A Quiz On Human Population Health And Wellness Study.

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A Quiz On Human Population Health And Wellness Study. - Quiz

This quiz is on human-population health and wellness. You can take it to analyze where does your knowledge in such field stands. Even if you don't hit every question right, but you can always learn something from anything, right? Go on, follow the questions in this quiz, and have fun.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    One of the following is not of the important characteristics of a population:

    • A.

      Size.

    • B.

      Growth.

    • C.

      How are its members are distributed according to age, sex, and urban/rural status.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the above.
    Explanation
    The given options list important characteristics of a population, including size, growth, and the distribution of its members according to age, sex, and urban/rural status. The correct answer states that "none of the above" is not an important characteristic, implying that all the options listed are indeed important characteristics of a population.

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  • 2. 

    Demography studies many statistics, except:

    • A.

      Births.

    • B.

      Income.

    • C.

      Life expectancy.

    • D.

      B and C.

    Correct Answer
    C. Life expectancy.
    Explanation
    Demography is the study of human populations and their characteristics. It focuses on analyzing various statistics related to populations, such as births, deaths, migration, and population growth. Income is also an important factor that demographers study to understand the economic conditions of different populations. However, life expectancy is not typically considered a statistic in demography, as it is more closely associated with the field of public health. Therefore, the correct answer is "Life expectancy."

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  • 3. 

    High number of children in the population reflects high fertility.

    • A.

      False

    • B.

      True

    Correct Answer
    B. True
    Explanation
    A high number of children in the population reflects high fertility because fertility refers to the ability to conceive and give birth to children. If there are a lot of children in a population, it suggests that there is a high rate of fertility among the individuals in that population.

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  • 4. 

    According to WHO, health is defined as:

    • A.

      A state of complete physical, mental and social well being ‏and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

    • B.

      A successful adaptation of the human body to stresses and stimuli.

    • C.

      Adequate functioning under given genetic and ‏environmental conditions.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. A state of complete physical, mental and social well being ‏and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." This answer aligns with the definition of health provided by the World Health Organization (WHO), which emphasizes that health is not just the absence of illness but also encompasses overall well-being in physical, mental, and social aspects. It recognizes that health involves a holistic approach and goes beyond the absence of disease or infirmity.

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  • 5. 

    Examples of communicable diseases include all of the following except:

    • A.

      Flu.

    • B.

      Measles.

    • C.

      Tuberculosis.

    • D.

      Cancer.

    • E.

      Malaria.

    Correct Answer
    D. Cancer.
    Explanation
    Cancer is not a communicable disease because it is not caused by a pathogen or infectious agent that can be transmitted from one person to another. It is a disease characterized by the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells within the body. In contrast, flu, measles, tuberculosis, and malaria are all communicable diseases that can be transmitted through various means such as respiratory droplets, direct contact, or vector-borne transmission.

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  • 6. 

    Reduction of ageing population indicates lower expenditure on the care of the aged.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that if the ageing population is reduced, there will be lower expenditure on the care of the aged. This is because with fewer elderly individuals, there will be a smaller number of people requiring healthcare and support services, resulting in reduced costs. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 7. 

    Sex ratio is affected by all of the following except :

    • A.

      Differential patterns of morbidity for males and females.

    • B.

      Differential patterns of migration for males and females.

    • C.

      Sex ratio at birth.

    • D.

      Differential patterns of mortality for males and females.

    Correct Answer
    A. Differential patterns of morbidity for males and females.
    Explanation
    The sex ratio is a measure of the number of males to females in a population. It is influenced by various factors such as sex ratio at birth, patterns of migration, and patterns of mortality. However, the differential patterns of morbidity for males and females do not directly affect the sex ratio. Morbidity refers to the incidence of illness or disease in a population, and it does not directly impact the ratio of males to females. Therefore, the correct answer is "Differential patterns of morbidity for males and females."

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  • 8. 

    Leading causes of death include all of the following except:

    • A.

      Physical activity.

    • B.

      Smoking.

    • C.

      RTA.

    • D.

      Infections.

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. Physical activity.
    Explanation
    The given question is asking for an exception among the listed options as the leading causes of death. The options include physical activity, smoking, RTA (road traffic accidents), infections, and none of the above. The correct answer is "Physical activity" because it is not typically considered a leading cause of death. While lack of physical activity can contribute to poor health and increase the risk of certain diseases, it is not directly listed as a leading cause of death compared to the other options provided.

