Middle East Physical Geography Quiz

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| By Ckortering
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Ckortering
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Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 14,703
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 363

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Physical Geography Quizzes & Trivia

This will be a great way to practice for the quiz tomorrow. There are even a couple of questions found on this quiz that will be on the quiz. :)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Taking salt out of water:

    • A.

      Desaltation

    • B.

      Standard of living

    • C.

      Diversify

    • D.

      Oasis

    Correct Answer
    A. Desaltation
    Explanation
    Desaltation is the process of removing salt from water. This term is relevant to the given question as it directly addresses the action of taking salt out of water. The other options, such as standard of living, diversify, and oasis, do not pertain to the specific process of removing salt from water. Therefore, desaltation is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 2. 

    The quality of life of people in an area:

    • A.

      Desaltation

    • B.

      Standard of living

    • C.

      Diversify

    • D.

      Petroleum

    Correct Answer
    B. Standard of living
    Explanation
    Standard of living refers to the level of wealth, comfort, material goods, and necessities available to a certain group of people in a particular area. It encompasses factors such as income, education, healthcare, housing, and access to basic amenities. The quality of life is directly influenced by the standard of living, as a higher standard of living generally indicates a better quality of life for the people in that area. Therefore, the correct answer, "standard of living," accurately describes the factor that determines the quality of life of people in an area.

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  • 3. 

    The energy resource formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals.

    • A.

      Petroleum

    • B.

      Oasis

    • C.

      Desaltation

    • D.

      Sahara Desert

    Correct Answer
    A. Petroleum
    Explanation
    Petroleum is a fossil fuel formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals. Over millions of years, the organic matter decomposed and was subjected to intense heat and pressure, transforming into petroleum. This natural resource is found deep beneath the Earth's surface and is extracted through drilling. Petroleum is a major source of energy and is used for various purposes such as fuel for transportation, heating, and electricity generation.

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  • 4. 

    A Place where fresh water is available in a desert because of a spring or well.

    • A.

      Sahara Desert

    • B.

      Nonrenewable resources

    • C.

      Oasis

    • D.

      Desaltation

    Correct Answer
    C. Oasis
    Explanation
    An oasis is a place in a desert where fresh water is available due to a spring or well. In the context of the Sahara Desert, which is known for its arid and dry conditions, an oasis would be a rare and valuable resource. It provides a source of water for plants, animals, and humans, making it an important and sought-after location in the desert. The term "nonrenewable resources" and "desaltation" are not relevant to the concept of an oasis.

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  • 5. 

    Land that can produce crops.

    • A.

      Arable

    • B.

      Petroleum

    • C.

      Oasis

    • D.

      Diversify

    Correct Answer
    A. Arable
    Explanation
    Arable land refers to land that is suitable for farming and can be used to grow crops. This land is fertile and has the necessary conditions such as soil quality, drainage, and access to water for agricultural production. The term "arable" is often used to describe land that can be cultivated and utilized for agriculture, making it the correct answer in this context.

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  • 6. 

    Coal, oil, and natural gas are examples of these-- they cannot be replaced once they are used up.

    • A.

      Oasis

    • B.

      Petroleum

    • C.

      Desaltation

    • D.

      Nonrenewable resource

    Correct Answer
    D. Nonrenewable resource
    Explanation
    Coal, oil, and natural gas are nonrenewable resources because once they are used up, they cannot be replaced. Unlike renewable resources such as solar or wind energy, which can be replenished naturally, nonrenewable resources are finite and take millions of years to form. Once these resources are extracted and consumed, they are gone forever, making them unsustainable in the long run.

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  • 7. 

    Largest desert in the world--the size of the US!

    • A.

      Oasis

    • B.

      Sahara Desert

    • C.

      Petroleum

    • D.

      Desaltation

    Correct Answer
    B. Sahara Desert
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sahara Desert. The Sahara Desert is the largest desert in the world, covering an area approximately the size of the US. It is located in northern Africa and spans across several countries including Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Sudan, and Tunisia. The Sahara Desert is known for its vast sand dunes, extreme temperatures, and harsh arid conditions. It is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, as well as various indigenous populations.

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  • 8. 

    Where is the most fertile soil found, leading people to settle there?

    • A.

      In the desert

    • B.

      The Rub al-Khali

    • C.

      Near rivers

    • D.

