Mh522-psychology And The Legal System Final Exam

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 42

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Final Exam Quizzes & Trivia

Final exam for psychology and the legal system course


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    1.       What was the name of the case in which a federal court first ruled that psychologists were qualified to serve as expert witnesses in matters involving criminal responsibility?  
    • A. 

      Jenkins v. U.S.

    • B. 

      Harlow v. U.S.

    • C. 

      Nixon v. Indiana

    • D. 

      Jackson v. Indiana

  • 2. 
    2. The term dual court system refers to:  
    • A. 

      Criminal and civil courts

    • B. 

      Trial courts and appellate court

    • C. 

      Courts of limited jurisdiction and courts of general jurisdiction

    • D. 

      State and federal courts

  • 3. 
    3.  Which of the following is not part of the pre-trial stage in a criminal case?  
    • A. 

      Preliminary hearing

    • B. 

      Evidence suppression hearing

    • C. 

      Beyond a reasonable doubt

    • D. 

      B or c, depending on the crime

  • 4. 
    4. At the sentencing stage in a criminal case, forensic psychologists may offer evidence relating to: 
    • A. 

      The individual’s competence to be sentenced

    • B. 

      Mitigation

    • C. 

      The individual's dangerousness

    • D. 

      The individual's rehabilitative potential

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    5.  What is the burden of proof required to convict someone of a crime?  
    • A. 

      Preponderance of the evidence

    • B. 

      Clear and convincing evidence

    • C. 

      Beyond a reasonable doubt

    • D. 

      B or c, depending on the crime

  • 6. 
    6. In federal courts, the Daubert standard for the admission of expert testimony has replaced the _____ standard.  
    • A. 

      Jenkins

    • B. 

      Kumho Tire

    • C. 

      Joiner

    • D. 

      Frye

  • 7. 
    7. Under which condition is the content of a psychological report that has been prepared following a psychological evaluation most likely to be kept confidential?  
    • A. 

      When the evaluation was ordered by the judge

    • B. 

      When the evaluation was requested and paid for by the defense

    • C. 

      When the evaluation was requested by the prosecutor but paid for by the court

    • D. 

      When both the prosecutor and defense request the evaluation

  • 8. 
    8. Which of the following statements about ultimate opinion testimony is (are) correct?  
    • A. 

      The Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct of the APA strongly discourage such testimony

    • B. 

      Courts often want psychologists to provide an opinion on the ultimate issue

    • C. 

      Research indicates that the opinions of experts are least influential in pre-trial criminal proceedings

    • D. 

      There is lack of consensus among psychologists as to whether such testimony is appropriate

    • E. 

      Only b and d are correct

  • 9. 
    9. At which stage of the criminal justice process is competence not an issue?  
    • A. 

      Confessing to a crime

    • B. 

      Being sentenced

    • C. 

      Refusing the insanity defense

    • D. 

      A and c only

    • E. 

      Competence is an issue at every stage

  • 10. 
    10. American trial procedure is a(n)_____________system of justice  
    • A. 

      Inquisitorial

    • B. 

      Disruptive

    • C. 

      Adversarial

    • D. 

      Impractical

  • 11. 
    11. The U.S. Supreme Court determined that Gerald Gault  
    • A. 

      Was delinquent as determined by the lower courts

    • B. 

      Had been denied due process in the juvenile court

    • C. 

      Should be punished as an adult

    • D. 

      Was guilty beyond a reasonable doubt

  • 12. 
      12. Under the Daubert standard, what are the three criteria that must be evaluated by the presiding judge?  
    • A. 

      Reliability, validity, general acceptance in the scientific community

    • B. 

      Validity, legal sufficiency, relevance

    • C. 

      General acceptance, reliability, validity

    • D. 

      Reliability, relevance, legal sufficiency

  • 13. 
    13.  The most common of the forensic mental health assessments performed for the criminal courts involves the issue of:  
    • A. 

      Adjudicative competency

    • B. 

      Criminal responsibility

    • C. 

      Sex offender evaluation at sentencing

    • D. 

