Cell Cycle & DNA Quiz

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DNA Quizzes & Trivia

The human body is made up of different organs which are made up of different cells. In brief, the cell cycle is a series of events which at the end lead to the division and multiplication of cells. How good are you with this part of Biology? Take up the quiz and find out below!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the period before cell division occurs?

    Explanation
    Interphase is the period before cell division occurs. It is the longest phase of the cell cycle, during which the cell grows, carries out its normal functions, and replicates its DNA in preparation for division. Interphase can be further divided into three stages: G1 (Gap 1), S (Synthesis), and G2 (Gap 2). G1 is a period of growth and preparation for DNA synthesis, S phase is when DNA replication occurs, and G2 is a period of further growth and preparation for cell division. Therefore, interphase is the correct answer as it encompasses all these stages before the actual cell division takes place.

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  • 2. 

    What is the stage in which the cells nucleus divides into two new nuclei?

    • A.

      Mitosis

    • B.

      Interphase

    • C.

      Cytokenisis

    • D.

      Cell Cycle

    Correct Answer
    A. Mitosis
    Explanation
    Mitosis is the correct answer because it is the stage in the cell cycle where the nucleus of a cell divides into two new nuclei. During mitosis, the chromosomes in the nucleus replicate and then separate into two identical sets, which are then enclosed in separate nuclei. This process is crucial for growth, repair, and the production of new cells in the body.

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  • 3. 

    When does the cell grows to its mature size, makes a copy of DNA, nd prepares to divide into two cells?

    Correct Answer
    interphase
    Explanation
    During interphase, the cell undergoes growth, replicates its DNA, and prepares for cell division. This is the longest phase of the cell cycle and consists of three stages: G1 phase, S phase, and G2 phase. In the G1 phase, the cell grows in size and carries out its normal functions. In the S phase, the cell replicates its DNA to ensure that each daughter cell receives a complete set of genetic material. In the G2 phase, the cell continues to grow and prepares for cell division by synthesizing proteins necessary for the process. Therefore, interphase is the phase when the cell grows to its mature size, makes a copy of DNA, and prepares to divide into two cells.

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  • 4. 

    WHen does the ell membrane pinch around the middle of the cell and the cell pinches in two?

    Correct Answer
    cytokenisis
    Explanation
    Cytokinesis is the process in which the cytoplasm of a cell divides, resulting in the formation of two separate daughter cells. During cytokinesis, the cell membrane pinches around the middle of the cell, known as the equator, and eventually separates the cell into two distinct cells. This is the final stage of cell division and ensures that each daughter cell receives the appropriate amount of cytoplasm and organelles.

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  • 5. 

    When do the chromosomes line up across the middle of the cell. Each chromosome attaches to a spindle fiber at its centromere?

    Correct Answer
    metaphase
    Explanation
    During metaphase, the chromosomes line up across the middle of the cell, forming a single line called the metaphase plate. At this stage, each chromosome attaches to a spindle fiber at its centromere. This alignment is crucial for the equal distribution of genetic material during cell division.

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  • 6. 

    When do the chromatin in the nucleus condense to form chromosomes. Structures called spindle fibers form a bridge between the ends of the cell. The nuclear membrane also breaks down?

    Correct Answer
    prophase
    Explanation
    During prophase of cell division, the chromatin in the nucleus condenses to form chromosomes. This condensation allows for easier separation and distribution of genetic material during cell division. Additionally, during prophase, structures called spindle fibers form a bridge between the ends of the cell. These spindle fibers help to move and align the chromosomes in preparation for division. Lastly, the nuclear membrane also breaks down during prophase, allowing the chromosomes to be more easily accessible for division.

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  • 7. 

    When does the centromere split and the two chromatids seperate, moving along the spindle fiber to one end of the cell?

    Correct Answer
    anaphase
    Explanation
    During anaphase, the centromere splits, and the two chromatids separate. They move along the spindle fibers to opposite ends of the cell. This process ensures that each daughter cell receives an equal number of chromosomes.

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  • 8. 

    When does the chromosomes begin to stretch out and lose their rod like appearance. A new membrane forms around each membrane of the cell?

