Forensic Psychology Quiz With Answers

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Forensic Psychology Quiz With Answers - Quiz

Have you ever heard about forensic psychology? Assess your understanding of forensic psychology with these quiz questions and answers. Forensic psychology is a professional psychology specialty that involves investigations, research studies, assessments, and consultation of criminal treatment programs. If you are a forensic psychologist, you must be aware of its processes. We have a quiz based on forensic psychology. Can you score well? Let's see! You will get a performance certificate at the end of this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the three variables that correlate and underlie most criminal behavior?

    • A.

      Mating Effort, Competitive Disadvantage, and Antisociality

    • B.

      Risk Taking, Young Male Syndrome, and Antisociality

    • C.

      Mating Effort, Risk Taking, and Psychopathy

    • D.

      Mating Effort, Risk Taking, and Antisociality

    Correct Answer
    D. Mating Effort, Risk Taking, and Antisociality
    Explanation
    The three variables that correlate and underlie most criminal behavior are mating effort, risk taking, and antisociality. Mating effort refers to the motivation to attract and compete for mates, which can lead individuals to engage in criminal activities. Risk taking involves a willingness to engage in dangerous or illegal behaviors, which is often seen in criminals. Antisociality refers to a lack of empathy and disregard for the rights of others, which is a common trait among criminals. These three variables together contribute to criminal behavior by influencing individuals' motivations, decision-making, and social interactions.

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  • 2. 

    What are three major paths of offending?

    • A.

      Risk Taking, Young Male Syndrome, and Psychopathy

    • B.

      Young Male Syndrome, Competitive Disadvantage, and Psychopathy

    • C.

      Antisociality, Mating Effort, and Young Male Syndrome

    • D.

      Psychopathy, Risk Taking, and Competitive Disadvantage

    Correct Answer
    B. Young Male Syndrome, Competitive Disadvantage, and Psychopathy
    Explanation
    The three major paths of offending are Young Male Syndrome, Competitive Disadvantage, and Psychopathy. Young Male Syndrome refers to the tendency of young males to engage in risky and aggressive behaviors due to hormonal and social factors. Competitive Disadvantage refers to individuals who resort to criminal activities as a means to overcome socioeconomic disadvantages and achieve success. Psychopathy refers to a personality disorder characterized by a lack of empathy, impulsivity, and a disregard for societal norms, which can lead to criminal behavior. These three factors contribute to an individual's likelihood of engaging in offending behavior.

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  • 3. 

    Kanazawa believes the underlying factor for crime incidence is

    Correct Answer
    productivity
    Explanation
    He believes people that are productive are less likely to commit crime (e.g. those who work, have a family and/or go to school)

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  • 4. 

    Mathematically, Kanazawa showed that the age-sex crime curve is

    • A.

      The difference between reproductive benefits minus costs

    • B.

      The difference between costs minus reproductive benefits

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. The difference between reproductive benefits minus costs
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "the difference between reproductive benefits minus costs." Kanazawa's mathematical analysis suggests that the age-sex crime curve can be explained by considering the balance between the benefits gained from reproductive opportunities and the costs associated with engaging in criminal behavior. This explanation implies that individuals are more likely to engage in criminal activities during certain stages of their life when the potential reproductive benefits outweigh the costs.

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  • 5. 

    What did Kanazawa say was a proximate cause?

    Correct Answer
    crime is an expression of competitive desire
    Explanation
    Kanazawa argued that crime is an expression of competitive desire. This means that individuals engage in criminal behavior as a way to satisfy their competitive instincts and desires. They may resort to illegal activities in order to gain an advantage over others or to fulfill their need for power, status, or resources. This perspective suggests that crime is not solely driven by social or economic factors, but also by an inherent human drive to compete and succeed.

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  • 6. 

    What are the three things that Kanazawa (2003) explains?

    • A.

      Accounts for majority of crimes, Sex difference, and Intelligence

    • B.

      Intelligence, Crime Drop, and Sex Difference

    • C.

      Crime Drop, Accounts for majority of crimes, and Intelligence

    • D.

      Psychopathy, Intelligence, and Crime Drop

    Correct Answer
    A. Accounts for majority of crimes, Sex difference, and Intelligence
    Explanation
    Kanazawa (2003) explains three things: accounts for the majority of crimes, sex difference, and intelligence.

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  • 7. 