      Amenability for rehabilitation

  • 14. 
    14. The case in which the U.S. Supreme Court set the standard for determining competency to stand trial was
    • A. 

      Dusky v. U.S.

    • B. 

      Godinez v. Moran

    • C. 

      Cooper v. Oklahoma

    • D. 

      Jackson v. Indiana

  • 15. 
    15. If a state requires a defendant to prove his or her incompetence, what is the highest standard of proof that can be required?  
    • A. 

      Preponderance of the evidence

    • B. 

      Clear and convincing evidence

    • C. 

      Beyond a reasonable doubt

    • D. 

      Without all reasonable doubt

  • 16. 
    16. Approximately what proportion of defendants referred for competency evaluations is ultimately found incompetent?  
    • A. 

      10%

    • B. 

      15-20%

    • C. 

      25-30%

    • D. 

      40-50%

  • 17. 
    17. In Sell v. U.S., the Supreme Court ruled that defendants found Incompetent to Stand Trial (IST):
    • A. 

      Cannot be forced to take psychoactive medication intended to restore them to competency

    • B. 

      Can be forced to take medication only if they are charged with a felony

    • C. 

      Are entitled to a careful review of the trial-related risks and side effects of the medication before medication is ordered

    • D. 

      Have a right to go to trial in a non-medicated state

  • 18. 
    18. Since the Hinckley case:  
    • A. 

      Cases involving the insanity defense have become much more common

    • B. 

      Both the federal government and many states have made it more difficult for defendants claiming insanity

    • C. 

      Juries have been more sympathetic to defendants claiming insanity

    • D. 

      About twelve states have abolished the insanity defense

  • 19. 
    19. A mitigating factor is one which:  
    • A. 

      Lessens the individual’s responsibility for an act

    • B. 

      Renders an act even more heinous than previously thought

    • C. 

      Suggests that an individual is dangerous to society

    • D. 

      Absolves the individual of guilt

  • 20. 
    20. In Kansas v. Crane, the Supreme Court ruled that, in order to commit sex offenders under sexually violent predator (SVP) statutes, the state had to demonstrate:  
    • A. 

      That the sex offender was seriously mentally ill

    • B. 

      That the offender was unable to control his behavior

    • C. 

      That the offender had some inability to control his behavior

    • D. 

      That the offender showed no remorse for his crimes

  • 21. 
    21. Civil courts include all but which of the following?  
    • A. 

      Juvenile courts

    • B. 

      Family courts

    • C. 

      Probate courts

    • D. 

      Municipal courts

  • 22. 
    22. According to the doctrine of parens patriae, the state can intervene in the lives of children:  
    • A. 

      Even over the objection of their parents

    • B. 

      If they are perceived to be in danger

    • C. 

      In the best interest of the children

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    23.  In Kent v. U.S., the Supreme Court ruled that:  
    • A. 

      Juveniles had a right to be represented by lawyers in delinquency hearings

    • B. 

      The doctrine of parens patriae should be abolished

    • C. 

      Judges had to hold hearings before transferring juveniles to criminal court

    • D. 

      Juveniles charged with status offenses could not be institutionalized

  • 24. 
    24. Which of the following statements about custodial interrogation is correct?  
    • A. 

      Juveniles often waive their right to have a lawyer present during custodial interrogation.

    • B. 

      Juveniles have a Constitutional right to have their parents/guardians present, but not lawyers, during custodial interrogation.

    • C. 

      Under the U.S. Constitution, police are not allowed to question juveniles without their parents or guardians present.

    • D. 

      Under the U.S. Constitution, police are not allowed to question juveniles without a lawyer present.

  • 25. 
    25. Research by Grisso indicates that:  
    • A. 

      Parents are the best protectors of their children’s legal rights

    • B. 

      Many juveniles—particularly those 14 and younger—do not understand their constitutional rights

    • C. 

      Juveniles today are aware of their rights and typically refuse to waive them

    • D. 

      There are few age differences among juveniles in their ability to understand constitutional rights