NCLEX Questions: Digestive And Gastrointestinal System Disorders

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 2226

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NCLEX Questions: Digestive And Gastrointestinal System Disorders

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The correct sequence for abdominal assessment is:
    • A. 

      Inspection. percussion. palpation. auscultation.

    • B. 

      Inspection. auscultation. palpation. percussion.

    • C. 

      Inspection. palpation. auscultation. percussion.

    • D. 

      Inspection. percussion. auscultation. palpation.

  • 2. 
    Peritonitis can occur as a complication of:
    • A. 

      Septicemia

    • B. 

      Multiple organ failure

    • C. 

      Hypovolemic shock

    • D. 

      Peptic ulcer disease

  • 3. 
    A patient has become very depressed postoperatively after receiving colostomy for GI cancer. He does not participate in his colostomy care or look at the stoma. An appropriate nursing diagnosis for this situation is:
    • A. 

      Ineffective Individual Coping

    • B. 

      Knowledge Deficit

    • C. 

      Impaired Adjustment

    • D. 

      Anxiety

  • 4. 
    Patients with esophageal varices would reveal the following assessment:
    • A. 

      Increased blood pressure.

    • B. 

      Increased heart rate.

    • C. 

      Decreased respiratory rate.

    • D. 

      Increased urinary output.

  • 5. 
    The nurse would anticipate using which medication if sclerotherapy has not been used?
    • A. 

      Neomycin

    • B. 

      Propranolol

    • C. 

      Vasopressin

    • D. 

      Cimetidine

  • 6. 
    The nurse must be alert for complications with Sengstaken-Blakemore intubation including:
    • A. 

      Pulmonary obstruction.

    • B. 

      Pericardiectomy syndrome

    • C. 

      Pulmonary embolization

    • D. 

      Cor pulmonale

  • 7. 
    Peptic ulcer disease may be caused by which of the following?
    • A. 

      Helicobacter pylori

    • B. 

      Clostridium difficile

    • C. 

      Candida albicans

    • D. 

      Staphylococcus aureus

  • 8. 
    Pain control with peptic ulcer disease includes all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Promoting physical and emotional rest.

    • B. 

      Identifying stressful situations.

    • C. 

      Eating meals when desired.

    • D. 

      Administering medications that decrease gastric acidity.

  • 9. 
    Nitrosocarcinogen production can be inhibited with intake of:
    • A. 

      Vitamin C.

    • B. 

      Vitamin E.

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates.

    • D. 

      Fiber.

  • 10. 
    The nurse can expect a 60-year old patient with ischemic bowel to report a history of:
    • A. 

      Diabetes mellitus

    • B. 

      Asthma

    • C. 

      Addison’s Disease

    • D. 

      Cancer of the bowel

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