An Advance Level Test: What's Your Economic IQ?

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An Advance Level Test: Whats Your Economic IQ? - Quiz

What is your economic IQ? The economy is based on what a country's growth in various aspects of the life of the population depends on. Do you know enough about economics? Well, if you think you have a strong IQ in this field, then take this Test and find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is Economics?

    • A.

      The study of how people try to satisfy what appears to be seemingly unlimited and competing for wants through the careful use of relatively scarce resources

    • B.

      Employment, gross domestic product, inflation, economic growth, and the distribution of income

    • C.

      Deals with behavior and decision making by small units, such as individuals and firms

    • D.

      A rise in the general level of prices occurs, workers need more money to pay for good clothing and shelter

    Correct Answer
    A. The study of how people try to satisfy what appears to be seemingly unlimited and competing for wants through the careful use of relatively scarce resources
    Explanation
    Economics is the study of how individuals and societies make choices to allocate scarce resources in order to satisfy their unlimited wants. This definition captures the core concept of economics, which is the understanding of how people make decisions and use limited resources to fulfill their needs and desires. By studying economics, we can gain insights into various economic indicators such as employment, gross domestic product, inflation, economic growth, and income distribution.

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  • 2. 

    What is Scarcity?

    • A.

      Giving something up to have something else

    • B.

      Extra cost of producing one additional unit of production

    • C.

      The condition that results from society not having enough resources to produce all the things people would like to have

    • D.

      A rise in the general level of prices occurs, workers need more money to pay for good clothing and shelter

    Correct Answer
    C. The condition that results from society not having enough resources to produce all the things people would like to have
    Explanation
    Scarcity refers to the condition that arises when there are limited resources available in society, but people have unlimited wants and desires. This means that there are not enough resources to produce all the goods and services that people would like to have. As a result, individuals and societies must make choices and trade-offs, giving up some things in order to obtain others. Scarcity is a fundamental concept in economics, as it drives the need for allocation and decision-making in the face of limited resources.

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  • 3. 

    What are the three basic economic questions?

    • A.

      What, where, whom

    • B.

      What, how, whom

    • C.

      How, whom, when

    • D.

      What, why, whom

    Correct Answer
    B. What, how, whom
    Explanation
    The three basic economic questions are "What, how, whom." These questions refer to what goods and services should be produced, how they should be produced, and for whom they should be produced. The question "what" addresses the allocation of resources and the types of goods and services that are needed. "How" focuses on the methods and techniques used in production, while "whom" pertains to the distribution of goods and services to specific individuals or groups in society.

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  • 4. 

    What are the four factors of production?

    • A.

      Land, capital, money, entrepreneurs

    • B.

      Land, capital, labor, entrepreneurs

    • C.

      Capital, money, supply, demand

    • D.

      Labor, capital, supply, demand

    Correct Answer
    B. Land, capital, labor, entrepreneurs
    Explanation
    The correct answer is land, capital, labor, entrepreneurs. These are the four factors of production that are essential in the creation of goods and services. Land refers to natural resources, capital includes physical and financial assets used in production, labor involves the human effort and skills, and entrepreneurs are the individuals who combine these factors to create and manage businesses.

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  • 5. 

    Definition of Land?

    • A.

      Anything from the earth

    • B.

      The space we occupy

    • C.

      Gifts of nature

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Gifts of nature
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Gifts of nature" because land is considered a gift of nature as it is a natural resource that is not created by humans. It refers to the surface of the earth, including the soil, minerals, water bodies, and vegetation. Land is a valuable asset and plays a significant role in various activities such as agriculture, construction, and natural resource extraction.

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  • 6. 

    Definition of Capital?

    • A.

      The tools, equipment used in the production of goods

    • B.

      The machinery, and factories used in the production of goods

    • C.

      The tools, and machinery used in the production of goods

    • D.

      A and B

    • E.

      B and C

    Correct Answer
    D. A and B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A and B. Capital refers to both the tools and equipment used in the production of goods, as well as the machinery and factories used in the production of goods. Both of these elements are essential for the production process and contribute to the overall capital of a business or economy.

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  • 7. 

    Definition of Labor?

    • A.

      People with all of the efforts, abilities, and skills

    • B.

      The people who are for hire for work

    • C.

      People with all of the workmanship, skills, and work

    • D.

