MSK 4b - Quiz 1

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 88

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Muscle Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Muscles that are predominantly responsible for providing segmental stability of the cervical spine are:
    • A. 

      Longus Colli

    • B. 

      Longus Capitis

    • C. 

      Multifidi

    • D. 

      A&C

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    A hyper extension mechanism is most likely to result in:
    • A. 

      Strain of the SCM

    • B. 

      Sprain of the ligamentum flavum

    • C. 

      Compression of the zygapophyseal joints

    • D. 

      A&C

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 3. 
    Structures that may be injured by a traction mechanism resulting from a hyperflexion injury include the:
    • A. 

      Anterior joint capsule

    • B. 

      SCM

    • C. 

      Posterior joint capsule

    • D. 

      Hyoids

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 4. 
    Whiplash Associated Disorder III:
    • A. 

      Does not present with pain or stiffness

    • B. 

      Is clinically uncommon

    • C. 

      Presents with pain and stiffness and reduced ROM

    • D. 

      Presents with pain but does not affect ROM

    • E. 

      Includes neurological signs and symptoms

  • 5. 
    Which type of torticollis is painful?
    • A. 

      Acquired

    • B. 

      Spasmodic

    • C. 

      Congenital

    • D. 

      A & B

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 6. 
    Muscles typically involved in acquired torticollis are:
    • A. 

      Ipsilateral SCM, levator scapula, splenius capitis

    • B. 

      Ipsilateral SCM, upper trapezius, contralateral scalene

    • C. 

      Ipsilateral SCM, upper trapezius, contralateral splenius capitis

    • D. 

      Ipsilateral SCM, scalene, splenius capitis

  • 7. 
    Treatment of a client that is currently experiencing right sided acute/acquired torticollis is most likely to include:
    • A. 

      Reciprocal inhibition by resisting left side flexion

    • B. 

      Muscle stripping and specific compression to treat trigger points

    • C. 

      Grade 3 mobilizations of the cervical spine

    • D. 

      Reciprocal inhibition by resisting left rotation

    • E. 

      All of the above are highly indicated

  • 8. 
    Upper cervical flexion can be limited by a tight/short:
    • A. 

      Rectus capitis posterior major

    • B. 

      Obliquus capitis inferior

    • C. 

      Splenius cervicis

    • D. 

      B & C

    • E. 

      A & C

  • 9. 
    The primary referral pattern for the levator scapula is:
    • A. 

      The middle deltoid

    • B. 

      Over the acromion

    • C. 

      Posterior neck above the superior angle of the scapula

    • D. 

      Inferior angle of the scapula

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 10. 
    Anterosuperior movement of the left zygapophyseal joint at the C3 motion segment is involved in:
    • A. 

      Right rotation and lateral flexion of C3

    • B. 

      Flexion of C3

    • C. 

      Extension of C3

    • D. 

      A & B

    • E. 

      A & C

  • 11. 
    With a symptomatic client suffering from a contained disc herniation, which of the following findings would NOT be typical?
    • A. 

      Peripheralization of symptoms with repeated lumbar flexion

    • B. 

      Subjective complaint of pain in the buttock region

    • C. 

      Subjective complaint of parasthesia or numbness below the knee

    • D. 

      Increased pain when seated

    • E. 

      Straight leg raise test that is positive at 90 degrees.

  • 12. 
    A 28 year old male client has come to you complaining of back pain. The pain began the day after he was moving furniture into his new house. THe pain he feels is in the low back/buttock area, and he is not reporting any numbness or altered sensation. The results of your testing are as follows: Pain with all active and passive movements, pain on resisted lumbar extension, straight leg raise that increases pain along the top of the iliac crest. Based on the available findings, what do you believe your client is presenting with?
    • A. 

      Acute disc herniation

    • B. 

      Iliolumbar ligament sprain

    • C. 

      Lumbar strain

    • D. 

      Stenosis

    • E. 

      Osteoarthritis

  • 13. 
    A triggerpoint of the __________ muscle is most likely to produce a pattern of pain that is very similar to sciatica (pain in the buttock and down the back of the leg).
    • A. 

      Gluteus maximus

    • B. 

      Piriformis

    • C. 

      Gluteus medius

    • D. 

      Gluteus minimus

    • E. 

      Quadratus lumborum

  • 14. 
    Which of the following types of disc injury is most likely to be aggravated or relieved mechanically by lumbar movements?
    • A. 

      Sequestration

    • B. 

      Prolapse

    • C. 

      Extrusion

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    Stenosis of the intervertebral foramen is NOT likely to result from:
    • A. 

      Late stage osteoarthritis

    • B. 

      Large posterolateral disc protrusion

    • C. 

      Flare up of rheumatoid arthritis

    • D. 

      Hyperlordotic posture

    • E. 

      All of the above can cause stenosis

  • 16. 
    A posterolateral protrusion of the intervertebral disc between L3-L4 will be most likely to cause compression of:
    • A. 

      L3 nerve root

    • B. 

      L4 nerve root

    • C. 

      L5 nerve root

    • D. 

      S1 nerve root

    • E. 

      Sciatic nerve

  • 17. 
    Stenosis at the L4-L5 will cause compression of the ______ nerve root
    • A. 

      L3

    • B. 

      L4

    • C. 

      L5

    • D. 

      S1

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    Your treatment of a client with an acute disc herniation is LEAST likely to include:
    • A. 

      Positioning the client without a pillow under the abdomen

    • B. 

      Self-care that includes stretching the biceps femoris from the long seated position

    • C. 

      Self-care that includes prone lumbar extension movements

    • D. 

      Massage technique to help reduce the spasms in the lumbar spine

    • E. 

      Self-care that includes isometric transverse abdominus activation

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is a FALSE statement regarding degenerative disc disease (DDD)?
    • A. 

      Osteophyte formation is a feature of the severe stage

    • B. 

      Muscle spasm is commonly associated with this condition

    • C. 

      It occurs in the cervical spine

    • D. 

      Extension exercises are recommended to help centralize the symptoms

    • E. 

      Sitting is likely to relieve the symptoms associated with DDD

  • 20. 
    Low back pain is considered to be chronic at:
    • A. 

      1 month

    • B. 

      2 months

    • C. 

      3 months

    • D. 

      6 months

    • E. 

      1 year

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