Practice Questions: Crusades Through Reformation

29 Questions | Total Attempts: 315

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Practice Questions: Crusades Through Reformation - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which statement describes a direct effect of the Renaissance on western Europe?
    • A. 

      The philosophy of humanism brought about a decrease in the power of the Roman Catholic Church.

    • B. 

      Art began to reflect an increased emphasis on religious themes.

    • C. 

      Nationalistic movements among the minority ethnic groups in the region declined.

    • D. 

      The feudal system was developed to provide stability in a decentralized political structure.

  • 2. 
    One major result of the Crusades was the
    • A. 

      Permanent occupation of the Holy Land by the Europeans

    • B. 

      Long-term decrease in European trade

    • C. 

      Conversion of most Muslims to Christianity

    • D. 

      Spread of Middle Eastern culture and technology to Europe

  • 3. 
    Francis Bacon, Galileo, and Isaac Newton promoted the idea that knowledge should be based on
    • A. 

      The experiences of past civilizations

    • B. 

      Experimentation and observation

    • C. 

      Emotions and feelings

    • D. 

      The teachings of the Catholic Church

  • 4. 
    The Commercial Revolution in western Europe led directly to the
    • A. 

      Development of a socialist economy

    • B. 

      Establishment of the guild system

    • C. 

      Weakening of the power of the middle class

    • D. 

      Expansion of world trade

  • 5. 
    The Crusades have been called "history's most successful failures." Which statement best explains this expression?
    • A. 

      The Crusades did not achieve their original goals, but they brought about many desirable changes in Europe.

    • B. 

      Although the Crusaders captured the Holy Land, they were unable to bring about democratic reforms.

    • C. 

      The Crusades helped bring about the fall of the Roman Empire.

    • D. 

      The Crusaders prevented the Turks from capturing Constantinople for many centuries.

  • 6. 
    A major result of the Crusades was the
    • A. 

      Conversion of the majority of Europeans to Protestantism

    • B. 

      Weakening of the power of the middle class in Europe

    • C. 

      Growth of trade between Europe and Asia

    • D. 

      Development of feudalism in Europe

  • 7. 
    Which is a valid conclusion based on a study of European art during the Renaissance in Europe?
    • A. 

      Emphasis on artistic creativity can discourage a society from pursuing reforms.

    • B. 

      The development of guilds prevented artistic creativity.

    • C. 

      The presence of a wealthy leisure class contributes to artistic achievement.

    • D. 

      An economy based on subsistence agriculture encourages artistic development.

  • 8. 
    An important characteristic of Renaissance humanists was their emphasis on
    • A. 

      Accepting ideas based on Confucian thought

    • B. 

      The teachings of the Roman Catholic Church

    • C. 

      Magic and alchemy

    • D. 

      Classical Roman and Greek writings

  • 9. 
    In the Renaissance period, which factor was emphasized by the philosophy of humanism?
    • A. 

      Superiority of medieval thought

    • B. 

      Devotion to religion

    • C. 

      Value of the individual

    • D. 

      Obedience to government officials

  • 10. 
    Which situation is considered a cause of the other three
    • A. 

      Religious unity declines throughout Europe.

    • B. 

      The Catholic Counter-Reformation begins.

    • C. 

      The power of the Roman Catholic Church decreases.

    • D. 

      Martin Luther posts the Ninety-five Theses.

  • 11. 
    An important long-term result of the Crusades in the Middle East was the
    • A. 

      Increased tension between Muslims and Christians

    • B. 

      Destruction of Muslim military power

    • C. 

      Creation of a large Christian state on the Red Sea

    • D. 

      Restoration of the Byzantine Empire

  • 12. 
    In Europe during the Middle Ages, increases in trade and commerce resulted in
    • A. 

      Lower living standards for industrial workers

    • B. 

      Decreased economic rivalry between kings

    • C. 

      Increased political power for the clergy

    • D. 

