Quiz Ptik Pertemuan 3

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Quizzes Created: 12 | Total Attempts: 4,723
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Quiz Ptik Pertemuan 3 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Walaupun pada awalnya mengurbankan sebagian masyarakat lainnya sehingga muncul kesenjangan sosial serta menghasilkan kerusakan lingkungan, namun pada akhirnya industrialisasi mendatangkan kekayaan serta kenyamaan hidup karena dikelilingi oleh peralatan-peralatan yang user-friendly technologie

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Industrialisasi pada awalnya memang mengurbankan sebagian masyarakat lainnya dan menyebabkan kesenjangan sosial serta kerusakan lingkungan. Namun, pada akhirnya, industrialisasi juga membawa kekayaan dan kenyamanan hidup karena adanya peralatan-peralatan yang ramah pengguna. Meskipun memiliki dampak negatif, dampak positif industrialisasi pada akhirnya lebih banyak dirasakan dalam hal kemakmuran dan kenyamanan hidup. Oleh karena itu, pernyataan bahwa industrialisasi pada akhirnya membawa kekayaan dan kenyamanan hidup adalah benar.

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  • 2. 

    Dimulai dari ditemukannya Mesin Uap oleh James Watt pada tahun 1764. Temuan ini berdampak pada pekerjaan-pekerjaan dalam pembuatan produk yang biasanya dilakukan oleh tenaga hewan dan kekuatan manusia, ini terjadi pada era revolusi industri ke 

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    A. 1
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1. The explanation for this answer is that the discovery of the steam engine by James Watt in 1764 marked the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. This invention had a significant impact on various industries as it replaced the use of animal and human labor with machines. This led to increased productivity, efficiency, and the development of new manufacturing processes. Therefore, the era of the Industrial Revolution started with the invention of the steam engine.

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  • 3. 

    Revolusi Industri 2.0 diawali dari hasil penelitian yang dilakukan oleh

    • A.

      James watt

    • B.

      Faraday & Maxwell

    • C.

      McCulloh & pitt

    • D.

      Jon Von Neumann

    Correct Answer
    B. Faraday & Maxwell
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Faraday & Maxwell. The Industrial Revolution 2.0 was initiated by the research conducted by Faraday and Maxwell. Their work in the fields of electromagnetism and electrical engineering laid the foundation for the development of technologies such as electric power generation, telecommunication, and electrical machinery. Faraday's discoveries on electromagnetic induction and Maxwell's equations describing the behavior of electromagnetic waves were crucial in revolutionizing industries and transforming society during the 19th century. Their contributions paved the way for the widespread use of electricity and the advancement of technology.

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  • 4. 

    Internet dan komputer yang mempengaruhi pola komunikasi dan peredaran informasi di masyarakat pada era revolusi industri ke

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    C. 3
    Explanation
    The internet and computers have significantly influenced the communication patterns and information flow in society during the industrial revolution era. With the advent of the internet and computer technology, communication has become faster, more efficient, and accessible to a larger population. People can now easily connect and share information with others from different parts of the world. This has also led to the democratization of information, as individuals can now access a vast amount of knowledge and resources online. Therefore, option 3 is the correct answer as it accurately reflects the impact of the internet and computers on communication and information circulation during the industrial revolution era.

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  • 5. 

    Robot yang terkoneksi dengan sistem komputer, diperlengkapi dengan machine learning algorithms terjadi pada era revolusi industri ke

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    D. 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 4 because in the era of the industrial revolution, robots that are connected to computer systems and equipped with machine learning algorithms have become more prevalent. This advancement in technology allows robots to adapt and learn from their environment, making them more efficient and capable of performing complex tasks.

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  • 6. 

    Revolusi industri 4 mengintegrasikan rantai nilai vertikal dan horisontal dengan menghubungkan secara digital semua unit produktif dalam perekonomian

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the fourth industrial revolution, also known as Industry 4.0, aims to integrate vertical and horizontal value chains by digitally connecting all productive units in the economy. This integration allows for seamless communication and collaboration between different stages of production, resulting in increased efficiency and productivity.

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  • 7. 

    Revolusi industri yang diawali dengan keberhasilan menemukan teknologi yang mempermudah kehidupan manusia, di kemudian hari menimbulkan permasalahan yang meresahkan. Keresahan tersebut bersumber dari dampak yang ditimbulkannya dalam masyarakat, yaitu

    • A.

      Bahaya mengenal orang di internet

    • B.

      Mahasiswa harus belajar keras

    • C.

      Polusi

    • D.

      Hilangnya beberapa jenis pekerjaan tertentu

    Correct Answer
    D. Hilangnya beberapa jenis pekerjaan tertentu
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Hilangnya beberapa jenis pekerjaan tertentu" because the passage states that the industrial revolution, which brought technological advancements, also caused problems in society. One of these problems is the disappearance of certain types of jobs. This suggests that the revolution led to changes in the job market and the loss of employment opportunities in specific industries.

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  • 8. 

