Cosmetology 1200 Study Guide

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Cosmetology 1200 Study Guide - Quiz

Cosmetology 1200 study guide


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Ancient people used animal hide as a colorant for hair

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    There is no evidence or historical record suggesting that ancient people used animal hide as a colorant for hair. Ancient civilizations did use various natural substances like henna, indigo, and plant extracts to dye their hair, but animal hide was not one of them. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 2. 

    Haircuttin and hairstyling were practiced as early as the Ice Age

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Haircutting and hairstyling being practiced as early as the Ice Age is supported by archaeological evidence. Ancient tools, such as sharp stones and shells, have been found that were likely used for cutting and styling hair. Additionally, cave paintings from that era depict individuals with styled hair, suggesting that hair grooming was indeed a practice during that time. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 3. 

    In cosmetology, customer service is central to success

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Customer service plays a crucial role in the success of any business, including cosmetology. In the field of cosmetology, professionals provide various services to clients, such as haircuts, styling, makeup, and skincare. To ensure customer satisfaction and loyalty, it is essential to provide excellent customer service. This includes being attentive to clients' needs, providing a pleasant and welcoming environment, offering personalized recommendations, and ensuring a positive overall experience. By prioritizing customer service, cosmetologists can build a strong client base, receive positive reviews and referrals, and ultimately achieve success in their profession.

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  • 4. 

    Pathogenic bacteria help the body break down food and protect against infection

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Pathogenic bacteria are harmful bacteria that can cause infections and diseases in the body. They do not help the body break down food or protect against infection. Instead, they can invade the body's tissues, release toxins, and cause damage to cells and organs. Therefore, the statement that pathogenic bacteria help the body break down food and protect against infection is false.

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  • 5. 

    Lyme disease is caused by bacilli

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Lyme disease is not caused by bacilli. It is actually caused by a type of bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected black-legged ticks. Bacilli are rod-shaped bacteria, but they are not specifically responsible for causing Lyme disease. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 6. 

    The cranium is made up of eight bones

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The cranium is indeed made up of eight bones. These bones include the frontal bone, parietal bones, temporal bones, occipital bone, sphenoid bone, and ethmoid bone. These bones come together to form a protective structure that surrounds and supports the brain.

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  • 7. 

    The skin of an average adult weighs about 6 to 9 pounds.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The skin of an average adult weighs about 6 to 9 pounds. This is because the skin is the largest organ in the body and covers the entire surface area. It is composed of multiple layers and contains various components such as fat, blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue. The weight of the skin can vary depending on factors such as age, gender, and overall body composition. However, on average, it is estimated to weigh between 6 to 9 pounds.

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  • 8. 

    A nodule is a secondary lesion that does not require medical attention.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A nodule is a secondary lesion that may or may not require medical attention. It is not accurate to say that all nodules do not require medical attention. Some nodules may be benign and not cause any problems, while others may be malignant and require medical intervention. Therefore, the statement that a nodule does not require medical attention is false.

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  • 9. 

    Nail plates need oxygen, vitamins, and minerals.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Nail plates do not require oxygen, vitamins, and minerals as they are made up of dead cells. The nail plates are composed of a protein called keratin, which does not require nutrients or oxygen for its maintenance. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 10. 

    Ordinarily, replacement of a natural toenail takes about 4 to 6 months.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the replacement of a natural toenail typically takes longer than 4 to 6 months. It can take up to a year for a new toenail to fully grow and replace the old one.

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  • 11. 

    It is likely that a cosmetologist will get a fungal infection from a client.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A cosmetologist is unlikely to get a fungal infection from a client because they follow strict hygiene practices and take necessary precautions to prevent the spread of infections. They use sterilized tools, disinfect surfaces, and maintain a clean working environment. Additionally, they may wear gloves and use protective barriers to minimize the risk of infection. Therefore, the likelihood of a cosmetologist getting a fungal infection from a client is low.

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  • 12. 

    Water and alcohol are examples of miscible liquids.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Water and alcohol are examples of miscible liquids because they are able to mix together in any proportion, forming a homogeneous solution. This is due to the similar intermolecular forces present in both substances, allowing them to dissolve and form a uniform mixture.

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  • 13. 

    A wall plate is also know as facial stimulator.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A wall plate is a term used to refer to a facial stimulator. This suggests that a wall plate is a device or tool that is used for stimulating the face, possibly for therapeutic or beauty purposes. Therefore, the statement "A wall plate is also known as a facial stimulator" is true.

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  • 14. 

    Microcurrent travels throughout the entire body.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Microcurrent does not travel throughout the entire body. Microcurrent therapy involves the use of low-level electrical currents to stimulate specific areas of the body. These currents are typically applied using electrodes or pads placed on the skin. While microcurrent can have therapeutic effects on the targeted areas, it does not travel extensively throughout the entire body. Instead, it is localized to the specific area being treated.

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  • 15. 

    UV prompts the skin to produce vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin that promotes mineraliztion of bones

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Exposure to UV prompts the skin to produce vitamin D, which is a fat-soluble vitamin that aids in the mineralization of bones. This means that UV rays from the sun stimulate the production of vitamin D in our skin, which in turn helps in the absorption of calcium and phosphorus, promoting bone health and strength.