      The act of performing work at any given time

    Correct Answer
    A. People with all of the efforts, abilities, and skills
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "people with all of the efforts, abilities, and skills." This definition accurately describes labor as individuals who possess the necessary qualities and capabilities to perform work effectively. It emphasizes that labor involves not only physical effort but also mental and skill-based contributions.

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  • 8. 

    Definition of Entrepreneur?

    • A.

      A risk taker in search of profits who's initial investment must be returned

    • B.

      An investor in search of profits who does something new with existing resources

    • C.

      A investor in search of profits who's initial investment must be returned

    • D.

      A risk taker in search of profits who does something new with existing resources

    Correct Answer
    D. A risk taker in search of profits who does something new with existing resources
    Explanation
    This definition of an entrepreneur accurately describes someone who takes risks and seeks profits by introducing something new using existing resources. Entrepreneurs are known for their ability to identify opportunities, take calculated risks, and innovate in order to create value and generate profits. They often bring new ideas, products, or services to the market, utilizing existing resources in a unique and innovative way. Their ultimate goal is to create a successful venture and earn profits, making this answer the correct choice.

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  • 9. 

    What are the many payments for the factors of productions called?

    • A.

      Land - wages, labor - interest, capital - rent, entrepreneurs - profit

    • B.

      Land - rent, labor - wages, capital - interest, entrepreneurs - profit

    • C.

      Land - profit, labor - rent, capital - wages, entrepreneurs - interest

    • D.

      Land - interest, labor - rent, capital - profit, entrepreneurs - wages

    Correct Answer
    B. Land - rent, labor - wages, capital - interest, entrepreneurs - profit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Land - rent, labor - wages, capital - interest, entrepreneurs - profit. This answer correctly identifies the payments for the factors of production. Land is typically rented out and earns rent, labor is paid wages for their work, capital earns interest as a return on investment, and entrepreneurs earn profit for taking on the risk of starting and managing a business.

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  • 10. 

    What is opportunity cost?

    • A.

      The cost assosiated with any opportunity

    • B.

      Giving the cost in order to have the opportunity

    • C.

      The cost required in order to succeed

    • D.

      Giving something up to have something else

    Correct Answer
    D. Giving something up to have something else
    Explanation
    Opportunity cost refers to the concept of giving up one option in order to choose another. It is the value of the next best alternative that is forgone when a decision is made. In other words, when we choose to pursue a particular opportunity, we have to give up the benefits or opportunities that could have been gained from the next best alternative. This concept helps in understanding the trade-offs and the value of the choices we make in our daily lives and in business decision-making.

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  • 11. 

    What is PPF?

    • A.

      Possible Production Frontier

    • B.

      Production Possibilities Frontier

    • C.

      Probable Projection Frontier

    • D.

      Projected Possibilities Frontier

    Correct Answer
    B. Production Possibilities Frontier
    Explanation
    PPF stands for Production Possibilities Frontier, which is a graphical representation of the different combinations of two goods that can be produced in an economy given its resources and technology. It shows the maximum output that can be achieved when all resources are fully utilized. The correct answer is Production Possibilities Frontier.

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  • 12. 

    What do the points along the frontier represent?

    • A.

      A Maximum combination of output if all resources are fully employed

    • B.

      A minimum combination of output if all resources are fully employed

    • C.

      A Maximum combination of input if all resources are fully employed

    • D.

      A Minimum combination of input if all resources are fully employed

    Correct Answer
    A. A Maximum combination of output if all resources are fully employed
    Explanation
    The points along the frontier represent the maximum combination of output that can be achieved if all resources are fully employed. This means that at these points, the economy is operating at its highest level of efficiency, utilizing all available resources to produce the maximum amount of goods and services possible. Any point inside the frontier would represent an underutilization of resources, while any point outside the frontier would be unattainable given the current level of resources.

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  • 13. 

    On the PPF how can a nation achieve growth?

    • A.

      By having more resources or increased productivity

    • B.

      By having an increase in supply and demand

    • C.

      By having less resources or declined productivity

    • D.

      By having an increase in resources and decrease in productivity

    Correct Answer
    A. By having more resources or increased productivity
    Explanation
    A nation can achieve growth on the PPF by either having more resources or increased productivity. Having more resources means that the nation has access to a greater quantity of inputs, such as labor, capital, or natural resources, which can be used to produce more goods and services. Increased productivity, on the other hand, refers to the ability to produce more output with the same amount of inputs. This can be achieved through technological advancements, improved production techniques, or better utilization of resources. Both factors contribute to the nation's ability to produce more and shift its production possibilities frontier outward, indicating economic growth.

