Msak Gait Analysis

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 464

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Gait Quizzes & Trivia

MSAK Gait Analysis


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    If a client presents with a lower right ASIS and a higher right PSIS, this type of deficiency exists:
    • A. 

      Apparent leg length

    • B. 

      Actual leg length

    • C. 

      Normal leg length

  • 2. 
    If ASIS and PSIS are lower on the same side it is referred to as:
    • A. 

      Apparent leg length

    • B. 

      Actual leg length

    • C. 

      Normal leg length

  • 3. 
    Normal gait cycle occurs during:
    • A. 

      Running

    • B. 

      Dancing

    • C. 

      Walking

    • D. 

      Hopping

  • 4. 
    The distance between successive contact points of opposite feet:
    • A. 

      Gait or step length

    • B. 

      Stride length

    • C. 

      Lateral pelvic shift

    • D. 

      Base width

  • 5. 
    Distance between the two feet when viewed anterior or posterior:
    • A. 

      Gait or step length

    • B. 

      Lateral pelvic shift

    • C. 

      Stride length

    • D. 

      Base width

  • 6. 
    Distance between successive points of contact of the same foot:
    • A. 

      Base width

    • B. 

      Stride length

    • C. 

      Gait or step length

    • D. 

      Mid-stance

  • 7. 
    Side to side movement of the pelvis during walking:
    • A. 

      Anterior pelvic shift

    • B. 

      Posterior pelvic shift

    • C. 

      Lateral pelvic shift

    • D. 

      Medial pelvic shift

  • 8. 
    This gait parameter reaches its highest point at mid-stance and its lowest point at initial contact:
    • A. 

      Step length

    • B. 

      Vertical pelvic shift

    • C. 

      Lateral pelvic shift

    • D. 

      Pelvic rotation

  • 9. 
    Normal speed of walking:
    • A. 

      90-120 steps/minute

    • B. 

      150-180 steps/minute

    • C. 

      40-50 steps/minute

    • D. 

      250-300 steps/minute

  • 10. 
    The entire right foot is flat on the floor and the left foot is still touching the floor, so this continues to be a period of double support.  The right foot is in:
    • A. 

      Flat foot

    • B. 

      Mid-stance

    • C. 

      Heel off

    • D. 

      Toe off

  • 11. 
    The right leg alone carries the body weight while the left leg goes through its swing phase and becomes the leading leg.  The right foot is in:
    • A. 

      Heel off

    • B. 

      Mid-stance

    • C. 

      Flat foot

    • D. 

      Toe off

  • 12. 
    Heel of foot rises off the floor in:
    • A. 

      Flat foot

    • B. 

      Toe off

    • C. 

      Heel off

    • D. 

      Mid-stance

  • 13. 
    The stance leg (right leg) unloads body weight to the opposite leg and the toe of the right foot rises off the floor.  The right foot is in:
    • A. 

      Heel strike

    • B. 

      Heel off

    • C. 

      Toe off

    • D. 

      Flat foot

  • 14. 
    The left foot is coming off the floor while the right foot is accepting the body weight.  The right foot is in:
    • A. 

      Heel strike

    • B. 

      Mid-stance

    • C. 

      Heel off

    • D. 

      Toe off

  • 15. 
    When the shoulder is elevated, the following muscles could be hypotonic EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Upper trapezius

    • B. 

      Levator scapula

    • C. 

      Rhomboids

    • D. 

      Lower trapezius

  • 16. 
    Hypertonic muscle that causes the abdomen to protrude:
    • A. 

      Ilipsoas

    • B. 

      Rectus abdominis

    • C. 

      Obliques

    • D. 

      Transverse abdominis

  • 17. 
    Winging of the scapula can be caused by the following hypertonic muscles:
    • A. 

      Upper trapezius, infraspinatus, teres minor

    • B. 

      Middle and lower trapezius

    • C. 

      Upper trapezius, pectoralis minor, levator scapula

    • D. 

      Serratus anterior, rhomboids, levator scapula

  • 18. 
    Pelvis is considered to have "anterior tilt" when lumbar spine is
    • A. 

      Hypolordotic

    • B. 

      Hyperlordotic

    • C. 

      Kyphotic

    • D. 

      Hypokyphotic

  • 19. 
    Weakened erector spinae muscles in lumbar spine can cause:
    • A. 

      Anterior pelvic tilt

    • B. 

      Kyphotic curve

    • C. 

      Posterior pelvic tilt

    • D. 

      Hyperlordotic curve

  • 20. 
    Knock knee appearance can be caused by a weakened:
    • A. 

      Vastus medialis

    • B. 

