Unit One: Renaissance And Reformation Test

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Unit One: Renaissance And Reformation Test - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Where did the Renaissance begin?

    • A.

      England

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Italy

    • D.

      Spain

    Correct Answer
    C. Italy
    Explanation
    The Renaissance began in Italy because it was the birthplace of the cultural and intellectual movement. During this period, Italy experienced a revival of interest in classical learning and arts, leading to significant advancements in literature, science, art, and architecture. The city-states of Florence, Rome, and Venice were particularly influential in fostering this cultural rebirth, attracting renowned artists, scholars, and thinkers. Italy's rich history, connection to ancient Rome, and thriving trade networks contributed to its role as the epicenter of the Renaissance.

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  • 2. 

    Which Renaissance artist painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper? 

    • A.

      Michelangelo

    • B.

      Raphael

    • C.

      Donatello

    • D.

      Leonardo da Vinci

    Correct Answer
    D. Leonardo da Vinci
    Explanation
    Leonardo da Vinci is the correct answer because he was a renowned Renaissance artist who painted both the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. His artistic skills and techniques were highly admired during the Renaissance period, and these two paintings are considered masterpieces of his work. Leonardo da Vinci's attention to detail, use of light and shadow, and his ability to capture the human form in a realistic and emotive way are evident in both of these iconic paintings.

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  • 3. 

    Eventually the ideas of the Renaissance spread from the Italian City-States to: 

    • A.

      Northern Europe

    • B.

      Southern Europe

    • C.

      Central America

    • D.

      Southeast Asia

    Correct Answer
    A. Northern Europe
    Explanation
    During the Renaissance, the cultural and intellectual movement that originated in Italy gradually spread to other parts of Europe. Northern Europe, including countries such as England, France, and the Netherlands, was influenced by the ideas and artistic styles of the Renaissance. This spread was facilitated by factors such as trade, travel, and the dissemination of knowledge through books and manuscripts. As a result, the Renaissance had a significant impact on the development of art, literature, and science in Northern Europe during this period.

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  • 4. 

    During the Renaissance and Reformation, more emphasis was placed on the:

    • A.

      Roman Catholic Church

    • B.

      The Nobility

    • C.

      State and Government

    • D.

      The Individual

    Correct Answer
    D. The Individual
    Explanation
    During the Renaissance and Reformation, there was a shift in focus towards the importance of the individual. This period saw a rise in humanism, which emphasized the potential and worth of each individual. The Renaissance was known for its celebration of human achievements in art, literature, and science. The Reformation also emphasized personal faith and direct relationship with God, challenging the authority of the Roman Catholic Church. Therefore, the correct answer is "The Individual" because this period marked a turning point in valuing individualism, personal expression, and autonomy.

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  • 5. 

    The Bubonic Plague was transmitted by:

    • A.

      Fleas on Rats

    • B.

      Eating Bad Meat

    • C.

      Mosquitoes

    • D.

      Shakespeare

    Correct Answer
    A. Fleas on Rats
    Explanation
    The Bubonic Plague, also known as the Black Death, was primarily transmitted through fleas that infested rats. The fleas would bite infected rats and then bite humans, transmitting the bacteria Yersinia pestis. This bacterium caused the deadly disease, resulting in high mortality rates during the 14th century. The role of rats as carriers and the transmission through fleas was a significant factor in the rapid spread of the plague throughout Europe. The other options, such as eating bad meat, mosquitoes, and Shakespeare, are not known to be direct causes of the Bubonic Plague.

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  • 6. 

    Corruption and the sale of                     caused conflicts within the Roman Catholic Church which would lead to the Protestant Reformation.

    Correct Answer
    Indulgences
    indulgences
    Indulgence
    indulgence
    indulgents
    Indulgents
    Explanation
    The sale of indulgences caused conflicts within the Roman Catholic Church because it was seen as a corrupt practice. Indulgences were essentially pardons for sins that could be purchased, and this led to a belief that one could buy their way into heaven. This practice was criticized by many reformers, such as Martin Luther, who believed that salvation should be based on faith and not on monetary transactions. The controversy surrounding indulgences was one of the main factors that led to the Protestant Reformation, as it highlighted the need for reform within the Catholic Church.

