Medical Term Quiz Questions Part - 24

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| By Saraswatastar
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Medical Term Quiz Questions Part - 24 - Quiz


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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Tendon passing through groove on the talus

    • A.

      Flexor hallucis longus

    • B.

      Flexor digitorum longus

    • C.

      Tibialis posterior

    • D.

      Tibialis anterior

    Correct Answer
    A. Flexor hallucis longus
    Explanation
    The flexor hallucis longus is a muscle that runs along the back of the lower leg and attaches to the big toe. It is responsible for flexing the big toe and helps to stabilize the foot during walking and running. The tendon of the flexor hallucis longus passes through a groove on the talus bone, which helps to guide its movement and prevent it from rubbing against other structures. This arrangement allows for efficient and smooth movement of the big toe, contributing to overall foot function.

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  • 2. 

    Which hormone increases in hypoglycemia?

    • A.

      Glucagon

    • B.

      Insulin

    • C.

      Gastrin

    • D.

      Calcitonin

    Correct Answer
    A. Glucagon
    Explanation
    Glucagon is the correct answer because it is the hormone that increases in hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia refers to low blood sugar levels, and glucagon is released by the pancreas to raise blood sugar levels by stimulating the liver to convert stored glycogen into glucose and release it into the bloodstream. Insulin, on the other hand, is released in response to high blood sugar levels to lower them, making it the opposite of what occurs in hypoglycemia. Gastrin and calcitonin are not directly involved in regulating blood sugar levels.

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  • 3. 

    Normal anion gap in plasma is about ____ mEq/L

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      15

    • C.

      25

    • D.

      40

    Correct Answer
    B. 15
    Explanation
    The normal anion gap in plasma is about 15 mEq/L. Anion gap is a measure of the difference between the positively charged ions (cations) and negatively charged ions (anions) in the blood. It is used to evaluate the balance of electrolytes and detect certain medical conditions. A normal anion gap suggests that the levels of cations and anions are in balance, indicating normal electrolyte levels in the blood.

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  • 4. 

    Behcet's syndrome is associated with

    • A.

      B27

    • B.

      B8

    • C.

      B5

    • D.

      DR2

    Correct Answer
    C. B5
    Explanation
    Behcet's syndrome is associated with the HLA-B5 gene. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes are involved in the immune system and help distinguish between self and non-self cells. Certain HLA genes have been found to be associated with specific autoimmune diseases, including Behcet's syndrome. In this case, the presence of the HLA-B5 gene is linked to an increased risk of developing Behcet's syndrome.

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  • 5. 

    Hand foot mouth disease caused by

    • A.

      Coxsackie A

    • B.

      EBV

    • C.

      CMV

    • D.

      HSV

    Correct Answer
    A. Coxsackie A
    Explanation
    Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a viral infection that commonly affects children. It is caused by the Coxsackie A virus, which belongs to the enterovirus family. This virus is highly contagious and spreads through close contact with infected individuals or contact with contaminated surfaces. Symptoms of hand, foot, and mouth disease include fever, sore throat, mouth sores, and a rash on the hands, feet, and sometimes buttocks. While other viruses like EBV, CMV, and HSV can cause similar symptoms, Coxsackie A is the most common cause of hand, foot, and mouth disease.

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  • 6. 

    All are hepatotoxic except

    • A.

      Amiodarone

    • B.

      Halothane

    • C.

      Diclofenac

    • D.

      Atracurium

    Correct Answer
    D. Atracurium
    Explanation
    Atracurium is the correct answer because it is not hepatotoxic. Hepatotoxicity refers to the ability of a substance to cause damage to the liver. Amiodarone, Halothane, and Diclofenac are known to have hepatotoxic effects, while Atracurium does not have this adverse effect on the liver.

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  • 7. 

    Burns of skin are seen in firing a bullet from a distance of ___cm

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      10

    • C.

      15

    • D.

      30

    Correct Answer
    D. 30
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 30 because when a bullet is fired from a distance of 30cm, the heat generated by the bullet can cause burns on the skin. The closer the distance, the more intense the heat and the higher the likelihood of burns occurring.

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  • 8. 

    Band shaped keratopathy is caused by

    • A.

      Amyloid

    • B.

      Calcium

    • C.

      Monosaccharide

    • D.

      Lipid

    Correct Answer
    B. Calcium
    Explanation
    Band shaped keratopathy is caused by the deposition of calcium in the cornea. This condition is characterized by the formation of a band-like opacity in the cornea, which can impair vision. Calcium can accumulate in the cornea due to various factors such as chronic inflammation, metabolic disorders, or trauma. The deposition of calcium disrupts the normal structure and function of the cornea, leading to the development of band shaped keratopathy.

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  • 9. 

    Generation time in leprosy

    • A.

      30 days

    • B.

      2 months

    • C.

      10-14 days

    • D.

      6 months

    Correct Answer
    C. 10-14 days
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 10-14 days. This refers to the time it takes for the bacteria that cause leprosy to multiply and form visible colonies in laboratory culture. Leprosy is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae, and the generation time is the time it takes for the bacteria to go through one complete cycle of replication. In the case of leprosy, this generation time is relatively short, taking approximately 10-14 days for the bacteria to multiply and form visible colonies. This information is important for diagnosing and monitoring the progression of leprosy.

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  • 10. 

    Draining into middle meatus are A/E

    • A.

      Lacrimal duct

    • B.

      Maxillary sinus

    • C.

      Frontal sinus

    • D.

      Ethmoidal sinus

    Correct Answer
    A. Lacrimal duct
    Explanation
    The lacrimal duct does not drain into the middle meatus. Instead, it drains tears from the eye into the nasal cavity through the nasolacrimal duct, which opens into the inferior meatus. Therefore, the lacrimal duct is the odd one out among the options provided.

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  • Current Version
  • Aug 24, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 16, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Saraswatastar
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