Assignment No. 2: Concept Of Information Systems & Software (Bp205t Caip)

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| By Rageebshaikh
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Rageebshaikh
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Assignment No. 2: Concept Of Information Systems & Software (Bp205t Caip) - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The term software refers to

    • A.

      Computer manuals only

    • B.

      Computer programs only

    • C.

      Machinery

    • D.

      Computer manuals and programs

    Correct Answer
    D. Computer manuals and programs
    Explanation
    The term software refers to computer manuals and programs. Software is a broad term that encompasses both computer manuals, which provide instructions and information about how to use a computer system or software application, and computer programs, which are sets of instructions that tell a computer how to perform specific tasks or operations. Therefore, the correct answer is computer manuals and programs.

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  • 2. 

    To produce a computer-based information system, we must together

    • A.

      5 parts

    • B.

      4 parts

    • C.

      3 parts

    • D.

      2 parts

    Correct Answer
    A. 5 parts
    Explanation
    To produce a computer-based information system, it requires the collaboration and integration of multiple components or parts. The answer of "5 parts" suggests that there are five essential elements or components involved in creating a computer-based information system. These parts could include hardware, software, data, procedures, and people. Each part plays a crucial role in the overall functioning and effectiveness of the system. Without any one of these components, the information system may not be able to operate efficiently or provide the desired outcomes.

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  • 3. 

    The term hardware refers to

    • A.

      Computer manuals

    • B.

      Computer programs

    • C.

      Machinery

    • D.

      Operating system

    Correct Answer
    C. Machinery
    Explanation
    The term hardware refers to the physical components of a computer system, such as the machinery or equipment. Computer manuals are instructional materials, computer programs are software, and the operating system is a software that manages the computer's hardware and software resources. Therefore, the correct answer is machinery, as it represents the physical components of a computer system.

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  • 4. 

    The facts and figures that are used by the programs to produce useful information are called

    • A.

      Software

    • B.

      Data

    • C.

      Hardware

    • D.

      Procedures

    Correct Answer
    B. Data
    Explanation
    In the context of the question, the term "facts and figures" refers to the raw input that is processed by programs to generate useful information. This raw input is known as data. Therefore, data is the correct answer as it accurately describes the information used by programs to produce useful output.

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  • 5. 

    The set of instructions and rules to design and use information system are called

    • A.

      Software

    • B.

      Data

    • C.

      Hardware

    • D.

      Procedures

    Correct Answer
    D. Procedures
    Explanation
    Procedures refer to the set of instructions and rules that are followed in designing and using an information system. These procedures outline the steps and guidelines to be followed in order to achieve specific objectives or tasks. They provide a systematic approach to ensure the efficient and effective functioning of the information system. Procedures can include guidelines for data entry, data processing, data storage, data retrieval, and other activities related to the information system.

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  • 6. 

    Is [Information systems are formal, sociotechnical, organizational systems designed to collect, process, store, and distribute information] true or false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Information systems are indeed formal, sociotechnical, organizational systems designed to collect, process, store, and distribute information. They are structured and organized in a way that allows for efficient management and utilization of information within an organization. These systems involve not only the technological components but also the social and organizational aspects, recognizing the importance of people and their interactions with the technology and processes. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 7. 

    Is [Computer software, or simply software, is a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work] true or false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because computer software refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that provide guidance to the computer on how to perform specific tasks. Software can include programs, applications, and operating systems that enable the computer to function and carry out various functions.

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  • 8. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A.

      The process of making plans for something.

    • B.

      The control of urban development by a local government authority, from which a licence must be obtained to build a new property or change an existing one.

    • C.

      Planning is the process of thinking about the activities required to achieve a desired goal.

    • D.

      All of above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of above." This is because all three options mentioned in the question are valid definitions or explanations of planning. The first option describes planning as the process of making plans for something, which is a general definition. The second option describes planning as the control of urban development by a local government authority, which is a specific application of planning. The third option describes planning as the process of thinking about the activities required to achieve a desired goal, which is another general definition. Therefore, all three options are correct explanations of planning.

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  • 9. 

    Is [The process life cycle can be defined by a state figure] true or false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "The process life cycle can be defined by a state figure" is false. The process life cycle is typically defined by a series of stages or phases, such as initiation, planning, execution, monitoring, and closure. A state figure, on the other hand, refers to a graphical representation of the current state of a system or process. While a state figure can be used to visualize the different states within a process life cycle, it does not define the entire life cycle itself. Therefore, the given statement is false.

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  • 10. 

    Defination of Data Flow Diagrams

    • A.

      A data-flow diagram is a way of representing a rate of a data of a process or a system. 

    • B.

      A data-flow diagram is a way of representing a flow of a data of a step or a system. 

    • C.

      A data-flow diagram is a way of representing a flow of a data of a cycle or a system.

    • D.

      A data-flow diagram is a way of representing a flow of a data of a process or a system. 

    Correct Answer
    D. A data-flow diagram is a way of representing a flow of a data of a process or a system. 
    Explanation
    The given correct answer accurately defines a data-flow diagram as a way of representing the flow of data in a process or system. It emphasizes that a data-flow diagram is used to illustrate how data moves through various steps or components within a process or system.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 18, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Rageebshaikh
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