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  • 14. 

    What does a point inside the curve on a PPF represent?

    • A.

      Production at greater than its minimum potential

    • B.

      Production as less than its minimum potential

    • C.

      Production at greater than its maximum potential

    • D.

      Production as less than its maximum potential

    Correct Answer
    D. Production as less than its maximum potential
    Explanation
    A point inside the curve on a PPF represents production as less than its maximum potential. This means that the economy is not utilizing all of its available resources efficiently and is producing below its maximum capacity. There may be factors such as unemployment or underutilization of resources that are causing this inefficiency in production.

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  • 15. 

    What is the classic example of a PPF?

    • A.

      A mythical country called omega producing two goods, guns:butter

    • B.

      A mythical country called alpha producing two goods, bread:butter

    • C.

      A mythical country called omega producing two goods, bread:butter

    • D.

      A mythical country called alpha producing two goods, guns:butter

    Correct Answer
    D. A mythical country called alpha producing two goods, guns:butter
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A mythical country called alpha producing two goods, guns:butter." This answer is correct because it accurately represents the concept of a Production Possibility Frontier (PPF), which shows the different combinations of goods that can be produced given limited resources. In this example, the mythical country of alpha is producing guns and butter, which are two goods that require different amounts of resources to produce. The PPF would illustrate the trade-off between producing more guns or more butter, as the country's resources are limited.

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  • 16. 

    What is the circular flow model?

    • A.

      A model which shows the wealth that an economy generates

    • B.

      A model which shows the wealth that the world generates

    • C.

      A model that shows the recirculation of money in an economy

    • D.

      A model that shows the debt that an economy generates

    Correct Answer
    A. A model which shows the wealth that an economy generates
    Explanation
    The circular flow model is a representation of how money, goods, and services flow through an economy. It illustrates the continuous cycle of income, spending, and production in an economy. It shows how households receive income from businesses in the form of wages, salaries, and profits, and then use that income to purchase goods and services from businesses. This spending by households becomes the revenue for businesses, which they use to pay for resources, such as labor and capital, and the cycle continues. The model does not specifically show the wealth generated by the world or the debt generated by an economy.

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  • 17. 

    What are the functions of the entrepreneur?

    • A.

      They provide the money necessary for the resources of land, labor, and capital

    • B.

      They provide the procedures that combine the resources of land, labor, and capital into new products

    • C.

      They provide the initiative that combines the resources of land, labor, and capital into new products

    • D.

      They provide the drive necessary for the resources of land, labor, and capital

    Correct Answer
    C. They provide the initiative that combines the resources of land, labor, and capital into new products
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that entrepreneurs provide the initiative that combines the resources of land, labor, and capital into new products. This means that entrepreneurs are responsible for taking the first step or the initial action to bring together the necessary resources and create new products or services. They are the ones who identify opportunities, take risks, and drive the process of innovation and creation in the business.

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  • 18. 

    Name three types of businesses

    • A.

      Traditional, command, market

    • B.

      Command, market, competitive

    • C.

      Traditional, market, competitive

    • D.

      Command, traditional, competitive

    Correct Answer
    A. Traditional, command, market
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Traditional, command, market. Traditional businesses are those that follow long-established practices and customs, often passed down through generations. Command businesses are controlled and regulated by a central authority, such as the government. Market businesses operate in a free-market economy, where supply and demand determine prices and production. These three types of businesses represent different economic systems and approaches to business organization and management.

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  • 19. 

    Name the types of businesses

    • A.

      Proprietorship, corporation, industrial

    • B.

      Partnership, industrial, commercial

    • C.

      Corporation, proprietorship, commercial

    • D.

      Proprietorship, partnership, corporation

    Correct Answer
    D. Proprietorship, partnership, corporation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Proprietorship, partnership, corporation. These are the three main types of businesses. A proprietorship is a business owned and operated by one person. A partnership is a business owned and operated by two or more individuals. A corporation is a legal entity that is separate from its owners and is owned by shareholders.

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  • 20. 

    Define paradox of value?

    • A.

      The apparent contradiction between the low value of nonessentials and high value of essentials

    • B.

      An Apparent agreement about the nonessentials being less needed and the essentials being greatly needed

    • C.

      The apparent contradiction between the high value of nonessentials and low value of essentials

    • D.

