Muscles Exam Quiz: Test Your Knowledge!

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 386

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Muscles Exam Quiz: Test Your Knowledge!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Muscles are important in thermogenesis.  This means
    • A. 

      The breakdown of glucose

    • B. 

      The process by which heat is generated

    • C. 

      The process by which fluid volume is controlled

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    Tendons attach
    • A. 

      Muscle to bone

    • B. 

      Bones to bones

    • C. 

      Aponeuroses to bones

    • D. 

      Fascia to bones

  • 3. 
    Which of the following statements is correct?
    • A. 

      Smooth muscle contracts to pump blood around the body

    • B. 

      Skeletal muscle contracts to pump blood around the body

    • C. 

      Cardiac muscle contracts to pump blood around the body

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 4. 
    Which of the following statements is correct?
    • A. 

      Skeletal muscle is voluntary, striated and located in the heart

    • B. 

      All muscles are striated, involuntary and help move substances in the body

    • C. 

      Cardiac muscle is non-striated, involuntary and helps regulate blood pressure

    • D. 

      Smooth muscle is non-striated, involuntary and helps regulate the volume of internal organs

  • 5. 
    Elasticity is the ability of muscles to:
    • A. 

      Respond to stimuli

    • B. 

      Return to their original shape after contracting or extending

    • C. 

      Extend or stretch

    • D. 

      Shorten or thicken

  • 6. 
    The orbicularis oculi muscle functions in
    • A. 

      Opening the eye

    • B. 

      Opening the mouth

    • C. 

      Closing the eye

    • D. 

      Closing the mouth

  • 7. 
    The perimysium is a connective tissue membrane that
    • A. 

      Surrounds each individual muscle fibre

    • B. 

      Separates muscles into functional groups

    • C. 

      Encircles the entire muscle

    • D. 

      Surrounds bundles of muscle fibres (fascicles)

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is the basic functional unit of muscle fiber and is made up of interlocking contractile proteins?
    • A. 

      Sarcoplasm

    • B. 

      Sarcolemma

    • C. 

      Sarcomere

    • D. 

      Sarcoplasmic reticulum

  • 9. 
    Which mineral is necessary for muscle contraction?
    • A. 

      Iron

    • B. 

      Calcium

    • C. 

      Zinc

    • D. 

      Boron

  • 10. 
    Muscle tone is necessary for?
    • A. 

      Relaxing muscles

    • B. 

      Contracting muscles

    • C. 

      Maintaining posture

    • D. 

      Moving substances around the body

  • 11. 
    Which of the following muscle gruops are referred to as the rotator cuff?
    • A. 

      Trapezius, rhomboids, levator scapulae

    • B. 

      Biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus

    • C. 

      Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius

    • D. 

      Subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor

  • 12. 
    Which of the following muscles are together referred to as the quadriceps?
    • A. 

      Trapezius, rhomboids, levator scapulae

    • B. 

      Biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus

    • C. 

      Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius

    • D. 

      Subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor

  • 13. 
    Which of the following can cause muscle fatigue?
    • A. 

      A build up of lactic acid

    • B. 

      An inadequate supply of oxygen

    • C. 

      An inadequate supply of glycogen

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    Which type of muscle fiber is required in the muscles used for fast movements such as throwing a ball?
    • A. 

      Slow oxidative (red)

    • B. 

      Fast glycolytic (white)

    • C. 

      Aerobic

    • D. 

      Myoglobin rich

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is/are function(s) of the muscular system?
    • A. 

      Thermogenesis (heat production0

    • B. 

      Maintenance of posture

    • C. 

      Regulation of organ volume

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    Which type of muscle tissue is responsible for maintaining posture, generating heat, assisting movement of lymph through the lymph vessels and helping return venous blood to the heart?
    • A. 

      Smooth

    • B. 

      Skeletal

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      Visceral

  • 17. 
    Which type of muscle fibers are red, have a small diameter, contain a large amount of myoglobin, a rich blood supply, split ATP aerobically, and are resistant to fatigue, suiting them to endurance activities and maintaining posture?
    • A. 

      Slow oxidative

    • B. 

      Fast oxidative

    • C. 

      Slow glycolytic

    • D. 

      Fast glycolytic

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is not a muscle of facial expression?
    • A. 

      Occipitalis

    • B. 

      Nasalis

    • C. 

      Serratus anterior

    • D. 

      Procerus

  • 19. 
    Which muscle originates on the temporal and frontal bones, inserts into the mandible and helps move the mandible?
    • A. 

      Buccinator

    • B. 

      Risorius

    • C. 

      Sternocleidomastoid

    • D. 

      Temporalis

  • 20. 
    Which muscle forms the floor of the thoracic cavity and functions in inhalation of air?
    • A. 

      Internal intercostals

    • B. 

      Diaphragm

    • C. 

      Levator scapulae

    • D. 

      Transversus abdominis

  • 21. 
    What is the main function of the rotator cuff muscles?
    • A. 

      To stabilise and extend the spinal column

    • B. 

      To hold the head of the humerus in the cavity of the scapula and rotate the shoulder joint

    • C. 

      To hold the head of the femur in the in the cavity of the pelvic girdle and rotate the hip

    • D. 

      To adduct the arm

  • 22. 
    Which of the following muscles is not located in the buttocks?
    • A. 

      Soleus

    • B. 

      Gluteus maximus

    • C. 

      Gluteus medius

    • D. 

      Gluteus minimus

  • 23. 
    What is the location of the thenar eminence?
    • A. 

      Beneath the little finger on the palm

    • B. 

      The radial side of the palm

    • C. 

      The ulnar side of the palm

    • D. 

      Beneth the middle digit on the palm

  • 24. 
    What is the action of the rectus abdominis muscle?
    • A. 

      To flex the trunk

    • B. 

      To adduct the hip

    • C. 

      To rotate the trunk

    • D. 

      To rotate the hip

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