Simulasi TOEFL Satu (Jumat, 13 April 2018)

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 412

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Simulasi TOEFL Satu (Jumat, 13 April 2018) - Quiz

Pada bagian ini ada : 50 soal reading. Waktu pengerjaan 55 menit. Menyontek adalah kecurangan akademis. Jujur ngerjainnya ya, supaya berkah :) Selamat mengerjakan dan semangat yaa :) #OfficialSSC4 #SimulasiTOEFLsatu


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Text 1 (Number 1 - 11) Even a muddy pond contributes to the ecosystem that affects the environment. A vernal or springtime pool is only a few feet deep and lasts only from March until mid-summer but yields a considerable number of diverse life forms. Like all of nature, there are predators and victims, and a particular living being may be one or the other, de-pending on its age and characteristics. One may find masses of spotted salamander eggs floating just under the surface of the pond, left behind by adults who entered the pond early in the season before predators arrived. Other amphibians and reptiles return to the recurrent pond year after year to reproduce, as their ancestors have done for years. Various forms of algae grow well in the murky water, if there is sufficient sunlight. They in turn produce and transmit oxygen to the sala-mander embryos and other young that are not yet able to survive outside of water. Diving beetles feast on eggs and larvae deposited in the pond by the salamanders and other am-phibians that have called it home. Tadpoles are born in the late spring and feed on the algae. The pond also invites wood frogs staking their territory and courting potential mates, calling as loud as quacking ducks. By the end of the short season, the pond dries to spongy mud and then dries further, becoming covered with leaves and debris, until the following spring when the process repeats itself. 1.) The word vernal in the second sentence means most nearly the same as ...
    • A. 

      Springtime

    • B. 

      Pool

    • C. 

      deep

    • D. 

      transitory

  • 2. 
    What is the author’s purpose stated in the first sentence: Even a muddy pond contributes to the ecosystem that affects the environment?
    • A. 

      To explain that a vernal pool is very muddy

    • B. 

      To describe how the vernal pool fits into the larger environmental picture

    • C. 

      To explain that mud is important to the environment

    • D. 

      To show how algae grows

  • 3. 
    The word yields in the third sentence means most nearly the same as . . .
    • A. 

      produces

    • B. 

      contributes to

    • C. 

      kills

    • D. 

      harms

  • 4. 
    The word diverse in the third sentence means most nearly the same as ...
    • A. 

      distinct

    • B. 

      living

    • C. 

      numerous

    • D. 

      primitive

  • 5. 
    The word its in the fifth sentence refers to ...
    • A. 

      predator

    • B. 

      pond

    • C. 

      living being

    • D. 

      nature

  • 6. 
    Which sentence in the first paragraph indicates that a young life form might be prey to an older life form?
    • A. 

      A vernal or springtime pool is only a few feet deep and lasts only from March until midsummer but yields a considerable number of diverse life forms.

    • B. 

      Like all of nature, there are predators and victims, and a particular living being may be one or the other, depending on its age and characteristics.

    • C. 

      One may find masses of spotted salamander eggs floating just under the surface of the pond, left behind by adults who entered the pond early in the season before predators arrived.

    • D. 

      Other amphibians and reptiles return to the recurrent pond year after year to reproduce, as their ancestors have done for years.

  • 7. 
    Which sentence in the first paragraph indicates that life forms continue to act in the same way as the same life forms did previously?
    • A. 

      A vernal or springtime pool is only a few feet deep and lasts only from March until midsummer but yields a considerable number of diverse life forms.

    • B. 

      Like all of nature, there are predators and victims, and a particular living being may be one or the other, depending on its age and characteristics.

    • C. 

      One may find masses of spotted salamander eggs floating just under the surface of the pond, left behind by adults who entered the pond early in the season before predators arrived.

    • D. 

      Other amphibians and reptiles return to the recurrent pond year after year to reproduce, as their ancestors have done for years.

  • 8. 
    The word murky in the first sentence of the second paragraph means most nearly the same as ...
    • A. 

      clear.

    • B. 

      cloudy.

    • C. 

      cold.

    • D. 

      life-producing. life-producing. life-producing.

  • 9. 
    The word they in the second sentence of paragraph two refers to ...
    • A. 

      salamander embryos.

    • B. 

      young.

    • C. 

      Forms of algae

    • D. 

      Sunlight

  • 10. 
    Which of the following does the author imply in the first two sentences of paragraph two?
    • A. 

      The life forms in the pool live in water their entire lives.

    • B. 

      Some of the life forms live in water first and later on land.

    • C. 

      The life forms found in the pool do not require oxygen to live.

    • D. 

      Algae is strictly a food source.

  • 11. 
    The word recurrent in the last sentence of paragraph one means most nearly the same as ...
    • A. 

      moving.

    • B. 

      recurring.

    • C. 

      stagnant.

    • D. 

      warm.

  • 12. 
    Text 2 (Number 12 - 24) Scientists have experimented with a new procedure for alleviating the damage caused by strokes. Strokes are frequently caused by a blood clot lodging in the tree of arteries in the head, choking the flow of blood. Some brain cells die as a direct result of the stroke, but others also die over several hours be-cause the proteins spilling out of the first cells that die trigger a chemical chain reac-tion that kills the neighboring cells. The current method of reducing the amount of damage is to give a clot dissolver, known as TPA, as soon as possible. But generally TPA is not given to the patient until he or she reaches the hospital, and it still does not im-mediately stop the damage. The new technology, still in the research stage, involves chilling the area or the entire patient. It is already known that when an or-gan is cooled, damage is slowed. This is why sometimes a person who has fallen into an icy pond is not significantly harmed after be-ing warmed up again. The biggest issue is the method of cooling. It is not feasible to chill the head alone. Doctors have chilled the en-tire body by wrapping the patient in cold ma-terials, but extreme shivering was a problem. The new idea is to cool the patient from the inside out. Several companies are studying the use of cold-tipped catheters, inserted into the artery in the groin and threaded up to the inferior vena cava, which is a large vein that supplies blood to the abdomen. The catheter is expected to cool the blood that flows over it, thus allowing cooler blood to reach the area of the stroke damage. It is not expected that the cooling will be substantial, but even a slight decrease in temperature is thought to be helpful. In effect, the patient is given a kind of forced hypothermia. And doctors believe it is important to keep the patient awake so that they can converse with the patient in order to ascertain mental condition. Studies continue to determine the most ef-fective and least damaging means of cooling the patient in order to reduce this damage. 12.) The word alleviating in the first sentence is closest in meaning to ...
    • A. 

      reducing.