    Big data dihasilkan dari aktifitas pergerakan melalui penggunaan GPS, hasil penggunaan akses terhadap internet, hasil komunikasi menggunakan media sosial, hasil interaksi antara konsumen dan produsen dalam menggunakan produk, dan hasil perilaku atau kebiasaan lainnya

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Big data is generated from various activities such as GPS usage, internet access, social media communication, consumer-producer interactions, and other behavioral patterns. These activities generate a large volume of data that can be analyzed to gain insights and make informed decisions. Therefore, the statement "Big data is generated from activities such as GPS usage, internet access, social media communication, consumer-producer interactions, and other behavioral patterns" is true.

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  • 9. 

    Big Data memiliki jelajah yang ama melampaui jaringan media sosial karena mempengaruhi hampir setiap aspek kehidupan moderen

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that Big Data has a wide reach beyond social media networks and influences almost every aspect of modern life. However, this statement is false. While Big Data does have a significant impact on various industries and sectors, it does not necessarily extend to every aspect of modern life. Big Data primarily focuses on the collection, analysis, and utilization of large and complex datasets to gain insights and make informed decisions, but it does not encompass every aspect of life.

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  • 10. 

    Marr (2017:8) mengungkapkan bahwa ada tiga area utama dalam bisnis yang sangat membutuhkan akses terhadap big data, yaitu

    • A.

      Restructuring organization

    • B.

      Improving operations,

    • C.

      Improving decision making

    • D.

      The monetizing of data

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Improving operations,
    C. Improving decision making
    D. The monetizing of data
    Explanation
    Marr (2017:8) states that there are three main areas in business that greatly benefit from access to big data: improving operations, improving decision making, and the monetizing of data. This means that by utilizing big data, businesses can enhance their operational processes, make more informed and effective decisions, and generate revenue by leveraging data.

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  • 11. 

    Sebuah studi dilakukan oleh Ross, Beath dan Quaadgrass (2013) sehubungan dengan pemanfaatan big data analitic - Hasilnya, ternyata banyak diantara responden yang konsisten memanfaatkan big data analytic dalam pengambilan keputusan. R

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
  • 12. 

    Dengan adanya big data, maka artificial intellegence tidak mungkin dikembangkan

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false. The presence of big data actually enhances the development of artificial intelligence (AI). Big data provides a vast amount of information that AI algorithms can analyze and learn from, leading to more accurate predictions and better decision-making capabilities. The combination of big data and AI has revolutionized various industries, such as healthcare, finance, and marketing, by enabling advanced data analytics and automation. Therefore, big data plays a crucial role in the advancement of AI technology.

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  • 13. 

    Dengan konektivitas digital, Schmidt & Cohen (2014) mengemukakan bahwa di masa mendatang pekerjaan yang menuntut kehadiran fisik kian berkurang dan akan lebih banyak lagi pekerjaan yang terotomatisasi.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true. According to Schmidt & Cohen (2014), with digital connectivity, there will be a decrease in jobs that require physical presence in the future, and there will be an increase in automated jobs. This suggests that advancements in technology will lead to automation and a shift in the nature of work.

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  • 14. 

    Privasi dan keamanan adalah salah satu konsekwensi dari konektivtas digital

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement "privasi dan keamanan adalah salah satu konsekwensi dari konektivitas digital" translates to "privacy and security are one of the consequences of digital connectivity." This statement is true because as more and more people and devices become connected through digital means, the risk of privacy breaches and security threats increases. With digital connectivity, personal information becomes more vulnerable to hacking and unauthorized access. Therefore, it is important to prioritize privacy and security measures to ensure the safety of individuals and their data in the digital world.

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  • 15. 

    Farid Subkhan, profesional di bidang marketing dan smart city menyatakan bahwa ada lima tahap digitalisasi

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
  • 16. 

    Dalam ilmu ekonomi, indikator penting pertumbuhan ekonomi adalah produktifitas yang mengukur nilai ekonomi yang diciptakan untuk setiap satu unit input, seperti jam tenaga kerja

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because in economics, productivity is indeed an important indicator of economic growth. Productivity measures the economic value created for each unit of input, such as labor hours. A higher level of productivity indicates that more output is being produced with the same amount of input, which leads to economic growth. Therefore, the statement is correct.

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  • 17. 

    Dampak digital economy terhadap aktivitas kerja, seperti yang dilaporkan Hidayati (2017) sehubungan dengan studi McKinsey Global Institute di 46 negara pada tahun 2017, yaitu

    • A.

      Sebagian besar pekerja akan kehilangan pekerjaan

    • B.

      Sebagian teknisi bekerja dengan mesin yang berevolusi dengan cepat, seperti proses pengambilan keputusan dari analisis laporan keuangan

    • C.

      Aktivitas chief executive officer (CEO) tak tergantikan

    • D.

      Munculnya wirausaha-wirausaha baru baik yang berskala mikro maupun kecil

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Sebagian besar pekerja akan kehilangan pekerjaan
    B. Sebagian teknisi bekerja dengan mesin yang berevolusi dengan cepat, seperti proses pengambilan keputusan dari analisis laporan keuangan
    D. Munculnya wirausaha-wirausaha baru baik yang berskala mikro maupun kecil
    Explanation
    The given answer states that the impact of the digital economy on work activities includes:
    1) Many workers will lose their jobs.
    2) Some technicians will work with rapidly evolving machines, such as decision-making processes from financial statement analysis.
    3) The emergence of new entrepreneurs, both on a micro and small scale.

