Digestive & Gastrointestinal System Disorders | NCLEX Quiz 85

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 452

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NCLEX Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Mandy. an adolescent girl is admitted to an acute care facility with severe malnutrition. After a thorough examination. the physician diagnoses anorexia nervosa. When developing the plan of care for this client. the nurse is most likely to include which nursing diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Hopelessness

    • B. 

      Powerlessness

    • C. 

      Chronic low self-esteem

    • D. 

      Deficient knowledge

  • 2. 
    Which diagnostic test would be used first to evaluate a client with upper GI bleeding?
    • A. 

      Endoscopy

    • B. 

      Upper GI series

    • C. 

      Hemoglobin (Hb) levels and hematocrit (HCT)

    • D. 

      Arteriography

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      “You may have eaten contaminated restaurant food.”

    • B. 

      “You could have gotten it by using I.V. drugs.”

    • C. 

      “You must have received an infected blood transfusion.”

    • D. 

      “You probably got it by engaging in unprotected sex.”

  • 4. 
    When preparing a male client. age 51. for surgery to treat appendicitis. the nurse formulates a nursing diagnosis of Risk for infection related to inflammation. perforation. and surgery. What is the rationale for choosing this nursing diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Obstruction of the appendix may increase venous drainage and cause the appendix to rupture.

    • B. 

      Obstruction of the appendix reduces arterial flow. leading to ischemia. inflammation. and rupture of the appendix.

    • C. 

      The appendix may develop gangrene and rupture. especially in a middle-aged client.

    • D. 

      Infection of the appendix diminishes necrotic arterial blood flow and increases venous drainage.

  • 5. 
    A female client with hepatitis C develops liver failure and GI hemorrhage. The blood products that would most likely bring about hemostasis in the client are:
    • A. 

      Whole blood and albumin.

    • B. 

      Platelets and packed red blood cells.

    • C. 

      Fresh frozen plasma and whole blood.

    • D. 

      Cryoprecipitate and fresh frozen plasma.

  • 6. 
    To prevent gastroesophageal reflux in a male client with hiatal hernia. the nurse should provide which discharge instruction?
    • A. 

      “Lie down after meals to promote digestion.”

    • B. 

      “Avoid coffee and alcoholic beverages.”

    • C. 

      “Take antacids with meals.”

    • D. 

      “Limit fluid intake with meals.”

  • 7. 
    The nurse caring for a client with small-bowel obstruction would plan to implement which nursing intervention first?
    • A. 

      Administering pain medication

    • B. 

      Obtaining a blood sample for laboratory studies

    • C. 

      Preparing to insert a nasogastric (NG) tube

    • D. 

      Administering I.V. fluids

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Diarrhea

    • B. 

      Chronic constipation

    • C. 

      Constipation alternating with diarrhea

    • D. 

      Stools constantly oozing from the rectum

  • 9. 
    A male client undergoes total gastrectomy. Several hours after surgery. the nurse notes that the client’s nasogastric (NG) tube has stopped draining. How should the nurse respond?
    • A. 

      Notify the physician

    • B. 

      Reposition the tube

    • C. 

      Irrigate the tube

    • D. 

      Increase the suction level

  • 10. 
    What laboratory finding is the primary diagnostic indicator for pancreatitis?
    • A. 

      Elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN)

    • B. 

      Elevated serum lipase

    • C. 

      Elevated aspartate aminotransferase (AST)

    • D. 

      Increased lactate dehydrogenase (LD)