      Apparent agreement about the nonessentials being greatly needed and the essentials being less needed

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The apparent contradiction between the low value of nonessentials and high value of essentials
    C. The apparent contradiction between the high value of nonessentials and low value of essentials
    Explanation
    The paradox of value refers to the apparent contradiction between the low value of nonessentials and the high value of essentials. This means that items that are considered nonessential or less needed are often valued less, while items that are essential or greatly needed are valued more. This paradox challenges traditional economic theories that suggest that value is determined solely by scarcity or usefulness.

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  • 21. 

    What is the classic example of paradox of value?

    • A.

      Water in great excess being worth less than diamonds in scarce excess being worth more

    • B.

      Water in scarce excess being worth more than diamonds in great excess being worth less

    • C.

      Water in great excess being worth more than diamonds in scarce excess being worth less

    • D.

      Water in scarce excess being worth less than diamonds in great excess being worth more

    Correct Answer
    A. Water in great excess being worth less than diamonds in scarce excess being worth more
    Explanation
    The classic example of the paradox of value is when water, which is essential for survival and abundant, is worth less than diamonds, which are rare and not necessary for survival. This contradicts the traditional economic theory that value is determined by scarcity and utility.

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  • 22. 

    What are the goals of the American Free Enterprise?

    • A.

      Economic freedom, voluntary exchange, private property rights, profit motive, and competition

    • B.

      Economic freedom, lack on monopolies, private property rights, profit motive, and competition

    • C.

      Economic freedom, voluntary exchange, prevailence of rights, profit motive, and competition

    • D.

      Economic freedom, voluntary exchange, private property rights, profit margain reduction, and competition

    Correct Answer
    A. Economic freedom, voluntary exchange, private property rights, profit motive, and competition
    Explanation
    The goals of the American Free Enterprise include economic freedom, which allows individuals to make their own economic choices; voluntary exchange, which allows individuals to freely trade goods and services; private property rights, which give individuals the right to own and control their property; profit motive, which incentivizes individuals to work hard and innovate; and competition, which encourages efficiency and innovation in the marketplace. These goals are fundamental to the American economic system and promote growth, prosperity, and individual liberty.

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  • 23. 

    What is the law of demand?

    • A.

      Rule stating that the quantity demanded of a good or service does not vary with its availability

    • B.

      Rule stating that the quantity demanded of a good or service does not vary with its price

    • C.

      Rule stating that the quantity demanded of a good or service varies inversely with its availability

    • D.

      Rule stating that the quantity demanded of a good or service varies inversely with its price

    Correct Answer
    D. Rule stating that the quantity demanded of a good or service varies inversely with its price
    Explanation
    The law of demand states that the quantity demanded of a good or service varies inversely with its price. This means that as the price of a good or service increases, the quantity demanded decreases, and vice versa. This is because consumers tend to buy more of a good or service when it is cheaper, and less when it is more expensive. The law of demand is a fundamental principle in economics and helps to explain how changes in price affect consumer behavior and market equilibrium.

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  • 24. 

    What is the law of supply?

    • A.

      The principle that suppliers will normally offer less for sale at high prices and more at lower prices

    • B.

      The principle that suppliers will normally offer more for sale at high prices and less at lower prices

    Correct Answer
    B. The principle that suppliers will normally offer more for sale at high prices and less at lower prices
    Explanation
    The law of supply states that as the price of a good or service increases, suppliers will be motivated to offer more of it for sale in the market. Conversely, as the price decreases, suppliers will be inclined to offer less of it for sale. This is because higher prices incentivize suppliers to increase production and allocate more resources to produce the good or service, while lower prices may lead to reduced profitability and a decrease in supply.

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  • 25. 

    What causes the demand curve to shift?

    • A.

      The increase/decrease in need

    • B.

      The increase/decrease in volume

    • C.

      The increase/decrease in price

    • D.

      The increase/decrease in production

    Correct Answer
    C. The increase/decrease in price
    Explanation
    The demand curve shifts when there is a change in price. An increase in price leads to a decrease in demand, causing the demand curve to shift to the left. Conversely, a decrease in price leads to an increase in demand, causing the demand curve to shift to the right.

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  • 26. 

    What causes the increase in supply?

    • A.

      The increase/decrease in demand

    • B.

      The increase/decrease in production

    • C.

      The increase/decrease in volume

    • D.

