Motor Speech Disorders Quiz: Trivia!

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Motor Speech Disorders Quiz: Trivia! - Quiz

Motor speech disorders mean the inability to speak due to neurologic impairments and hindering the body's natural process. A person who has speech disorder have difficulty in planning, coordinating, and executing speech. Speech disorders affect the vocal cords, muscles, and nerves, leading to vocal cord damage, brain damage, or vocal cord paralysis. Take this quiz to test your knowledge about the nervous system, speech motor system, and disorders.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are motor speech processes?

    • A.

      Linguistic processes that help us speak

    • B.

      Processes that involve speech and motor

    • C.

      Combined processes of speech motor planning, programming, and neuromuscular execution

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    C. Combined processes of speech motor planning, programming, and neuromuscular execution
    Explanation
    Motor speech processes refer to the combined processes of speech motor planning, programming, and neuromuscular execution. These processes involve the coordination and control of the muscles involved in speech production, including the planning and organization of movements, the programming of the movements into sequences, and the execution of the movements through the activation of the appropriate muscles. These processes are essential for the production of speech and allow us to articulate and communicate effectively.

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  • 2. 

    If someone's speech changes concerning voice, prosody, and articulation what might we consider about the brain?

    • A.

      This person obviously has had a stroke.

    • B.

      A neurologic event has happened, perhaps a neurologic disease.

    • C.

      Axons and neurons aren't working properly

    Correct Answer
    B. A neurologic event has happened, perhaps a neurologic disease.
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that if someone's speech changes concerning voice, prosody, and articulation, it may indicate a neurologic event or disease. This is because changes in these aspects of speech can be associated with neurological conditions such as stroke or other neurologic diseases. It implies that the person's brain may be affected, leading to the alteration in their speech patterns.

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  • 3. 

    What is meant by neuromuscular execution? 

    • A.

      This sounds really tough, I hope I can figure this out.

    • B.

      Contractions of muscles to make appropriate speech

    • C.

      Neuromuscular transmission and subsequent muscle contractions and movements of speech structures.

    Correct Answer
    C. Neuromuscular transmission and subsequent muscle contractions and movements of speech structures.
    Explanation
    Neuromuscular execution refers to the process of neuromuscular transmission, where signals from the brain are sent to the muscles involved in speech production. This transmission leads to muscle contractions and movements of the speech structures, allowing for the production of appropriate speech.

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  • 4. 

    What do motor speech disorders include?

    • A.

      Voice disorders - non-neurologic or non-psychogenic

    • B.

      Aphasia and apraxia

    • C.

      Dysarthrias and apraxia

    • D.

      Dementia, confusion, apraxia and dysarthria

    • E.

      Oh no, there are a lot of good choices here, which one is it???

    Correct Answer
    C. Dysarthrias and apraxia
    Explanation
    Motor speech disorders include dysarthrias and apraxia. Dysarthria is a condition that affects the muscles used for speech production, resulting in difficulties with articulation, resonance, and phonation. Apraxia, on the other hand, is a motor planning disorder that affects the ability to coordinate the movements necessary for speech. Both dysarthrias and apraxia can cause difficulties with speech production and can be caused by various neurological conditions or injuries.

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  • 5. 

    What are some other neurologic speech disorders?

    • A.

      Stuttering, aprosodia, spasmodic dysphonia, sensory disorders

    • B.

      Articulation and speech abnormalities

    • C.

      Dysphagia

    Correct Answer
    A. Stuttering, aprosodia, spasmodic dysphonia, sensory disorders
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes various neurologic speech disorders such as stuttering, aprosodia, spasmodic dysphonia, and sensory disorders. Stuttering is a speech disorder characterized by interruptions in the flow of speech, while aprosodia refers to the inability to properly convey or interpret emotional tone through speech. Spasmodic dysphonia causes involuntary spasms in the muscles of the voice box, resulting in a strained or strangled voice. Sensory disorders affect the perception and processing of speech sounds. These disorders can lead to articulation and speech abnormalities, as well as difficulties with swallowing (dysphagia).

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  • 6. 

    Check the correct order in the prevalence of acquired communication disorders.

    • A.

