Trivia Questions On European Exploration! Quiz

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Trivia Questions On European Exploration! Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which event lead to the European search for a water route to Asia?

    • A.

      Columbian Exchange

    • B.

      Norse discovery of North America

    • C.

      Christopher Columbus' 3rd voyage

    • D.

      The Fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans.

    Correct Answer
    D. The Fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans.
    Explanation
    The Fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans in 1453 led to the European search for a water route to Asia because it disrupted the overland trade routes that Europeans had been using to access Asian goods. The Ottomans, who now controlled Constantinople, imposed high taxes and tariffs on goods passing through their territory, making it more difficult and expensive for Europeans to trade with Asia. As a result, Europeans began to search for a new, direct water route to Asia in order to bypass the Ottoman-controlled land routes and establish their own trade networks.

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  • 2. 

    Spanish conquerors were known as

    • A.

      Matadors

    • B.

      Conquistadors

    • C.

      Vaqueros

    • D.

      Guerillas

    Correct Answer
    B. Conquistadors
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "conquistadors." The term "conquistadors" refers to the Spanish conquerors who played a significant role in the exploration and colonization of the Americas during the 15th and 16th centuries. These conquerors, such as Hernán Cortés and Francisco Pizarro, sought to expand Spanish territories, acquire wealth, and spread Christianity. They were known for their military prowess and their brutal treatment of indigenous peoples. The term "matadors" refers specifically to bullfighters in Spanish culture, "vaqueros" refers to cowboys, and "guerillas" refers to irregular armed forces.

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  • 3. 

    Europeans began to explore the Americas following which event?

    • A.

      Norse landing in North America

    • B.

      Native American migration from Asia

    • C.

      Columbus' 1st voyage and "discovery" of the New World.

    • D.

      The Crusades

    Correct Answer
    C. Columbus' 1st voyage and "discovery" of the New World.
    Explanation
    Europeans began to explore the Americas following Columbus' 1st voyage and "discovery" of the New World. This event marked the beginning of European exploration and colonization in the Americas. Columbus' voyage in 1492 opened up a new era of exploration and trade between Europe and the Americas, leading to further expeditions by other European powers such as Spain, Portugal, England, and France.

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  • 4. 

    What nation defeated the Spanish Armada?

    • A.

      Norway

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      England

    • D.

      China

    Correct Answer
    C. England
    Explanation
    England is the correct answer because it is historically known that the Spanish Armada was defeated by the English navy in 1588. This event marked a significant turning point in European history and solidified England's naval power.

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  • 5. 

    When Henry Hudson discovered the Hudson River he was searching for a waterway through North America. What is the name for this mythical passageway?

    • A.

      Northwest Vanal

    • B.

      Northwest Passage

    • C.

      Northwest Voyage

    • D.

      Northern Way

    Correct Answer
    B. Northwest Passage
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Northwest Passage. Henry Hudson discovered the Hudson River while searching for a mythical passageway through North America, which came to be known as the Northwest Passage. This route was believed to connect the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, providing a shortcut for trade and exploration. Despite numerous attempts, the Northwest Passage remained elusive for centuries until it was finally navigated in the early 20th century.

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  • 6. 

    Where was Columbus trying to sail to when he landed in North America? 

    • A.

      Europe

    • B.

      Asia

    • C.

      Italy

    • D.

      Africa

    Correct Answer
    B. Asia
    Explanation
    Columbus was trying to sail to Asia when he landed in North America. He believed that by sailing west from Europe, he could reach Asia and establish a new trade route. However, he miscalculated the distance and encountered the Americas instead. This accidental discovery of the New World had a significant impact on world history and led to the colonization and exploration of the Americas by European powers.

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  • 7. 

    What does the chart represent?

    • A.

      Columbian Exchange

    • B.

      Northwest Passage

    • C.

      Silk Road

    • D.

      Fertile Crescent

    Correct Answer
    A. Columbian Exchange
    Explanation
    The chart represents the Columbian Exchange. The Columbian Exchange refers to the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas and the Old World (Europe, Africa, and Asia) following Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas in 1492. This exchange had a significant impact on the world by facilitating the spread of new crops, diseases, and cultural practices, and shaping the development of societies on both sides of the Atlantic.

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  • 8. 

    What was the primary cause of death for Native Americans?

    • A.

      Guns

    • B.

      Famine

    • C.

      Disease

    • D.

      Dehydration

    Correct Answer
    C. Disease
    Explanation
    The primary cause of death for Native Americans was disease. When European settlers arrived in the Americas, they brought with them diseases such as smallpox, measles, and influenza, which the Native Americans had no immunity against. These diseases spread rapidly among the Native American populations, leading to devastating consequences and a significant decline in their numbers. The lack of immunity and exposure to these new diseases resulted in high mortality rates among Native Americans, making disease the primary cause of death for them.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is the best example of a primary source?

    • A.

      Newspaper article about Henry Hudson

    • B.

      Encyclopedia article about Henry Hudson

    • C.

      A page from the diary of Henry Hudson

    • D.

      A website about Henry Hudson

    Correct Answer
    C. A page from the diary of Henry Hudson
    Explanation
    A page from the diary of Henry Hudson is the best example of a primary source because it is a firsthand account written by the person himself. It provides direct and unfiltered information about Henry Hudson's experiences, thoughts, and observations, making it a valuable historical document.

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  • 10. 

    The Iroquois building their longhouse from trees is an example of

    • A.

      Adapting to one's environment

    • B.

      Ethnocentrism

    • C.

      The Columbian Exchange

    • D.

      Mercantilism

    Correct Answer
    A. Adapting to one's environment
    Explanation
    The Iroquois building their longhouse from trees is an example of adapting to one's environment. The Iroquois people utilized the resources available in their environment, such as trees, to construct their longhouses. This adaptation allowed them to create a shelter that suited their needs and was suitable for the climate and conditions of their surroundings. By adapting to their environment in this way, the Iroquois were able to thrive and sustain their way of life.

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  • 11. 

    Why did Native Americans develop so many different cultures?

    • A.

      They wanted to be like the English

    • B.

      They were seeking the Northwest Passage

    • C.

      They came from different environments

    • D.

      They were monotheistic

    Correct Answer
    C. They came from different environments
    Explanation
    Native Americans developed different cultures because they came from diverse environments. The Native American tribes inhabited various regions across North America, each with its own unique climate, geography, and available resources. These environmental factors influenced their lifestyles, food sources, clothing, housing, and social structures. As a result, different tribes developed distinct cultural practices and traditions that were adapted to their specific environments. This diversity in cultures among Native Americans is a reflection of their adaptation and resilience in various ecological settings.

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  • 12. 

    Why was the Iroquois Confederacy created?

    • A.

      To wage war on Canada

    • B.

      To make peace among the tribes

    • C.

      To trade with Asia

    • D.

      To conquer the Aztecs

    Correct Answer
    B. To make peace among the tribes
    Explanation
    The Iroquois Confederacy was created to make peace among the tribes. The confederacy was formed by six Native American tribes in the northeastern United States, namely the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora. These tribes came together to establish a political and social alliance in order to resolve conflicts and maintain peace among themselves. The confederacy operated under a system of governance that promoted cooperation, diplomacy, and the peaceful resolution of disputes. This alliance played a crucial role in maintaining stability and harmony among the tribes, allowing them to focus on collective defense and mutual prosperity.

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