Filipino National Heroes Quiz

Reviewed by Andrea Glass
Andrea Glass, Bachelor's Degree, History |
History Exppert
Review Board Member
Andrea is an accomplished historian with a Master's degree in medieval history from the University of Leicester. Her expertise, cultivated over a decade of academic research and paper writing, spans various historical topics. Her passion for history fuels her commitment to sharing knowledge through diverse mediums, enriching understanding and fostering appreciation for the past. Andrea's meticulous attention to detail and comprehensive understanding of historical subjects also extends to her role in reviewing historical quizzes, ensuring accuracy, relevance, and educational value for students and enthusiasts alike.
, Bachelor's Degree, History
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Filipino National Heroes Quiz - Quiz

Welcome to the Filipino National Heroes Quiz! Test your knowledge and delve into the rich history of the Philippines by exploring the lives and contributions of its national heroes. Discover their struggles, triumphs, and enduring legacy. Challenge yourself with questions that unravel the stories of bravery and sacrifice that define these heroes. Whether you're a history enthusiast or eager to learn, this quiz is an exciting journey through the remarkable individuals who played pivotal roles in the quest for Philippine independence.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Andres Bonifacio died in the battle against the Spaniards.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Andres Bonifacio did not die in the battle against the Spaniards. He was a Filipino revolutionary leader who played a significant role in the Philippine Revolution against Spanish colonial rule. However, he was executed by his fellow revolutionaries in 1897 during a power struggle within the revolutionary movement. Therefore, the statement that he died in the battle against the Spaniards is incorrect.

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  • 2. 

    Who was the youngest Filipino general who fought in the Filipino-Spanish Revolution, and was known as the Hero of Triad Pass?

    • A.

      General Emilio Aguinaldo

    • B.

      General Emilio Jacinto

    • C.

      General Miguel Malvar

    • D.

      General Gregorio del Pilar

    Correct Answer
    D. General Gregorio del Pilar
    Explanation
    General Gregorio del Pilar is known as the Hero of Tirad Pass because of his bravery and sacrifice during the Battle of Tirad Pass. He was a Filipino general who played a crucial role in the Filipino-Spanish Revolution. Despite being the youngest general, he displayed exceptional leadership skills and fought valiantly against the American forces. His actions at Tirad Pass, where he defended the pass against overwhelming odds, earned him the admiration and respect of his fellow soldiers and the Filipino people. His courage and heroism in the face of adversity make him a significant figure in Philippine history.

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  • 3. 

    Who was the leader of the longest-known Spanish revolt in Bohol?

    • A.

      Andres Bonifacio

    • B.

      Sultan Kudarat

    • C.

      Laong Laan

    • D.

      Francisco Dagohoy

    Correct Answer
    D. Francisco Dagohoy
    Explanation
    Francisco Dagohoy was the leader of the longest known Spanish revolt in Bohol. He led a rebellion against the Spanish colonial government that lasted for 85 years, from 1744 to 1829. Dagohoy's revolt was fueled by grievances against Spanish abuses and injustices, and he successfully established an independent government in the mountains of Bohol. His resistance and determination made him a symbol of Filipino resistance against foreign oppression, and his revolt remains a significant event in Philippine history.

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  • 4. 

    Who painted the timeless masterpiece, "The Spoliarium," a metaphoric representation of native Filipinos at the hands of Spanish explorers and colonists?

    • A.

      Apolinario Mabini

    • B.

      Jose Rizal

    • C.

      Juan Luna

    • D.

      Jose Abad Santos

    Correct Answer
    C. Juan Luna
    Explanation
    Artist Juan Luna painted "The Spoliarium," a masterpiece depicting dear and dying gladiators being dragged across stones and stripped of their armor, clothing, and weapons by Romans. Juan Luna was a renowned Filipino painter and a leader of the Philippine Revolution against Spanish occupation and colonization. "The Spoliarium" is highly regarded for its portrayal of the brutal treatment and oppression of native Filipinos at Spanish hands.

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  • 5. 