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  • 16. 

    Ultraviolet A light has the longest wavelength of the UV light spectrum.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Ultraviolet A (UVA) light is a type of ultraviolet light that has the longest wavelength within the UV light spectrum. This means that UVA light has lower energy and is less harmful compared to other types of UV light such as UVB and UVC. UVA light can penetrate deeper into the skin and is responsible for tanning and aging effects. Therefore, the statement that UVA light has the longest wavelength of the UV light spectrum is true.

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  • 17. 

    The occipital bone is the highest point on the head.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The occipital bone is not the highest point on the head. The occipital bone is located at the back of the skull and forms the base of the skull. The highest point on the head is actually the parietal bone, which is located towards the top and sides of the skull. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 18. 

    Finger waving was all the range in the 1960s and 1970s.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that finger waving was a popular trend during the 1960s and 1970s. However, the correct answer is False, indicating that finger waving was not all the rage during that time period.

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  • 19. 

    The most widely used hairstyling product is gel

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is "The most widely used hairstyling product is gel." The correct answer is False. This means that the statement is incorrect and gel is not the most widely used hairstyling product.

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  • 20. 

    Perukes were wigs worn by the ancient Egyptians as sun protection.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Perukes were not worn by the ancient Egyptians as sun protection. The ancient Egyptians did wear wigs, but these were primarily used as a fashion statement or to protect their heads from lice, rather than for sun protection. Sun protection in ancient Egypt was achieved through the use of wide-brimmed hats or head coverings made from lightweight materials such as linen. Therefore, the statement that perukes were worn by the ancient Egyptians as sun protection is false.

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  • 21. 

    On-base placement minimizes stress and tension on the hair

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    On-base placement does not minimize stress and tension on the hair. In fact, on-base placement is a technique used in hair extensions where the extension is attached directly onto the natural hair, creating more tension and stress on the hair. This technique can lead to breakage and damage if not done properly. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 22. 

    The most common neutralizer is hydrogen peroxide.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Hydrogen peroxide is commonly used as a neutralizer in various applications. It is an oxidizing agent that can effectively neutralize harmful substances such as toxins, germs, and pollutants. It is widely used in industries, laboratories, and even in household cleaning products. Its ability to break down into water and oxygen makes it a safe and effective neutralizer. Therefore, the statement that hydrogen peroxide is the most common neutralizer is true.

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  • 23. 

    Japanese thermal straightening combines use of a thio relaxer with flat ironing.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Japanese thermal straightening is a hair straightening technique that involves the use of a thio relaxer, which is a type of chemical relaxer. The thio relaxer helps to break down the natural bonds in the hair, allowing it to be reshaped and straightened. In addition to the relaxer, flat ironing is also a crucial step in the process. The flat iron is used to further straighten and smooth the hair, sealing in the straightened shape. Therefore, the statement that Japanese thermal straightening combines the use of a thio relaxer with flat ironing is true.

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  • 24. 

    Moisturizers for oily skin generally contain greater amounts of emollient.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Moisturizers for oily skin generally contain lesser amounts of emollient.

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  • 25. 

    A paraffin wax mask produces a gradual increase in temperature that reaches approximately 105 degrees Fahrenheit.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A paraffin wax mask does not produce a gradual increase in temperature that reaches approximately 105 degrees Fahrenheit. Paraffin wax masks are typically warmed to a temperature between 125-130 degrees Fahrenheit, which is then applied to the skin. This high temperature helps to open up the pores and allow for better absorption of the moisturizing properties of the wax. Therefore, the given statement is false.

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  • 26. 

    Fulling is a form of petressage in which the tissure is grasped, gently lifted, and spread out

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Fulling is a technique used in massage therapy where the tissue is grasped, gently lifted, and spread out. This helps to improve circulation, release tension, and promote relaxation. It is a form of petrissage, which is a category of massage techniques that involve kneading, squeezing, and rolling the muscles and tissues. Therefore, the statement that fulling is a form of petrissage is true.

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  • 27. 

    Most men tend to go longer between services and will need a little more work than women on their nails, and skin

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Men tend to go longer between nail and skin services compared to women, which implies that they require more maintenance and care. This can be attributed to various factors such as differences in grooming habits, lifestyle, and natural nail and skin conditions. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 28. 

    A paddle is an implement used in manicures and pedicures to trim tags of dead skin

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A paddle is not used in manicures and pedicures to trim tags of dead skin. A paddle is typically a flat, handheld tool used in various activities such as canoeing or paddleboarding. It is not associated with manicures and pedicures. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 29. 

    The wrap material is the heart of a nail wrap system and gives the system its unique properties.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The wrap material is indeed the heart of a nail wrap system because it is responsible for providing the system with its unique properties. The wrap material is what gives the nail wrap system its strength, durability, and flexibility. It acts as a protective layer for the natural nail and helps to reinforce and support it. Without the wrap material, the nail wrap system would not be able to function effectively and provide the desired results. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 30. 

