Module 1 - Pre-test

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 114
Questions: 11 | Attempts: 114

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Module Quizzes & Trivia

The following is the Module 1 - Pre-test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1. Which of the following is/are a result(s) of upper extremity pain in spinal cord injury patients?

    • A.

      Lower quality of life scores

    • B.

      Limitation of independence

    • C.

      Increased rate of unemployment

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Upper extremity pain in spinal cord injury patients can have various negative impacts on their lives. It can lead to lower quality of life scores as the pain can affect their physical and emotional well-being. The pain can also result in limitations of independence, as it may restrict their ability to perform daily activities and tasks. Additionally, the pain can contribute to an increased rate of unemployment, as it may hinder their ability to work or engage in employment-related activities. Therefore, all of the given options are valid results of upper extremity pain in spinal cord injury patients.

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  • 2. 

    2. Approximately what percentage of patients with upper limb pain reports a limitation of independence?

    • A.

      75%

    • B.

      50%

    • C.

      30%

    • D.

      10%

    Correct Answer
    C. 30%
    Explanation
    Approximately 30% of patients with upper limb pain report a limitation of independence. This suggests that a significant portion of individuals experiencing upper limb pain are unable to fully perform daily activities without assistance or restrictions. This finding highlights the impact and burden of upper limb pain on a person's overall independence and functionality.

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  • 3. 

    3. If a patient cannot perform a pressure relief on his/her own, what is the minimum amount of time that the caregiver should tilt the patient’s chair?

    • A.

      2 minutes

    • B.

      8 minutes

    • C.

      30 seconds

    • D.

      5 minutes

    Correct Answer
    A. 2 minutes
    Explanation
    If a patient is unable to perform a pressure relief on their own, it is important for the caregiver to tilt the patient's chair for a minimum of 2 minutes. This allows for the redistribution of pressure on the patient's body, helping to prevent the development of pressure ulcers or bedsores. Tilted positioning helps to relieve pressure on specific areas of the body, reducing the risk of tissue damage and promoting better blood circulation. Therefore, 2 minutes is the minimum amount of time required for an effective pressure relief maneuver.

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  • 4. 

    4. Which of the following is a negative aspect of power wheelchairs?

    • A.

      Increased transportability

    • B.

      Decreased cost

    • C.

      Increased maintenance

    • D.

      Increased fitness

    Correct Answer
    C. Increased maintenance
    Explanation
    Power wheelchairs require regular maintenance to ensure they are functioning properly. This includes tasks such as checking the battery, cleaning and lubricating the moving parts, and repairing any damages. Increased maintenance can be seen as a negative aspect because it requires additional time, effort, and potentially costs to keep the wheelchair in good condition. This can be inconvenient for individuals who rely on power wheelchairs for mobility.

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  • 5. 

    5. Which of the following is considered a high risk patient (regarding use of a manual wheelchair)?

    • A.

      Patients with impaired hand function

    • B.

      Patients with weak bicep and tricep function

    • C.

      Patients who live alone

    • D.

      Patients with injuries below C6

    Correct Answer
    B. Patients with weak bicep and tricep function
    Explanation
    Patients with weak bicep and tricep function are considered high risk patients regarding the use of a manual wheelchair. Weak bicep and tricep function can affect a person's ability to propel and control the wheelchair, increasing the risk of accidents and injuries.

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  • 6. 

    6. Which of the following is a positive aspect of a power wheelchair? I. Conservation of Energy II. Decreased cost III. Eliminate propulsion-related repetitive strain

    • A.

      I & II

    • B.

      II only

    • C.

      I & III

    • D.

      III only

    Correct Answer
    C. I & III
    Explanation
    A power wheelchair has two positive aspects: conservation of energy and eliminating propulsion-related repetitive strain. Conservation of energy refers to the fact that using a power wheelchair requires less physical effort compared to manually propelling a wheelchair, allowing individuals to conserve their energy for other activities. Eliminating propulsion-related repetitive strain means that using a power wheelchair reduces the risk of developing repetitive strain injuries that can occur from continuously propelling a manual wheelchair. Therefore, the correct answer is I & III.

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  • 7. 

    7. What key point(s) should be emphasized when demonstrating/instructing transfers to a patient?

    • A.

      The different ways a patient can set themselves up for a transfer to minimize forces placed on the upper extremity

    • B.

      Importance of keeping weight at a minimum

    • C.

      The need to alternate which arm is leading/training

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    When demonstrating/instructing transfers to a patient, it is important to emphasize all of the key points mentioned. The different ways a patient can set themselves up for a transfer to minimize forces placed on the upper extremity is crucial for preventing injuries and promoting proper body mechanics. Additionally, keeping weight at a minimum is important to reduce strain on the body during transfers. Alternating which arm is leading/training helps to distribute the workload evenly and prevent overuse injuries. Therefore, all of these points should be emphasized for safe and effective transfers.

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  • 8. 

    8. Which is not a method to prevent the development of upper extremity pain?

    • A.

      Perform floor to/from wheelchair transfers daily

    • B.

      Daily stretching and strengthening exercise programs

    • C.

      Decreasing the number of overhead activities performed per day

    • D.

      Decrease the number of non-level transfers performed per day

    Correct Answer
    A. Perform floor to/from wheelchair transfers daily
    Explanation
    Performing floor to/from wheelchair transfers daily is not a method to prevent the development of upper extremity pain. This activity actually puts strain on the upper extremities and can contribute to the development of pain. The other options, such as daily stretching and strengthening exercises, decreasing the number of overhead activities, and decreasing the number of non-level transfers, are all methods that can help prevent the development of upper extremity pain.

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  • 9. 

    9. Which of the following are alternatives to wheelchair pushups when performing pressure relief exercises?

    • A.

      Leaning forward in the chair, putting one’s chest to their knees

    • B.

      Leaning from side to side

    • C.

      None of the above

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This means that both leaning forward in the chair and putting one's chest to their knees, as well as leaning from side to side, are alternatives to wheelchair pushups when performing pressure relief exercises. These alternative exercises can help relieve pressure and prevent discomfort or injury for individuals who are unable to perform wheelchair pushups.

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  • 10. 

    10. What should SNF patients stress to their caregivers when they perform transfers in and out of bed?

    • A.

      They do not say anything at all…the caregiver will know what to do

    • B.

      Not to pull on their arms

    • C.

      Gently pull on the arms, if necessary to get them out of bed. It is better to be sitting up, then stuck in bed

    • D.

      Pulling on their arms is the best way to get a patient out of bed

    Correct Answer
    B. Not to pull on their arms
    Explanation
    SNF patients should stress to their caregivers not to pull on their arms when performing transfers in and out of bed. Pulling on their arms can cause discomfort and potential injury to the patient. It is important for caregivers to use gentle and proper techniques to ensure safe and comfortable transfers.

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  • 11. 

    11. If a patient is at risk for shoulder subluxation, what should be a mandatory characteristic of his/her wheelchair?

    • A.

      Thick pushrims

    • B.

      A headrest

    • C.

      An arm rest

    • D.

      A high seatback

    Correct Answer
    C. An arm rest
    Explanation
    If a patient is at risk for shoulder subluxation, having an arm rest on their wheelchair would be a mandatory characteristic. Arm rests provide support and stability to the patient's arms, reducing the risk of shoulder subluxation. They help to prevent excessive movement and strain on the shoulder joint, promoting proper alignment and reducing the likelihood of injury or dislocation.

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