Thinking Like A Scientist Practice Quiz

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| By Rhaveno
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Quizzes Created: 52 | Total Attempts: 13,487
Questions: 16 | Attempts: 144

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Thinking Like A Scientist Practice Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are predictions based on?

    • A.

      Predicting is forecasting based on past experience or evidence.

    • B.

      Predicting is guessing the data measurements.

    • C.

      Predicting is making a hypothesis.

    • D.

      Predicting is evaluating the evidence and outcome of testing.

    Correct Answer
    A. Predicting is forecasting based on past experience or evidence.
    Explanation
    Predictions are based on past experience or evidence. This means that when making predictions, one uses knowledge or information from previous situations or data to forecast what may happen in the future. By analyzing patterns, trends, and other relevant information, predictions can be made with a certain level of confidence. This approach is more reliable than simply guessing the data measurements or making a hypothesis without any supporting evidence. Additionally, evaluating the evidence and outcome of testing can also contribute to making accurate predictions.

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  • 2. 

    What is a model?

    • A.

      A representation, a copy, replica of a complex object or process.

    • B.

      A prediction of what can occur.

    • C.

      A piece of a large sample.

    • D.

      A sample solution.

    Correct Answer
    A. A representation, a copy, replica of a complex object or process.
    Explanation
    A model is a representation, copy, or replica of a complex object or process. It is used to understand and analyze the object or process without directly interacting with it. Models are often created to simplify complex systems and make them easier to study or simulate. They can be physical, such as a scale model of a building, or conceptual, such as a mathematical model of a chemical reaction. Models allow scientists, engineers, and researchers to make predictions, test hypotheses, and gain insights into the behavior of the real-world system they represent.

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  • 3. 

    What is an observation?

    • A.

      Information gathered by ones senses.

    • B.

      A way of thinking and reasoning.

    • C.

      Information gathered through research.

    • D.

      Information gathered through sampling.

    Correct Answer
    A. Information gathered by ones senses.
    Explanation
    An observation refers to the process of gathering information through one's senses. It involves using sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell to gather data about a particular phenomenon or event. This information is then used to make conclusions or form judgments. Observations are an essential part of scientific research and help in understanding the world around us.

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  • 4. 

    What is classifying?

    • A.

      Classifying is the process or grouping together things that are alike in some way.

    • B.

      Classifying is creating models representing complex ideas or objects.

    • C.

      Classifying is predicting what will happen in an experiment.

    Correct Answer
    A. Classifying is the process or grouping together things that are alike in some way.
    Explanation
    Classifying refers to the process of grouping together things that share similarities or common characteristics. This involves categorizing or organizing objects, ideas, or data based on their shared attributes or properties. By classifying, we can better understand and make sense of the world around us by identifying patterns and relationships among different entities.

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  • 5. 

    What is inferring?

    • A.

      To explain or interpret observations.

    • B.

      To predict based on observations.

    • C.

      To find evidence supporting an observation.

    • D.

      To give a hypothesis.

    Correct Answer
    A. To explain or interpret observations.
    Explanation
    Inferring refers to the process of explaining or interpreting observations. It involves making logical deductions or conclusions based on the available evidence or information. By analyzing the data and drawing connections, one can infer the meaning or significance behind the observations. This allows for a deeper understanding of the subject matter and helps to uncover hidden insights or patterns.

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  • 6. 

    What is qualitative observation/research?

    • A.

      Observations/research expressed in description.

    • B.

      Observations/research expressed in number.

    • C.

      Analyzing and expressing observational data.

    • D.

      Analyzing descriptive data.

    Correct Answer
    A. Observations/research expressed in description.
    Explanation
    Qualitative observation/research refers to the process of gathering information through detailed descriptions, narratives, and interpretations rather than numerical data. This approach focuses on understanding the qualities, characteristics, and meanings of the observed phenomena. It involves using words, images, and other non-numerical data to express and analyze the observations. This method is often used in social sciences, humanities, and other fields where subjective experiences and interpretations are important.

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  • 7. 

    What is quantitative observations/research?

    • A.

      Observations/research expressed in number.

    • B.

      Analyzing observational data.

    • C.

      Observations/research expressed by descriptions.

    • D.

      Analyzing descriptive data.

    Correct Answer
    A. Observations/research expressed in number.
    Explanation
    Quantitative observations/research refers to the collection and analysis of data that is expressed in numerical form. This type of research involves measuring and quantifying variables, allowing for statistical analysis and the identification of patterns or relationships between variables. By using numerical data, researchers can make objective and precise observations, which can lead to more accurate and reliable conclusions. This approach is commonly used in fields such as economics, psychology, and biology, where data is often collected through surveys, experiments, or statistical analysis of existing datasets.

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  • 8. 

    What is skepticism?

    • A.

      Skepticism is having an attitude of doubt.

    • B.

      Skepticism is honesty, reporting the true outcomes of experiments and testing.

    • C.

      Skepticism is an eagerness to learn and be curious.

    • D.

      Skepticism is being open-minded, or capable of accepting new and different ideas.

    Correct Answer
    A. Skepticism is having an attitude of doubt.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Skepticism is having an attitude of doubt." This means that skepticism involves questioning and doubting claims or beliefs rather than accepting them without evidence or critical thinking. It suggests a cautious and critical approach to knowledge and encourages individuals to seek evidence and logical reasoning before accepting something as true. Skepticism promotes intellectual curiosity and encourages individuals to challenge assumptions and seek truth through inquiry and investigation.

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  • 9. 

    Why are models important to use?

    • A.

