Take This Quiz To Know More About Aquatic EcosySTEMs

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Take This Quiz To Know More About Aquatic Ecosystems - Quiz

An aquatic ecosystem is an ecosystem in a body of water. We encourage you to take this informative quiz to learn incredible facts about aquatic ecosystems. Communities of organisms dependent on each other and their environment live in aquatic ecosystems. The two main types of aquatic ecosystems are marine ecosystems and freshwater ecosystems. Come fall in love with mother nature and learn something exciting with this quiz! Our experts have carefully curated the questions in this quiz to give you the best learning experience. Remember to share the quiz with your friends for a fun learning time. Good Luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the types of aquatic ecosystems?

    • A.

      Streams and ocean

    • B.

      Salty and fresh

    • C.

      Freshwater and marine

    • D.

      Surface zone and deep zone

    Correct Answer
    C. Freshwater and marine
    Explanation
    The correct answer is freshwater and marine. Aquatic ecosystems refer to ecosystems that are found in water bodies. Freshwater ecosystems include lakes, rivers, and ponds, while marine ecosystems include oceans and seas. These two types of ecosystems have distinct characteristics and support different types of organisms. Freshwater ecosystems have lower salt concentration and are home to species adapted to living in freshwater habitats, while marine ecosystems have higher salt concentration and support a diverse range of marine life.

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  • 2. 

    A thick layer of sediment covers most of the flat abyssal plains in the ocean.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because abyssal plains, which are flat areas on the ocean floor, are often covered by a thick layer of sediment. This sediment is made up of various materials such as sand, silt, and clay that have settled over time. The accumulation of sediment on abyssal plains is due to factors like ocean currents, underwater landslides, and the settling of particles from the water column. This layer of sediment can be several meters thick and plays an important role in shaping the topography of the ocean floor.

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  • 3. 

    What abiotic factors affect aquatic ecosystems?

    • A.

      Sunlight, temperature, algae, sand, amount of rocks

    • B.

      Sunlight, temperature, oxygen, salt content, water temperature

    • C.

      Photosynthesis

    • D.

      Water depth, temperature

    Correct Answer
    B. Sunlight, temperature, oxygen, salt content, water temperature
    Explanation
    The correct answer is sunlight, temperature, oxygen, salt content, and water temperature. These abiotic factors play a crucial role in shaping aquatic ecosystems. Sunlight is essential for photosynthesis, which is the primary source of energy for aquatic organisms. Temperature affects the metabolic rate and distribution of organisms. Oxygen is necessary for respiration, and its availability varies with temperature and water depth. Salt content, or salinity, influences the types of organisms that can survive in a particular aquatic environment. Water temperature directly affects the physiology and behavior of aquatic organisms.

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  • 4. 

    No sunlight passes into the intertidal zone

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "No sunlight passes into the intertidal zone" is false. The intertidal zone is the area between the high tide and low tide marks, and it is exposed to sunlight during low tide. This zone is home to a variety of organisms that require sunlight for photosynthesis, such as algae and seaweed. Sunlight is crucial for these organisms to produce food and support the ecosystem in the intertidal zone.

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  • 5. 

    An ________ is found where fresh water of a river meets salt water of an ocean.

    Correct Answer
    estuary
    Explanation
    An estuary is found where fresh water of a river meets salt water of an ocean. Estuaries are unique and dynamic ecosystems that are formed when the tidal movements of the ocean cause the mixing of freshwater and saltwater. This mixing creates a brackish environment, which is a combination of fresh and saltwater. Estuaries are highly productive areas that support a diverse range of plant and animal species. They also serve as important habitats for many migratory birds and are crucial for the reproduction and survival of various marine species.

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  • 6. 

    The marine environment that refers to the entire volume of ocean water in the world is referred as the ____________________

    • A.

      Benthic environment

    • B.

      Intertidal zone

    • C.

      Neritic zone

    • D.

      Pelagic environment

    Correct Answer
    D. Pelagic environment
    Explanation
    The term "pelagic environment" refers to the entire volume of ocean water in the world. This includes all areas of the ocean that are not near the coast or the seafloor. It encompasses the open ocean and is characterized by its vastness and depth. The pelagic environment is home to a wide range of marine organisms, including fish, whales, and plankton. It is an important part of the marine ecosystem and plays a crucial role in the global climate system.

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  • 7. 

    Pick all correct answers: Coral reefs _____________________________________.

    • A.

      Are found in tropical waters

    • B.

