Muscles Exam Quiz: Test Your Knowledge!

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Muscles Exam Quiz: Test Your Knowledge! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Muscles are important in thermogenesis.  This means

    • A.

      The breakdown of glucose

    • B.

      The process by which heat is generated

    • C.

      The process by which fluid volume is controlled

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. The process by which heat is generated
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The process by which heat is generated." Thermogenesis refers to the production of heat in the body. Muscles play a significant role in this process as they generate heat through muscle contractions. This heat production is essential for maintaining body temperature and is particularly important in cold environments or during physical activity. The breakdown of glucose and the process of controlling fluid volume are not directly related to thermogenesis.

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  • 2. 

    Tendons attach

    • A.

      Muscle to bone

    • B.

      Bones to bones

    • C.

      Aponeuroses to bones

    • D.

      Fascia to bones

    Correct Answer
    A. Muscle to bone
    Explanation
    Tendons are strong, fibrous connective tissues that attach muscles to bones. They play a crucial role in transmitting the force generated by the muscle to the bone, allowing movement to occur. When a muscle contracts, the tendon pulls on the bone, causing it to move. Therefore, the correct answer is "Tendons attach muscle to bone."

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following statements is correct?

    • A.

      Smooth muscle contracts to pump blood around the body

    • B.

      Skeletal muscle contracts to pump blood around the body

    • C.

      Cardiac muscle contracts to pump blood around the body

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Cardiac muscle contracts to pump blood around the body
    Explanation
    Cardiac muscle is responsible for pumping blood around the body. Unlike smooth muscle, which is found in the walls of organs and blood vessels, and skeletal muscle, which is attached to bones and responsible for movement, cardiac muscle is specifically designed for the continuous contraction and relaxation needed to pump blood. This muscle type is found in the walls of the heart and is responsible for the coordinated contractions that allow the heart to effectively pump blood to all parts of the body.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following statements is correct?

    • A.

      Skeletal muscle is voluntary, striated and located in the heart

    • B.

      All muscles are striated, involuntary and help move substances in the body

    • C.

      Cardiac muscle is non-striated, involuntary and helps regulate blood pressure

    • D.

      Smooth muscle is non-striated, involuntary and helps regulate the volume of internal organs

    Correct Answer
    D. Smooth muscle is non-striated, involuntary and helps regulate the volume of internal organs
    Explanation
    Smooth muscle is a type of muscle tissue that is non-striated, meaning it does not have the striped appearance seen in skeletal and cardiac muscle. It is also involuntary, meaning it is not under conscious control. Smooth muscle is found in the walls of various internal organs, such as the stomach, intestines, and blood vessels, where it helps regulate the volume and movement of substances within these organs.

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  • 5. 

    Elasticity is the ability of muscles to:

    • A.

      Respond to stimuli

    • B.

      Return to their original shape after contracting or extending

    • C.

      Extend or stretch

    • D.

      Shorten or thicken

    Correct Answer
    B. Return to their original shape after contracting or extending
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Return to their original shape after contracting or extending." This is because elasticity refers to the ability of muscles to stretch or contract and then return to their original shape or length. This property allows muscles to move and generate force effectively during physical activities.

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  • 6. 

    The orbicularis oculi muscle functions in

    • A.

      Opening the eye

    • B.

      Opening the mouth

    • C.

      Closing the eye

    • D.

      Closing the mouth

    Correct Answer
    C. Closing the eye
    Explanation
    The orbicularis oculi muscle is responsible for closing the eye. This muscle is located around the eyelids and helps to protect the eye from external stimuli such as dust or bright light. When the muscle contracts, it causes the eyelids to close, covering and protecting the eye.

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  • 7. 

    The perimysium is a connective tissue membrane that

    • A.

      Surrounds each individual muscle fibre

    • B.

      Separates muscles into functional groups

    • C.

      Encircles the entire muscle

    • D.

      Surrounds bundles of muscle fibres (fascicles)

    Correct Answer
    D. Surrounds bundles of muscle fibres (fascicles)
    Explanation
    The perimysium is a connective tissue membrane that surrounds bundles of muscle fibers, also known as fascicles. This protective layer provides support and structure to the muscle fibers within the fascicles, keeping them organized and allowing them to function as a unit. It separates and defines the different functional groups within a muscle, ensuring that they can work together efficiently. By surrounding the fascicles, the perimysium helps to maintain the integrity and strength of the entire muscle.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is the basic functional unit of muscle fiber and is made up of interlocking contractile proteins?

    • A.

      Sarcoplasm

    • B.

      Sarcolemma

    • C.

      Sarcomere

    • D.

      Sarcoplasmic reticulum

    Correct Answer
    C. Sarcomere
    Explanation
    A sarcomere is the basic functional unit of muscle fiber. It is made up of interlocking contractile proteins that enable muscle contraction. The sarcomere is responsible for the striated appearance of skeletal and cardiac muscle fibers. It consists of thick and thin filaments, specifically myosin and actin, which slide past each other during muscle contraction. The sarcomere shortens when the muscle contracts and lengthens when the muscle relaxes.