      Development of towns and cities

  • 13. 
    Which situation contributed most to the beginning of the Renaissance?
    • A. 

      Strong rulers censored new ideas

    • B. 

      Europe became increasingly isolated from other regions.

    • C. 

      The emphasis on religious uniformity increased.

    • D. 

      A wealthy class that supported the arts emerged.

  • 14. 
    European society during the Renaissance differed from European society during the Middle Ages in that during the Renaissance
    • A. 

      The Church was no longer influential

    • B. 

      The emphasis on individual worth increased

    • C. 

      Economic activity declined

    • D. 

      Art no longer contained religious themes

  • 15. 
    One important effect of the Crusades on western Europe was that they
    • A. 

      Led to a decline in the importance of the church in western Europe

    • B. 

      Furthered cultural diffusion throughout western Europe

    • C. 

      Introduced the Industrial Revolution to western Europe

    • D. 

      Ended the western European quest for an overseas empire

  • 16. 
    The issues of the sale of indulgences and of the worldly lives of the clergy were addressed by
    • A. 

      Adam Smith in The Wealth of Nations

    • B. 

      John Locke in his treatises on government

    • C. 

      Martin Luther in his Ninety-Five Theses

    • D. 

      Karl Marx in The Communist Manifesto

  • 17. 
    In Europe, the Crusades resulted in
    • A. 

      A greater isolation of the region from the world

    • B. 

      An increased demand for goods from the Middle East and Asia

    • C. 

      The adoption of Islam as the official religion of many European nations

    • D. 

      The strengthening of the feudal system

  • 18. 
    The Golden Age of Greece and the Renaissance in Europe were both characterized mainly by
    • A. 

      Religious revival

    • B. 

      Social reform and political upheaval

    • C. 

      Economic decline

    • D. 

      Artistic and literary achievements

  • 19. 
    The Renaissance and the Protestant Reformation were similar in that both were
    • A. 

      Stimulated by a spirit of inquiry

    • B. 

      Supported by the working class

    • C. 

      Limited to Italy, France, and Germany

    • D. 

      Encouraged by the successes of the French Revolution

  • 20. 
    Which statement best describes a characteristic of the Renaissance in Europe?
    • A. 

      The social structure became very rigid.

    • B. 

      Creativity in the arts was encouraged.

    • C. 

      The political structure was similar to that of the Roman Empire.

    • D. 

      Humanism decreased in importance.

  • 21. 
    Which point of view best represents the philosophy of the Renaissance?
    • A. 

      The Greek and Roman civilizations are worthy of study

    • B. 

      Class distinctions in society should be abolished

    • C. 

      Religious doctrines are the only subject of value

    • D. 

      The glorification of human beings is sinful

  • 22. 
    Base your answer on the time line below and on your knowledge of social studies   Which period of European history is represented by this time line?
    • A. 

      Enlightenment

    • B. 

      Middle Ages

    • C. 

      Reformation

    • D. 

      Commercial Revolution

  • 23. 
    What were two indirect results of the Crusades?
    • A. 

      Trade and commerce increased and the feudal system was strengthened

    • B. 

      Trade and commerce declined and the feudal system was strengthened

    • C. 

      Trade and commerce increased and the feudal system was weakened

    • D. 

      Trade and commerce declined and the feudal system was weakened

  • 24. 
    When Martin Luther wrote the Ninety-Five Theses, his main intent was to
    • A. 

      End the power of the Church in Europe

    • B. 

      Reform corrupt practices of the clergy

    • C. 

      Create a new and separate form of Christianity

    • D. 

      Enhance his position in the Church

  • 25. 
    Which was a result of the Commercial Revolution?
    • A. 

      Decline in population growth in Europe

    • B. 

      Shift of power from western Europe to eastern Europe

    • C. 

      Spread of feudalism throughout western Europe

    • D. 

      Expansion of European influence overseas

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