      On mountains

    Correct Answer
    C. Near rivers
    Explanation
    The most fertile soil is found near rivers because rivers bring nutrients and sediment from upstream areas, depositing them along their banks. This process, known as alluvial deposition, creates rich and fertile soil that is ideal for agriculture. Additionally, rivers provide a consistent water source for irrigation, further enhancing the fertility of the soil. As a result, people tend to settle near rivers as it allows for easier cultivation of crops and supports sustainable living conditions.

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  • 9. 

    Which resource do the people of Southwest and Central Asia need the most?

    • A.

      Oil

    • B.

      Gas

    • C.

      Coal

    • D.

      Water

    Correct Answer
    D. Water
    Explanation
    The people of Southwest and Central Asia need water the most because this region is known for its arid and semi-arid climate, with limited freshwater sources. Water is essential for drinking, agriculture, and industrial purposes. The scarcity of water in this region has led to conflicts and challenges in managing water resources effectively.

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  • 10. 

    What problem has been caused by irrigation systems in Southwest and Central Asia?

    • A.

      Too many rivers overflow their banks

    • B.

      Too many crops are grown

    • C.

      Too much available water is used up

    • D.

      Too much hydroelectricity is produced

    Correct Answer
    C. Too much available water is used up
    Explanation
    The problem caused by irrigation systems in Southwest and Central Asia is that too much available water is used up. This means that the water resources in the region are being depleted at a faster rate than they can be replenished. This can lead to water scarcity and a decrease in the availability of water for both agricultural and domestic purposes. It can also have negative impacts on the environment, such as the drying up of rivers and lakes, and the loss of biodiversity.

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  • 11. 

    About one-fifth of the world's petroleum reserves are found in __________

    • A.

      Israel

    • B.

      Saudi Arabia

    • C.

      Iraq

    • D.

      Egypt

    Correct Answer
    B. Saudi Arabia
    Explanation
    Saudi Arabia is the correct answer because it is known to have one-fifth of the world's petroleum reserves. The country is a major producer and exporter of oil, with large oil fields such as Ghawar, which is the largest conventional oil field in the world. Saudi Arabia's oil reserves have played a significant role in its economy and global oil markets.

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  • 12. 

    Trying to live in this dry world would be an example of what kind of conflict?

    • A.

      Man vs. nature

    • B.

      Man vs. man

    • C.

      Man vs. self

    Correct Answer
    A. Man vs. nature
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "man vs. nature." This is because the statement "Trying to live in this dry world" suggests that the conflict is between a person and the natural environment. The person is facing challenges and difficulties in adapting and surviving in a dry world, which represents a conflict between human beings and the forces of nature.

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  • 13. 

    Living in a dry world requires people to make adaptations, changes in how they ___________ and __________.

    • A.

      Eat and drink

    • B.

      Sleep and live

    • C.

      Live and work

    Correct Answer
    C. Live and work
    Explanation
    Living in a dry world requires people to make adaptations, changes in how they live and work. In a dry environment, individuals need to adjust their lifestyle and work practices to cope with the lack of water. This may include conserving water, finding alternative sources of water, and implementing efficient irrigation systems. Additionally, people may need to modify their work routines to minimize water usage and maximize productivity in a dry climate. Overall, living and working in a dry world necessitates adjustments to ensure survival and sustainability.

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  • 14. 

    What are three things that rivers provide?

    • A.

      Water, soil and transportation

    • B.

      Water, soil and seaweed

    • C.

      Vegetation, soil, and water

    Correct Answer
    A. Water, soil and transportation
    Explanation
    Rivers provide water, soil, and transportation. Water is essential for various purposes such as drinking, irrigation, and industrial use. Rivers also carry sediment and deposit it along their banks, creating fertile soil for agriculture. Additionally, rivers have historically served as important transportation routes, allowing people and goods to be transported efficiently from one place to another.

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  • 15. 

    What two landforms form the borders between many of the Middle Eastern countries?

    • A.

      Rivers

    • B.

      Coasts

    • C.

      Mountains

    • D.

      Roads

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Rivers
    B. Coasts
    C. Mountains
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Rivers, Coasts, Mountains. Many Middle Eastern countries are bordered by these three landforms. Rivers, such as the Tigris and Euphrates, form natural boundaries between countries. Coasts, such as the Persian Gulf and Mediterranean Sea, also serve as borders. Additionally, the region is characterized by mountain ranges like the Zagros and Taurus Mountains, which divide countries and create natural barriers. These three landforms play a significant role in shaping the borders and geography of the Middle East.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 09, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Ckortering
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