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  • 9. 

    Community medicine:

    • A.

      The science of protecting and improving the health of communities.

    • B.

      Involves education, promotion of healthy lifestyles, ‏and research for disease and injury prevention.

    • C.

      Concerned with protecting the health of ‏entire populations.

    • D.

      A branch of medicine concerned with the ‏total health of the individual within the home environment and in the ‏community.

    • E.

      Involves analysis, the effect on health of genetics, ‏personal choice and the environment.

    Correct Answer
    D. A branch of medicine concerned with the ‏total health of the individual within the home environment and in the ‏community.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a branch of medicine concerned with the total health of the individual within the home environment and in the community. This explanation accurately describes community medicine as a field that focuses on the health of individuals in their home and community settings. It emphasizes the importance of considering the overall well-being of individuals within the context of their environment, highlighting the holistic approach taken by community medicine practitioners.

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  • 10. 

    By nature, slightly more males are born than females ( a typical ratio being 102-106 males for every 100 females).

    • A.

      False.

    • B.

      True.

    Correct Answer
    A. False.
    Explanation
    The statement is false because it claims that slightly more males are born than females, which is not accurate. The typical ratio of males to females at birth is actually 102-106 males for every 100 females. Therefore, the statement is incorrect.

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  • 11. 

    Different age-sex compositions result in:

    • A.

      Different proportions of the population in the labor force.

    • B.

      Different medical or health problems.

    • C.

      Different medical needs.

    • D.

      Different health services.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The different age-sex compositions of a population can have various effects. It can lead to different proportions of the population being part of the labor force, as certain age groups or genders may have higher or lower participation rates. Additionally, different age-sex compositions can result in different medical or health problems, as certain groups may be more susceptible to certain illnesses or conditions. This, in turn, can lead to different medical needs and requirements for healthcare services. Therefore, all of the options mentioned in the question can be consequences of different age-sex compositions.

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  • 12. 

    A population can be defined as:

    • A.

      A group of individuals or items that share one or more characteristics from which data can be gathered and analyzed.

    • B.

      A usually small, social unit of any size that ‏shares common values.

    • C.

      A group of interacting living organisms ‏sharing a populated environment.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. A group of individuals or items that share one or more characteristics from which data can be gathered and analyzed.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A group of individuals or items that share one or more characteristics from which data can be gathered and analyzed." This definition accurately describes a population, as it emphasizes the common characteristics that individuals or items within the group share. It also highlights the importance of being able to gather and analyze data from this group, which is a key aspect of studying populations in various fields such as sociology, biology, and statistics.

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  • 13. 

    Unhealthy Lifestyle Factors:

    • A.

      Sedentary life.

    • B.

      Stress.

    • C.

      Unhealthy diet.

    • D.

      Smoking.

    • E.

      ‏All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    E. ‏All of the above.
    Explanation
    The given answer, "All of the above," is correct because all the mentioned factors - sedentary life, stress, unhealthy diet, and smoking - contribute to an unhealthy lifestyle. A sedentary lifestyle with little to no physical activity can lead to weight gain and various health problems. Stress can negatively impact mental and physical health. An unhealthy diet lacking in essential nutrients can lead to obesity, heart disease, and other health issues. Smoking is a well-known risk factor for various diseases, including cancer and cardiovascular problems. Therefore, all of these factors combined contribute to an unhealthy lifestyle.

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  • 14. 

    By 2021 tobacco is expected to kill more people than any single disease, even HIV/AIDS:

    • A.

      True.

    • B.

      False.

    Correct Answer
    B. False.
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. While tobacco use is indeed a major cause of preventable deaths worldwide, it is not expected to kill more people than any single disease, including HIV/AIDS, by 2021. Diseases like cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and respiratory diseases are responsible for a significant number of deaths globally. However, it is important to note that tobacco use remains a significant public health concern, and efforts to reduce tobacco consumption and its associated health risks should continue.

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  • 15. 

    ‏Which of the following is incorrect about life expectancy:

    • A.

      Expected number of years of life ‏remaining at a given age.

    • B.

      Based on the year of their birth, or their current age.

    • C.

      Males have higher life expectancy than females.

    • D.

