Forensic Psychology

42 Questions

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Forensic Psychology

This is regarding lectures 1) Causes of Crime-A Synthesis; 2) Psychopathology; 3) Mentally Discordered Offenders and Young Offenders; 4) Violent Offenders Etiology I; 5) Violent Offenders Etiology II & 6) Violent Offenders:Assessment & Treatment


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What are the three variables that correlate and underlie most criminal behavior?
    • A. 

      Mating Effort, Competitive Disadvantage, and Antisociality

    • B. 

      Risk Taking, Young Male Syndrome, and Antisociality

    • C. 

      Mating Effort, Risk Taking, and Psychopathy

    • D. 

      Mating Effort, Risk Taking, and Antisociality

  • 2. 
    What are three major paths of offending?
    • A. 

      Risk Taking, Young Male Syndrome, and Psychopathy

    • B. 

      Young Male Syndrome, Competitive Disadvantage, and Psychopathy

    • C. 

      Antisociality, Mating Effort, and Young Male Syndrome

    • D. 

      Psychopathy, Risk Taking, and Competitive Disadvantage

  • 3. 
    Kanazawa believes the underlying factor for crime incidence is
  • 4. 
    Mathematically, Kanazawa showed that the age-sex crime curve is
    • A. 

      The difference between reproductive benefits minus costs

    • B. 

      The difference between costs minus reproductive benefits

  • 5. 
    What did Kanazawa say was a proximate cause?
  • 6. 
    What are the three things that Kanazawa (2003) explains?
    • A. 

      Accounts for majority of crimes, Sex difference, and Intelligence

    • B. 

      Intelligence, Crime Drop, and Sex Difference

    • C. 

      Crime Drop, Accounts for majority of crimes, and Intelligence

    • D. 

      Psychopathy, Intelligence, and Crime Drop

  • 7. 
    What is young male syndrome (2 parts)?
    • A. 

      Accounts for life-course-persistent delinquency and some young men are more likely to compete than others

    • B. 

      Some young men or more likely to compete than others and insanity defense is used in this case

    • C. 

      Young men are likely to accept risk to compete for reproductively relevant goals and more likely to compete than others

    • D. 

      More likely to conduct homocide and more likely to compete with others.

  • 8. 
    What is competitive disadvantage according to evolutionary psychology?
    • A. 

      Those who adopted a long-term high mating effort strategy would have outcompeted those who did not

    • B. 

      Particular traits that are optimal only when they exist as a certain percentage

    • C. 

      An entity, type, syndrome, species, or disease

    • D. 

      A repetitive and persistant pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others are violated

  • 9. 
  • 10. 
    Those who have a competitive disdvantage begin life with
  • 11. 
    What differs psychopathy from the other two routes to criminal behavior is that it is a
  • 12. 
    Historically, psychopaths were thought to be
    • A. 

      Monsters, demons, and inbred

    • B. 

      Flawed in terms of personality, inbred, and evil

    • C. 

      Evil, witches, and crazy

    • D. 

      Flawed in terms of personality, evil, and satanic

  • 13. 
    Why is Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) NOT psychopathy?
    • A. 

      ASPD is diagnosed as a small child and Psychopathy is diagnosed as an adolescent/adult

    • B. 

      In ASPD the person feels remorse and psychopathy does not

    • C. 

      Psychopathy have average intelligence and ASPD have above average intelligence

    • D. 

      ASPD focuses on criminal aspects and Psychopathy is more about personality

  • 14. 
    What was the first account of psychopathic behaviors called?
  • 15. 
    According to Robert Hare, what were the three psychopathy types?
  • 16. 
    What are some characteristics of a primary psychopath?
  • 17. 
    What are some characteristics of a secondary psychopath?
  • 18. 
    What are characteristics of dyssocial psychopaths?
  • 19. 
    What is Robert Hare most well known for developing?
    • A. 

      Psychopathy Checklist

    • B. 

      VRAG

    • C. 

      MMPI

    • D. 

      Principles of Effective Correctional Programming

  • 20. 
    What is the difference between factor 1 and factor 2 in the psychopathy checklist?
  • 21. 
    Frequency dependent selection is
    • A. 