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  • 9. 

    Which mineral is necessary for muscle contraction?

    • A.

      Iron

    • B.

      Calcium

    • C.

      Zinc

    • D.

      Boron

    Correct Answer
    B. Calcium
    Explanation
    Calcium is necessary for muscle contraction because it plays a crucial role in the process of muscle contraction. When a muscle receives a signal to contract, calcium ions are released from storage sites within the muscle cells. These calcium ions then bind to proteins in the muscle fibers, allowing them to slide past each other and generate force. Without an adequate supply of calcium, muscles would not be able to contract effectively, leading to muscle weakness and impaired movement. Therefore, calcium is essential for proper muscle function and contraction.

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  • 10. 

    Muscle tone is necessary for?

    • A.

      Relaxing muscles

    • B.

      Contracting muscles

    • C.

      Maintaining posture

    • D.

      Moving substances around the body

    Correct Answer
    C. Maintaining posture
    Explanation
    Muscle tone refers to the continuous and partial contraction of muscles even when they are at rest. This constant contraction helps in maintaining posture by providing stability and support to the body. Without muscle tone, our body would not be able to hold itself upright and would result in poor posture. Therefore, maintaining posture is one of the essential functions of muscle tone.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following muscle gruops are referred to as the rotator cuff?

    • A.

      Trapezius, rhomboids, levator scapulae

    • B.

      Biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus

    • C.

      Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius

    • D.

      Subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor

    Correct Answer
    D. Subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor
    Explanation
    The muscle group referred to as the rotator cuff consists of the subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and teres minor muscles. These muscles are located in the shoulder and are responsible for stabilizing and rotating the shoulder joint. They play a crucial role in maintaining the stability and range of motion of the shoulder, and are commonly involved in shoulder injuries and conditions such as rotator cuff tears.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following muscles are together referred to as the quadriceps?

    • A.

      Trapezius, rhomboids, levator scapulae

    • B.

      Biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus

    • C.

      Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius

    • D.

      Subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor

    Correct Answer
    C. Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius
    Explanation
    The muscles rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, and vastus intermedius are together referred to as the quadriceps. These muscles are located in the front of the thigh and work together to extend the leg at the knee joint. They are responsible for movements such as walking, running, and jumping.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following can cause muscle fatigue?

    • A.

      A build up of lactic acid

    • B.

      An inadequate supply of oxygen

    • C.

      An inadequate supply of glycogen

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Muscle fatigue can be caused by a build up of lactic acid, which occurs when the body cannot supply enough oxygen to the muscles during intense exercise. This leads to the production of lactic acid as a byproduct of anaerobic metabolism. Additionally, an inadequate supply of oxygen to the muscles can also cause muscle fatigue, as oxygen is necessary for the production of energy through aerobic metabolism. Lastly, an inadequate supply of glycogen, which is the stored form of glucose in the muscles, can lead to muscle fatigue as it is an important source of energy during exercise. Therefore, all of these factors can contribute to muscle fatigue.

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  • 14. 

    Which type of muscle fiber is required in the muscles used for fast movements such as throwing a ball?

    • A.

      Slow oxidative (red)

    • B.

      Fast glycolytic (white)

    • C.

      Aerobic

    • D.

      Myoglobin rich

    Correct Answer
    B. Fast glycolytic (white)
    Explanation
    Fast glycolytic muscle fibers are required for fast movements such as throwing a ball because they can generate a large amount of force quickly. These fibers rely on anaerobic metabolism, specifically glycolysis, to produce energy rapidly. They have a low capacity for oxygen and fatigue quickly, but they are capable of generating a high amount of force in a short amount of time. This makes them well-suited for explosive movements that require a quick burst of power.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is/are function(s) of the muscular system?

    • A.

      Thermogenesis (heat production0

    • B.

      Maintenance of posture

    • C.

      Regulation of organ volume

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The muscular system has multiple functions. Thermogenesis refers to the production of heat by muscles, which helps to regulate body temperature. Maintenance of posture is another function of the muscular system, as muscles work together to support the body in an upright position. Lastly, the muscular system is involved in the regulation of organ volume, as muscles surrounding organs can contract or relax to adjust their size. Therefore, all of the given options are correct functions of the muscular system.

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  • 16. 

    Which type of muscle tissue is responsible for maintaining posture, generating heat, assisting movement of lymph through the lymph vessels and helping return venous blood to the heart?

    • A.

      Smooth

    • B.

      Skeletal

    • C.

      Cardiac

    • D.

      Visceral

    Correct Answer
    B. Skeletal
    Explanation
    Skeletal muscle tissue is responsible for maintaining posture, generating heat, assisting movement of lymph through the lymph vessels, and helping return venous blood to the heart. This type of muscle tissue is attached to the bones and is under voluntary control. It allows for movement and provides stability to the body. Smooth muscle tissue is found in the walls of organs and blood vessels, cardiac muscle tissue is found in the heart, and visceral muscle tissue is found in the internal organs.