    What is young male syndrome (2 parts)?

    • A.

      Accounts for life-course-persistent delinquency and some young men are more likely to compete than others

    • B.

      Some young men or more likely to compete than others and insanity defense is used in this case

    • C.

      Young men are likely to accept risk to compete for reproductively relevant goals and more likely to compete than others

    • D.

      More likely to conduct homocide and more likely to compete with others.

    Correct Answer
    C. Young men are likely to accept risk to compete for reproductively relevant goals and more likely to compete than others
  • 8. 

    What is competitive disadvantage according to evolutionary psychology?

    • A.

      Those who adopted a long-term high mating effort strategy would have outcompeted those who did not

    • B.

      Particular traits that are optimal only when they exist as a certain percentage

    • C.

      An entity, type, syndrome, species, or disease

    • D.

      A repetitive and persistant pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others are violated

    Correct Answer
    A. Those who adopted a long-term high mating effort strategy would have outcompeted those who did not
    Explanation
    According to evolutionary psychology, individuals who adopted a long-term high mating effort strategy would have outcompeted those who did not. This means that individuals who invested more time and effort in mating and reproductive activities would have had a competitive advantage over those who did not prioritize these activities. This strategy would have increased their chances of successfully reproducing and passing on their genes, ultimately leading to their evolutionary success.

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  • 9. 

    What are some explanations for the crime drop?

    Correct Answer
    Lesser access to firearms, use of softer drugs, Increased police activities, increased imprisionment, improved economy
    Explanation
    The crime drop can be attributed to several factors. Firstly, lesser access to firearms has likely contributed to a decrease in violent crimes. With stricter gun control measures and regulations, it becomes more difficult for criminals to obtain firearms. Additionally, the use of softer drugs may have led to a decline in drug-related crimes, as these substances are generally less addictive and have fewer negative effects on individuals. Increased police activities, such as proactive patrolling and community engagement, can also deter criminals and prevent crime. Furthermore, the increased imprisonment of offenders has likely played a role in reducing crime rates, as it removes potential criminals from the streets. Lastly, an improved economy can lead to lower crime rates, as individuals have better access to job opportunities and resources, reducing the motivation for criminal activities.

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  • 10. 

    Those who have a competitive disdvantage begin life with

    Correct Answer
    neurodevelopment insults or some type of neurological problem, disadvantaged environments
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that individuals who have a competitive disadvantage in life may have experienced neurodevelopment insults or neurological problems during their early stages of life. Additionally, they may have grown up in disadvantaged environments, which could have further contributed to their disadvantage. These factors could have impacted their cognitive and physical development, limiting their ability to compete effectively in various aspects of life.

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  • 11. 

    What differs psychopathy from the other two routes to criminal behavior is that it is a

    Correct Answer
    facultative response
    Explanation
    Psychopathy is characterized by a facultative response, meaning that it is a choice or a voluntary decision to engage in criminal behavior. This sets it apart from the other two routes to criminal behavior, which may be influenced by external factors such as social or environmental circumstances. Unlike psychopathy, these routes may not necessarily involve a conscious decision-making process. Therefore, the key difference lies in the voluntary nature of psychopathy as a response to engage in criminal activities.

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  • 12. 

    Historically, psychopaths were thought to be

    • A.

      Monsters, demons, and inbred

    • B.

      Flawed in terms of personality, inbred, and evil

    • C.

      Evil, witches, and crazy

    • D.

      Flawed in terms of personality, evil, and satanic

    Correct Answer
    B. Flawed in terms of personality, inbred, and evil
    Explanation
    This answer explains that historically, psychopaths were believed to be flawed in terms of personality, inbred, and evil. This suggests that people thought psychopaths had inherent personality flaws, were born from inbred lineages, and possessed evil tendencies. This explanation provides a summary of the historical perception of psychopaths without explicitly stating "The correct answer is."

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  • 13. 

    Why is Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) NOT psychopathy?

    • A.

      ASPD is diagnosed as a small child and Psychopathy is diagnosed as an adolescent/adult

    • B.

      In ASPD the person feels remorse and psychopathy does not

    • C.

      Psychopathy have average intelligence and ASPD have above average intelligence

    • D.