    Who founded the secret group Katipunan during the Spanish era?

    • A.

      Andres Bonifacio

    • B.

      Emilio Jacinto

    • C.

      Emilio Aguinaldo

    • D.

      Jose Rizal

    Correct Answer
    A. Andres Bonifacio
    Explanation
    Andres Bonifacio was the founder of the secret group Katipunan during the Spanish era. The Katipunan was a revolutionary society that aimed to fight for Philippine independence from Spanish rule. Bonifacio played a crucial role in organizing and leading the group, which eventually led to the Philippine Revolution against Spain. His leadership and dedication to the cause made him a significant figure in Philippine history.

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  • 6. 

    Who was known as "The Mother of Katipunan"?

    • A.

      Josefa Llanes-Escoda

    • B.

      Teodora Alonzo

    • C.

      Melchora Aquino

    • D.

      Gabriela Silang

    Correct Answer
    C. Melchora Aquino
    Explanation
    Melchora Aquino is known as the "Mother of Katipunan" because she played a significant role in the Philippine Revolution against Spanish colonial rule. She provided support to the Katipunan, a secret revolutionary society, by offering her home as a meeting place and providing food and shelter to its members. She also nursed wounded revolutionaries and acted as a mother figure to many of them. Her dedication and sacrifices earned her the title "Mother of Katipunan" and she is remembered as a brave and patriotic woman in Philippine history.

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  • 7. 

    Who was the Ilocana warrior who substituted the Ilocana leadership wing of the Katipuneros after her husband died in battle?

    • A.

      Melchora Aquino

    • B.

      Corazon Aquino

    • C.

      Gabriela Silang

    • D.

      Teodora Alonzo

    Correct Answer
    C. Gabriela Silang
    Explanation
    Gabriela Silang is the correct answer because she was an Ilocana warrior who took over the leadership of the Ilocano wing of the Katipuneros after her husband, Diego Silang, died in battle. She played a significant role in the Philippine revolution against Spanish colonization and became one of the prominent female leaders in Philippine history.

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  • 8. 

    Who was best known as "The Brain of the Katipunan"?

    • A.

      Jose Rizal

    • B.

      Diego Silang

    • C.

      Andres Bonifacio

    • D.

      Apolinario Mabini

    Correct Answer
    D. Apolinario Mabini
    Explanation
    Apolinario Mabini was considered "The Brain of the Katipunan" because of his significant contributions in drafting the kartilya (a guidebook for the members of the Katipunan) and the Malolos Constitution (the first constitution of the Philippines). Despite his polio illness, Mabini's intellect and knowledge made him a crucial figure in the Philippine revolution. His ideas and writings played a vital role in shaping the revolutionary movement and establishing the foundations of the Philippine government.

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  • 9. 

    Who was the first President of the Philippines?

    • A.

      Manuel L. Quezon

    • B.

      General Emilio Aguinaldo

    • C.

      Ferdinand Marcos

    • D.

      Apolinario Mabini

    Correct Answer
    B. General Emilio Aguinaldo
    Explanation
    General Emilio Aguinaldo was considered the first Filipino president because he played a crucial role in the Philippine revolution against Spanish colonization. He led the revolutionaries and declared the country's independence from Spain on June 12, 1898. Aguinaldo then became the president of the newly established Philippine Republic. His leadership and contributions to the struggle for independence make him a significant figure in Philippine history and the first president of the country.

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  • 10. 

    Who was the first woman to become president of the Philippines?

    • A.

      Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

    • B.

      Olive V. Lamason

    • C.

      Marianne Joy Salvador

    • D.

      Corazon C. Aquino

    Correct Answer
    D. Corazon C. Aquino
    Explanation
    Corazon C. Aquino was because she was the first woman president of the Philippines. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Olive V. Lamason, and Marianne Joy Salvador are not known for being presidents of the Philippines.

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  • 11. 

    Who was the Philippine president known to be the "champion of the masses."?

    • A.

      President Ramon Magsaysay

    • B.

      President Ferdinand Marcos

    • C.