      Do not have great diversity in organisms

    • C.

      Are created by the skeletons of coral and algae

    • D.

      Are known as the desert of the sea

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Are found in tropical waters
    C. Are created by the skeletons of coral and algae
    Explanation
    Coral reefs are found in tropical waters because they require warm temperatures to survive and thrive. They are created by the skeletons of coral and algae, as these organisms build up over time to form the structure of the reef. Coral reefs are known as the desert of the sea because they are highly productive and biodiverse ecosystems, despite appearing barren and harsh like a desert.

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  • 8. 

    Photosynthesis does NOT happen in aquatic ecosystems.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    All producers go through the process of photosynthesis.

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  • 9. 

    The shallowest zones of the benthic environment is called the intertidal zone. This zone is characterized by ______________________.

    • A.

      Great stability of temperature and water pressure

    • B.

      Exposure to air when tide goes out

    • C.

      Lack of sunlight

    • D.

      The absence of plants and animals

    Correct Answer
    B. Exposure to air when tide goes out
    Explanation
    The intertidal zone is the shallowest zone of the benthic environment, and it is characterized by exposure to air when the tide goes out. This means that during low tide, the area is above water and organisms living in this zone are exposed to air. This fluctuation in water levels and exposure to air create unique challenges for the organisms that inhabit this zone, as they must be able to tolerate both aquatic and terrestrial conditions.

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  • 10. 

    Freshwater ecosystems make up __________ of the earth's water.

    • A.

      28%

    • B.

      97%

    • C.

      3%

    • D.

      17%

    Correct Answer
    C. 3%
    Explanation
    Freshwater ecosystems make up only 3% of the earth's water. This is a small percentage compared to the vast amount of saltwater present on the planet. Freshwater ecosystems include lakes, rivers, streams, and wetlands, and they are crucial for supporting a diverse range of plants and animals. Despite their limited availability, freshwater ecosystems play a vital role in providing drinking water, supporting agriculture, and maintaining overall ecological balance.

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  • 11. 

    Organisms that live in rivers are adapted to...

    • A.

      Lightning strikes

    • B.

      Strong currents

    • C.

      Large amount of salt content

    • D.

      Extreme changes in water temperatures

    Correct Answer
    B. Strong currents
    Explanation
    Organisms that live in rivers are adapted to strong currents. Rivers typically have fast-flowing water, and organisms that inhabit these environments have developed adaptations to withstand and navigate these strong currents. These adaptations may include streamlined body shapes, strong muscles for swimming against the current, or specialized structures that allow them to cling onto rocks or other surfaces. These adaptations help the organisms to survive and thrive in their river habitats.

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  • 12. 

    A depression in ocean sediments in the intertidal zone which holds ocean water and supports life, even when the tide goes out, is known as a ___________.

    • A.

      Marsh

    • B.

      Abyssal plain

    • C.

      Coral reef

    • D.

      Tidal pool

    Correct Answer
    D. Tidal pool
    Explanation
    A depression in ocean sediments in the intertidal zone which holds ocean water and supports life, even when the tide goes out, is known as a tidal pool. Tidal pools are formed when the ocean water gets trapped in low-lying areas during high tide and remains there even when the tide recedes. These pools are teeming with various forms of marine life such as small fish, crabs, and sea anemones, which adapt to the fluctuating water levels and harsh conditions of the intertidal zone.

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  • 13. 

    Pick all correct answers: What can you infer about the adaptations the organisms have that live in the intertidal zone.

    • A.

      They find protection from waves

    • B.

      They ALL live in shells so predators will have a hard time eating them

    • C.

      They are ALL herbivores because they don't have sharp teeth

    • D.

      They adapt to sudden changes in temperature

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. They find protection from waves
    D. They adapt to sudden changes in temperature
    Explanation
    The organisms that live in the intertidal zone have adaptations to find protection from waves, as the constant movement of water can be harsh and damaging. Additionally, they adapt to sudden changes in temperature, as the intertidal zone experiences both high and low temperatures due to exposure to the sun and tides. However, it is not accurate to say that they all live in shells to avoid predators, as not all organisms in the intertidal zone have shells. It is also incorrect to assume that they are all herbivores because they lack sharp teeth, as there are various feeding strategies among intertidal organisms.

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  • 14. 

    One of the species that can be found in greater depths is the octopus. They can live in a deeper zone that begins at the edge of the continental shelf and extend to the beginning of the abyssal plain. This zone is called the____________________.

    • A.

