The Reformation History! Trivia Quiz

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The Reformation History! Trivia Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    An ______ was a pardon. It released a sinner from performing the penalty that a priest imposed for sins.

    • A.

      Indoctrination

    • B.

      Inquisition

    • C.

      Indulgence

    • D.

      Innocent

    Correct Answer
    C. Indulgence
    Explanation
    An indulgence was a pardon granted by the Catholic Church, releasing a sinner from the punishment or penalty that a priest imposed for their sins. This practice was common during the medieval period, where individuals could purchase indulgences as a way to reduce the time spent in purgatory or to alleviate the consequences of their transgressions. The Church believed that indulgences could be granted based on the merits of saints or through the intercession of the Church, offering a form of spiritual relief and forgiveness.

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  • 2. 

    It led to the founding of Christian churches that did not accept the pope’s authority.

    • A.

      Renaissance

    • B.

      Reformation

    • C.

      Council of Trent

    • D.

      The Inquisition

    Correct Answer
    B. Reformation
    Explanation
    The Reformation was a religious movement in the 16th century that led to the founding of Christian churches that did not accept the pope's authority. This movement was sparked by various factors, including the corruption and abuse of power within the Catholic Church. Key figures such as Martin Luther and John Calvin played significant roles in challenging the teachings and practices of the Catholic Church, leading to the establishment of Protestant denominations. The Reformation had a profound impact on the religious, social, and political landscapes of Europe, marking a significant shift in the religious authority and power structures of the time.

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  • 3. 

    Instead of continuing to seek reforms in the Catholic Church, Martin Luther and his followers had become a separate religious group, called __________.

    • A.

      Presbyterians

    • B.

      Calvinists

    • C.

      Anglicans

    • D.

      Lutherans

    Correct Answer
    D. Lutherans
    Explanation
    After seeking reforms in the Catholic Church, Martin Luther and his followers decided to form their own religious group, which became known as Lutherans. This group was named after Martin Luther himself, as he played a significant role in leading the movement for religious reform and challenging the Catholic Church's practices. The Lutherans held beliefs and practices that differed from those of the Catholic Church, leading to their separation and the establishment of a distinct religious identity.

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  • 4. 

    Eventually, the term  ___________ was applied to Christians who belonged to non-Catholic churches.

    • A.

      Protestant

    • B.

      Jesuits

    • C.

      Augsburg

    • D.

      Holy Roman Empire

    Correct Answer
    A. Protestant
    Explanation
    The term "Protestant" was eventually applied to Christians who belonged to non-Catholic churches. This term refers to the movement that began in the 16th century as a result of the Protestant Reformation, led by figures such as Martin Luther. Protestants rejected certain teachings and practices of the Catholic Church and formed their own denominations. The term "Protestant" encompasses a wide range of Christian traditions, including Lutheran, Anglican, Presbyterian, Methodist, and Baptist, among others.

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  • 5. 

    There the princes agreed that each ruler would decide the religion of his state. This famous religious settlement was known as the ______________.

    • A.

      Council of Trent

    • B.

      Treaty of Versailles

    • C.

      Peace of Augsburg

    • D.

      Edict of Worms

    Correct Answer
    C. Peace of Augsburg
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Peace of Augsburg. The statement mentions that the princes agreed to decide the religion of their states, indicating a religious settlement. The Peace of Augsburg was a treaty signed in 1555, which allowed each ruler in the Holy Roman Empire to choose between Catholicism and Lutheranism as the official religion of their territory. This agreement aimed to end the religious conflicts of the time by granting religious freedom and establishing a principle known as "cuius regio, eius religio" (whose realm, his religion).

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  • 6. 

    This word means "to set aside", as in marriage.

    • A.

      Divorce

    • B.

      Trade

    • C.

      Indulgence

    • D.

      Annul

    Correct Answer
    D. Annul
    Explanation
    The word "annul" means to set aside, particularly in the context of marriage. It is used when a marriage is declared null and void, as if it never happened. This can occur due to various reasons such as fraud, bigamy, or lack of consent.

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  • 7. 

    What is another name for the Church of England?

    • A.

      Anglican Church

    • B.

      Anabaptists

    • C.

      Calvinists

    • D.