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  • 7. 

    Which religious leader advocated the ideas of predestination and promoted a strong work ethic? 

    • A.

      Martin Luther

    • B.

      John Calvin

    • C.

      Henry VIII

    • D.

      John Wycliffe

    Correct Answer
    B. John Calvin
    Explanation
    John Calvin is the correct answer because he was a prominent religious leader who advocated the ideas of predestination and promoted a strong work ethic. Calvin, a French theologian, was a key figure in the Protestant Reformation and is best known for his doctrine of predestination, which states that God has already determined the fate of every individual. He also emphasized the importance of hard work and believed that success in this life was a sign of God's favor. Calvin's teachings had a significant impact on Protestant theology and influenced the development of Protestant work ethics.

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  • 8. 

    What Renaissance artist produced the statue of David and painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel?

    • A.

      Michelangelo

    • B.

      Raphael

    • C.

      Leonardo da Vinci

    • D.

      Donatello

    Correct Answer
    A. Michelangelo
    Explanation
    Michelangelo is the correct answer because he is the Renaissance artist who created the famous statue of David and also painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. He is known for his mastery in both sculpture and painting, and his works are considered to be some of the greatest achievements in Western art history.

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  • 9. 

    Which monarch dismissed the authority of the pope in Rome, divorced, and later established themselves as the head of the Church of England?

    • A.

      Elizabeth I

    • B.

      Henry VIII

    • C.

      Martin Luther

    • D.

      Mary I

    Correct Answer
    B. Henry VIII
    Explanation
    Henry VIII dismissed the authority of the pope in Rome, divorced, and established himself as the head of the Church of England. This event is known as the English Reformation and was driven by Henry VIII's desire to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn. By breaking away from the Catholic Church, Henry VIII gained control over the Church in England and solidified his power as the monarch. Elizabeth I, Martin Luther, and Mary I are not associated with these actions.

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  • 10. 

    Eventually, religious tolerance grew during the later stages of the                                       ?

    • A.

      Middle Ages

    • B.

      Neolithic Era

    • C.

      20th Century

    • D.

      Reformation

    Correct Answer
    D. Reformation
    Explanation
    During the Reformation, which took place in the 16th century, there was a significant shift in religious attitudes and practices. This movement led to the breaking away from the Catholic Church and the establishment of Protestant denominations. As a result, religious tolerance began to grow as different religious groups emerged and were allowed to practice their own beliefs. The Reformation challenged the religious authority of the Catholic Church and opened up the possibility for individuals to have more freedom in their religious choices, leading to increased acceptance and tolerance of different religious beliefs.

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  • 11. 

    What religious leader preached that all humans were equal before God and the Pope could not forgive sins?

    • A.

      Henry VIII

    • B.

      John Calvin

    • C.

      Martin Luther

    • D.

      Jan Huss

    Correct Answer
    C. Martin Luther
    Explanation
    Martin Luther was a religious leader who preached that all humans were equal before God and that the Pope could not forgive sins. He was a key figure in the Protestant Reformation, challenging the authority and teachings of the Catholic Church. Luther believed in the doctrine of justification by faith alone, emphasizing the individual's direct relationship with God and rejecting the need for intermediaries such as the Pope. His teachings had a significant impact on the development of Protestantism and the religious landscape of Europe.

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  • 12. 

    Pope Leo X had Martin Luther:

    • A.

      Made a saint.

    • B.

      Became a member of the Roman Catholic Church.

    • C.

      Autograph a copy of the 95 Theses for him and have more copies published.

    • D.

      Excommunicated from the church.

    Correct Answer
    D. Excommunicated from the church.
    Explanation
    Pope Leo X excommunicated Martin Luther from the church because Luther's teachings and actions were seen as heretical and a threat to the authority of the Catholic Church. Luther's Ninety-Five Theses, which criticized the sale of indulgences, sparked the Protestant Reformation and challenged the doctrines and practices of the Catholic Church. As a result, Pope Leo X issued a papal bull in 1520, formally excommunicating Luther and declaring him a heretic. This decision marked a significant turning point in the history of Christianity, leading to the establishment of Protestantism as a separate branch of the faith.

