Thoracic Duct Anatomy: An Overview Guide Quiz!

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| By Hassan Olumide
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Hassan Olumide
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 315
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 315

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Thoracic Duct Anatomy: An Overview Guide Quiz! - Quiz

Anatomy of the thoracic duct


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The thoracic duct drains lymph from all parts of the body except

    Correct Answer(s)
    1. Right half of head and neck 2.right half of chest wall 3. Right lung 4. Right side of heart 5. Right surface of the liver
    Explanation
    The thoracic duct is the largest lymphatic vessel in the body and is responsible for draining lymph from all parts of the body except for the right half of the head and neck, right half of the chest wall, right lung, right side of the heart, and right surface of the liver. This means that the thoracic duct collects lymph from the left side of the head and neck, left half of the chest wall, left lung, left side of the heart, and left surface of the liver, as well as from the rest of the body.

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  • 2. 

    The lymph in the thoracic duct is ____ in appearance

    Correct Answer(s)
    Milky
    Explanation
    The lymph in the thoracic duct is milky in appearance because it contains a high concentration of fats, specifically chylomicrons. These fats are absorbed from the intestines and transported through the lymphatic system. As the lymph passes through the thoracic duct, it mixes with lymph from other parts of the body, resulting in a milky appearance. This milky lymph eventually enters the bloodstream through the left subclavian vein, where it is further processed and utilized by the body.

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  • 3. 

    The lymph owes its appearance to ____

    Correct Answer(s)
    The product of fat digestion ( chyle) which it contains
    Explanation
    The lymph owes its appearance to the product of fat digestion, known as chyle, which it contains. Chyle is a milky fluid that is formed in the small intestine during the digestion and absorption of fats. It is rich in fats, proteins, and other nutrients. When the lymphatic system absorbs chyle, it gives the lymph a milky appearance. This helps transport the fats and nutrients throughout the body via the lymphatic vessels.

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  • 4. 

    Extent of the thoracic duct?

    Correct Answer(s)
    From the upper end of cisterna chyli at the lower border of T12 to the junction of the left subclavian and left internal jugular veins at the root of the neck at the level of C7
    Explanation
    The thoracic duct extends from the upper end of the cisterna chyli, located at the lower border of T12, to the junction of the left subclavian and left internal jugular veins at the root of the neck, specifically at the level of C7. This means that the thoracic duct begins in the abdomen and ascends through the thoracic cavity, eventually reaching the neck where it terminates. This pathway allows for the drainage of lymph from the lower body and left upper body into the venous system.

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  • 5. 

    Length and width of the thoracic duct

    Correct Answer(s)
    45cm and 5mm respectively
    Explanation
    The thoracic duct is a long, thin tube that is responsible for draining lymph fluid from the lower body and left side of the upper body into the blood circulation. The length of the thoracic duct is 45cm, indicating its long and extensive nature. On the other hand, the width of the thoracic duct is 5mm, suggesting that it is relatively narrow in diameter. These measurements highlight the anatomical characteristics of the thoracic duct, emphasizing its length and narrowness.

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  • 6. 

    The thoracic duct enters the thorax through ____

    Correct Answer(s)
    Aortic opening or aortic orifice of diaphragm
    Explanation
    The thoracic duct, which is the largest lymphatic vessel in the body, enters the thorax through the aortic opening or aortic orifice of the diaphragm. This opening is located at the level of the 12th thoracic vertebra and allows the thoracic duct to pass from the abdomen into the thoracic cavity. Once inside the thorax, the thoracic duct continues to ascend and eventually drains into the left subclavian vein, where it delivers lymph back into the bloodstream.

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  • 7. 

    At the root of the neck , the thoracic duct arches at what level

    Correct Answer(s)
    C7
    Explanation
    The thoracic duct is a major lymphatic vessel that drains lymph from the lower body and left side of the upper body. It begins at the level of the second lumbar vertebra (L2) and ascends through the posterior mediastinum, passing through the diaphragm at the level of T12. At the root of the neck, it arches anteriorly to the left side of the body and drains into the left subclavian vein. The correct answer, C7, refers to the level of the seventh cervical vertebra, which is where the thoracic duct arches at the root of the neck.