      The increase/decrease in price

    Correct Answer
    A. The increase/decrease in demand
    Explanation
    An increase in demand can cause an increase in supply because when there is a higher demand for a product or service, producers are motivated to increase their production in order to meet the demand and capitalize on the opportunity for higher profits. This can lead to an increase in the quantity supplied in the market. Conversely, a decrease in demand can cause a decrease in supply as producers may reduce their production levels to avoid excess inventory and potential losses.

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  • 27. 

    What is equilibrium?

    • A.

      A situation in which prices are very unstable

    • B.

      A situation in which prices are very unreliable

    • C.

      A situation in which prices are relatively stable

    • D.

      A situation in which prices always fluctuate

    Correct Answer
    C. A situation in which prices are relatively stable
    Explanation
    Equilibrium refers to a state where prices are relatively stable. In this situation, there is a balance between the supply and demand for goods or services, resulting in a stable price level. It means that there are no significant fluctuations or sudden changes in prices, indicating a state of equilibrium in the market.

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  • 28. 

    What is Shortage?

    • A.

      A situation in which the quantity demanded is greater than the quantity supplied at a given price

    • B.

      A situation in which the quantity demanded is less than the quantity supplied at a given price

    • C.

      A situation in which the quantity demanded is not offered by the manufacturer

    • D.

      A situation in which the quantity demanded can not meet the supply provided

    Correct Answer
    A. A situation in which the quantity demanded is greater than the quantity supplied at a given price
    Explanation
    Shortage refers to a situation where the quantity demanded exceeds the quantity supplied at a specific price. This means that there is an insufficient amount of a product or service available to meet the demand from consumers. In such cases, there may be a scarcity or lack of availability, leading to unfulfilled customer needs. This can result in increased prices, market imbalances, and potential challenges for businesses in meeting the demand adequately.

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  • 29. 

    What is Surplus?

    • A.

      A situation in which the quantity supplied is not met by the manufacturer

    • B.

      A situation in which the quantity demanded is greater than the quantity demanded at a given price

    • C.

      A situation in which the quantity supplied is less than the quantity demanded at a given price

    • D.

      A situation in which the quantity supplied is greater than the quantity demanded at a given price

    Correct Answer
    D. A situation in which the quantity supplied is greater than the quantity demanded at a given price
    Explanation
    Surplus refers to a situation in which the quantity supplied is greater than the quantity demanded at a given price. This means that there is an excess supply of a particular product or service in the market, resulting in a surplus. In such a situation, suppliers may struggle to sell their entire inventory, leading to a decrease in prices to encourage more demand.

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  • 30. 

    What is a price ceiling?

    • A.

      A minimum legal price in order to maintain agreement

    • B.

      A maximum legal price in order to maintain agreement

    • C.

      A maximum legal price that can be charged for a product

    • D.

      A minimum legal price that can be charged for a product

    Correct Answer
    C. A maximum legal price that can be charged for a product
    Explanation
    A price ceiling refers to a maximum legal price that can be charged for a product. This means that the price cannot exceed a certain limit set by the government or regulatory authority. The purpose of a price ceiling is to prevent prices from rising too high and to ensure affordability for consumers. It is often implemented in situations where there is a concern about price gouging or when the government wants to protect consumers from exploitation in certain markets.

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  • 31. 

    What is a price floor?

    • A.

      Highest legal price that can be paid for a good or service

    • B.

      Lowest legal price that can be paid for a good or service

    • C.

      Highest legal price that can be charged in order to maintain agreement

    • D.

      Lowest legal price that can be charged in order to maintain agreement

    Correct Answer
    B. Lowest legal price that can be paid for a good or service
    Explanation
    A price floor refers to the lowest legal price that can be paid for a good or service. This means that no one can legally sell the good or service for a price lower than the price floor. It is typically set by the government in order to protect producers and ensure they receive a minimum level of income. By setting a price floor, the government aims to prevent prices from falling too low and potentially harming producers in the market.

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  • 32. 

    What is elastic?

    • A.

      When a given change in price causes a relatively larger change in quantity demanded

    • B.

      When a given change in quantity demanded causes a relatively larger change in price

    • C.

      When a given change in price causes a relatively smaller change in quantity demanded

    • D.

