# Chemistry: Ultimate MCQ Quiz!

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Quizzes Created: 48 | Total Attempts: 45,330
Questions: 17 | Attempts: 449

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• 1.

### If the density of oil is 0.823 g/cm3 at 25 c, the volume(m3) of 3.62 g of oil (use significant figure)

• A.

4.4*10^-6

• B.

8.3*10^-6

• C.

8.30*10^-6

• D.

4.40*10^-6

D. 4.40*10^-6
Explanation
The given question asks for the volume of 3.62 g of oil, given its density as 0.823 g/cm3 at 25Â°C. To find the volume, we can use the formula: volume = mass/density. Plugging in the given values, we get volume = 3.62 g / 0.823 g/cm3 = 4.40 cm3. Since the volume is given in m3, we need to convert cm3 to m3. There are 100 cm in 1 m, so 1 cm3 is equal to 1/1000000 m3. Therefore, the volume of 3.62 g of oil is 4.40 * 10^-6 m3.

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• 2.

• A.

1,4

• B.

2,3

• C.

1,3

• D.

2,4

D. 2,4
• 3.

### A mixture containing only (NaCl and SiO2) the mass of SiO2 in the mixture is two times the mass of NaCl, the % mass of SiO2

• A.

33%

• B.

25%

• C.

75%

• D.

67%

D. 67%
Explanation
In the given mixture containing only NaCl and SiO2, the mass of SiO2 is two times the mass of NaCl. This means that if we assume the mass of NaCl to be x, then the mass of SiO2 would be 2x. To calculate the percentage mass of SiO2, we need to divide the mass of SiO2 by the total mass of the mixture (NaCl + SiO2) and multiply by 100. So, the percentage mass of SiO2 would be (2x / (x + 2x)) * 100 = 67%.

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• 4.

### A mixture containing (0.3g Sio2,30% NaCl ) and an unknown amount of NH4Cl ,when this mixture is heated it mass was decreased to 1.5g ,the mass of mixture is

• A.

5.7

• B.

7.3

• C.

4.0

• D.

9.0

C. 4.0
Explanation
When the mixture is heated, the mass decreases from an initial mass to 1.5g. This decrease in mass suggests that some of the components in the mixture are being lost during the heating process, most likely through evaporation or decomposition. Since the question states that the mixture contains 0.3g SiO2 and 30% NaCl, it can be inferred that the remaining component, NH4Cl, is responsible for the mass decrease. Therefore, the initial mass of the mixture must have been 4.0g, as subtracting the mass of SiO2 and NaCl from 4.0g would result in a final mass of 1.5g.

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• 5.

### Co2 gas could evolve through the addition of?

• A.

Drain opener to hot water

• B.

Bathroom cleaner to limestone

• C.

Strong base to fertilizer

• D.

Bathroom cleaner to table salt

B. Bathroom cleaner to limestone
Explanation
When bathroom cleaner is added to limestone, a chemical reaction occurs that releases carbon dioxide gas. This is because the bathroom cleaner contains acidic components that react with the calcium carbonate in limestone, producing carbon dioxide gas as a byproduct.

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• 6.

### The active chemical gradieant in glass cleaner.

• A.

NaHCO3

• B.

HCl

• C.

NH3

• D.

NaCl

C. NH3
Explanation
NH3, or ammonia, is the correct answer as it is commonly found in glass cleaners. Ammonia is a powerful cleaning agent that effectively removes dirt, grime, and grease from glass surfaces. It is known for its ability to dissolve and remove tough stains, leaving glass surfaces shiny and streak-free. Additionally, ammonia has a strong odor, which is often associated with glass cleaners. Therefore, NH3 is the active chemical gradient in glass cleaner.

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• 7.

### NH3gas could be described as:

• A.

Colorless,orderless and acid

• B.

Colorless,pungent and acid

• C.

Colorless,pungent and base

• D.

Colorless orderless and base

C. Colorless,pungent and base
Explanation
NH3 gas is described as colorless because it does not have any distinct color. It is also described as pungent because it has a strong and unpleasant odor. Lastly, it is described as a base because it can accept a proton (H+) to form the ammonium ion (NH4+).

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• 8.

### The missing reagent in the following equation Ba(OH)2+ X ------>Y + H2O

• A.

OH- ,CO2

• B.

CO2 , BaCO3

• C.

H+ , CO2

• D.

CO2 ,OH-

B. CO2 , BaCO3
Explanation
In the given equation, Ba(OH)2 reacts with X to form Y and H2O. The products formed are Y and H2O, which suggests that X must be a reactant that combines with Ba(OH)2 to form Y. The correct answer, CO2 and BaCO3, fits this requirement. When CO2 reacts with Ba(OH)2, it forms BaCO3 and H2O. Therefore, CO2 is the missing reagent in the equation.

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• 9.

### When 16 g of unknown solute added to 200g of water, the freezing point for this solution decreased by 6 C below the freezing point of water (Kf for water =1.86 C ) the molar mass of solute is:

• A.

37.8

• B.

11.6

• C.

74.4

• D.

24.8

D. 24.8
Explanation
The freezing point depression is directly proportional to the molality of the solute. Using the equation Î”T = Kf * m, where Î”T is the change in freezing point, Kf is the freezing point depression constant, and m is the molality of the solute, we can rearrange the equation to solve for m. In this case, Î”T = 6Â°C and Kf = 1.86Â°C. Plugging in the values, we get 6 = 1.86 * m. Solving for m gives us a molality of approximately 3.23 mol/kg. To find the molar mass of the solute, we use the equation m = moles of solute / mass of solvent in kg. Rearranging the equation to solve for moles of solute gives us moles of solute = m * mass of solvent in kg. Plugging in the values, we get moles of solute = 3.23 * 0.2 = 0.646 mol. Finally, to find the molar mass, we divide the mass of solute (16g) by the moles of solute (0.646 mol), giving us a molar mass of approximately 24.8 g/mol.