      Help to understand by representing objects or processes that are complex.

    • B.

      Help to learn through building.

    • C.

      Help to share information.

    • D.

      Help to teach and learn about objects and processes.

    • E.

      All of these.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of these.
    Explanation
    Models are important to use because they help us understand complex objects or processes by representing them in a simplified way. They also aid in the learning process by allowing us to build and manipulate them, which enhances our understanding. Additionally, models are a useful tool for sharing information, as they provide a visual representation that can be easily communicated. Lastly, models are valuable in teaching and learning about objects and processes, as they provide a tangible and interactive way to explore and comprehend concepts.

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  • 10. 

    How do observations differ from inferences?

    • A.

      Observations are based on information gathered by one's senses. Inferences are explanations we have for what we observe.

    • B.

      Observations are based on explanations of the natural world. Inferences are sensing.

    • C.

      Observations are based on information we read or research. Inferences are observations.

    • D.

      Observations are based on educated guesses. Inferences are explanations for these guesses.

    Correct Answer
    A. Observations are based on information gathered by one's senses. Inferences are explanations we have for what we observe.
    Explanation
    Observations and inferences differ in terms of the source of information they are based on. Observations are made by directly gathering information through one's senses, while inferences are the explanations or interpretations that we derive from these observations. In other words, observations rely on firsthand sensory data, whereas inferences involve making logical deductions or conclusions based on those observations.

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  • 11. 

    What is meant by the term scientific attitude, habits of mind?

    • A.

      Scientific attitude, habits of mind include curiosity, honesty, open-mindedness, skepticism and creativity.

    • B.

      Scientific attitude, habits of mind include curiosity, fairness, open-mindedness, and skepticism.

    • C.

      Scientific attitude, habits of mind include curiosity, repeating the experiment, open-mindedness, skepticism and creativity.

    • D.

      Scientific attitude, habits of mind include curiosity, stating a problem, observation, honesty, and creativity.

    Correct Answer
    A. Scientific attitude, habits of mind include curiosity, honesty, open-mindedness, skepticism and creativity.
    Explanation
    The term scientific attitude, habits of mind refers to the mindset and approach that scientists adopt in their work. It encompasses several key traits such as curiosity, which drives scientists to explore and ask questions; honesty, which involves being truthful and transparent in reporting findings; open-mindedness, which entails being receptive to new ideas and perspectives; skepticism, which encourages critical thinking and questioning of claims; and creativity, which involves thinking outside the box and finding innovative solutions. These qualities are essential for conducting rigorous and reliable scientific research.

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  • 12. 

    Which answer is evidence of Jane Goodall's qualitative research data collection?

    • A.

      Jane and her assistants followed the chimpanzees through the forest and kept a detailed field notebook/journal about the chimp's behavior.

    • B.

      Jane and her assistants followed the chimpanzees through the forest and took photographs and video of the chimp's behavior.

    • C.

      Jane and her assistants followed the chimpanzees through the forest.

    • D.

      Jane and her assistants read and researched about chimpanzees in Tanzania.

    Correct Answer
    A. Jane and her assistants followed the chimpanzees through the forest and kept a detailed field notebook/journal about the chimp's behavior.
    Explanation
    The answer "Jane and her assistants followed the chimpanzees through the forest and kept a detailed field notebook/journal about the chimp's behavior" is evidence of Jane Goodall's qualitative research data collection because it indicates that she and her team directly observed and recorded the behavior of the chimpanzees in their natural habitat. This method of data collection involves gathering detailed, descriptive information through observations and note-taking, which is a key characteristic of qualitative research.

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  • 13. 

    An explanation of how nature works.

    • A.

      Theory

    • B.

      Conclusion

    • C.

      Law

    • D.

      Hypothesis

    Correct Answer
    A. Theory
    Explanation
    A theory is a well-substantiated explanation of how nature works based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning. It is supported by a wide range of observations, experiments, and data, and it provides a framework for understanding and predicting natural phenomena. Unlike a hypothesis, which is a proposed explanation that has yet to be tested, a theory has been extensively tested and verified, and it is considered to be the most reliable and comprehensive explanation available. Therefore, a theory is the most appropriate term to describe an explanation of how nature works.

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  • 14. 

    A statement that describes nature.

    • A.

      Law

    • B.

      Hypothesis

    • C.

      Theory

    • D.

      Conclusion

    Correct Answer
    A. Law
    Explanation
    A law is a statement that describes a natural phenomenon or behavior that has been observed and proven to be true through repeated experimentation and observation. It is a generalization that explains how things work in the natural world and is supported by empirical evidence. Laws are often expressed in mathematical or quantitative terms and can be used to make predictions about future events or outcomes. Unlike a hypothesis or theory, a law is considered to be a fundamental principle that is universally applicable and does not require further testing or validation.

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  • 15. 

    Choose the numeral for deci.

    • A.

      .01

    • B.

      .1

    • C.

      .001

    • D.

      10

    Correct Answer
    B. .1
    Explanation
    The numeral for deci is .1. This is because deci is a metric prefix that represents one-tenth of a unit. In decimal form, one-tenth is represented as .1.

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  • 16. 

    Identify the numeral for kilo

    • A.

      100

    • B.

      10,000

    • C.

      1,000

    • D.

      10

    Correct Answer
    C. 1,000
    Explanation
    The numeral for "kilo" is 1,000. In the metric system, "kilo" represents a factor of 1,000. Therefore, when we see the word "kilo" in a numerical context, it indicates that the number should be multiplied by 1,000.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Sep 07, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 10, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Rhaveno
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