      ASPD focuses on criminal aspects and Psychopathy is more about personality

    Correct Answer
    D. ASPD focuses on criminal aspects and Psychopathy is more about personality
    Explanation
    ASPD and psychopathy are two distinct disorders with different diagnostic criteria. While ASPD is diagnosed in childhood, psychopathy is typically diagnosed in adolescence or adulthood. Additionally, individuals with ASPD may experience feelings of remorse, whereas psychopathy is characterized by a lack of remorse and empathy. Another difference lies in intelligence, as psychopaths tend to have average intelligence while those with ASPD often have above average intelligence. Lastly, ASPD is primarily focused on criminal behavior, whereas psychopathy is more related to personality traits.

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  • 14. 

    What was the first account of psychopathic behaviors called?

    Correct Answer
    Mask of Sanity
    Explanation
    The first account of psychopathic behaviors was called "Mask of Sanity." This term refers to the idea that individuals with psychopathic traits can often appear normal and hide their true nature behind a mask of sanity. It suggests that these individuals are adept at concealing their true intentions and manipulating others. The term "Mask of Sanity" highlights the deceptive nature of psychopathy and the difficulty in identifying these individuals based on their outward behavior.

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  • 15. 

    According to Robert Hare, what were the three psychopathy types?

    Correct Answer
    Primary Psychopath, Secondary Psychopath, Dyssocial psychopath
    Explanation
    Robert Hare identified three types of psychopathy: Primary Psychopath, Secondary Psychopath, and Dyssocial psychopath. These types are classifications based on different characteristics and behaviors exhibited by individuals with psychopathic tendencies. Primary psychopaths are characterized by their lack of empathy, remorse, and manipulative nature. Secondary psychopaths, on the other hand, display impulsive and erratic behavior, often associated with substance abuse. Dyssocial psychopaths have a history of antisocial behavior and criminality, often starting from a young age. These classifications help in understanding and studying the different manifestations of psychopathy in individuals.

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  • 16. 

    What are some characteristics of a primary psychopath?

    Correct Answer
    most dangerous of three types
    Explanation
    Primary psychopaths are characterized by being the most dangerous among the three types of psychopaths. They exhibit a lack of empathy, remorse, and guilt, and tend to display impulsive and irresponsible behavior. They are often charming and manipulative, using their charisma to deceive and exploit others for personal gain. Their disregard for societal norms and rules, combined with their propensity for aggression and violence, make them particularly dangerous individuals.

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  • 17. 

    What are some characteristics of a secondary psychopath?

    Correct Answer
    commit antisocial acts, due to inner conflict or emotional problem, display characteristics that appear as personality, but are due to emotional problems
    Explanation
    Secondary psychopaths are individuals who engage in antisocial acts as a result of inner conflict or emotional problems. They may exhibit characteristics that resemble a particular personality, but these traits are actually a manifestation of their underlying emotional issues. Unlike primary psychopaths who display psychopathic traits regardless of their emotional state, secondary psychopaths' behaviors are influenced by their inner turmoil, leading to the commission of antisocial acts. Their actions are not purely driven by a psychopathic personality, but rather by unresolved emotional problems.

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  • 18. 

    What are characteristics of dyssocial psychopaths?

    Correct Answer
    people who learn addressive and antisocial behavior from subculture (e.g. gang), behavior that looks psychopathic but would not have been seen early on
    Explanation
    Dyssocial psychopaths are individuals who develop addressive and antisocial behavior from a subculture, such as a gang. Their behavior may exhibit psychopathic traits, but these characteristics may not have been evident in their early life. This suggests that their psychopathic behavior is learned and influenced by their environment, rather than being inherent from an early age.

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  • 19. 

    What is Robert Hare most well known for developing?

    • A.

      Psychopathy Checklist

    • B.

      VRAG

    • C.

      MMPI

    • D.

      Principles of Effective Correctional Programming

    Correct Answer
    A. Psychopathy Checklist
    Explanation
    Robert Hare is most well known for developing the Psychopathy Checklist. This checklist is a widely used tool in psychology and criminology for assessing psychopathy in individuals. It consists of a set of criteria that are used to evaluate the presence and severity of psychopathic traits in a person. The checklist has been instrumental in research, clinical assessments, and forensic evaluations related to psychopathy, and has greatly contributed to our understanding of this personality disorder.

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  • 20. 

    Frequency dependent selection is

    • A.

      A life strategy incorporating maipulative and predatory social interactions

    • B.