      Public health services medical care services play an important role in determining life expectancy.

    • E.

      ‏None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. Males have higher life expectancy than females.
    Explanation
    The given answer is incorrect because it states that males have higher life expectancy than females, which is not true. On average, females tend to have a higher life expectancy than males. This is supported by various studies and demographic data from around the world. Factors such as biological differences, lifestyle choices, and healthcare access contribute to this difference in life expectancy between males and females.

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  • 16. 

    Crude birth rate can be defined as:

    • A.

      The ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 population per year.

    • B.

      Number of live births per 1000 women between the ages of 15 and 44 years.

    • C.

      Number of live births to married women per 1,000 married women ages 15-44 or 15-49 in a given year.

    • D.

      Is the number of all deaths (at all age ‏groups, both sexes and due to all causes) per 1,000 of the population per year.

    • E.

      The total live births in a population in a specified community or area over a specified period of time.

    Correct Answer
    E. The total live births in a population in a specified community or area over a specified period of time.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the total live births in a population in a specified community or area over a specified period of time. This definition accurately describes the concept of crude birth rate, which measures the number of live births in relation to the population size. It is expressed as a ratio per 1000 population per year, indicating the birth rate within a specific time frame. This measure helps understand population growth and demographic trends in a particular area.

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  • 17. 

    An age-population ratio of those ‏typically not in the labor force is a definition of:

    • A.

      ‏Dependency ratio.

    • B.

      Economic dependents.

    • C.

      Family planning services.

    • D.

      Morbidity.

    • E.

      Mortality.

    Correct Answer
    A. ‏Dependency ratio.
    Explanation
    The age-population ratio of those typically not in the labor force refers to the dependency ratio. This ratio measures the number of economically dependent individuals, such as children and the elderly, compared to the working-age population. It is used to assess the burden on the working population to support those who are not economically active. Family planning services, morbidity, and mortality are not directly related to this concept.

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  • 18. 

    The true statement about demographic transition model is:

    • A.

      The model consists of 4 stages.

    • B.

      Used to explain the process of transition from low birth rate and low death rates to high birth rates and high death rates.

    • C.

      Used to explain the process of transition from high birth rate and high death rates to low birth rates and low death rates.

    • D.

      A and C.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. A and C.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A and C. The demographic transition model consists of four stages and is used to explain the process of transition from both low birth rates and low death rates to high birth rates and high death rates, as well as from high birth rates and high death rates to low birth rates and low death rates.

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  • 19. 

    GBD is:

    • A.

      Global burden of disease.

    • B.

      Provides a full picture of which factors contribute the most to good health.

    • C.

      An identification of the most important health problems.

    • D.

      ‏Two of the above.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. ‏Two of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Two of the above." This is because GBD, which stands for Global Burden of Disease, serves two purposes. Firstly, it provides a comprehensive understanding of the factors that contribute the most to good health. Secondly, it identifies the most significant health problems. Therefore, the answer "Two of the above" accurately describes the functions of GBD.

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  • 20. 

    One of the following is incorrect about demography:

    • A.

      Statistical study of living populations ‏and sub-populations.

    • B.

      Encompasses the study of the size, structure, and distribution of living ‏populations.

    • C.

      Does not change over time.

    • D.

      Affected by birth, migration, aging and death.

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. Does not change over time.
    Explanation
    Demography is the statistical study of living populations and sub-populations, encompassing the study of their size, structure, and distribution. It is affected by various factors such as birth, migration, aging, and death. However, the statement "Does not change over time" is incorrect because demography is dynamic and constantly evolving. The size, structure, and distribution of populations change over time due to various social, economic, and environmental factors. Therefore, the correct answer is that demography does change over time.

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  • 21. 

    Health policies aims for:

    • A.

      Health promotion.

    • B.

      Modifying health by enforcing health-related behaviors.

    • C.

      Disease promotion.

    • D.

      All of above. 

    • E.

      A and B.

    Correct Answer
    E. A and B.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A and B. Health policies aim to promote health and modify health-related behaviors. This means that they focus on improving overall well-being and encouraging individuals to adopt healthy habits. Disease promotion is not a goal of health policies, as they aim to prevent and reduce the occurrence of diseases. Therefore, the correct answer is A and B, as health policies aim for health promotion and modifying health-related behaviors.

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