      Psychogenic, voice, idiopathic, motor speech, aphasia

    • B.

      Aphasia, dysarthria and apraxia, cognitive language, psychogenic, voice, idiopathic

    • C.

      Dsyarthria and apraxia, aphasia, cognitive language, psychogenic, voice, idiopathic

    Correct Answer
    C. Dsyarthria and apraxia, aphasia, cognitive language, psychogenic, voice, idiopathic
    Explanation
    The correct order in the prevalence of acquired communication disorders is dysarthria and apraxia, aphasia, cognitive language, psychogenic, voice, idiopathic. This order is based on the frequency with which these disorders are observed in individuals with acquired communication disorders. Dysarthria and apraxia are motor speech disorders that commonly occur after neurological damage. Aphasia refers to language impairments typically caused by stroke or brain injury. Cognitive language disorders are characterized by difficulties with language comprehension and production due to cognitive impairments. Psychogenic disorders are psychological in nature and can affect communication. Voice disorders and idiopathic disorders, which have no known cause, are less prevalent compared to the other disorders listed.

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  • 7. 

    What does subacute mean?

    • A.

      Within minutes

    • B.

      Right now

    • C.

      Within days

    • D.

      Within months

    Correct Answer
    C. Within days
    Explanation
    Subacute refers to a medical condition or illness that develops and progresses over a relatively short period of time, typically within days. It is a term used to describe a stage between acute and chronic, indicating a condition that is not immediately life-threatening but requires medical attention and may worsen if left untreated.

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  • 8. 

    What does an exacerbating remitting condition mean?

    • A.

      When symptoms resolve completely after onset

    • B.

      When severity is reduced but symptons are not resolved

    • C.

      When symptoms continue to progress

    • D.

      When symptoms develop, then resolve than improve, then reoccur and worsen

    Correct Answer
    D. When symptoms develop, then resolve than improve, then reoccur and worsen
    Explanation
    An exacerbating remitting condition refers to a pattern where symptoms of a condition initially develop, then resolve, improve, and then reoccur and worsen. This means that the symptoms of the condition go through cycles of getting better and worse over time.

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  • 9. 

    What happens in a demyelinating disease?

    • A.

      Myelin is attacked by some exogenous agent, broken down and absorbed

    • B.

      Myelin swells then floats away

    • C.

      A CVA infarct causes the myelin to break down

    Correct Answer
    A. Myelin is attacked by some exogenous agent, broken down and absorbed
    Explanation
    In a demyelinating disease, myelin is attacked by an exogenous agent, which causes it to break down and be absorbed. This leads to the loss of myelin, the protective covering of nerve fibers, and disrupts the transmission of nerve impulses. This can result in a variety of symptoms depending on the location and extent of the demyelination, such as weakness, numbness, and problems with coordination and cognition.

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  • 10. 

    What do you think the word diffuse might mean when relating to the events of a disease?

    • A.

      Focused on a single circumscribed area

    • B.

      Involving more than one area

    • C.

      Involving roughly symmetric portions of the nervous system bilaterally

    Correct Answer
    C. Involving roughly symmetric portions of the nervous system bilaterally
    Explanation
    The word "diffuse" in relation to the events of a disease suggests that the disease affects roughly symmetric portions of the nervous system bilaterally. This means that the disease is not focused on a single circumscribed area, but rather involves multiple areas of the nervous system on both sides of the body. It implies that the disease is widespread and not localized to a specific region.

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  • 11. 

    What are the most common primary CNS tumor?

    • A.

      Neurocytomas

    • B.

      Astrocytomas

    • C.

      Just so you know, tumors usually create focal signs and symptoms and are chronic or progressive

    Correct Answer
    B. Astrocytomas
    Explanation
    Astrocytomas are the most common primary CNS tumor. These tumors arise from astrocytes, which are star-shaped cells that provide support and nourishment to neurons in the brain. Astrocytomas can occur in various parts of the central nervous system and can range from low-grade (slow-growing) to high-grade (fast-growing) tumors. They often present with focal signs and symptoms and can be chronic or progressive. Other types of primary CNS tumors, such as neurocytomas, may also occur but are less common than astrocytomas.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 03, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Byte6
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