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• 10.

### Which of the following glass could be used for centrifuging?

• A.

Test tube

• B.

Evaporating dish

• C.

Buchner funnel

• D.

A. Test tube
Explanation
A test tube could be used for centrifuging because it is a small, cylindrical glass container that is designed to hold a small amount of liquid or solid sample. Its shape and size make it suitable for fitting into a centrifuge machine, which spins at high speeds to separate substances based on their density. The narrow opening of the test tube allows for easy pouring and transferring of the sample, making it a suitable choice for centrifugation.

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• 11.

### Calculate the freezing point of 65%(wt/wt) ethylene glycol solution (M.M = 62g/mol) for water Kf =1.86 C Tf= 0C

• A.

16.2 C

• B.

-16.2 C

• C.

55.7 C

• D.

-55.7 C

D. -55.7 C
Explanation
The freezing point of a solution is lower than that of the pure solvent due to the presence of solute particles. This phenomenon is known as freezing point depression. The magnitude of the freezing point depression depends on the concentration of the solute. In this case, the solution is a 65% (wt/wt) ethylene glycol solution. Ethylene glycol has a molecular weight of 62 g/mol. By using the formula for freezing point depression, Î”Tf = Kf * m, where Î”Tf is the change in freezing point, Kf is the cryoscopic constant, and m is the molality of the solution, we can calculate the freezing point depression. Since the freezing point of water is 0Â°C and the cryoscopic constant (Kf) is 1.86Â°C/m, we can substitute these values into the formula to find the molality (m). By rearranging the formula to solve for Î”Tf, we can find the change in freezing point. In this case, the change in freezing point is -55.7Â°C, indicating that the freezing point of the ethylene glycol solution is -55.7Â°C.

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• 12.

### Which one of the following instruments is used in the lab to get rid of pungent order?

• A.

Oven

• B.

Fume-hood

• C.

Balance

• D.

Fire extingnisher

B. Fume-hood
Explanation
A fume hood is used in the lab to get rid of pungent odors. It is a ventilation system that helps to remove harmful or unpleasant fumes, gases, or vapors from the laboratory environment. The fume hood works by drawing in air from the lab and expelling it outside or through a filtration system, thus preventing the odors from spreading and ensuring a safe and odor-free working area.

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• 13.

### As the mass of the solute added to solution decrease:

• A.

Freezing point will decrease

• B.

Boiling point will decrease

• C.

Vapor pressure will decrease

• D.

Osmotic pressure will increase

B. Boiling point will decrease
Explanation
When a solute is added to a solution, it disrupts the normal boiling process by creating intermolecular forces between the solute particles and the solvent particles. These intermolecular forces require more energy to break, resulting in an increase in the boiling point of the solution. Therefore, when the mass of the solute added to the solution decreases, there are fewer solute particles present, leading to weaker intermolecular forces and a decrease in the boiling point of the solution.

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• 14.

### Drain opener is:

• A.

NH4+

• B.

NAOH/Al

• C.

NH3

• D.

CaCO3

B. NAOH/Al
Explanation
The correct answer is NAOH/Al. Sodium hydroxide (NAOH) and aluminum (Al) are commonly used in drain openers. When mixed together, they react to produce hydrogen gas, which helps to break down clogs in drains. This reaction generates heat and can dissolve organic materials, allowing the drain to clear.

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• 15.

### Which of the following contain 5 significant figures?

• A.

0.004520

• B.

0.0045210

• C.

0.00452

• D.

0.00450201

B. 0.0045210
Explanation
The number 0.0045210 contains 5 significant figures because all the digits in the number are non-zero and are therefore considered significant. The zeros before the first non-zero digit (4) are not significant because they only serve as placeholders. The zero at the end of the number (0) is significant because it is a trailing zero after a decimal point.

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• 16.

### Which of the following solution would be expected to have the lowest freezing point?

• A.

3.5 g of glycerin in 30 ml of water

• B.

4.0 g of glycerin in 30 ml of water

• C.

6.0 g of glycerine in 30 ml of water

• D.

2.0g of glycerin in 30 mo of water

C. 6.0 g of glycerine in 30 ml of water
Explanation
The freezing point of a solution is determined by the concentration of solute particles in the solvent. In this case, glycerin is the solute and water is the solvent. The solution with the highest concentration of glycerin (6.0 g) will have the lowest freezing point because it has the highest number of solute particles in the same volume of water compared to the other solutions. Therefore, the 6.0 g of glycerin in 30 ml of water would be expected to have the lowest freezing point.

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• 17.

### Which of the following would be used to separate SiO2 from a heterogeneous mixture of SiO2 and water?

• A.

Sublimation

• B.

Filteration

• C.

Extraction

• D.

Heating

B. Filteration
Explanation
Filtration would be used to separate SiO2 from a heterogeneous mixture of SiO2 and water. Filtration involves passing the mixture through a filter, where the solid particles (SiO2) are retained on the filter paper, while the liquid (water) passes through. This method is effective in separating solid particles from a liquid mixture based on their size and insolubility in the liquid.

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Nov 23, 2019
Quiz Created by
Pharmacgy

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