Quiz 2 On Sdg And Hickel's De-dvelopment

By MARIA FE
MARIA FE, General Science
Maria is an experienced college instructor in the Philippines with a decade in academia. Her expertise spans General Science, including biology, earth science, and physics, and she specializes in teaching Science, Technology and Society, Basic Research, Biological Research, and Education Research.
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, General Science
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Questions: 15 | Attempts: 733

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Quiz 2 On Sdg And Hickels De-dvelopment - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Many Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been agreed to, by all the world’s nations, as part of the 2030 Agenda?

    • A.

      17

    • B.

      10

    • C.

      8

    • D.

      16

    Correct Answer
    A. 17
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 17. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a set of 17 global goals adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015 as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. These goals aim to address various social, economic, and environmental challenges and promote sustainable development worldwide. Each goal has specific targets to be achieved by 2030, including ending poverty, ensuring quality education, promoting gender equality, and combating climate change, among others.

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  • 2. 

    Each SDG is supported by a set of Targets — specific objectives that are associated with that Goal. How many Targets are there in total?

    • A.

      99

    • B.

      109

    • C.

      169

    • D.

      165

    Correct Answer
    C. 169
    Explanation
    There are a total of 169 targets associated with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Each SDG has a set of specific objectives, known as targets, that support and contribute to achieving that particular goal.

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  • 3. 

    Goal 1 is about poverty. What is the aim of this Goal?

    • A.

      Cut poverty in half by 2030

    • B.

      End poverty in all in its forms everywhere.

    • C.

      End poverty by 75% by the year 2030.

    • D.

      Help nation by reducing poverty and make progress.

    Correct Answer
    B. End poverty in all in its forms everywhere.
    Explanation
    The aim of Goal 1 is to end poverty in all its forms everywhere. This means not only reducing the overall poverty rate but also addressing the various dimensions of poverty, such as lack of access to basic services, education, healthcare, and opportunities for economic growth. The goal is to create a world where everyone has the chance to live a decent and fulfilling life, free from the constraints of poverty.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following policies might increase labor intensity in industry?

    • A.

      A decline in the minimum wage rate

    • B.

      A decline in the cost of credit

    • C.

      A decline in the elasticity of substitution

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. A decline in the minimum wage rate
    Explanation
    A decline in the minimum wage rate might increase labor intensity in industry because it would make labor cheaper relative to other inputs. When the minimum wage rate is lower, businesses can hire more workers for the same cost, leading to an increase in labor intensity. This policy change would incentivize businesses to rely more on labor and less on other factors of production, ultimately increasing the labor intensity in the industry.

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  • 5. 

    Goal 17 is about strengthening the “means of implementation” and revitalizing the “Global Partnership” for realizing all the other Goals. Which of the following is not part of Goal 17?

    • A.

      Mobilizing the financial resources necessary to achieve the Goals.

    • B.

      Creating international sports tournaments and festivals to promote the Goals.

    • C.

      Helping developing countries build the capacities they need.

    • D.

      Enhancing trade and helping developing countries increase their exports and grow their economy.

    Correct Answer
    B. Creating international sports tournaments and festivals to promote the Goals.
    Explanation
    Goal 17 focuses on mobilizing financial resources, building capacities in developing countries, enhancing trade, and promoting global partnerships. Creating international sports tournaments and festivals to promote the Goals is not part of this goal.

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  • 6. 

    What is the main objective of the Sustainable development Goals of the United Nations according to the article entitled “Forget developing poor countires, it’s time to de-develop rich countries by Jason Hickel?

    • A.

      Eradicate poverty by 2030 

    • B.

      Reduce employment by 2030

    • C.

      Eliminate poor countries by 2030

    • D.

      Increase employment by 2030

    Correct Answer
    A. Eradicate poverty by 2030 
    Explanation
    The main objective of the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations, according to the article, is to eradicate poverty by 2030.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is NOT part of the UN Sustainable Development Goals?

    • A.

      Access to sustainable energy for all

    • B.

      Availability of water and sanitation for all

    • C.

      Provision of internet services for all

    • D.

      Promotion of decent jobs for all

    Correct Answer
    C. Provision of internet services for all
    Explanation
    The provision of internet services for all is not part of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. The UN Sustainable Development Goals focus on important global issues such as access to sustainable energy, availability of water and sanitation, and promotion of decent jobs. While internet access is important for development, it is not specifically mentioned as one of the goals in the UN's agenda for sustainable development.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is NOT part of Goal #15, on ecosystem?

    • A.

      Halt and reverse land degradation.

    • B.

      Halt biodiversity loss

    • C.

      Halt the use of biotechnology and genetic engineering

    • D.

      Use ecosystems sustainability while protecting and restoring them

    Correct Answer
    C. Halt the use of biotechnology and genetic engineering
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Halt the use of biotechnology and genetic engineering" because it is not part of Goal #15 on ecosystem. The other options, such as halting land degradation, biodiversity loss, and using ecosystems sustainably, are all part of Goal #15, which focuses on protecting and restoring ecosystems. However, halting the use of biotechnology and genetic engineering is not specifically mentioned in Goal #15.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is NOT TRUE about the SDG's?

    • A.