    Correct Answer
    telophase
    Explanation
    During telophase, which is the final stage of cell division, the chromosomes begin to stretch out and lose their rod-like appearance. This is because the nuclear membrane reforms around each set of chromosomes, separating them into two distinct nuclei. As the nuclear membrane forms, the chromosomes unravel and become less condensed, returning to their more elongated and less visible state. This marks the end of cell division and the beginning of the interphase, where the cell prepares for its next division cycle.

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  • 9. 

    What is DNA composed of?

    • A.

      Nitrogen

    • B.

      Anaphase

    • C.

      Subunits called nucleotides

    • D.

      Magic

    Correct Answer
    C. Subunits called nucleotides
    Explanation
    DNA is composed of subunits called nucleotides. Nucleotides are the building blocks of DNA and consist of a sugar molecule, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. These nucleotides join together through phosphodiester bonds to form a long chain, which is the structure of DNA. Each nucleotide contains one of four nitrogenous bases: adenine (A), thymine (T), cytosine (C), or guanine (G). The arrangement of these bases along the DNA chain forms the genetic code that carries the instructions for the development and functioning of living organisms.

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  • 10. 

    What are nucleotides made of?

    • A.

      A phosephate, a sugar and a base

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Dendrites

    • D.

      Animal fat

    Correct Answer
    A. A phosephate, a sugar and a base
    Explanation
    Nucleotides are the building blocks of DNA and RNA molecules. They consist of three components: a phosphate group, a sugar molecule (deoxyribose in DNA and ribose in RNA), and a nitrogenous base (adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine in DNA, and adenine, uracil, cytosine, guanine in RNA). These components are joined together to form a nucleotide, which then combines with other nucleotides to form the DNA or RNA strands. Therefore, the correct answer is "a phosphate, a sugar, and a base."

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  • 11. 

    What are the 2 types of bases?

    • A.

      Pyrimidines

    • B.

      Purines

    • C.

      Endust

    • D.

      Macrocipher

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Pyrimidines
    B. Purines
    Explanation
    Pyrimidines and Purines are the two types of bases in DNA and RNA. These bases are essential components of nucleotides, which make up the building blocks of DNA and RNA molecules. Pyrimidines include cytosine, thymine, and uracil, while purines include adenine and guanine. These bases pair together in a specific manner, with pyrimidines always pairing with purines, forming the rungs of the DNA double helix. Understanding the different types of bases is crucial in understanding the structure and function of DNA and RNA.

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  • 12. 

    Which bases pair up with which?

    • A.

      Adenine with Thymine

    • B.

      Centomere with Nucleotides

    • C.

      Guanine with Cytosine

    • D.

      Macrocipher with Endudst

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Adenine with Thymine
    C. Guanine with Cytosine
    Explanation
    The answer is Adenine with Thymine and Guanine with Cytosine because in DNA, these bases form complementary base pairs. Adenine always pairs with Thymine through two hydrogen bonds, while Guanine always pairs with Cytosine through three hydrogen bonds. This pairing is crucial for DNA replication and transcription processes.

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  • 13. 

    For how long have the sientists known the importance of DNA?

    • A.

      60 years

    • B.

      100 years

    • C.

      20 years

    • D.

      80 years

    Correct Answer
    A. 60 years
    Explanation
    Scientists have known the importance of DNA for 60 years. This suggests that the discovery and understanding of DNA's significance dates back six decades. It implies that scientists have been aware of DNA's role in genetics, heredity, and the transmission of genetic information for a substantial amount of time.

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  • 14. 

    How is the DNA model reffered t o?

    Correct Answer
    Double helix
    Explanation
    The DNA model is referred to as a double helix. This term describes the structure of DNA, which consists of two strands that are twisted around each other in a spiral shape. The double helix structure is important because it allows DNA to carry and store genetic information. The two strands are held together by hydrogen bonds between the nucleotide bases, forming a stable and efficient structure for DNA replication and protein synthesis.

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  • 15. 

    Who discovered the structure of DNA

    • A.

      Frances Crick

    • B.

      Theodore Rosevelt

    • C.

      Thomas Edison

    • D.

      James Watson

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Frances Crick
    D. James Watson
    Explanation
    Frances Crick and James Watson are the correct answers for the question. They are credited with discovering the structure of DNA. In 1953, they proposed the double-helix structure of DNA, which is the fundamental building block of life and carries genetic information. Their discovery revolutionized the field of molecular biology and earned them the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1962.

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