      President Sergio Osmena

    • D.

      President Diosdado Macapagal

    Correct Answer
    A. President Ramon Magsaysay
    Explanation
    President Ramon Magsaysay is known as the "champion of the masses" because of his commitment to the welfare and empowerment of the common Filipino people. During his presidency, he implemented various reforms to address issues such as corruption, poverty, and social inequality. He focused on agrarian reform, promoting education, and improving infrastructure in rural areas. Magsaysay's leadership style was characterized by his close connection with the people, his transparency, and his emphasis on public service. His efforts to uplift the lives of the masses made him widely popular and earned him the title of the "champion of the masses."

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  • 12. 

    Ferdinand Marcos was considered a hero.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Ferdinand Marcos was not declared a hero. While he served as the President of the Philippines for many years, his regime was marked by corruption, human rights abuses, and repression. He was eventually overthrown in a popular uprising and was never officially declared a hero.

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  • 13. 

    Graciano Lopez- Jaena was an Ilocano writer.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    False. Graciano Lopez-Jaena was not an Ilocano writer. He was a prominent Filipino writer, orator, and nationalist who hailed from Iloilo, in the Visayas region of the Philippines. Lopez-Jaena was a key figure in the Propaganda Movement advocating for reforms during the Spanish colonial period. He is best known for his contributions as a co-founder of the newspaper "La Solidaridad" and his works advocating for social and political change in the Philippines.

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  • 14. 

    Who was known as the Ama ng Wikang Pambansa?

    Correct Answer
    Manuel L. Quezon
    Explanation
    Manuel L. Quezon is known as the "Ama ng Wikang Pambansa" because he played a significant role in the development and promotion of the Filipino national language. As the first President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, Quezon advocated for the adoption of Tagalog as the basis for the national language. He established the Institute of National Language and pushed for the development of a standardized Filipino language. Quezon's efforts led to the inclusion of Filipino as one of the official languages of the Philippines and solidified his title as the "Father of the National Language."

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  • 15. 

    The pen names of Rizal were known as what and what?

    Correct Answer
    Dimasalang and Laong Laan, Laong Laan and Dimasalang
    Explanation
    Jose Rizal used the pen names Dimasalang and Laong Laan in his literary works to conceal his identity and avoid censorship during the Spanish colonial period in the Philippines. Dimasalang means "he who is brave in the face of trials" in Tagalog, while Laong Laan is a pseudonym derived from the Tagalog phrase "laong laan sa lahat" which means "ever prepared for everything". Rizal's use of pen names allowed him to freely express his ideas and criticisms against the oppressive Spanish regime.

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  • 16. 

    What was Marcelo H. Del Pilar's pen name?

    Correct Answer
    Plaridel
    Explanation
    Marcelo H. Del Pilar used the pen name "Plaridel" in his literary works.

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  • 17. 

    Who assumed command of the Philippine Revolutionary forces after the capture of Emilio Aguinaldo in 1901?

    • A.

      General Trias

    • B.

      General Gregorio del Pilar

    • C.

      General Miguel Malvar

    • D.

      General Ramos

    Correct Answer
    C. General Miguel Malvar
    Explanation
    General Miguel Malvar assumed command of the Philippine revolutionary forces after the capture of Emilio Aguinaldo in 1901. This means that he took over leadership of the forces during the latter conflict, which refers to the period after Aguinaldo's capture. General Trias, General Gregorio del Pilar, and General Ramos are not mentioned in relation to assuming command during this specific conflict, so they are not the correct answer.

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  • 18. 

    Who was the fifth chief justice of the Philippine Supreme Court?

    Correct Answer
    Jose Abad Santos
    Explanation
    Jose Abad Santos was the Fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, and he was executed by the Japanese forces during the Japanese occupation during World War II. He was also the grandfather of the former Senator Jamby Madrigal.

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  • 19. 

    Who was a well-known Filipino advocate for women's right to suffrage and founded the Girl Scouts of the Philippines?