      They encourage the promotion the health, well-being, and education for all, at all ages.

    • B.

      They explicitly promote innovation

    • C.

      They include the development of sustainable cities, infrastructure, and industry.

    • D.

      They are a legally binding international treaty that all nations are required to follow

    Correct Answer
    D. They are a legally binding international treaty that all nations are required to follow
    Explanation
    The statement "They are a legally binding international treaty that all nations are required to follow" is not true about the SDGs. The SDGs, or Sustainable Development Goals, are a set of targets and aspirations adopted by the United Nations in 2015. They are not legally binding and do not impose mandatory obligations on nations. Instead, they serve as a global framework to guide countries in their efforts to achieve sustainable development, addressing issues such as poverty, inequality, and environmental degradation.

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  • 10. 

    What can individuals do to help realize the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals?

    • A.

      Hold their governments and the private sector accountable and support reputable civil society organizations.

    • B.

      Create projects and partnerships of their own and participate in existing initiatives to help achieve one or more of the goals.

    • C.

      Use their positions in society-to voice support for the Goals, to male decisions that advance the Goals, and to take actions help to implement the Goals.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Individuals can help realize the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals by holding their governments and the private sector accountable, supporting reputable civil society organizations, creating projects and partnerships, participating in existing initiatives, using their positions in society to voice support for the Goals and make decisions that advance them, and taking actions to help implement the Goals.

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  • 11. 

    What are the primary goals of sustainability?

    • A.

      To end poverty and hunger

    • B.

      Better standards of education and healthcare

    • C.

      Sustainable economic growth while promoting jobs and stronger economies.

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    The primary goals of sustainability encompass all of the options listed. Sustainability aims to address poverty and hunger by ensuring access to resources and opportunities for all. It also focuses on improving education and healthcare standards to create a healthier and more knowledgeable society. Additionally, sustainability seeks to achieve economic growth while promoting job creation and building stronger economies. Therefore, all of these goals are interconnected and crucial for achieving sustainability.

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  • 12. 

    In the article written by Hickel, according to the majority of people in middle- and high- income countries, what puts the planet and society at risk?

    • A.

      Overpopulation

    • B.

      Overconsumption

    • C.

      Climate change

    • D.

      Overproduction

    Correct Answer
    B. Overconsumption
    Explanation
    In the article written by Hickel, the majority of people in middle- and high-income countries believe that overconsumption puts the planet and society at risk. This means that the excessive and unsustainable consumption of resources, goods, and services is seen as a major factor contributing to environmental degradation and social inequalities. Overconsumption leads to the depletion of natural resources, pollution, and the exacerbation of climate change. It also perpetuates social inequalities by widening the gap between the rich and the poor. Therefore, the focus should be on addressing and reducing overconsumption to ensure a sustainable future for both the planet and society.

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  • 13. 

    What crisis in the planet would force us to slow down if we do not do so voluntarily?

    • A.

      Overpopulation

    • B.

      Overconsumption

    • C.

      Climate change

    • D.

      Unemploymnet

    Correct Answer
    C. Climate change
    Explanation
    Climate change is the correct answer because it is a global crisis that is already causing significant and detrimental impacts on the planet. If we do not voluntarily slow down our activities that contribute to climate change, such as burning fossil fuels and deforestation, the consequences will worsen. These consequences include rising temperatures, extreme weather events, sea-level rise, and loss of biodiversity. Slowing down is necessary to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, transition to renewable energy sources, and implement sustainable practices to mitigate the effects of climate change and protect the planet for future generations.

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  • 14. 

    According to Hickel's article, what must be done instead of urging poor countries to "catch up" with rich ones?

    • A.

      Think of ways to get rich countries to catch down to more appropriate levels of development.

    • B.

      Make ways to get poor countries compete with rich countries.

    • C.

      Create strategy like producing robot so that poor countries will become progressive.

    • D.

      Negotiate with rich countries to share some of their resources.

    Correct Answer
    A. Think of ways to get rich countries to catch down to more appropriate levels of development.
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that instead of urging poor countries to "catch up" with rich ones, the focus should be on finding ways to get rich countries to lower their levels of development to a more appropriate and sustainable level. This implies a shift in perspective, recognizing that the current levels of development in rich countries may not be sustainable or equitable, and that a more balanced approach is needed.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is the best definition and meaning of development?

    • A.

      Elimination of absolute poverty

    • B.

      Improvement in the quality of life

    • C.

      Fulfillment of the potential of individuals

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above" because development encompasses all three aspects mentioned in the options. The elimination of absolute poverty is a crucial component of development as it aims to improve the living conditions and well-being of individuals. Improvement in the quality of life is another important aspect of development, as it focuses on enhancing various aspects such as education, healthcare, infrastructure, and access to basic amenities. Additionally, the fulfillment of the potential of individuals is also a key element of development, as it involves providing opportunities and resources for individuals to achieve their goals and aspirations. Therefore, all three options are valid definitions and meanings of development.

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MARIA FE |General Science |
Maria is an experienced college instructor in the Philippines with a decade in academia. Her expertise spans General Science, including biology, earth science, and physics, and she specializes in teaching Science, Technology and Society, Basic Research, Biological Research, and Education Research.
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