Jaundice and flank pain
Costovertebral angle tenderness and chills
Burning sensation on urination
Polyuria and nocturia
“I pee a lot.”
“It burns when I pee.”
“I go hours without the urge to pee.”
“My pee smells sweet.”
If the urine turns orange-red. call the doctor.
Take phenazopyridine just before urination to relieve pain.
Once painful urination is relieved. discontinue prescribed antibiotics.
After painful urination is relieved. stop taking phenazopyridine.
A 35 y.o. woman with a fractured wrist
A 20 y.o. woman with asthma
A 50 y.o. postmenopausal woman
A 28 y.o. with angina
Check for kinks in the outflow tubing.
Raise the drainage bag above the level of the abdomen.
Place the patient in a reverse Trendelenburg position.
Ask the patient to cough.
2 to 3 hours
Insert I.V. lines above the fistula.
Avoid taking blood pressures in the arm with the fistula.
Palpate pulses above the fistula.
Report a bruit or thrill over the fistula to the doctor.
Increase the rate of dialysis
Infuse normal saline solution
Administer a 5% dextrose solution
Encourage active ROM exercises
Rub the skin vigorously with a towel
Take frequent baths
Apply alcohol-based emollients to the skin
Keep fingernails short and clean