      A life strategy incorporating maipulative and predatory social interactions

    • B. 

      When selection favors a gene when it is rare, and disfavors it when it becomes more common

    • C. 

      When a person is more likely to commit a crime against another person as opposed to commiting crimes like stealing a bike

    • D. 

      When a person chooses to kill someone genetically related to them

  • 22. 
    What are some aspects of Cloninger's two-threshold model?
  • 23. 
  • 24. 
    What is a taxon?
    • A. 

      The hypothesis that suggests psychopaths are a distinct group or nonarbitrary class

    • B. 

      A categorical distinction in which people can either be psychopaths or nonpsychopaths

    • C. 

      An assessment that predicts recidivism

    • D. 

      The idea that psychopaths result from defective development

  • 25. 
    What was the outcome of the Harris, Rice, & Quinsey (1994) study?
  • 26. 
    A prisoner diadnosed with mental retardation is more likely to commit a crime (against a person or not against a person )
  • 27. 
    What are some crime correlates of a developmental disability?
  • 28. 
    • A. 

      Those with a mental illness who commit a crime are automatically aquitted

    • B. 

      A person with a mental illness who commits a crime but knew what they were doing at the time will be aquitted

    • C. 

      A person with a mental illness who commits a crime but knew what they were doing at the time will serve their punishment, as guilty

    • D. 

      Those with a mental illness who commit a crime should recieve the same treatment as one without illness regardless of the situation

  • 29. 
    What was the outcome of Harris, Rice, & Camilleri (2004) study regarding offenders with mental illness?
  • 30. 
    What is inclusive fitness?
    • A. 

      Kin selection or likliness that a perpetrator would not be genetically realted to the victim

    • B. 

      The likliness that a mother will chose to kill her infant rather than her older child

    • C. 

      The idea that the perpetrator is genetically related to the victim

    • D. 

      The higher rates of domestic violence that occurs in homes with stepchildren

  • 31. 
    What is the relationship between maternal age and maternal filicide?
  • 32. 
    What are some factors (other than maternal age) that can result in maternal filocide?
  • 33. 
    What are some risks associated with uxoricide (killing one's wife)?
  • 34. 
    What is male sexual proprietariness?
    • A. 

      The idea that violence is typically among men (men are the offenders and men are the victims)

    • B. 

      The idea that men view women as having the right to take ownership over them

    • C. 

      That most sex offenders are men

    • D. 

      Says that a main cause of homocide is honor

  • 35. 
    What is culkoldry risk?
  • 36. 
    What does the error management theory suggest?
    • A. 

      That women were more likely to br unfaithful than men

    • B. 

      That men feel it is better to underestimate a partner's infidelity than to overestimate it

    • C. 

      That men feel it is better to overestimate a partner's infidelity than to underestimate it

    • D. 

      That men are more likely to be unfaithful than women

  • 37. 
    Daly & Wilson view uxoricide as a byproduct because 
    • A. 

      If coercive control is to keep a partner, then killing a partner is counterproductive

    • B. 

      Under circumstances, the benefits of killing one's wife outweigh the cost

    • C. 

      Of the reputation of being a cuckold (someone whose partner cheats on them)

    • D. 

      His status is lowered if his wife cheats on him

  • 38. 
    Which of the four are NOT reasons why honor killing are so common?
    • A. 

      Its a sign of status

    • B. 

      It deters others from challenging them

    • C. 

      Vengence feels good

    • D. 

      Traits are found desirable by women

  • 39. 
    Which is NOT a purpose of assessment of violent offenders?
    • A. 

      Investigative

    • B. 

      Guide treatment

    • C. 

      Educate the offender

    • D. 

      Predict recidivism

  • 40. 
    What three categories can psychological assessments be divided into?
  • 41. 
    Which assesments are good and which are bad in guiding treatment of offenders?
    • A. 

      MMPI=good, PCL-R= bad, VRAG=bad

    • B. 

      MMPI=bad, PCL-R=good, VRAG=bad

    • C. 

      MMPI=bad, PCL=R=bad, VRAG=good

    • D. 

      MMPI=good, PCL-R=bad, VRAG=good

  • 42. 
    What is criminogenic need?