaching the side of the Moon that is visible from Earth, making it appear completely dark. Therefore, it is not true that we can see light from the Sun shining on the Moon during the New Moon phase.

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• 14.

### Choose the correct order of the Moon Phases.

• A.

Choose the correct order of the Moon Phases.

• B.

1st Quarter, 3rd Quarter, New, Full

• C.

New, 1st Quarter, Full, 3rd Quarter

• D.

New, Full, 1st Quarter, 3rd Quarter

C. New, 1st Quarter, Full, 3rd Quarter
Explanation
The correct order of the Moon Phases is New, 1st Quarter, Full, 3rd Quarter. This is because the Moon goes through different phases as it orbits around the Earth. The New Moon phase occurs when the Moon is positioned between the Earth and the Sun, with the side of the Moon facing the Earth not illuminated. The 1st Quarter phase is when half of the Moon is illuminated and visible from Earth. The Full Moon phase occurs when the entire side of the Moon facing the Earth is illuminated. Finally, the 3rd Quarter phase is when half of the Moon is illuminated, but the opposite side compared to the 1st Quarter phase.

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• 15.

### Why does the Moon have different phases?

• A.

It moves around the Sun

• B.

The Sun moves around it

• C.

It moves around the Earth

• D.

The Earth moves around it

C. It moves around the Earth
Explanation
The Moon has different phases because it moves around the Earth. As the Moon orbits the Earth, different portions of its illuminated side are visible from Earth, creating the different phases. When the Moon is between the Earth and the Sun, we see the New Moon phase. As it continues its orbit, more of the illuminated side becomes visible, leading to the Waxing Crescent, First Quarter, Waxing Gibbous, Full Moon, Waning Gibbous, Third Quarter, and Waning Crescent phases. The cycle repeats as the Moon completes its orbit around the Earth.

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• 16.

### About how long does it take the Moon to complete it's cycle?

• A.

1 Year

• B.

1 Month

• C.

1 Century

• D.

1 Week

B. 1 Month
Explanation
The Moon takes approximately 1 month to complete its cycle. This cycle is known as a lunar month or a synodic month. During this time, the Moon goes through its different phases, starting from a new moon, then waxing crescent, first quarter, waxing gibbous, full moon, waning gibbous, third quarter, and finally waning crescent before starting the cycle again. The Moon's cycle is based on its orbit around the Earth and the changing positions of the Sun, Earth, and Moon.

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• 17.

### The moon gets its light from:

• A.

Mercury

• B.

Venus

• C.

The Sun

• D.

The Stars

C. The Sun
Explanation
The moon gets its light from the Sun. The Sun is a massive star that emits light and heat. As the moon orbits around the Earth, it reflects the sunlight that falls on its surface, making it appear bright in the night sky. This phenomenon is known as moonlight. The moon does not have its own source of light, so it relies on the Sun's light for illumination.

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• 18.

### When the Earth is between the Moon and the Sun, it is most likely a:

• A.

Full Moon

• B.

1st Quarter Moon

• C.

New Moon

• D.

3rd Quarter Moon

A. Full Moon
Explanation
When the Earth is positioned between the Moon and the Sun, the Sun's light fully illuminates the side of the Moon facing the Earth. This alignment creates a Full Moon, where the Moon appears as a complete circle in the night sky.

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• 19.

### What size is the moon compared to the Earth

• A.

Bigger

• B.

Smaller

• C.

Same Size

• D.

The Moon Does Not Exist

B. Smaller
Explanation
The correct answer is "Smaller" because the moon is significantly smaller in size compared to the Earth. The Earth has a diameter of about 12,742 kilometers, while the moon has a diameter of only about 3,474 kilometers. This means that the Earth is approximately 3.7 times larger in size than the moon.

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• 20.

### _________________ is defined when an object’s distance from another object ischanging.

• A.

Speed

• B.

Motion

• C.

Force

• D.

Size

B. Motion
Explanation
Motion is defined when an object's distance from another object is changing. It refers to the act or process of changing position or location. When an object is in motion, it means that it is moving from one place to another, and its distance from another object is continuously changing. This concept is fundamental in understanding the movement and behavior of objects in the physical world.

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• 21.

### What is the formula for speed?

• A.

Speed = Force + Motion

• B.

Distance X Foce = Speed

• C.

Time + Distance = Speed

• D.

Speed=Distance / Time

D. Speed=Distance / Time
Explanation
The formula for speed is given by dividing the distance traveled by the time taken. This formula is derived from the basic definition of speed as the rate at which an object covers distance. By dividing the distance by the time, we get the average speed of the object over a given period.

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• 22.

### In physical science, Force is:

• A.

A push or pull

• B.

A left or right

• C.

A measure of time

• D.

A measure of height

A. A push or pull
Explanation
Force is defined as a push or pull that can cause an object to accelerate, decelerate, or change its shape. It is a vector quantity, meaning it has both magnitude and direction. A force can be exerted in any direction, not just left or right, and it is not related to time or height. Therefore, the correct answer is "A push or pull."

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• 23.

### ____________________ is defined as total distance divided by the total time?

• A.

Average Weight

• B.

Average Size

• C.

Average Speed

• D.

Average Distance

C. Average Speed
Explanation
Average speed is defined as the total distance divided by the total time. It is a measure of how fast an object is moving on average. By calculating the average speed, we can determine the overall rate at which an object is covering a certain distance over a given period of time.

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• 24.

### A Newton is used to measure ______________

• A.

Motion

• B.

Force

• C.

Distance

• D.

Speed

B. Force
Explanation
A Newton is used to measure force. The Newton is the unit of measurement for force in the International System of Units (SI). It is defined as the amount of force required to accelerate a one-kilogram mass by one meter per second squared. Therefore, a Newton is specifically designed to quantify the amount of force being applied to an object or exerted by an object.

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• 25.

### A(n) ________________________ force allows an object to move.

• A.

Unbalanced

• B.

Balanced

• C.

Equal

• D.

Puppy

A. Unbalanced
Explanation
An unbalanced force allows an object to move because it is a force that is not equal in magnitude and opposite in direction to other forces acting on the object. This creates a net force that results in acceleration and causes the object to move.

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• 26.

### What is the net force if a force of 12 N is applied from the left on a box and 12 Non the right?

• A.

10 (N) net force

• B.

0 (N) net force

• C.

5 (N) net force

• D.

-10 (N) net force

B. 0 (N) net force
Explanation
The net force is 0 N because the forces applied from the left and right are equal in magnitude and opposite in direction. According to Newton's second law, when the forces acting on an object are balanced, the net force is zero and the object remains at rest or continues to move at a constant velocity.

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• 27.

### The reason that water doesn’t fall out of the bucket when I swung it around is because of this force:

• A.

Obiwan

• B.

Varying

• C.

Major

• D.

Centripetal

D. Centripetal
Explanation
The reason that water doesn't fall out of the bucket when swung around is because of the centripetal force. Centripetal force is the force that acts towards the center of the circular path and keeps an object moving in a curved path. In this case, when the bucket is swung around, the centripetal force acts towards the center of the circular motion, keeping the water in the bucket and preventing it from falling out.

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• Current Version
• Mar 20, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• May 10, 2016
Quiz Created by
Mitchfairchild

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