Respiratory System | Pneumonia & Tuberculosis NCLEX Quiz 42

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 2448

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Respiratory System Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
      A client who is HIV+ has had a PPD skin test. The nurse notes a 7-mm area of induration at the site of the skin test. The nurse interprets the results as:
    • A. 

      Positive

    • B. 

      Negative

    • C. 

      Inconclusive

    • D. 

      The need for repeat testing.

  • 2. 
      A nurse is caring for a client diagnosed with TB. Which assessment. if made by the nurse. would not be consistent with the usual clinical presentation of TB and may indicate the development of a concurrent problem?
    • A. 

      Nonproductive or productive cough

    • B. 

      Anorexia and weight loss

    • C. 

      Chills and night sweats

    • D. 

      High-grade fever

  • 3. 
      A nurse is teaching a client with TB about dietary elements that should be increased in the diet. The nurse suggests that the client increase intake of:
    • A. 

      Meats and citrus fruits

    • B. 

      Grains and broccoli

    • C. 

      Eggs and spinach

    • D. 

      Potatoes and fish

  • 4. 
      Which of the following would be priority assessment data to gather from a client who has been diagnosed with pneumonia? Select all that apply.
    • A. 

      Auscultation of breath sounds

    • B. 

      Auscultation of bowel sounds

    • C. 

      Presence of chest pain.

    • D. 

      Presence of peripheral edema

    • E. 

      Color of nail beds

  • 5. 
      A client with pneumonia has a temperature of 102.6*F (39.2*C). is diaphoretic. and has a productive cough. The nurse should include which of the following measures in the plan of care?
    • A. 

      Position changes q4h

    • B. 

      Nasotracheal suctioning to clear secretions

    • C. 

      Frequent linen changes

    • D. 

      Frequent offering of a bedpan.

  • 6. 
      The cyanosis that accompanies bacterial pneumonia is primarily caused by which of the following?
    • A. 

      Decreased cardiac output

    • B. 

      Pleural effusion

    • C. 

      Inadequate peripheral circulation

    • D. 

      Decreased oxygenation of the blood.

  • 7. 
      Which of the following mental status changes may occur when a client with pneumonia is first experiencing hypoxia?
    • A. 

      Coma

    • B. 

      Apathy

    • C. 

      Irritability

    • D. 

      Depression

  • 8. 
      A client with pneumonia has a temperature ranging between 101* and 102*F and periods of diaphoresis. Based on this information. which of the following nursing interventions would be a priority?
    • A. 

      Maintain complete bedrest

    • B. 

      Administer oxygen therapy

    • C. 

      Provide frequent linen changes.

    • D. 

      Provide fluid intake of 3 L/day

  • 9. 
      Which of the following would be an appropriate expected outcome for an elderly client recovering from bacterial pneumonia?
    • A. 

      A respiratory rate of 25 to 30 breaths per minute

    • B. 

      The ability to perform ADL’s without dyspnea

    • C. 

      A maximum loss of 5 to 10 pounds of body weight

    • D. 

      Chest pain that is minimized by splinting the ribcage.

  • 10. 
      Which of the following symptoms is common in clients with TB?
    • A. 

      Weight loss

    • B. 

      Increased appetite

    • C. 

      Dyspnea on exertion

    • D. 

      Mental status changes

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