      When selection favors a gene when it is rare, and disfavors it when it becomes more common

    • C.

      When a person is more likely to commit a crime against another person as opposed to commiting crimes like stealing a bike

    • D.

      When a person chooses to kill someone genetically related to them

    Correct Answer
    B. When selection favors a gene when it is rare, and disfavors it when it becomes more common
    Explanation
    Frequency dependent selection refers to a phenomenon in which the fitness of a gene or trait is dependent on its frequency in the population. When a gene is rare, it may have a higher fitness advantage, leading to selection favoring its presence. However, as the gene becomes more common, its fitness advantage decreases, and selection may start to disfavor it. This mechanism helps to maintain genetic diversity in a population and prevents any one gene or trait from becoming too dominant.

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  • 21. 

    What is a taxon?

    • A.

      The hypothesis that suggests psychopaths are a distinct group or nonarbitrary class

    • B.

      A categorical distinction in which people can either be psychopaths or nonpsychopaths

    • C.

      An assessment that predicts recidivism

    • D.

      The idea that psychopaths result from defective development

    Correct Answer
    A. The hypothesis that suggests psychopaths are a distinct group or nonarbitrary class
  • 22. 

    A prisoner diadnosed with mental retardation is more likely to commit a crime (against a person or not against a person )

    Correct Answer
    Against a person
    Explanation
    they don't have the mental capacity to plan ex. a theft

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  • 23. 

    What are some crime correlates of a developmental disability?

    Correct Answer
    childhood behavior problems, unemployment, Low socioeconomic status, deviant sexual preferences
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes childhood behavior problems, unemployment, low socioeconomic status, and deviant sexual preferences as crime correlates of a developmental disability. Developmental disabilities can lead to childhood behavior problems, which may increase the likelihood of engaging in criminal behavior later in life. Unemployment and low socioeconomic status can also contribute to criminal activity due to financial strain and limited opportunities. Deviant sexual preferences may be associated with certain developmental disabilities and can potentially lead to criminal behavior. These factors highlight the complex relationship between developmental disabilities and crime.

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  • 24. 

    What does the M'Naghten Rule mean in regards to the current laws of offenders with mental illness?

    • A.

      Those with a mental illness who commit a crime are automatically aquitted

    • B.

      A person with a mental illness who commits a crime but knew what they were doing at the time will be aquitted

    • C.

      A person with a mental illness who commits a crime but knew what they were doing at the time will serve their punishment, as guilty

    • D.

      Those with a mental illness who commit a crime should recieve the same treatment as one without illness regardless of the situation

    Correct Answer
    C. A person with a mental illness who commits a crime but knew what they were doing at the time will serve their punishment, as guilty
    Explanation
    The M'Naghten Rule, in regards to the current laws of offenders with mental illness, means that a person with a mental illness who commits a crime but knew what they were doing at the time will serve their punishment, as guilty. This rule is used to determine the criminal responsibility of individuals with mental illness by assessing their ability to understand the nature and consequences of their actions at the time of the crime. It recognizes that individuals with mental illness should be held accountable for their actions if they had the capacity to understand the wrongfulness of their behavior.

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  • 25. 

    What was the outcome of Harris, Rice, & Camilleri (2004) study regarding offenders with mental illness?

    Correct Answer
    That the same correlates that make anyone in the general population commit a crime are the same for mentally ill.
    Explanation
    The outcome of the Harris, Rice, & Camilleri (2004) study regarding offenders with mental illness was that the same factors that contribute to criminal behavior in the general population also apply to individuals with mental illness. This suggests that the underlying causes of criminal behavior are not solely linked to mental illness but are influenced by similar factors that affect the general population.

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  • 26. 

    What is inclusive fitness?

    • A.

      Kin selection or likliness that a perpetrator would not be genetically realted to the victim

    • B.

      The likliness that a mother will chose to kill her infant rather than her older child

    • C.

      The idea that the perpetrator is genetically related to the victim

    • D.

      The higher rates of domestic violence that occurs in homes with stepchildren

    Correct Answer
    A. Kin selection or likliness that a perpetrator would not be genetically realted to the victim
  • 27. 

    What is the relationship between maternal age and maternal filicide?

