NCLEX Pharmacology Quiz 49 Immunological Medications

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1546

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Fundamentals Of Nursing NCLEX Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    An HIV-positive client who has been started on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) came back for a follow-up checkup. Which of the following will be the most helpful in determining the response to the therapy?
    • A. 

      Rapid HIV antigen test.

    • B. 

      Western Blot analysis.

    • C. 

      Viral load test.

    • D. 

      White blood cell count.

  • 2. 
    A client with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is prescribed with Zidovudine (Azidothymidine). Which of the following laboratory results should the nurse monitor while on this medication?
    • A. 

      Throat swab gram stain.

    • B. 

      Complete blood count.

    • C. 

      Random blood sugar.

    • D. 

      Blood uric acid.

  • 3. 
    The client who is human immunodeficiency virus seropositive has been taking Saquinavir (Invirase). The nurse provides medication instructions and advises the client to:
    • A. 

      Take the medication in the morning before meals.

    • B. 

      Include a low-fat diet.

    • C. 

      Weight gain is expected.

    • D. 

      Avoid being exposed to sunlight.

  • 4. 
    Stavudine (Zerit) is prescribed to a client with human immunodeficiency virus seropositive. The nurse observes which of the following most closely while the client is taking the medication?
    • A. 

      Orientation.

    • B. 

      Gag reflex.

    • C. 

      Appetite.

    • D. 

      Gait.

  • 5. 
    A nurse is evaluating a client who is HIV positive who is prescribed with Pentamidine (Pentam) IV for the treatment of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Which of the following assessment after the administration is the most important to relay to the physician?
    • A. 

      Blood pressure of 100/62 mm/Hg.

    • B. 

      Redness and pain at the site of the infusion.

    • C. 

      Sudden sweating and hunger.

    • D. 

      Unusual taste or dryness in the mouth.

  • 6. 
    A client is prescribed with Pentamidine (Pentam) IV for the treatment of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Suddenly. the client develops a temperature of 101.5°F. The nurse in charge knows that this sign would mostly indicate on which of the following?
    • A. 

      An overdosage of the medication.

    • B. 

      The need for an additional dosage.

    • C. 

      The client has developed another infection.

    • D. 

      The client is experiencing the therapeutic effect of the medication.

  • 7. 
    While on Pentamidine (Pentam) infusion therapy. The nurse must anticipate doing which of the following?
    • A. 

      Obtain a 12-lead ECG.

    • B. 

      Observe for signs of retinal damage.

    • C. 

      Instruct the client on a low potassium diet.

    • D. 

      Instruct the client on limit fluid intake.

  • 8. 
    The nurse is monitoring a post-renal transplantation client taking Cyclosporine (Neoral). The nurse observes an elevation in one of the client’s vital sign and the client is complaining of sweating and headache. Which of the following vital sign is most likely increased?
    • A. 

      Respiratory rate.

    • B. 

      Pulse rate.

    • C. 

      Temperature.

    • D. 

      Blood pressure.

  • 9. 
    A nurse is doing an assessment data while completing an admission for a patient with a history of liver transplant who is receiving cyclosporine (Sandimmune). Prednisone (Orasone). and Azathioprine (Imuran). Which of the following information will give the nurse the most attention?
    • A. 

      The client has a soft non-tender lump in the shoulder.

    • B. 

      An increase cholesterol level.

    • C. 

      Grade 1+ pitting edema in the feet.

    • D. 

      Swollen and pinkish gums noted.

  • 10. 
    A client is admitted to the emergency room complaints of a difficulty of breathing and upon auscultation. the nurse noted that the patient has wheezes. An allergic reaction to penicillin was diagnosed. Which of the following medications should the nurse expect to administer first?
    • A. 

      Aminophylline (Theophylline).

    • B. 

      Albuterol (Ventolin HFA).

    • C. 

      Methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol).

    • D. 

      Pulmicort (Budesonide).

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