Urinary System Disorders | NCLEX Quiz 105

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1408

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Urinary System Disorders | NCLEX Quiz 105

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following symptoms do you expect to see in a patient diagnosed with acute pyelonephritis?
    • A. 

      Jaundice and flank pain

    • B. 

      Costovertebral angle tenderness and chills

    • C. 

      Burning sensation on urination

    • D. 

      Polyuria and nocturia

  • 2. 
    You have a patient that might have a urinary tract infection (UTI). Which statement by the patient suggests that a UTI is likely?
    • A. 

      “I pee a lot.”

    • B. 

      “It burns when I pee.”

    • C. 

      “I go hours without the urge to pee.”

    • D. 

      “My pee smells sweet.”

  • 3. 
    Which instructions do you include in the teaching care plan for a patient with cystitis receiving phenazopyridine (Pyridium).
    • A. 

      If the urine turns orange-red. call the doctor.

    • B. 

      Take phenazopyridine just before urination to relieve pain.

    • C. 

      Once painful urination is relieved. discontinue prescribed antibiotics.

    • D. 

      After painful urination is relieved. stop taking phenazopyridine.

  • 4. 
    Which patient is at greatest risk for developing a urinary tract infection (UTI)?
    • A. 

      A 35 y.o. woman with a fractured wrist

    • B. 

      A 20 y.o. woman with asthma

    • C. 

      A 50 y.o. postmenopausal woman

    • D. 

      A 28 y.o. with angina

  • 5. 
    You have a patient that is receiving peritoneal dialysis. What should you do when you notice the return fluid is slowly draining?
    • A. 

      Check for kinks in the outflow tubing.

    • B. 

      Raise the drainage bag above the level of the abdomen.

    • C. 

      Place the patient in a reverse Trendelenburg position.

    • D. 

      Ask the patient to cough.

  • 6. 
    What is the appropriate infusion time for the dialysate in your 38 y.o. patient with chronic renal failure?
    • A. 

      15 minutes

    • B. 

      30 minutes

    • C. 

      1 hour

    • D. 

      2 to 3 hours

  • 7. 
    A 30 y.o. female patient is undergoing hemodialysis with an internal arteriovenous fistula in place. What do you do to prevent complications associated with this device?
    • A. 

      Insert I.V. lines above the fistula.

    • B. 

      Avoid taking blood pressures in the arm with the fistula.

    • C. 

      Palpate pulses above the fistula.

    • D. 

      Report a bruit or thrill over the fistula to the doctor.

  • 8. 
    Your patient becomes restless and tells you she has a headache and feels nauseous during hemodialysis. Which complication do you suspect?
    • A. 

      Infection

    • B. 

      Disequilibrium syndrome

    • C. 

      Air embolus

    • D. 

      Acute hemolysis

  • 9. 
    Your patient is complaining of muscle cramps while undergoing hemodialysis. Which intervention is effective in relieving muscle cramps?
    • A. 

      Increase the rate of dialysis

    • B. 

      Infuse normal saline solution

    • C. 

      Administer a 5% dextrose solution

    • D. 

      Encourage active ROM exercises

  • 10. 
    Your patient with chronic renal failure reports pruritus. Which instruction should you include in this patient’s teaching plan?
    • A. 

      Rub the skin vigorously with a towel

    • B. 

      Take frequent baths

    • C. 

      Apply alcohol-based emollients to the skin

    • D. 

      Keep fingernails short and clean

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