Ica G6 Japanese Occupation

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Ica G6 Japanese Occupation - Quiz

The attack on Pearl Harbor in the 1940s was seen as one of the causes of World War II and was followed by the occupation of the Philippines by the Japanese army. Take the test below to check whether you have facts on the Japanese occupation of the Philippines and journey of the Philippines to sovereignty.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who was the elected Filipino President of the Japanese Puppet Government?

    • A.

      Manuel Quezon

    • B.

      Sergio Osmeña

    • C.

      Jose P. Laurel

    • D.

      Jorge Vargas

    Correct Answer
    C. Jose P. Laurel
    Explanation
    Jose P. Laurel was the elected Filipino President of the Japanese Puppet Government during World War II. He served as the president from 1943 to 1945 under the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. Laurel was chosen by the Japanese to lead the government as a way to legitimize their control over the country. Although his presidency was controversial and seen by many as collaborating with the enemy, Laurel tried to balance the interests of the Japanese and the Filipino people during a difficult and tumultuous time in Philippine history.

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  • 2. 

    What did the Philippine government declare to Manila in order to prevent further destruction of the city during the war?

    • A.

      It was declared a colony of Japan.

    • B.

      It was surrendered by the Philippine government to the Japanese.

    • C.

      They made a truce with the Japanese

    • D.

      It was declared as an Open City

    Correct Answer
    D. It was declared as an Open City
    Explanation
    During World War II, the Philippine government declared Manila as an Open City in order to prevent further destruction of the city. By declaring it as an Open City, the government intended to signal to the Japanese forces that Manila was no longer a military target. This declaration was made to protect the civilian population and infrastructure from unnecessary harm and to preserve the city as much as possible.

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  • 3. 

    Where did the Philippine government go when the Japanese attacked Manila?

    • A.

      Malolos, Bulacan

    • B.

      Corregidor, Bataan

    • C.

      San Fernando, Pampanga

    • D.

      Palo, Leyte

    Correct Answer
    B. Corregidor, Bataan
    Explanation
    During World War II, when the Japanese attacked Manila, the Philippine government sought refuge in Corregidor, Bataan. Corregidor, an island fortress located at the entrance of Manila Bay, was considered a strategic location for defense. It served as the command center and headquarters for the Allied forces in the Philippines. The government officials and military leaders relocated to Corregidor to continue their operations and coordinate the defense against the Japanese invasion.

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  • 4. 

    Who among these American officials left the Filipinos the infamous words "I shall return!"?

    • A.

      General Douglas MacArthur

    • B.

      President Franklin Roosevelt

    • C.

      Governor General William Howard Taft

    • D.

      Senator William Atkinson Jones

    Correct Answer
    A. General Douglas MacArthur
    Explanation
    During World War II, General Douglas MacArthur was the American official who left the Filipinos with the famous words "I shall return!" This statement was made after the Japanese invasion of the Philippines in 1942, when MacArthur was forced to evacuate. It became a symbol of hope and reassurance for the Filipino people, as it conveyed MacArthur's determination to come back and liberate the Philippines from Japanese occupation. MacArthur fulfilled his promise in 1944 when he returned to the Philippines with Allied forces, marking a significant turning point in the war in the Pacific.

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  • 5. 

    What force was the US a member of during World War II?

    • A.

      Axis Forces

    • B.

      Nazis Forces

    • C.

      Allied Forces

    • D.

      Samurai Forces

    Correct Answer
    C. Allied Forces
    Explanation
    During World War II, the US was a member of the Allied Forces. The Allied Forces consisted of countries that opposed the Axis Powers, which included Germany, Italy, and Japan. The United States, along with other nations such as the United Kingdom, Soviet Union, and Canada, formed the Allied Forces to combat the aggression and expansionism of the Axis Powers. Together, they fought against the Nazis and their allies, ultimately leading to the defeat of the Axis Powers and the end of the war.

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  • 6. 

    What triggered World War II?

    • A.

      The killing of the Jews.

    • B.

      The creation of the atomic bombs.

    • C.

      The bombing of Pearl Harbor.

    • D.

      The territorial dispute on the Philippines.

    Correct Answer
    C. The bombing of Pearl Harbor.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the bombing of Pearl Harbor. This event, which occurred on December 7, 1941, was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. It resulted in the United States' entry into World War II. The attack on Pearl Harbor was a major turning point in the war and directly led to the United States' declaration of war against Japan, as well as its subsequent involvement in the conflict.

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  • 7. 

    What do you call this historical event where American and Filipino war captives were forced to walk from Bataan to Pampanga?

    • A.

      Comfort Women

    • B.

      Death March

    • C.

      Harakiri

    • D.

      Procession

    Correct Answer
    B. Death March
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Death March. The Death March refers to the historical event where American and Filipino war captives were forced to walk from Bataan to Pampanga. It took place during World War II, after the surrender of the Allied forces in the Battle of Bataan. The prisoners were subjected to extreme physical abuse, starvation, and harsh conditions during the march, resulting in the deaths of thousands of individuals. The event is considered a significant and tragic chapter in the history of the war.

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  • 8. 

    Where did the American forces arrive to liberate the Philippines from the Japanese?

    • A.

      Palo, Leyte

    • B.

      Intramuros, Manila

    • C.

      Kawit, Cavite

    • D.

      Corregidor, Bataan

    Correct Answer
    A. Palo, Leyte
    Explanation
    During World War II, the American forces arrived in Palo, Leyte to liberate the Philippines from the Japanese. Palo is a municipality located in the province of Leyte in the Philippines. The American forces, led by General Douglas MacArthur, landed in Palo on October 20, 1944, in what is known as the Leyte Landing. This marked the beginning of the Battle of Leyte, a major turning point in the war in the Pacific. The successful liberation of the Philippines played a crucial role in the eventual defeat of the Japanese forces.

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  • 9. 

    What triggered the surrender of the Japanese and ended the war in the Pacific?

    • A.

      The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    • B.

      The bombing Pearl Harbor.

    • C.

      The bombing of Clark Field.

    • D.

      The bombing of Manila.

    Correct Answer
    A. The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    Explanation
    The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki triggered the surrender of the Japanese and ended the war in the Pacific. These bombings, which occurred in August 1945, resulted in massive destruction and loss of life. The bombings demonstrated the devastating power of nuclear weapons and made it clear to the Japanese leadership that further resistance would only lead to more destruction. The surrender of Japan shortly after the bombings marked the end of World War II in the Pacific.

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  • 10. 

    When was the Philippines declared as a sovereign state?

    • A.

      February 25, 1986

    • B.

      June 12, 1898

    • C.

      July 4, 1946

    • D.

      December 30, 1896

    Correct Answer
    C. July 4, 1946
    Explanation
    On July 4, 1946, the Philippines was declared as a sovereign state. This date marks the independence of the Philippines from the United States, which had colonized the country for nearly 50 years. The declaration of independence on this date signifies the end of the colonial era and the beginning of self-governance for the Filipino people.

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