      When a given change in quantity demanded causes a relatively smaller change in price

    Correct Answer
    A. When a given change in price causes a relatively larger change in quantity demanded
    Explanation
    Elasticity refers to the responsiveness of quantity demanded to a change in price. When a given change in price causes a relatively larger change in quantity demanded, it indicates that the demand is elastic. This means that consumers are highly responsive to price changes, and a small increase in price will result in a significant decrease in quantity demanded. On the other hand, if a given change in price causes a relatively smaller change in quantity demanded, it indicates that the demand is inelastic, meaning that consumers are less responsive to price changes.

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  • 33. 

    What is inelastic?

    • A.

      When a given change in quantity demanded causes a relatively smaller change in price

    • B.

      When a given change in price causes a relatively larger change in the quantity demanded

    • C.

      When a given change in price causes a relatively smaller change in the quantity demanded

    • D.

      When a given change in quantity demanded causes a relatively larger change in price

    Correct Answer
    C. When a given change in price causes a relatively smaller change in the quantity demanded
    Explanation
    The term "inelastic" refers to a situation in which a given change in price causes a relatively smaller change in the quantity demanded. This means that the demand for the product or service is not very responsive to changes in price. In other words, even if the price of the product increases or decreases, the quantity demanded does not change significantly. This could be due to various reasons such as the product being a necessity, having limited substitutes, or having a loyal customer base.

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  • 34. 

    What is unit elastic?

    • A.

      If change in quantity demanded causes a proportional change in price

    • B.

      If change in price does not cause a proportional change in quantity demanded

    • C.

      If change in price causes a proportional change in quantity demanded

    • D.

      If change in quantity demanded does not cause a proportional change in price

    Correct Answer
    C. If change in price causes a proportional change in quantity demanded
    Explanation
    Unit elastic refers to a situation where a change in price leads to a proportional change in quantity demanded. This means that the percentage change in quantity demanded is equal to the percentage change in price. In other words, if the price increases by a certain percentage, the quantity demanded will decrease by the same percentage, and vice versa. This indicates that the demand is responsive to price changes, and the elasticity of demand is equal to 1.

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  • 35. 

    If prices and revenue move in opposite directions demand is?

    • A.

      Increased

    • B.

      Decreased

    • C.

      Unit elastic

    • D.

      Unit inelastic

    Correct Answer
    C. Unit elastic
    Explanation
    If prices and revenue move in opposite directions, it means that as prices increase, revenue decreases, and vice versa. In this scenario, demand is said to be unit elastic. This means that the change in quantity demanded is exactly proportional to the change in price. So, when prices increase and revenue decreases, the decrease in quantity demanded is exactly proportional to the increase in price, resulting in unit elasticity.

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  • 36. 

    What is microeconomics?

    • A.

      The area of economics that deals with the behavior and decision making by small units

    • B.

      The area of economics that deals with the behavior and decision of the whole world

    • C.

      The branch of economics that deals with the economy as a whole

    • D.

      The branch of economics that deals with the monetary value

    Correct Answer
    A. The area of economics that deals with the behavior and decision making by small units
    Explanation
    Microeconomics is the branch of economics that focuses on the behavior and decision making of individual units, such as households, firms, and markets. It analyzes how these units make choices regarding resource allocation, production, consumption, and pricing. Microeconomics examines the interactions between supply and demand, market equilibrium, market failures, and the effects of government interventions on individual units. It provides insights into the functioning of specific industries and markets, as well as the behavior of consumers and producers. By understanding the behavior of small units, microeconomics helps in understanding the overall functioning of the economy.

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  • 37. 

    What is macroeconomics?

    • A.

      The branch of economics that deals with the monetary value

    • B.

      The area of economics that deals with behavior and decision making by small units

    • C.

      The branch of economics that deals with the economy as a whole

    • D.

      The are of economics that deals with the behavior and decision making of your personal life

    Correct Answer
    C. The branch of economics that deals with the economy as a whole
    Explanation
    Macroeconomics is the branch of economics that focuses on the economy as a whole. It examines the overall performance, structure, behavior, and decision-making of an economy, including factors such as inflation, unemployment, national income, and economic growth. It analyzes the aggregate behavior of households, businesses, and government entities and their impact on the overall economic activity and policies. Macroeconomics aims to understand and predict the behavior of the economy as a whole, rather than focusing on individual units or specific markets.

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  • 38. 

    What is a collusion?

    • A.

      A formal agreement to set prices or to otherwise behave in a cooperative manner

    • B.

      An agreement to have a meeting discussing prices

    • C.

      An informal agreement to set prices or to otherwise behave in a uncooperative manner

    • D.