    Is [your statement here] true or false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
  • 31. 

    Large national salon chains are owned by individuals who pay a fee to use the name.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Large national salon chains are not owned by individuals who pay a fee to use the name. Instead, they are typically owned by corporations or investors who have acquired the rights to the brand and operate multiple locations under the same name. The individuals who work at these salons are usually employees rather than owners. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 32. 

    In ancient Rome, women used hair color to indicate their:

    • A.

      A. political beliefs

    • B.

      B. class in society

    • C.

      C. current age

    • D.

      D. marital status

    Correct Answer
    B. B. class in society
    Explanation
    In ancient Rome, women used hair color to indicate their class in society. This was a common practice among the upper class, as they would often dye their hair in order to distinguish themselves from the lower classes. The color and style of a woman's hair could signify her social status and wealth, allowing others to easily identify her position in society. This practice was not exclusive to women, as men also used hair color to indicate their class, but it was particularly prevalent among women.

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  • 33. 

    During the Victorian Age, women pinched their cheeks and bit their lips to:

    • A.

      A. punish themselves

    • B.

      B. create a mask

    • C.

      C. induce natural color

    • D.

      D. ready themselves for sleep

    Correct Answer
    C. C. induce natural color
    Explanation
    During the Victorian Age, women pinched their cheeks and bit their lips to induce natural color. This practice was done to achieve a rosy and flushed complexion, which was considered a sign of good health and beauty during that time. By pinching their cheeks and biting their lips, women believed that they could stimulate blood circulation and bring a natural blush to their face, giving them a more youthful and vibrant appearance.

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  • 34. 

    Which of the following professional behaviors demonstrates ethical behavior?

    • A.

      A. be courteous

    • B.

      B. be honest

    • C.

      C. provide competent services

    • D.

      D. All answers are correct

    Correct Answer
    D. D. All answers are correct
    Explanation
    The correct answer is d. All answers are correct. This means that all of the behaviors mentioned - being courteous, being honest, and providing competent services - demonstrate ethical behavior. Ethical behavior encompasses treating others with respect and kindness, being truthful and transparent in all dealings, and ensuring that one's services are delivered with skill and expertise. By choosing all of the above options, it indicates that all of these behaviors are considered ethical and should be practiced in a professional setting.

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  • 35. 

    Laws are also called:

    • A.

      A. regulatons

    • B.

      B. guidelines

    • C.

      C. statutes

    • D.

      D. rules

    Correct Answer
    C. C. statutes
    Explanation
    Laws are also referred to as statutes. Statutes are formal written laws that are enacted by a legislative body, such as a government or parliament. They are binding rules that are established to govern a society and are enforceable by the legal system. Therefore, statutes are the correct term used to describe laws.

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  • 36. 

    Disease-causing microorganisms that are carried in the body by blood or body fluids are called:

    • A.

      A. positive pathogens

    • B.

      B. acquired pathogens

    • C.

      C. inoculation pathogens

    • D.

      D. bloodborne pathogens

    Correct Answer
    D. D. bloodborne pathogens
    Explanation
    Bloodborne pathogens are disease-causing microorganisms that are carried in the body by blood or body fluids. These pathogens can be transmitted through contact with infected blood or other bodily fluids, such as semen or vaginal secretions. Examples of bloodborne pathogens include hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV. It is important to take precautions to prevent the transmission of bloodborne pathogens, such as using personal protective equipment and practicing proper hygiene.

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  • 37. 

    The type of immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease or through inoculations is:

    • A.

      A. natural immunity

    • B.

      B. natural healing

    • C.

      C. acquired immunity

    • D.

      D. acquired resistance

    Correct Answer
    C. C. acquired immunity
    Explanation
    Acquired immunity refers to the type of immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease or through inoculations. This means that the body is able to recognize and defend against specific pathogens that it has encountered before. This type of immunity is different from natural immunity, which is present at birth, and natural healing, which refers to the body's ability to recover from an illness or injury. Acquired resistance is not a term commonly used to describe the body's immune response.

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  • 38. 

    The bone that forms the forehead is the:

    • A.

      A. parietal

    • B.

      B. frontal

    • C.

      C. occipital

    • D.

      Hyoid

    Correct Answer
    B. B. frontal
    Explanation
    The bone that forms the forehead is the frontal bone. The frontal bone is located at the front of the skull and forms the forehead and the upper part of the eye sockets. It also helps protect the brain and supports the muscles of the face. The parietal bone forms the sides and top of the skull, the occipital bone forms the back of the skull, and the hyoid bone is a U-shaped bone located in the neck.

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  • 39. 

    The bones in the fingers or digits are called:

    • A.

      A. phalanges

    • B.

      B. metacarpus

    • C.

      C. scapula

    • D.

      Carpus

    Correct Answer
    A. A. phalanges
    Explanation
    The bones in the fingers or digits are called phalanges. Phalanges are the individual bones that make up the fingers and toes. Each finger has three phalanges, except for the thumb which has two. The phalanges provide structure and support to the fingers, allowing for movement and dexterity. The term "phalanges" is derived from the Greek word for "toe" or "finger."

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