Motor Speech Quiz 1

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Byte6
B
Byte6
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 8 | Total Attempts: 2,221
Questions: 11 | Attempts: 412

SettingsSettingsSettings
Motor Speech Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz covers some anatomy and basic subject matter how the nervous system and speech motor system interact. This quiz is based off a number of class notes and the booksDuffy, J. R. (2005). Motor Speech Disorders: Substrates, Differential Diagnosis and Management. St Louis: Mosby. [ISBN: 978-0-323-02452-5]Freed, D. (2000). Motor Speech Disorders Diagnosis and Treatment. Singular Publications. [ISBN: 1-565-93951-4]


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Why is the neuron the most important structural element in the nervous system?

    • A.

      Its electrochermical activities drive all neurologic functions

    • B.

      It makes the brain work

    Correct Answer
    A. Its electrochermical activities drive all neurologic functions
    Explanation
    The neuron is the most important structural element in the nervous system because its electrochemical activities drive all neurological functions. Neurons are specialized cells that transmit electrical signals, known as action potentials, throughout the body. These signals allow for communication between different parts of the nervous system, enabling functions such as movement, sensation, and cognition. Without the electrochemical activities of neurons, the nervous system would not be able to function properly, resulting in a loss of neurological functions.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Communication amoung neurons or between neurons and muscles take place at regions known as

    • A.

      Tracts

    • B.

      Synapses

    • C.

      Axons

    Correct Answer
    B. Synapses
    Explanation
    Synapses are the regions where communication occurs between neurons or between neurons and muscles. They are specialized junctions where electrical or chemical signals are transmitted from one neuron to another. These signals are crucial for the transmission of information and coordination of various functions in the nervous system. Axons are the long, slender projections of neurons that transmit these signals, while tracts refer to bundles of axons in the central nervous system. However, the specific site of communication is the synapse, where neurotransmitters are released and received by the next neuron or muscle cell.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Commissural tracts are

    • A.

      Among lobes

    • B.

      Between cerebral hemispheres

    • C.

      Within cerebral hemispheres

    Correct Answer
    B. Between cerebral hemispheres
    Explanation
    Commissural tracts are neural pathways that connect corresponding regions of the cerebral hemispheres. These tracts allow for communication and coordination between the two hemispheres, enabling them to work together in various cognitive functions. Therefore, the correct answer is "between cerebral hemispheres."

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Projection fibers go

    • A.

      Around the brain

    • B.

      Between cerebral hemispheres

    • C.

      Within cerbral hemispheres

    • D.

      To and from higher and lower centers within CNS

    Correct Answer
    D. To and from higher and lower centers within CNS
    Explanation
    Projection fibers are a type of white matter fibers in the brain that connect different regions within the central nervous system (CNS), both within the cerebral hemispheres and between them. These fibers allow communication between higher centers, such as the cerebral cortex, and lower centers, such as the spinal cord and brainstem. They transmit information from one region to another, enabling the coordination of various functions and activities in the CNS.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Association fibers

    • A.

      Go around the brain

    • B.

      Are within cerebral hemispheres

    • C.

      Relate to CNS lining of ventricles

    Correct Answer
    B. Are within cerebral hemispheres
    Explanation
    Association fibers are a type of white matter tracts that are located within the cerebral hemispheres of the brain. These fibers connect different regions within the same cerebral hemisphere, allowing for communication and integration of information between different areas. Unlike projection fibers that connect the cerebral cortex to other parts of the brain, association fibers stay within the same hemisphere. They play a crucial role in coordinating and integrating various cognitive processes, such as memory, attention, and language, within the cerebral hemispheres.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The motor system is present in all major anatomic levels of the nervous system and is directly responsible for all motor activity involving striated muscle. It includes:

    • A.

      Efferent connections of the cortex, basal ganglia, cerebellum

    • B.

      Striated muscle

    • C.

      Descending pathways to motor nuclei of cranial and spinal nerves

    • D.

      Efferent fibers within cranial and spinal nerves

    • E.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All the above
    Explanation
    The motor system is responsible for all motor activity involving striated muscle. It includes efferent connections of the cortex, basal ganglia, and cerebellum, which are involved in motor planning and coordination. It also includes descending pathways to motor nuclei of cranial and spinal nerves, which transmit motor signals from the brain to the muscles. Additionally, efferent fibers within cranial and spinal nerves directly innervate the muscles, allowing for voluntary movement. Therefore, all of the options listed are part of the motor system.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The major PNS structure is the nerve. What is a nerve?

    • A.

      I wish I could remember the answer to this one.

    • B.

      Collection of nerve fibers (axons) bound together by connective tissue

    • C.

      Transmitting thalamal fiber

    Correct Answer
    B. Collection of nerve fibers (axons) bound together by connective tissue
    Explanation
    A nerve is a collection of nerve fibers (axons) bound together by connective tissue. Nerve fibers are responsible for transmitting signals throughout the body, allowing for communication between different parts of the nervous system. The connective tissue provides support and protection for the nerve fibers, keeping them organized and functioning properly. This structure allows for the efficient transmission of electrical impulses, enabling the nervous system to carry out its various functions.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    What is the major distinction between PNS nerves and CNS tracts?

    • A.

      CNS transmits impulses to other neurons and PNS nerves transmit impulses from nerves to end organs such as muscle

    • B.

      CNS transmits impulses to muscle and PNS nerves transmits to other neurons

    Correct Answer
    A. CNS transmits impulses to other neurons and PNS nerves transmit impulses from nerves to end organs such as muscle
    Explanation
    The major distinction between PNS nerves and CNS tracts is that the CNS transmits impulses to other neurons, while PNS nerves transmit impulses from nerves to end organs such as muscles.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    What do you think thalamocortical fibers might be?

    • A.

      Efferent fibers from cortex to thalamus

    • B.

      Afferent projection fibers from thalamus to cortex

    Correct Answer
    B. Afferent projection fibers from thalamus to cortex
    Explanation
    Thalamocortical fibers are a type of afferent projection fibers that transmit information from the thalamus to the cortex. These fibers play a crucial role in sensory processing, as they relay sensory signals from various sensory organs to the corresponding areas of the cortex. By carrying this information, thalamocortical fibers facilitate the integration and interpretation of sensory input, allowing us to perceive and make sense of the world around us.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    What do you think that corticobulbar fibers might be?

    • A.

      Afferent fibers from spinal column to CNS

    • B.

      Efferent fibers from cortex to cranial nerves

    Correct Answer
    B. Efferent fibers from cortex to cranial nerves
    Explanation
    Corticobulbar fibers are efferent fibers that originate from the cerebral cortex and project to the cranial nerves in the brainstem. These fibers are responsible for transmitting motor commands from the cortex to the muscles of the face, head, and neck. They play a crucial role in controlling voluntary movements of the head and face, including facial expressions, speech, and swallowing.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    What do you think that corticorubral fibers might be?

    • A.

      Efferent fibers from cortex to red nucleus in the midbrain

    • B.

      Motor cortex fibers to the pons

    • C.

      Red nucleus fibers to inferior cerebral peduncle

    Correct Answer
    A. Efferent fibers from cortex to red nucleus in the midbrain
    Explanation
    Corticorubral fibers are efferent fibers that originate from the cortex and project to the red nucleus in the midbrain. The red nucleus is an important structure involved in motor control, and these fibers play a role in transmitting motor commands from the cortex to the red nucleus. This allows for coordination and modulation of voluntary movements.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.