Mmt: Test 20: Medical Procedures

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MMT 111
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Medical Quizzes & Trivia

Choose the prefix/suffix that means the same as the term given.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Surgical puncture for aspiration

    • A.

      -centesis

    • B.

      -tome

    • C.

      -tripsy

    Correct Answer
    A. -centesis
    Explanation
    The term "-centesis" refers to a surgical puncture for aspiration. This suffix is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate a procedure that involves inserting a needle or other instrument into a body cavity or organ to remove fluid or obtain a sample for diagnostic purposes. Examples of procedures that use "-centesis" include amniocentesis (removal of amniotic fluid for genetic testing), thoracentesis (removal of fluid from the pleural cavity), and paracentesis (removal of fluid from the abdominal cavity).

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  • 2. 

    Expansion, dilation

    • A.

      -tomy

    • B.

      -stomy

    • C.

      -ectasis

    Correct Answer
    C. -ectasis
    Explanation
    The suffix "-ectasis" refers to the dilation or expansion of a tubular structure or cavity in the body. This is commonly used in medical terminology to describe conditions where a specific part of the body becomes enlarged or dilated. The other options, "-tomy" and "-stomy," are suffixes that generally refer to surgical procedures involving incisions or the creation of an opening, but they do not specifically relate to dilation or expansion. Therefore, the correct answer is "-ectasis."

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  • 3. 

    Record or picture

    • A.

      -scopy

    • B.

      -gram

    • C.

      -rrhaphy

    Correct Answer
    B. -gram
    Explanation
    The suffix "-gram" refers to a record or picture. It is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate a visual representation or recording of a specific body part or process. For example, an electrocardiogram (ECG) is a graphical representation of the electrical activity of the heart. Similarly, a mammogram is an X-ray image of the breast tissue. Therefore, "-gram" is the correct answer as it best matches the meaning of a record or picture.

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  • 4. 

    Process of recording

    • A.

      -graphy

    • B.

      -centesis

    • C.

      -tripsy

    Correct Answer
    A. -graphy
    Explanation
    The suffix "-graphy" refers to the process of recording or writing. In medical terminology, it is commonly used to describe various imaging techniques or procedures that involve recording or producing images of a specific body part or system. Examples include radiography (X-ray imaging), mammography (breast imaging), and angiography (imaging of blood vessels). Therefore, the correct answer is "-graphy" as it aligns with the given description of the process of recording.

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  • 5. 

    Fixation

    • A.

      -pexy

    • B.

      -tomy

    • C.

      -ectasis

    Correct Answer
    A. -pexy
    Explanation
    The suffix "-pexy" refers to the surgical fixation or suspension of an organ or tissue. It is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate a procedure that involves securing or attaching a structure in its proper place. For example, appendectomy is the surgical removal of the appendix, while appendopexy is the procedure of fixing the appendix in its normal position. Therefore, "-pexy" is the correct answer as it aligns with the meaning of fixation.

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  • 6. 

    Surgical repair

    • A.

      -rrhaphy

    • B.

      -plasty

    • C.

      -tripsy

    Correct Answer
    B. -plasty
    Explanation
    The term "-plasty" refers to a surgical procedure that involves the reconstruction or reshaping of a particular body part or organ. It is commonly used to correct deformities, improve function, or enhance appearance. This suffix is derived from the Greek word "plastos," meaning molded or formed. Therefore, "-plasty" is the most appropriate choice among the given options to describe a surgical repair procedure.

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  • 7. 

    Surgical suturing

    • A.

      -tome

    • B.

      -tripsy

    • C.

      -rrhaphy

    Correct Answer
    C. -rrhaphy
    Explanation
    The term "surgical suturing" refers to the act of stitching or sewing together a wound or incision. The suffix "-rrhaphy" is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate the act of suturing or stitching. Therefore, "-rrhaphy" is the correct answer as it directly relates to the process of surgical suturing. The suffixes "-tome" and "-tripsy" are unrelated to suturing and refer to cutting or crushing respectively.

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  • 8. 

    Use of instrument for viewing

    • A.

      -ectasis

    • B.

      -stomy

    • C.

      -scopy

    Correct Answer
    C. -scopy
    Explanation
    The suffix "-scopy" refers to the use of an instrument for viewing. This means that it is a procedure or technique that involves the examination or visualization of a certain part of the body using a specialized instrument. Examples of procedures that end in "-scopy" include endoscopy, arthroscopy, and colonoscopy. These procedures allow doctors to directly visualize and diagnose conditions within the body, often avoiding the need for more invasive surgeries.

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  • 9. 

    Creation of an opening

    • A.

      -scopy

    • B.

      -stomy

    • C.

      -scopy

    Correct Answer
    B. -stomy
    Explanation
    The suffix "-stomy" refers to the surgical creation of an opening. This is commonly used in medical terms to describe procedures where an artificial opening is made in the body, such as a colostomy or tracheostomy. The other options, "-scopy," refer to procedures involving the use of a scope or instrument to examine or visualize a body part, such as endoscopy or colonoscopy. Therefore, the correct answer is "-stomy" as it specifically relates to the creation of an opening.

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  • 10. 

    Cutting, incising, incision

    • A.

      -plasty

    • B.

      -stomy

    • C.

      -tomy

    Correct Answer
    C. -tomy
    Explanation
    The suffix "-tomy" refers to a surgical procedure involving cutting or incising a part of the body. It is derived from the Greek word "tomē" which means "a cutting." This suffix is commonly used in medical terminology to describe various surgical procedures such as appendectomy (removal of the appendix) or lobotomy (surgical incision into the brain). Therefore, the correct answer is "-tomy."

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  • 11. 

    Crushing

    • A.

      -tripsy

    • B.

      -scopy

    • C.

      -tomy

    Correct Answer
    A. -tripsy
    Explanation
    The suffix "-tripsy" refers to a surgical procedure or treatment involving crushing or fragmentation of a part of the body. This is commonly used in medical terms such as lithotripsy (crushing of kidney stones) or cholecystolithotripsy (crushing of gallstones). The other options, "-scopy" refers to a procedure using a scope to visualize or examine a body part, and "-tomy" refers to a surgical incision or cutting into a body part. Therefore, the correct answer is "-tripsy" as it specifically relates to the action of crushing.

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  • 12. 

    Cutting instrument

    • A.

      -tripsy

    • B.

      -tome

    • C.

      -plasty

    Correct Answer
    B. -tome
    Explanation
    The term "tome" refers to a cutting instrument used in surgical procedures. It is commonly used to describe a specialized tool that is used to make precise incisions or cuts in tissue during surgery. This instrument is specifically designed to ensure accuracy and control while cutting, allowing surgeons to perform procedures with precision and minimize damage to surrounding tissues. Therefore, "tome" is the correct answer as it directly relates to a cutting instrument used in medical procedures.

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