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  • 13. 

    During the Renaissance who ruled the city-state of Florence?

    • A.

      Niccolo Machiavelli

    • B.

      Michelangelo

    • C.

      The Medici Family

    • D.

      King Henry VIII

    Correct Answer
    C. The Medici Family
    Explanation
    During the Renaissance, the city-state of Florence was ruled by the Medici Family. They were a wealthy and influential banking family who held significant political power in Florence. The Medici Family played a crucial role in supporting and promoting the arts and sciences during this period, making Florence a center of cultural and intellectual growth. Their patronage of artists like Michelangelo helped to shape the artistic achievements of the Renaissance. Niccolo Machiavelli was a political philosopher and writer during this time, but he did not rule Florence. King Henry VIII was the ruler of England and had no connection to the city-state of Florence.

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  • 14. 

    What event made the legal separation of the church between Catholics and Protestants in the German states?

    • A.

      Peace of Augsburg

    • B.

      The Council of Trent

    • C.

      The Diet of Worms

    • D.

      The Spanish Inquisition

    Correct Answer
    A. Peace of Augsburg
    Explanation
    The Peace of Augsburg was a treaty signed in 1555 that ended the religious conflicts between Catholics and Protestants in the German states. It established the principle of cuius regio, eius religio, which allowed each prince to determine the religion of his own territory. This legal separation of the church between Catholics and Protestants in the German states was a significant event in European history as it recognized the coexistence of different Christian denominations and laid the foundation for religious tolerance in the region.

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  • 15. 

    Which famous indulgence seller used the phrase "When the coin in the coffer rings a soul from purgatory springs?"

    • A.

      Martin Luther

    • B.

      John Calvin

    • C.

      Johann Tetzel

    • D.

      Pope Leo X

    Correct Answer
    C. Johann Tetzel
    Explanation
    Johann Tetzel is the correct answer because he was a famous indulgence seller during the time of the Protestant Reformation. He is known for using the phrase "When the coin in the coffer rings a soul from purgatory springs" to promote the sale of indulgences, which were certificates sold by the Catholic Church that were believed to reduce the amount of punishment a person would have to undergo in purgatory after death. This phrase encapsulates the controversial practice of selling indulgences and the criticism it received from reformers like Martin Luther.

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  • 16. 

    The Renaissance lasted how long? (How many years).

    Correct Answer
    300
    500
    300 years
    500 years
    Explanation
    The Renaissance lasted for 300 years. This was a period of great cultural, artistic, and intellectual growth that began in Italy in the 14th century and spread throughout Europe until the 17th century. During this time, there were significant advancements in art, literature, science, and philosophy, marking a transition from the Middle Ages to the modern era.

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  • 17. 

    Leonardo da Vinci's most famous works include the Mona Lisa, The Last Supper, and the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false because Leonardo da Vinci did not paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. This famous fresco was actually painted by Michelangelo. While da Vinci was a renowned artist and his works like the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper are indeed famous, the Sistine Chapel ceiling is not one of his creations.

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  • 18. 

    Humanism believed that Man was in control of their own destiny.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Humanism is a philosophical belief that emphasizes the value and agency of human beings. It promotes the idea that individuals have the ability to shape their own lives and determine their own destinies. Therefore, the statement that "Humanism believed that Man was in control of their own destiny" aligns with the principles of humanism and is true.

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  • 19. 

    The Renaissance and the Middle Ages were the same time period.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Renaissance and the Middle Ages were not the same time period. The Renaissance, which occurred from the 14th to the 17th century, was a period of cultural and intellectual awakening characterized by a renewed interest in art, literature, and science. In contrast, the Middle Ages, also known as the medieval period, spanned from the 5th to the 15th century and was marked by feudalism, the dominance of the Catholic Church, and limited cultural and intellectual development. Therefore, the statement that the Renaissance and the Middle Ages were the same time period is false.

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  • 20. 

    What reform movement happened inside the Catholic Church? 

    • A.

      English Reformation

    • B.

      Protestant Reformation

    • C.

      Catholic (Counter) Reformation

    • D.

