Chapter 12: Sudden Illness

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Illness Quizzes & Trivia

Common signals of sudden illnesses include changes in the level of consciousness, such as feeling light-headed, dizzy, drowsy or confused, or becoming unconscious or breathlessness. If a person is prepared in case of this eventuality chances of survival are increased. Test just how prepared you are by taking this quiz. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is a seziure?

    • A.

      A sudden heart attack

    • B.

      When there is abnormal electoactivity in the brain

    • C.

      A brain freeze after eating too many cold foods

    • D.

      When the brain doesn't have enough sleep

    Correct Answer
    B. When there is abnormal electoactivity in the brain
    Explanation
    A seizure is a neurological event characterized by abnormal electrical activity in the brain. It is not related to a sudden heart attack, brain freeze, or lack of sleep. During a seizure, there may be a variety of symptoms such as convulsions, loss of consciousness, and abnormal movements or sensations. These abnormal electrical discharges disrupt the normal functioning of the brain and can be caused by various factors, including epilepsy, head injuries, infections, or genetic conditions.

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  • 2. 

    What causes a seizure?

    • A.

      Head injuries

    • B.

      Loud sounds

    • C.

      Low blood sugar

    • D.

      Stroke

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Head injuries
    C. Low blood sugar
    D. Stroke
    Explanation
    Seizures can be caused by various factors such as head injuries, low blood sugar, and stroke. Head injuries can disrupt the normal functioning of the brain and lead to abnormal electrical activity, triggering a seizure. Low blood sugar, also known as hypoglycemia, can affect the brain's energy supply and cause seizures. Stroke, which occurs when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted, can also result in seizures due to the damage caused to the brain tissue. Therefore, these three factors can all contribute to the occurrence of a seizure.

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  • 3. 

    You must roll the person onto their side, time the seizure, and call 9-1-1 if it lasts more than 3 minutes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During a seizure, it is important to roll the person onto their side to prevent choking on saliva or vomit. Timing the seizure is crucial to determine its duration, and if it lasts more than 3 minutes, it is necessary to call 9-1-1 for medical assistance. This is because prolonged seizures can be a medical emergency and require immediate attention. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 4. 

    A stroke is...

    • A.

      Lack of proteins to the head

    • B.

      A chronic condition

    • C.

      A type of light pattern

    • D.

      Sudden death of brain cells

    Correct Answer
    D. Sudden death of brain cells
    Explanation
    A stroke is the sudden death of brain cells. It occurs when the blood supply to the brain is disrupted, either due to a blockage in the blood vessels (ischemic stroke) or due to bleeding in the brain (hemorrhagic stroke). The lack of blood flow and oxygen to the brain leads to the death of brain cells, which can result in various neurological symptoms and long-term complications. Prompt medical intervention is crucial in order to minimize brain damage and improve the chances of recovery.

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  • 5. 

    Symptoms of a stroke are:

    • A.

      Sudden need to exercise

    • B.

      Dizziness/loss of balance

    • C.

      Difficulty seeing and speaking

    • D.

      Knowledge of obscure facts

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Dizziness/loss of balance
    C. Difficulty seeing and speaking
    Explanation
    The given symptoms, dizziness/loss of balance and difficulty seeing and speaking, are commonly associated with a stroke. These symptoms occur suddenly and are indicative of a disruption in blood flow to the brain. Dizziness and loss of balance can result from the brain's inability to coordinate movements, while difficulty seeing and speaking can be caused by damage to the areas of the brain responsible for these functions. Therefore, these symptoms are key indicators of a stroke and should be taken seriously.

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  • 6. 

    For a Hemorrhagic Stroke, 

    • A.

      A surgeon stitches the ruptured blood vessel

    • B.

      Walking it off

    • C.

      Shaking the person and saying "are you okay?"

    • D.

      TPA is used to dissolve blood clots

    Correct Answer
    A. A surgeon stitches the ruptured blood vessel
    Explanation
    In a hemorrhagic stroke, there is bleeding in the brain due to a ruptured blood vessel. To address this issue, a surgeon stitches the ruptured blood vessel to stop the bleeding and prevent further damage. This surgical intervention aims to repair the damaged blood vessel and restore normal blood flow in the affected area of the brain.

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  • 7. 

    Breathing difficulty refers to...

    • A.

      Hyperventilating

    • B.

      Dehydration

    • C.

      Asthma

    • D.

      Anxiety

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Hyperventilating
    C. Asthma
    Explanation
    Breathing difficulty refers to the sensation of struggling to breathe or experiencing discomfort while breathing. Hyperventilating is a condition where a person breathes rapidly and shallowly, often leading to dizziness or lightheadedness. Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, causing breathing difficulties. While anxiety can also cause shortness of breath, it is not a specific term used to describe breathing difficulty. Therefore, the correct answer is hyperventilating and asthma.

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  • 8. 

    If someone is hyperventilating, they should breathe into a bag.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Breathing into a bag is not recommended for someone who is hyperventilating. Hyperventilation is often caused by anxiety or panic and can lead to a decrease in carbon dioxide levels in the body. Breathing into a bag can further decrease carbon dioxide levels, exacerbating the symptoms. Instead, it is recommended to help the person focus on slow, deep breaths and to provide reassurance and support.

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  • 9. 

    To treat asthma:

    • A.

      Tell the person to breathe deeply

    • B.

      Give the person some smelling salts

    • C.

      Assist the person in using their prescription inhaler

    • D.

      Assist the person with their epinephrine auto-injecter

    Correct Answer
    C. Assist the person in using their prescription inhaler
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to assist the person in using their prescription inhaler. Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to difficulty in breathing. Prescription inhalers contain medication that helps to open up the airways and relieve symptoms. Assisting the person in using their inhaler ensures that they are receiving the appropriate medication and using it correctly to manage their asthma effectively.

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  • 10. 

    A Geriatric Nurse can work at a retirement community and understands and treats the physical and mental health needs of the elderly

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A Geriatric Nurse specializes in providing healthcare services to elderly individuals. They are trained to understand and address the unique physical and mental health needs of older adults. Working at a retirement community allows them to provide comprehensive care to the elderly population residing there. They are equipped with knowledge and skills to assess, diagnose, and treat age-related health issues, promote healthy aging, and ensure the overall well-being of older adults. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 07, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Ssd082
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