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  • 17. 

    Which type of muscle fibers are red, have a small diameter, contain a large amount of myoglobin, a rich blood supply, split ATP aerobically, and are resistant to fatigue, suiting them to endurance activities and maintaining posture?

    • A.

      Slow oxidative

    • B.

      Fast oxidative

    • C.

      Slow glycolytic

    • D.

      Fast glycolytic

    Correct Answer
    A. Slow oxidative
    Explanation
    Slow oxidative muscle fibers are red in color due to the high concentration of myoglobin, a protein that binds oxygen and aids in aerobic metabolism. These fibers have a small diameter and a rich blood supply, allowing for efficient oxygen delivery. They primarily use aerobic metabolism to split ATP, which provides a sustained energy source for endurance activities. Slow oxidative fibers are also resistant to fatigue, making them well-suited for activities that require prolonged contraction, such as maintaining posture.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following is not a muscle of facial expression?

    • A.

      Occipitalis

    • B.

      Nasalis

    • C.

      Serratus anterior

    • D.

      Procerus

    Correct Answer
    C. Serratus anterior
    Explanation
    The serratus anterior is not a muscle of facial expression. It is actually a muscle located on the lateral aspect of the rib cage and is involved in movements of the scapula. The occipitalis, nasalis, and procerus are all muscles of facial expression. The occipitalis is located at the back of the head and is involved in raising the eyebrows. The nasalis is located around the nose and is involved in movements of the nostrils. The procerus is located between the eyebrows and is involved in wrinkling the forehead and pulling the eyebrows down.

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  • 19. 

    Which muscle originates on the temporal and frontal bones, inserts into the mandible and helps move the mandible?

    • A.

      Buccinator

    • B.

      Risorius

    • C.

      Sternocleidomastoid

    • D.

      Temporalis

    Correct Answer
    D. Temporalis
    Explanation
    The muscle that originates on the temporal and frontal bones, inserts into the mandible, and helps move the mandible is the Temporalis muscle.

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  • 20. 

    Which muscle forms the floor of the thoracic cavity and functions in inhalation of air?

    • A.

      Internal intercostals

    • B.

      Diaphragm

    • C.

      Levator scapulae

    • D.

      Transversus abdominis

    Correct Answer
    B. Diaphragm
    Explanation
    The diaphragm is a dome-shaped muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity. It plays a crucial role in the process of inhalation by contracting and flattening, which increases the volume of the thoracic cavity and allows for the expansion of the lungs. This contraction creates a negative pressure within the thoracic cavity, causing air to be drawn into the lungs. Therefore, the diaphragm forms the floor of the thoracic cavity and is responsible for the inhalation of air.

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  • 21. 

    What is the main function of the rotator cuff muscles?

    • A.

      To stabilise and extend the spinal column

    • B.

      To hold the head of the humerus in the cavity of the scapula and rotate the shoulder joint

    • C.

      To hold the head of the femur in the in the cavity of the pelvic girdle and rotate the hip

    • D.

      To adduct the arm

    Correct Answer
    B. To hold the head of the humerus in the cavity of the scapula and rotate the shoulder joint
    Explanation
    The main function of the rotator cuff muscles is to hold the head of the humerus in the cavity of the scapula and rotate the shoulder joint. These muscles provide stability and support to the shoulder joint, allowing for a wide range of motion and facilitating movements like lifting, reaching, and throwing. They also help to maintain the proper alignment of the shoulder joint and prevent dislocation or injury.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following muscles is not located in the buttocks?

    • A.

      Soleus

    • B.

      Gluteus maximus

    • C.

      Gluteus medius

    • D.

      Gluteus minimus

    Correct Answer
    A. Soleus
    Explanation
    The soleus muscle is not located in the buttocks. It is a calf muscle that lies deep to the gastrocnemius muscle. The gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, and gluteus minimus are all muscles that are located in the buttocks. They are responsible for various movements of the hip joint, such as extension, abduction, and rotation.

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  • 23. 

    What is the location of the thenar eminence?

    • A.

      Beneath the little finger on the palm

    • B.

      The radial side of the palm

    • C.

      The ulnar side of the palm

    • D.

      Beneth the middle digit on the palm

    Correct Answer
    B. The radial side of the palm
    Explanation
    The thenar eminence is located on the radial side of the palm. This refers to the area on the palm that is closer to the thumb. The thenar eminence is a muscular mound that is formed by the muscles of the thumb.

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  • 24. 

    What is the action of the rectus abdominis muscle?

    • A.

      To flex the trunk

    • B.

      To adduct the hip

    • C.

      To rotate the trunk

    • D.

      To rotate the hip

    Correct Answer
    A. To flex the trunk
    Explanation
    The rectus abdominis muscle is responsible for flexing the trunk. This means that it helps to bring the torso forward by bending the spine forward. This action is commonly seen in movements such as sit-ups or crunches, where the rectus abdominis contracts to flex the trunk and bring the chest closer to the pelvis.

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