Motor Speech Quiz 5

12 Questions | Total Attempts: 170

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Motor Speech Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz covers some anatomy and basic subject matter how the nervous system and speech motor system interact. This quiz is based off a number of class notes and the books Duffy, J. R. (2005). Motor Speech Disorders: Substrates, Differential Diagnosis and Management. St Louis: Mosby. [ISBN: 978-0-323-02452-5] Freed, D. (2000). Motor Speech Disorders Diagnosis and Treatment. Singular Publications. [ISBN: 1-565-93951-4]


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Dysarthria normally affects
    • A. 

      Just speech

    • B. 

      Speed, strength, range, timing and accuracy of speech movements

    • C. 

      Impairment in the ability to sequence motor commands for positioning the articulators

  • 2. 
    Flaccid dysarthria results from
    • A. 

      Upper motor neuron lesion

    • B. 

      Lower motor neuron

    • C. 

      Problem with basal ganglia circuitry

    • D. 

      Cellarbellar circuitry

  • 3. 
    Hyperkinetic and hypokinetic dysarthria results from problems with
    • A. 

      Cerebellar circuitry

    • B. 

      Extrapyramidal circuitry - basal ganglia

    • C. 

      Upper motor neuron lesions

  • 4. 
    What is true about apraxia?
    • A. 

      Therapy is totally useless

    • B. 

      Can occur without muscular weakness

    • C. 

      A child with apraxia can not learn

  • 5. 
    What are the six sensory systems in the brain?
    • A. 

      Supplementary motor strip, motor strip, parietal lobe, articulate fasiculus, occipital lobe

    • B. 

      Visual system, olfactory, auditory, gustatory, somasthetic

  • 6. 
    What do first order sensory neurons do?
    • A. 

      Project neurons located in the brain stem or spinal cord

    • B. 

      Project to cerebral cortex from thalamus, ipsilateral to primary sensory cortex

    • C. 

      Innervate the sense organ in PNS ipsilateral

  • 7. 
    What do third order sensory neurons do?
    • A. 

      Project to cerebral cortex from thalamus, ipsilateral to primary sensory cortex

    • B. 

      Innervate the sensory organs in PNS ipsilateral

    • C. 

      Projection neurons located in brain stem, spinal cord, point of decussation, to thalamus

  • 8. 
    Vision can be changed in patients with stoke and TBI. In understanding the optic nerve what happens with the retina and the brain?
    • A. 

      Half of the retina crosses the midline at optic chaism and half remains ipsilateral

    • B. 

      Half the retina mixes with the olfactory nerve

  • 9. 
    3 essential procedural components when assessing someone with dysarthria
    • A. 

      Consider the nature of stroke, determine what phonemes the person can't produce, perform further assessment

    • B. 

      Review medical history, identify salient features, identify confirmatory signs

    • C. 

      Review history, determine if the patient can be helped, do assessment

  • 10. 
    Palilalia refers to
    • A. 

      Monoloudness

    • B. 

      Slow AMRS

    • C. 

      Compulsive repetition of words

  • 11. 
    Flutter refers to
    • A. 

      Repetitive swearing

    • B. 

      Rhymic tremor like beats

    • C. 

      Rapid low amplitude voice tremor

  • 12. 
    Which one is not true about flaccid dysarthria?
    • A. 

      Results from damage to direct and indirect pathways

    • B. 

      Problems in the nuclei, axons or neuromuscular junctions that make up the units of the final common pathway

    • C. 

      Reflexive, automatic and voluntary movements are affected

    • D. 

      Atrophy, fasciluations can occur with flaccid