      A disagreement upon having a meeting discussing prices

    Correct Answer
    A. A formal agreement to set prices or to otherwise behave in a cooperative manner
    Explanation
    Collusion refers to a formal agreement between two or more parties to set prices or engage in cooperative behavior. This agreement is typically aimed at manipulating the market or gaining an unfair advantage over competitors. It involves a deliberate effort to coordinate actions in order to control prices or restrict competition. The term "collusion" implies a level of secrecy and intentionality, distinguishing it from informal or accidental agreements.

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  • 39. 

    What are the three functions of money?

    • A.

      Measure of value, store of value, and direction of value

    • B.

      Medium of exchange, measure of value, and store or value

    • C.

      Measure of value, medium of exchange, and compliance of value

    • D.

      Medium of exchange, store of value, direction of value

    Correct Answer
    B. Medium of exchange, measure of value, and store or value
    Explanation
    The three functions of money are medium of exchange, measure of value, and store of value. Money serves as a medium of exchange because it is widely accepted as a form of payment for goods and services. It also acts as a measure of value by providing a common unit of measurement for comparing the worth of different goods and services. Additionally, money serves as a store of value by allowing individuals to save and accumulate wealth over time.

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  • 40. 

    What is commodity money?

    • A.

      Money that has a primary value in being a commodity

    • B.

      Money that has been borrowed from the bank as a loan

    • C.

      Money that has an alternative use as an economic good, or commodity

    • D.

      Money that has an alternative use as a external way of paying for goods or services

    Correct Answer
    C. Money that has an alternative use as an economic good, or commodity
    Explanation
    Commodity money refers to money that has an alternative use as an economic good or commodity. This means that the money itself holds intrinsic value and can be used for purposes other than being a medium of exchange. For example, gold and silver have historically been used as commodity money because they have value in industries such as jewelry and electronics. This is in contrast to fiat money, which has value solely because the government declares it as legal tender.

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  • 41. 

    What is the FED

    • A.

      The central bank

    • B.

      The federal bank

    • C.

      The commision bank

    • D.

      The world bank

    Correct Answer
    A. The central bank
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the central bank. The Federal Reserve, also known as the Fed, is the central banking system of the United States. It is responsible for conducting monetary policy, regulating and supervising banks, and providing financial services to depository institutions. The Fed plays a crucial role in managing the country's economy by controlling interest rates, influencing inflation, and ensuring the stability of the financial system.

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  • 42. 

    What is the FOMC?

    • A.

      Federal Opinion Money Committee

    • B.

      Federal Open Minded Committee

    • C.

      Federal Open Market Committee

    • D.

      Federal Option Money Committee

    Correct Answer
    C. Federal Open Market Committee
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Federal Open Market Committee. The FOMC is a committee within the Federal Reserve System that is responsible for making decisions on monetary policy in the United States. It consists of members from the Federal Reserve Board and regional Federal Reserve Bank presidents. The FOMC meets regularly to discuss economic conditions and determine the appropriate course of action to achieve the Federal Reserve's dual mandate of maximum employment and price stability. They have the power to set interest rates and implement other monetary policy tools to influence the economy.

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  • 43. 

    How many district banks?

    • A.

      13

    • B.

      12

    • C.

      22

    • D.

      16

    Correct Answer
    B. 12
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 12. This suggests that there are 12 district banks.

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  • 44. 

    What are the three tools of the FED?

    • A.

      Open market operations, discount rate, and reserve requirement

    • B.

      Open market operations, increased rate, and reserve requirement

    • C.

      Closed market operations, increased rate, and reserve requirement

    • D.

      Closed market operations, discount rate, and reserve requirement

    Correct Answer
    A. Open market operations, discount rate, and reserve requirement
    Explanation
    The three tools of the FED are open market operations, discount rate, and reserve requirement. Open market operations refer to the buying and selling of government securities to control the money supply. The discount rate is the interest rate at which banks can borrow from the Federal Reserve. The reserve requirement is the percentage of deposits that banks are required to hold as reserves. These tools are used by the FED to influence the economy and manage monetary policy.

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  • 45. 

    Who is the chairman of the FED?

    • A.

      Bob Bernanke

    • B.

      Ben Bernanke

    • C.

      Big Bird Bernanke

    • D.