      Church of Augsburg

    Correct Answer
    A. Anglican Church
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Anglican Church. The Church of England is also known as the Anglican Church. It is the national church of England and has its roots in the Protestant Reformation. The Anglican Church was established in the 16th century by King Henry VIII and has since evolved into a global communion with millions of members worldwide. It shares many similarities with other Protestant denominations but also retains some traditional Catholic practices.

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  • 8. 

    The religious philosophy of John Calvin known as ___________.

    • A.

      Theocracy

    • B.

      Catholicism

    • C.

      Lutheranism

    • D.

      Calvinism

    Correct Answer
    D. Calvinism
    Explanation
    John Calvin was a prominent figure in the Protestant Reformation and his religious philosophy is known as Calvinism. Calvinism emphasizes the sovereignty of God, predestination, and the authority of scripture. It had a significant impact on the development of Protestant theology and played a major role in the spread of Reformed Christianity. The term "theocracy" refers to a form of government in which religious leaders have direct control over the state, and is not specifically related to Calvin's religious philosophy. Catholicism and Lutheranism, while also important branches of Christianity, do not specifically refer to Calvin's teachings.

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  • 9. 

    John Calvin taught that God already knows who is going to Heaven and who is going to Hell. This is called _________.

    • A.

      Indulgences

    • B.

      Predestination

    • C.

      Excommunication

    • D.

      Baptism

    Correct Answer
    B. Predestination
    Explanation
    John Calvin taught the concept of predestination, which states that God already knows and has predetermined who will go to Heaven and who will go to Hell. This means that individuals have no control over their own salvation, as it is solely determined by God's will.

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  • 10. 

    A government-controlled by religious leaders.

    • A.

      Democracy

    • B.

      Theocracy

    • C.

      Oligarchy

    • D.

      Council of Trent

    Correct Answer
    B. Theocracy
    Explanation
    A theocracy is a form of government where religious leaders have control and authority over the state. In this type of government, religious laws and principles are the basis for governance and decision-making. This differs from a democracy, where power is held by the people, or an oligarchy, where power is held by a small group of individuals. The Council of Trent, mentioned in the question, was a council of the Roman Catholic Church that addressed issues related to the Protestant Reformation and reaffirmed Catholic doctrine. However, it is not directly related to the concept of a theocracy.

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  • 11. 

    Followers of John Knox became known as ____________ . In the 1560s, Protestant nobles led by Knox made Calvinism Scotland’s official religion.

    • A.

      Lutheran Princes

    • B.

      Presbyterians

    • C.

      Anglicans

    • D.

      Puritans

    Correct Answer
    B. Presbyterians
    Explanation
    Followers of John Knox became known as Presbyterians because in the 1560s, Protestant nobles led by Knox made Calvinism Scotland's official religion. The term "Presbyterian" refers to the form of church government adopted by the Scottish Reformation, which is characterized by the rule of elders or presbyters. This form of governance was influenced by John Calvin's teachings and became the basis for the Presbyterian Church. Therefore, those who followed Knox's teachings and embraced Calvinism in Scotland came to be known as Presbyterians.

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  • 12. 

    The  _______ taught that church and state should be separate, and they refused to fight in wars. They shared their possessions.

    • A.

      Lutherans

    • B.

      Calvinists

    • C.

      Anabaptists

    • D.

      Hippies

    Correct Answer
    C. Anabaptists
    Explanation
    The Anabaptists believed in the separation of church and state, as well as pacifism. They refused to fight in wars and emphasized the importance of sharing possessions. This belief set them apart from other religious groups, such as Lutherans and Calvinists, who did not necessarily advocate for such principles. The term "Hippies" is not relevant to this historical context and does not align with the beliefs and practices of the Anabaptists.

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  • 13. 

    While Protestant churches won many followers, millions remained true to Catholicism. Helping Catholics to remain loyal was a movement within the Catholic Church to reform itself. This movement is now known as the _________________________.

    • A.

      Protestant Reformation

    • B.

      Renaissance

    • C.

      Catholic Reformation

    • D.

      Peasants' Revolt

    Correct Answer
    C. Catholic Reformation
    Explanation
    The movement within the Catholic Church to reform itself is known as the Catholic Reformation. This movement aimed to address the issues raised by the Protestant Reformation and to make changes within the Catholic Church to maintain its followers and counter the spread of Protestantism. The Catholic Reformation included efforts to address corruption within the church, promote education and literacy among clergy, and reaffirm Catholic doctrine and practices. This movement played a significant role in shaping the development of the Catholic Church in response to the challenges posed by the Protestant Reformation.