      Baptist Reformation

    Correct Answer
    C. Catholic (Counter) Reformation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Catholic (Counter) Reformation. The Catholic (Counter) Reformation was a reform movement that took place within the Catholic Church in response to the Protestant Reformation. It aimed to address the criticisms and abuses that had been raised by the Protestant reformers, and to reestablish Catholic doctrine and practices. The movement included efforts to improve the education and training of clergy, to clarify and reaffirm Catholic teachings, and to combat corruption within the Church. The Council of Trent, held between 1545 and 1563, was a key event of the Catholic (Counter) Reformation, as it defined Catholic doctrine and initiated reforms within the Church.

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  • 21. 

    What were the three (3) most important and influential Italian city-states during the Renaissance?  

    • A.

      Florence, Genoa, Venice

    • B.

      Milan, Venice, Rome

    • C.

      Venice, Milan, Florence

    • D.

      Florence, Genoa, Sicily

    Correct Answer
    A. Florence, Genoa, Venice
    Explanation
    During the Renaissance, Florence, Genoa, and Venice were the three most important and influential Italian city-states. Florence was known for its flourishing arts and culture, with renowned artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo contributing to its vibrant artistic scene. Genoa, a major maritime power, played a crucial role in trade and finance, becoming one of the wealthiest cities in Europe. Venice, known as the "Queen of the Adriatic," was a powerful maritime republic with a dominant navy and a strategic location that allowed it to control trade routes between Europe and Asia. These three city-states were key centers of economic, political, and cultural influence during the Renaissance.

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  • 22. 

    Which reform movement happened outside the Catholic Church?

    • A.

      English Reformation

    • B.

      Protestant Reformation

    • C.

      Catholic (Counter) Reformation

    • D.

      Baptist Reformation

    Correct Answer
    B. Protestant Reformation
    Explanation
    The Protestant Reformation is the correct answer because it refers to a reform movement that occurred outside the Catholic Church. Led by figures such as Martin Luther, the Protestant Reformation aimed to challenge and reform certain practices and doctrines of the Catholic Church. This movement resulted in the establishment of various Protestant denominations and had a profound impact on religion, politics, and society in Europe.

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  • 23. 

    Which Monarch attempted to unite England under one ruler by making compromises between Protestants and Catholics?

    • A.

      Mary Tudor "Bloody Mary"

    • B.

      Elizabeth I

    • C.

      Henry VIII

    • D.

      Edward VI

    Correct Answer
    B. Elizabeth I
    Explanation
    Elizabeth I attempted to unite England under one ruler by making compromises between Protestants and Catholics. She implemented a policy of religious tolerance, known as the Elizabethan Religious Settlement, which aimed to find a middle ground between the two religious factions. This policy allowed both Protestants and Catholics to practice their faith to some extent, as long as they remained loyal to the crown. Elizabeth's efforts to bring religious stability and unity to England during her reign earned her the reputation as a skilled and pragmatic ruler.

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  • 24. 

    The idea that only a predetermined "elect" will make it into heaven is a belief of                     ?

    • A.

      Lutherans

    • B.

      Catholics

    • C.

      Anglicans

    • D.

      Calvinists

    Correct Answer
    D. Calvinists
    Explanation
    Calvinists believe in the concept of predestination, which means that God has already chosen who will be saved and who will be damned. They believe that only a select group of individuals, known as the "elect," will make it into heaven. This belief is not shared by Lutherans, Catholics, or Anglicans.

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  • 25. 

    The growth of literacy during the 1500s was stimulated by the invention of what machine?

    • A.

      Printing Press

    • B.

      Cotton Gin

    • C.

      Magnetic Compass

    • D.

      Automobile

    Correct Answer
    A. Printing Press
    Explanation
    The invention of the printing press during the 1500s greatly stimulated the growth of literacy. Before the printing press, books were handwritten and therefore expensive and time-consuming to produce. With the printing press, books could be mass-produced quickly and at a much lower cost, making them more accessible to a wider range of people. This increased availability of books and printed materials led to a greater demand for literacy skills, as more people were able to learn to read and access information.

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  • Current Version
  • Aug 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 28, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Sylviawendling
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