      Oceanic zone

    • B.

      Bathyal zone

    • C.

      Neritic zone

    • D.

      Hadal zone

    Correct Answer
    B. Bathyal zone
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the bathyal zone. The bathyal zone is a deeper zone in the ocean that starts at the edge of the continental shelf and extends to the beginning of the abyssal plain. It is characterized by low light levels and colder temperatures compared to the shallower neritic zone. The octopus, being a species that can live in greater depths, is found in this bathyal zone.

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  • 15. 

    Oceans are always moving because of currents and tides.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Oceans are always moving because of currents and tides. This is true because currents are continuous flows of water caused by various factors such as wind, temperature, and salinity differences. These currents can be both surface currents and deep-water currents, and they play a significant role in redistributing heat and nutrients around the globe. Tides, on the other hand, are caused by the gravitational pull of the moon and the sun, resulting in the rise and fall of sea levels. Therefore, the constant movement of oceans is a result of these ongoing currents and tides.

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  • 16. 

    _____________ ecosystems are natural resources for salt.

    • A.

      Marine

    • B.

      Freshwater

    Correct Answer
    A. Marine
    Explanation
    Marine ecosystems are natural resources for salt because they are composed of saltwater. The water in marine ecosystems, such as oceans and seas, contains a high concentration of salt due to the presence of dissolved salts and minerals. This makes marine ecosystems a valuable source of salt, which can be extracted through processes like evaporation or desalination. In contrast, freshwater ecosystems, such as rivers and lakes, have a much lower salt content and therefore do not serve as natural resources for salt.

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  • 17. 

    What is a series of long underwater mountain ranges on the ocean floor.  

    • A.

      Mid-ocean ridge

    • B.

      Trenches

    • C.

      Rivers

    • D.

      Underwater volcanoes

    Correct Answer
    A. Mid-ocean ridge
    Explanation
    A mid-ocean ridge is a series of long underwater mountain ranges on the ocean floor. These ridges are formed by tectonic plate movement, where new oceanic crust is created at the spreading center of the ridge. As the plates move apart, magma rises from the mantle, creating new crust and pushing the existing crust outward. This process forms a continuous mountain range that runs through the middle of the ocean. The mid-ocean ridge is an important feature of seafloor spreading and plate tectonics.

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  • 18. 

    __________________ are tiny animals that consume phytoplankton. They are also a food source for larger animals like baleen whales.

    Correct Answer
    Zooplankton
    Explanation
    Zooplankton are tiny animals that feed on phytoplankton. They are an essential part of the marine food chain, serving as a primary food source for larger animals such as baleen whales. These microscopic organisms play a crucial role in the ecosystem by transferring energy from the lower trophic levels to higher levels, supporting the survival and growth of larger marine species.

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  • 19. 

    Pick all correct answers about hydrothermal vent communities:  

    • A.

      Occur along tetonic rifts

    • B.

      First discovered along the Galapagos rift

    • C.

      Ecosystem is based on chemosynthesis

    • D.

      Communities are not thriving

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Occur along tetonic rifts
    B. First discovered along the Galapagos rift
    C. Ecosystem is based on chemosynthesis
    Explanation
    Hydrothermal vent communities occur along tectonic rifts, such as mid-ocean ridges, where the Earth's crust is spreading apart. They were first discovered along the Galapagos rift. The ecosystem of hydrothermal vent communities is based on chemosynthesis, where organisms utilize the chemicals and minerals released from the vents as a source of energy. These communities are thriving despite extreme conditions, such as high temperatures and high pressure, and support a diverse array of unique organisms.

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  • 20. 

    Select all correct answers about the open ocean:

    • A.

      Too deep for plants

    • B.

      Major producers are zooplankton

    • C.

      Microscopic algae

    • D.

      Produces 50% of the oxygen on the earth

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Too deep for plants
    C. Microscopic algae
    D. Produces 50% of the oxygen on the earth
    Explanation
    The open ocean is too deep for plants to grow because sunlight cannot penetrate the water to reach them. Instead, the major producers in the open ocean are microscopic algae, also known as phytoplankton. These tiny organisms use photosynthesis to convert sunlight into energy. Additionally, the open ocean is responsible for producing 50% of the oxygen on Earth through the photosynthetic activity of these microscopic algae.

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  • 21. 

    Mineralized nodules are rich in manganese and sulfur.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    They are rich in manganese and phosphate

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  • Current Version
  • May 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
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    Quiz Created by
    Irmadishnica
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