    Correct Answer
    Josefa Llanes Escoda
    Explanation
    Josefa Llanes Escoda was a well-known Filipino advocate for women's right to suffrage and the founder of the Girl Scouts of the Philippines.

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  • 20. 

    Who was a Ilonggo civil lawyer, politician, and opposition to the Marcos dictatorship, and whose assassination helped lead to the People's Power Revolution in 1986?

    Correct Answer
    Evelio Javier
    Explanation
    Evelio Javier was a prominent figure in the Philippines during the Marcos dictatorship. As an Ilonggo civil lawyer, politician, and opposition leader, he played a significant role in opposing the Marcos regime. His assassination served as a catalyst for the People's Power Revolution in 1986, as it further fueled public outrage and resistance against the dictatorship.

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  • 21. 

    Who was the composer of the Philippine National Anthem?

    • A.

      Jose Rizal

    • B.

      Julian Felipe

    • C.

      Andres Bonifacio

    • D.

      Emilio Aguinaldo

    Correct Answer
    B. Julian Felipe
    Explanation
    The National Anthem of the Philippines, "Lupang Hinirang," was written by Julian Felipe in 1898 during the Philippine Revolution. The song was chosen to be the National Anthem in 1956.

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  • 22. 

    Who was the first Filipino cannon maker?

    • A.

      Miguel Malvar

    • B.

      Panday Pira

    • C.

      Jose Protacio

    • D.

      Jose Mercado

    Correct Answer
    B. Panday Pira
    Explanation
    Panday Pira was a blacksmith and the first Filipino cannon-maker whose artillery was used by Rajah Sulayman, the Crown Prince of Luzon to defend the region against the Spanish.

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  • 23. 

    Who was the Prince of Tagalog Poets?

    • A.

      Jomapa

    • B.

      Laong Laan

    • C.

      Francisco Baltazar

    • D.

      Dimasalang

    Correct Answer
    C. Francisco Baltazar
    Explanation
    Francisco Baltazar is known as the "Prince of Tagalog Poets" because he was a highly influential and talented poet in the Tagalog language. He is most famous for his epic poem "Florante at Laura," which is considered a masterpiece of Philippine literature. Baltazar's works showcased his mastery of the Tagalog language and his ability to weave complex narratives and emotions into his poetry. His contributions to Tagalog literature have made him an iconic figure and earned him the title of the "Prince of Tagalog Poets."

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  • 24. 

    Who was Lakambini of the Katipunan and wife of Andres Bonifacio?

    • A.

      Gregoria de Jesus

    • B.

      Corazon Aquino

    • C.

      Melchora Aquino

    • D.

      Olive Lamason

    Correct Answer
    A. Gregoria de Jesus
    Explanation
    Gregoria de Jesus is the correct answer because she was indeed the Lakambini of the Katipunan and the wife of Andres Bonifacio. She played a significant role in the Philippine Revolution and was known for her bravery and dedication to the cause of independence. Gregoria de Jesus is often hailed as one of the unsung heroes of Philippine history, and her contributions to the fight for freedom should not be overlooked.

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  • 25. 

    The founder of Philippine Socialism is Isabelo de los Reyes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Isabelo de los Reyes is considered the founder of Philippine Socialism. He was a prominent Filipino writer, labor leader, and activist who advocated for social justice and workers' rights. Reyes played a significant role in organizing the first labor union in the Philippines and was instrumental in the development and promotion of socialist ideas in the country. His contributions to the labor movement and his writings on socialism have made him a key figure in the history of Philippine Socialism.

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Andrea Glass |Bachelor's Degree, History |
History Exppert
Andrea is an accomplished historian with a Master's degree in medieval history from the University of Leicester. Her expertise, cultivated over a decade of academic research and paper writing, spans various historical topics. Her passion for history fuels her commitment to sharing knowledge through diverse mediums, enriching understanding and fostering appreciation for the past. Andrea's meticulous attention to detail and comprehensive understanding of historical subjects also extends to her role in reviewing historical quizzes, ensuring accuracy, relevance, and educational value for students and enthusiasts alike.

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