Digestive & Gastrointestinal System Disorders | NCLEX Quiz 75

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 558

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Digestive Disorder Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following nursing diagnoses is appropriate for a patient receiving famotidine (Pepcid)?
    • A. 

      Increased risk for infection due to immunosuppression

    • B. 

      Potential risk for bleeding related to thrombocytopenia.

    • C. 

      Alteration in urinary elimination related to retention

    • D. 

      Alteration in tissue perfusion related to hypertension

  • 2. 
    Histamine2-receptor antagonists:
    • A. 

      Compete with histamine for binding sites on the parietal cells

    • B. 

      Irreversibly bind to H+/K+ATPase

    • C. 

      Cause a decrease in stomach pH

    • D. 

      Decrease signs and symptoms of allergies related to histamine release

  • 3. 
    Proton pump inhibitors:
    • A. 

      Gastric ulcer formation

    • B. 

      GERD

    • C. 

      Achlorhydria

    • D. 

      Diverticulosis

  • 4. 
    A patient unable to tolerate oral medications may be prescribed which of the following proton pump inhibitors to be administered intravenously?
    • A. 

      Lansoprazole (Prevacid)

    • B. 

      Omeprazole (Prilosec)

    • C. 

      Pantoprazole (Protonix)

    • D. 

      Esomeprazole (Nexium)

  • 5. 
    When administering sucralfate (Carafate) to a patient with a nasogastric tube. it is important to:
    • A. 

      Crush the tablet into a fine powder before mixing with water

    • B. 

      Administer with a bolus tube feeding

    • C. 

      Allow the tablet to dissolve in water before administering

    • D. 

      Administer with an antacid for maximum benefit

  • 6. 
    Sucralfate (Carafate) achieves a therapeutic effect by:
    • A. 

      Neutralizing gastric acid

    • B. 

      Enhancing gastric absorption

    • C. 

      Forming a protective barrier around gastric mucosa

    • D. 

      Inhibiting gastric acid secretion

  • 7. 
    To avoid fecal impaction. psyllium (Metamucil) should be administered with at least how many ounces of fluid?
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      6

    • C. 

      8

    • D. 

      10

  • 8. 
    During the assessment of a client’s mouth. the nurse notes the absence of saliva. The client is also complaining of pain near the area of the ear. The client has been NPO for several days because of the insertion of a NG tube. Based on these findings. the nurse suspects that the client is developing which of the following mouth conditions?
    • A. 

      Stomatitis

    • B. 

      Oral candidiasis

    • C. 

      Parotitis

    • D. 

      Gingivitis

  • 9. 
    Side effects of loperamide (Imodium) include all of the following except?
    • A. 

      Diarrhea

    • B. 

      Epigastric pain

    • C. 

      Dry mouth

    • D. 

      Anorexia

  • 10. 
    . The mechanism of action of diphenoxylate (Lotomil) is:
    • A. 

      An increase in intestinal excretion of water

    • B. 

      An increase in intestinal motility

    • C. 

      A decrease in peristalsis in the intestinal wall

    • D. 

      A decrease in the reabsorption of water in the bowel

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