      Bubba Sparks Bernanke

    Correct Answer
    B. Ben Bernanke
    Explanation
    Ben Bernanke is the correct answer because he served as the chairman of the Federal Reserve (FED) from 2006 to 2014. He played a crucial role in navigating the United States through the 2008 financial crisis and implementing policies to stimulate economic growth. Bernanke's expertise in economics and his leadership at the FED made him a key figure in shaping the country's monetary policy during his tenure.

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  • 46. 

    What is inflation?

    • A.

      A fall in the general level of prices occurs, workers need more money to pay for goods, clothing, and shelter

    • B.

      A rise in the general level of prices occurs, workers need less money to pay for goods, clothing and shelter

    • C.

      A fall in the general level of prices occurs, workers need less money to pay for goods, clothing and shelter

    • D.

      A rise in the general level of prices occurs, workers need more money to pay for goods, clothing, and shelter

    Correct Answer
    D. A rise in the general level of prices occurs, workers need more money to pay for goods, clothing, and shelter
    Explanation
    Inflation refers to a rise in the general level of prices over time. When there is inflation, the cost of goods, clothing, and shelter increases. As a result, workers need more money to afford these items, leading to a higher cost of living.

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  • 47. 

    What is recession?

    • A.

      A period during which real GDP increases for 2 quarters in a row, or 6 consecutive months

    • B.

      A period during which real GDP declinces for 6 quarters in a row, or 2 consecutive months

    • C.

      A period during which real GDP declines for 2 quarters in a row, or 6 consecutive months

    • D.

      A period during which real GDP increases for 6 quarters in a row, or 2 consecutive months

    Correct Answer
    C. A period during which real GDP declines for 2 quarters in a row, or 6 consecutive months
    Explanation
    A recession is a period during which real GDP declines for 2 quarters in a row, or 6 consecutive months. This means that the overall economic output of a country is shrinking over a sustained period of time. It is marked by a decrease in business activity, rising unemployment rates, and a general slowdown in economic growth.

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  • 48. 

    What is "tight money" policy?

    • A.

      The FED restricts the growth of the money supply, which drives interest rates up

    • B.

      The FED allows the growth of the money supply, which drives the interest rates down

    • C.

      The FED restricts the growth of the money supply, which drives the interest rates down

    • D.

      The FED allows the growth of the money supply, which drives the interest rates up

    Correct Answer
    A. The FED restricts the growth of the money supply, which drives interest rates up
    Explanation
    "Tight money" policy refers to a situation where the central bank, such as the FED, restricts the growth of the money supply. This is done by implementing measures like increasing interest rates, reducing the availability of credit, and tightening monetary policy. When the money supply is restricted, it becomes more difficult for individuals and businesses to borrow money, leading to higher interest rates. This is because the demand for credit exceeds the available supply, causing the cost of borrowing to increase. Therefore, the correct answer is that the FED restricts the growth of the money supply, which drives interest rates up.

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  • 49. 

    What is a business cycle?

    • A.

      Small systematic ups and downs of real GDP

    • B.

      Small inverse ups and downs of real GDP

    • C.

      Largely systematic ups and downs of real GDP

    • D.

      Largely inverse ups and downs of real GDP

    Correct Answer
    C. Largely systematic ups and downs of real GDP
    Explanation
    A business cycle refers to the pattern of fluctuations in the economy over time. These fluctuations are characterized by alternating periods of expansion (ups) and contraction (downs) in real GDP. The term "largely systematic" suggests that these ups and downs occur in a somewhat predictable and regular manner, indicating a pattern or cycle. Therefore, the correct answer is "largely systematic ups and downs of real GDP."

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  • 50. 

    What are the 4 stages of a business cycle?

    • A.

      Peak, trough, expansion, recovery

    • B.

      Recession, peak, trough, expansion

    • C.

      Recession, peak, trough, recovery

    • D.

      Peak, recession, recovery, expansion

    Correct Answer
    B. Recession, peak, trough, expansion
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Recession, peak, trough, expansion." The business cycle refers to the fluctuations in economic activity over time. It typically consists of four stages. The first stage is a recession, which is characterized by a decline in economic activity, such as a decrease in GDP and increase in unemployment. The second stage is a peak, which is the highest point of economic activity before it starts to decline. The third stage is a trough, which is the lowest point of economic activity before it starts to recover. The fourth stage is an expansion, which is characterized by an increase in economic activity, such as a rise in GDP and decrease in unemployment.

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  • Current Version
  • Feb 15, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 01, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Jester81888
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