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  • 8. 

    The thoracic duct terminates by opening into

    Correct Answer(s)
    Junction of the left subclavian and left internal jugular veins
    Explanation
    The thoracic duct, which is the largest lymphatic vessel in the body, drains lymph from the lower half of the body, the left side of the upper body, and the entire body above the diaphragm. It terminates by opening into the junction of the left subclavian and left internal jugular veins. This location is significant because it allows the lymph to enter the bloodstream and be circulated throughout the body. This junction is also where the lymphatic system and cardiovascular system connect, allowing for the exchange of fluids and waste products.

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  • 9. 

    The thoracic duct ascends in the posterior mediastinum on the ____side of the midline in front of the vertebra then it runs along the ____ border of the ____ .

    Correct Answer(s)
    Right, left , esophagus
    Explanation
    The thoracic duct ascends in the posterior mediastinum on the right side of the midline in front of the vertebra, then it runs along the left border of the esophagus.

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  • 10. 

    Anterior relations of the thoracic duct in the root of the neck

    • A.

      Left phrenic nerve

    • B.

      Left vagus nerve

    • C.

      Left common carotid artery

    • D.

      Left internal jugular vein

    • E.

      Left subclavian artery

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Left vagus nerve
    C. Left common carotid artery
    D. Left internal jugular vein
    Explanation
    The left vagus nerve, left common carotid artery, and left internal jugular vein are all anterior relations of the thoracic duct in the root of the neck. These structures are located in close proximity to the thoracic duct in this region. The left vagus nerve is a cranial nerve that runs alongside the thoracic duct, while the left common carotid artery and left internal jugular vein are major blood vessels that are also in close proximity to the thoracic duct.

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  • 11. 

    Posterior relations of the thoracic duct in the root of the neck

    • A.

      Vertebral vessels

    • B.

      Scalenus posterior

    • C.

      Scalenus anterior

    • D.

      Phrenic nerve

    • E.

      Vagus nerve

    • F.

      Thyrocervical trunk

    • G.

      Sternohyoid muscle

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Vertebral vessels
    C. Scalenus anterior
    D. Phrenic nerve
    F. Thyrocervical trunk
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the vertebral vessels, scalenus anterior, phrenic nerve, and thyrocervical trunk. These structures are all located posterior to the thoracic duct in the root of the neck. The vertebral vessels are the arteries that supply blood to the brain and spinal cord. The scalenus anterior is a muscle that helps with neck movement. The phrenic nerve controls the diaphragm, which is important for breathing. The thyrocervical trunk is a branch of the subclavian artery that supplies blood to the thyroid gland and other structures in the neck.

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  • 12. 

    Tributaries of the thoracic duct "in the neck"

    • A.

      Left subclavian lymph trunk

    • B.

      Right subclavian lymph trunk

    • C.

      Left bronchomediastinal lymph trunk

    • D.

      Left tracheobronchial lymph trunk

    • E.

      Left jugular lymphtrunk

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Left subclavian lymph trunk
    C. Left bronchomediastinal lymph trunk
    E. Left jugular lymphtrunk
    Explanation
    The left jugular , left subclavian and left bronchomediastinal lymph trunk drain lymph from the neck, upper limb and mediastinum respectively

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  • 13. 

    Summit of the arch of the thoracic duct lies ____cm above the clavicle

    Correct Answer(s)
    3-4cm
    Explanation
    The summit of the arch of the thoracic duct is located approximately 3-4cm above the clavicle. This means that the highest point of the arch of the thoracic duct is situated at a distance of 3-4cm above the clavicle.

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  • Current Version
  • Apr 25, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 23, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Hassan Olumide
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