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  • 14. 

     ___________ founded schools throughout Europe. These teachers were well-trained in classical study and theology.

    • A.

      Jesuits

    • B.

      Protestants

    • C.

      Calvinists

    • D.

      Trentians

    Correct Answer
    A. Jesuits
    Explanation
    The Jesuits founded schools throughout Europe. These teachers were well-trained in classical study and theology.

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  • 15. 

    A group of Catholic Church leaders who met in Trent to examine Catholic doctrine.

    • A.

      Peace of Augsburg

    • B.

      Geneva Theocracy

    • C.

      Peace Keepers of Anabaptism

    • D.

      Council of Trent

    Correct Answer
    D. Council of Trent
    Explanation
    The Council of Trent was a meeting of Catholic Church leaders that took place in Trent. The purpose of the council was to examine and clarify Catholic doctrine in response to the Protestant Reformation. The council made important decisions regarding the interpretation of scripture, the role of the clergy, the sacraments, and other aspects of Catholic belief and practice. It was a significant event in the history of the Catholic Church and played a key role in the Counter-Reformation.

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  • 16. 

    One of the religious and social effects of the Reformation was that  ______.

    • A.

      Catholic Churches closed

    • B.

      Protestant denominations grew

    • C.

      Muslims invaded Italy

    • D.

      Communion was the only sacrament

    Correct Answer
    B. Protestant denominations grew
    Explanation
    The Reformation, a religious movement in the 16th century, led to the establishment of various Protestant denominations. This occurred as a result of individuals challenging the authority and practices of the Catholic Church. These reformers, such as Martin Luther and John Calvin, sought to reform the church and promote their own interpretations of Christianity. As a result, Protestant denominations grew in popularity and attracted followers who were dissatisfied with the Catholic Church. This led to a significant religious and social change in Europe, with the emergence of new religious groups and the decline in the dominance of the Catholic Church.

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  • 17. 

    Which group were the forerunners of the Amish and Mennonites?

    • A.

      Baptists

    • B.

      Lutherans

    • C.

      Calvinists

    • D.

      Anabaptists

    Correct Answer
    D. Anabaptists
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Anabaptists. The Amish and Mennonites trace their roots back to the Anabaptist movement of the 16th century. The Anabaptists believed in adult baptism and the separation of church and state. They faced persecution for their beliefs and many fled to different parts of Europe, eventually forming the Amish and Mennonite communities. These groups are known for their simple living, pacifism, and commitment to community.

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  • 18. 

    Which very Catholic King of Spain threatened England during Elizabeth’s rule?

    • A.

      John Knox

    • B.

      Henry VIII

    • C.

      Philip II

    • D.

      Henry IV of France

    Correct Answer
    C. Philip II
    Explanation
    During Elizabeth's rule, Philip II, the King of Spain, posed a threat to England. Philip II was a devout Catholic and saw Elizabeth, a Protestant, as a heretic and a threat to Catholicism. He was determined to restore Catholicism in England and launched the Spanish Armada in 1588 to invade England and overthrow Elizabeth. However, the Armada was defeated by the English navy, marking a significant victory for England and solidifying Elizabeth's reign.

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  • 19. 

    French Calvinists were called _____________.

    • A.

      Catholics

    • B.

      Jesuits

    • C.

      Huguenots

    • D.

      Indulgences

    Correct Answer
    C. Huguenots
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Huguenots. Huguenots were French Calvinists who were part of the Protestant Reformation in France during the 16th and 17th centuries. They faced persecution and discrimination from the Catholic majority, leading to conflicts and wars. The term "Huguenot" was used specifically to refer to French Calvinists and became widely recognized as the name for this religious group.

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  • 20. 

    Northern merchants challenged the authority of the Catholic Church, because they resented having to pay ________________.

    • A.

      For excessive harbor fees

    • B.

      For stamps

    • C.

      So much tax to the Church

    • D.

      Duty fees

    Correct Answer
    C. So much tax to the Church
    Explanation
    The northern merchants challenged the authority of the Catholic Church because they resented having to pay a significant amount of tax to the Church. This suggests that the merchants believed the tax burden imposed by the Church was excessive and unfair, leading them to question and challenge the Church's authority.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 23, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Coacharns
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