      TFL

    • C. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • D. 

      Biceps femoris

  • 21. 
    In a military posture, the lumbar spine is:
    • A. 

      Hyperlordotic

    • B. 

      Hypolordotic

    • C. 

      Normal lordosis

    • D. 

      Posterior pelvic tilt

  • 22. 
    In sway-back posture, the lumbar spine is:
    • A. 

      Hyperlordotic

    • B. 

      Hypolordotic

    • C. 

      Normal lordosis

  • 23. 
    In kyphosis-lordosis posture, the thoracic spine is:
    • A. 

      Hyperkyphotic

    • B. 

      Hypokyphotic

    • C. 

      Normal kyphosis

  • 24. 
    In flat-back posture, the pelvis is:
    • A. 

      Anteriorly tilted

    • B. 

      Posteriorly tilted

    • C. 

      In normal position

  • 25. 
    In military posture, the head is:
    • A. 

      Anteriorly tilted

    • B. 

      Slightly posteriorly tilted

    • C. 

      Neutral

  • 26. 
    In ideal posture, the lumbar curve is:
    • A. 

      Normal

    • B. 

      Hyperlordotic

    • C. 

      Hypolordotic

  • 27. 
    If a client has a positive functional leg test where the leg is short on the left, the hypertonic muscle group responsible could be:
    • A. 

      Left adductors

    • B. 

      Left abductors

    • C. 

      Right adductors

    • D. 

      Left gastrocenimeus

  • 28. 
    A low ilium can be caused by the following hypertonic muscles except:
    • A. 

      TFL

    • B. 

      Gluteal group

    • C. 

      Hamstrings

    • D. 

      Obliques

  • 29. 
    Bowlegged appearance can be caused by the following weakened muscles except:
    • A. 

      TFL

    • B. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • C. 

      Gracilis

    • D. 

      Gluteus maximus

  • 30. 
    Foot pronation can be caused by the following hypertonic muscle:
    • A. 

      Gluteus medius

    • B. 

      Gluteus minimus

    • C. 

      Tibialis posterior

    • D. 

      Gastrocnemius

  • 31. 
    A unilaterally rotated ilium is called:
    • A. 

      Anterior tilt

    • B. 

      Posterior tilt

    • C. 

      Extended ilium

    • D. 

      Neutral

  • 32. 
    A high ilium is caused by hypertonicity of
    • A. 

      QL and lumbar erector spinae group

    • B. 

      Gluteal group and hamstrings

    • C. 

      TFL and sartorius

    • D. 

      Rectus femoris and hamstrings

  • 33. 
    When client's head is rotated to the right, the following muscles may be found hypertonic:
    • A. 

      Left upper trap and right levator scapula

    • B. 

      Right upper trap and right levator scapula

    • C. 

      Left suboccipitals and right anterior scalene

    • D. 

      Right SCM and right anterior scalene

  • 34. 
    Client's foot is externally rotated and could be caused by a weakened:
    • A. 

      Fibularis (peroneus) group

    • B. 

      Gluteus medius

    • C. 

      Gluteus maximus

    • D. 

      Deep Six Lateral rotators

  • 35. 
    Active quadricpes and hamstring movements are required to slow down the swinging leg to make contact with the floor during:
    • A. 

      Acceleration

    • B. 

      Mid-swing

    • C. 

      Deceleration

  • 36. 
    When observing a client's gait from the anterior, the therapist is checking for all of the following findings EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Normal base width

    • B. 

      Sideways swing of trunk

    • C. 

      Lateral tilt to the pelvis

    • D. 

      Uneven duration of steps

  • 37. 
    When checking a client's feet and footwear, the therapist is looking for all the following findings EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Observing wear and tear on the shoes

    • B. 

      Observing lateral movement of the spine

    • C. 

      Observing the client walking in normal footwear and bare foot

    • D. 

      Examining feet for callus formation, blisters and bunions

  • 38. 
    When observing a client's gait from the side, the therapist is checking for all of the following findings EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Wearing on the shoes

    • B. 

      Uneven duration of steps

    • C. 

      Limitation of hip flexion and extension

    • D. 

      Hyper or hyoplordosis

  • 39. 
    Knock knee is known as:
    • A. 

      Genu varus

    • B. 

      Pes pedis

    • C. 

      Pes cavis

    • D. 

      Genu valgum

  • 40. 
    In ideal posture, the therapist finds:
    • A. 

      Balance between abdominal and hip extensors

    • B. 

      Hypertonic hip flexors and low back muscles

    • C. 

      Hypotonic abdominal and hip extensors

    • D. 

      Hypotonic hip flexors and hip extensors