    • B. 

      devastating.

    • C. 

      causing.

    • D. 

      increasing.

  • 13. 
    According to the passage, the method of chilling from the inside out is being considered for all of the following reasons except ...
    • A. 

      it is not possible to chill the head alone.

    • B. 

      chilling from the inside out avoids shaking.

    • C. 

      cold dissolves blood clots.

    • D. 

      drugs are not helpful in stopping the chain reaction.

  • 14. 
    According to the passage, what causes a stroke?
    • A. 

      A blood clot sticking in an area of the brain

    • B. 

      Low blood flow

    • C. 

      Hot blood

    • D. 

      A patient choking on food

  • 15. 
    The word shivering in the last sentence of the third paragraph is closest in meaning to ...
    • A. 

      shaking.

    • B. 

      delirious.

    • C. 

      sick.

    • D. 

      dying.

  • 16. 
    According to the passage, all of the following are true except that
    • A. 

      some cells die immediately when a person has a stroke, and others die later.

    • B. 

      cells die only as a direct result of the stroke

    • C. 

      the protein from dead cells kills other cells.

    • D. 

      TPA is effective in removing blood clots.

  • 17. 
    What is the passage mainly about?
    • A. 

      Causes and effects of strokes

    • B. 

      New pharmaceutical methods for reducing stroke damage that are being researched

    • C. 

      A new method of cooling the body to reduce stroke damage that is being researched

    • D. 

      The dangers of cooling the body

  • 18. 
    The word substantial in the fifth paragraph is closest in meaning to
    • A. 

      considerable.

    • B. 

      slight.

    • C. 

      unsubstantiated.

    • D. 

      effective.

  • 19. 
    In the passage, the author implies that
    • A. 

      the internal chilling process has not been proven yet.

    • B. 

      drug therapy properly addresses all the problems of stroke victims.

    • C. 

      chilling the head alone is viable.

    • D. 

      nothing is likely to reduce the chain reaction problem.

  • 20. 
    The author describes a person falling into cold water in order to
    • A. 

      evoke sympathy.

    • B. 

      show that cooling a body does not necessarily harm it.

    • C. 

      show how one who falls into cold water could also benefit from the internal chilling research.

    • D. 

      describe the warming process.

  • 21. 
    The author implies that
    • A. 

      the catheter is moved all the way to the brain.

    • B. 

      the artery in the leg connects directly to the brain.

    • C. 

      the artery in the leg connects to the vena cava. the artery in the leg connects to the vena cava. the artery in the leg connects to the vena cava.

    • D. 

      the goal is to chill the brain directly with the catheter.

  • 22. 
    When the author states that the catheter is threaded to the vena cava, the author means that
    • A. 

      the catheter is sewn to the vena cava.

    • B. 

      the catheter is inserted into the body at the vena cava area.

    • C. 

      the catheter becomes attached to the vena cava because of the cold.

    • D. 

      the doctor moves the catheter slowly through the artery to the vena cava.

  • 23. 
    The author implies that hypothermia is caused by
    • A. 

      the body becoming cold.

    • B. 

      A stroke

    • C. 

      the body becoming warm.

    • D. 

      drugs.

  • 24. 
    According to the passage, doctors prefer to keep the patient awake in order to
    • A. 

      monitor vital signs with equipment.

    • B. 

      watch the patient.

    • C. 

      talk to the patient.

    • D. 

      find out if the procedure is painful.

  • 25. 
    Text 3 (Number 25 - 37) Bees, classified into over 10,000 species, are insects found in almost every part of the world except the northernmost and southern-most regions. One commonly known species is the honeybee, the only bee that produces honey and wax. Humans use the wax in mak-ing candles, lipsticks, and other products, and they use the honey as a food. While gathering the nectar and pollen with which they make honey, bees are simultaneously helping to fertilize the flowers on which they land. Many fruits and vegetables would not survive if bees did not carry the pollen from blossom to blossom. Bees live in a structured environment and social structure within a hive, which is a nest with storage space for the honey. The differ-ent types of bees each perform a unique function. The worker bee carries nectar to the hive in a special stomach called a honey stomach. Other workers make beeswax and shape it into a honeycomb, which is a water-proof mass of six-sided compartments, or cells. The queen lays eggs in completed cells. As the workers build more cells, the queen lays more eggs. All workers, like the queen, are female, but the workers are smaller than the queen. The male honeybees are called drones; they do no work and cannot sting. They are devel-oped from unfertilized eggs, and their only job is to impregnate a queen. The queen must be fertilized in order to lay worker eggs. During the season when less honey is available and the drone is of no further use, the workers block the drones from eating the honey so that they will starve to death. 25.) Which of the following is the best title for this reading?
    • A. 

      Which of the following is the best title for this reading? The Many Species of Bees

    • B. 

      The Useless Drone

    • C. 

      The Honeybee — Its Characteristics and Usefulness

    • D. 

      Making Honey

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