    This answer accurately reflects the information given in the passage, which mentions the potential loss of jobs, the involvement of technicians with evolving machines, and the emergence of new entrepreneurs.

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  • 18. 

    Istilah untuk pengumpulan dana secara daring (online) dari orang-orang di masyarakat yang memiliki modal:

    • A.

      Crowdfunding

    • B.

      Equity crowdfunding

    • C.

      Peer to peer landing

    • D.

      Start up

    Correct Answer
    A. Crowdfunding
    Explanation
    Crowdfunding adalah istilah yang digunakan untuk pengumpulan dana secara daring (online) dari orang-orang di masyarakat yang memiliki modal. Dalam crowdfunding, individu atau organisasi dapat mengajukan proyek atau ide mereka kepada masyarakat luas melalui platform online, dan orang-orang yang tertarik dapat memberikan sumbangan kecil atau besar untuk mendukung proyek tersebut. Crowdfunding memungkinkan orang-orang dengan modal terbatas untuk berinvestasi dalam proyek atau ide yang menarik bagi mereka.

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  • 19. 

    Disruptif adalah sebuah gangguan yang di era digital ini muncul dari hasil inovasi berbasis teknologi dimana kemunculannya menjadi tantangan terhadap kemapanan bisnis yang telah ada.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement correctly defines "disruptif" as a disruption that arises from technological innovation in the digital era, posing challenges to existing businesses. Therefore, the answer is true.

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  • 20. 

    Istilah “Disruptive Technology” pertama kali diperkenalkan oleh

    • A.

      Faraday & Maxwell

    • B.

      Xing dan Marwala 

    • C.

      Clayton M. Christensen

    • D.

      Schumpeter

    Correct Answer
    C. Clayton M. Christensen
    Explanation
    Clayton M. Christensen is credited with introducing the term "Disruptive Technology." Disruptive technology refers to innovations that create new markets and disrupt existing ones by displacing established products or services. Christensen's book, "The Innovator's Dilemma," popularized the concept and discussed how established companies often fail to adapt to disruptive technologies, leading to their downfall. His work has had a significant impact on the field of innovation and has been widely recognized and referenced in the business world.

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  • 21. 

    Christensen et. al (2015) kemudian mengelompokkan topik-topik penelitian disruptive innovation kedalam lima kategori

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given answer is false. The statement mentions that Christensen et. al (2015) categorized research topics on disruptive innovation into five categories. However, it does not specify what those categories are. Therefore, the answer cannot be determined based on the given information.

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  • 22. 

    Perusahaan-perusahaan yang berpeluang menghadapi dilema akibat mempertahankan sustaining innovation, seperti yang disampaikan Clayton M. Christensen, merupakan perusahaan-perusahaan yang sudah berada pada tahap kedewasaan (mature phase) dalam daur hidupnya (firm life cycle)

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that according to Clayton M. Christensen, companies that are in the mature phase of their firm life cycle are more likely to face dilemmas in sustaining innovation. This means that as companies grow and mature, they may struggle to continue innovating and adapting to changes in the market. Therefore, it is true that companies in the mature phase are more likely to face dilemmas in sustaining innovation.

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  • 23. 

    Sehubungan dengan generasi Y dan Z, hasil penelitian Alvara Research Center  mengungkapkan tiga karakter unggul generasi milenial yaitu

    • A.

      Creative

    • B.

      Confidence

    • C.

      Connected

    • D.

      Competency

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Creative
    B. Confidence
    C. Connected
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Creative, Confidence, Connected. The Alvara Research Center's study reveals that the millennial generation possesses three outstanding characteristics. Firstly, they are creative, suggesting that they have a strong ability to think outside the box and come up with innovative ideas. Secondly, they are confident, indicating that they have a belief in their own abilities and are not afraid to take risks. Lastly, they are connected, implying that they have a strong sense of community and are adept at utilizing technology to stay connected with others.

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  • 24. 

    Alvara Research Center mengemukakan juga bahwa ketergantungan yang tingi pada media sosial mempengaruhi watak generasi milenial

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the high dependence on social media affects the characteristics of the millennial generation. This implies that millennials who heavily rely on social media may exhibit certain behaviors or traits that are influenced by their usage of these platforms. However, without further information, it is unclear what specific aspects of their character are being referred to or how exactly social media impacts them.

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  • 25. 

    Theory of disruptive innovation bermaksud menjelaskan adanya kegagalan bisnis terkemuka yang sekaligus menjadi peringatan bahwa hal tersebut senatiasa akan terus terjadi dari waktu ke waktu dan dari industri ke industri

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the theory of disruptive innovation explains the occurrence of failure in leading businesses, serving as a warning that this will continue to happen over time and across industries. This implies that the statement is true. The theory of disruptive innovation, introduced by Clayton Christensen, proposes that established companies can be overtaken by smaller, innovative firms that introduce disruptive technologies or business models. This theory highlights the importance of continuous innovation and adaptation to avoid being disrupted in the market.

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