    Correct Answer
    the younger a woman the more likely that are to commit maternal filocide (killing of their child)
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given answer is that there is a positive correlation between younger maternal age and the likelihood of committing maternal filicide. This means that as the age of the mother decreases, the chances of her engaging in the act of killing her own child increase. This relationship may be influenced by various factors such as immaturity, lack of parenting skills, mental health issues, or stressors associated with being a young mother. However, it is important to note that this answer is based on the information provided and may not necessarily reflect the complete understanding of the topic.

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  • 28. 

    What are some factors (other than maternal age) that can result in maternal filocide?

    Correct Answer
    child defects, marital status of mother, genetic relatedness (whether they are biological or step parent)
    Explanation
    Factors other than maternal age that can result in maternal filicide include child defects, marital status of the mother, and genetic relatedness (whether the child is biologically related to the mother or a stepchild). These factors may contribute to feelings of stress, burden, or inability to cope, which can increase the risk of maternal filicide.

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  • 29. 

    What are some risks associated with uxoricide (killing one's wife)?

    Correct Answer
    familiar retribution (may be disowned by family), not being able to find another partner, raising children alone
    Explanation
    Some risks associated with uxoricide (killing one's wife) include familiar retribution, which could result in being disowned by one's family. Additionally, there is the risk of not being able to find another partner due to the stigma and legal consequences associated with such a crime. Lastly, another risk is the responsibility of raising children alone, as the act of uxoricide often leaves the surviving parent as the sole caregiver.

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  • 30. 

    What is male sexual proprietariness?

    • A.

      The idea that violence is typically among men (men are the offenders and men are the victims)

    • B.

      The idea that men view women as having the right to take ownership over them

    • C.

      That most sex offenders are men

    • D.

      Says that a main cause of homocide is honor

    Correct Answer
    B. The idea that men view women as having the right to take ownership over them
    Explanation
    Male sexual proprietariness refers to the belief or attitude that men perceive women as their possessions or objects that they have control over. This perspective implies that men have the right to dominate and control women sexually, treating them as objects rather than equals. It perpetuates a hierarchical and oppressive view of gender relations, where men exert power and control over women's sexuality and bodies. This belief contributes to the objectification and subordination of women, often leading to harmful and abusive behaviors towards them.

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  • 31. 

    What is culkoldry risk?

    Correct Answer
    the risk of a woman cheating on her husband
    Explanation
    Cuckoldry risk refers to the possibility or likelihood of a woman being unfaithful or cheating on her husband. It implies the potential threat to a marriage or relationship where the woman engages in extramarital affairs or infidelity. This risk is associated with the vulnerability of trust and fidelity within the relationship, which can lead to emotional distress, conflicts, and potential breakdown of the marriage or partnership.

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  • 32. 

    What does the error management theory suggest?

    • A.

      That women were more likely to br unfaithful than men

    • B.

      That men feel it is better to underestimate a partner's infidelity than to overestimate it

    • C.

      That men feel it is better to overestimate a partner's infidelity than to underestimate it

    • D.

      That men are more likely to be unfaithful than women

    Correct Answer
    C. That men feel it is better to overestimate a partner's infidelity than to underestimate it
    Explanation
    It has nothing to do with the actual number of infidelity's according to sex, only the perceived percentage

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  • 33. 

    Daly & Wilson view uxoricide as a byproduct because 

    • A.

      If coercive control is to keep a partner, then killing a partner is counterproductive

    • B.

      Under circumstances, the benefits of killing one's wife outweigh the cost

    • C.

      Of the reputation of being a cuckold (someone whose partner cheats on them)

    • D.

      His status is lowered if his wife cheats on him

    Correct Answer
    A. If coercive control is to keep a partner, then killing a partner is counterproductive
    Explanation
    According to Daly & Wilson, uxoricide (killing one's wife) is considered a byproduct because if the purpose of coercive control is to maintain a partner, then killing the partner would be counterproductive. In other words, killing one's wife goes against the objective of exerting control over her. Therefore, it is more beneficial to keep the partner alive rather than resorting to such extreme measures. Additionally, the reputation of being a cuckold (someone whose partner cheats on them) may lower the status of the individual, but killing the partner does not address or solve this issue.

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  • 34. 

    Which of the four are NOT reasons why honor killing are so common?

    • A.

      Its a sign of status

    • B.

      It deters others from challenging them

    • C.

      Vengence feels good

    • D.

      Traits are found desirable by women

    Correct Answer
    C. Vengence feels good
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "vengeance feels good." Honor killings are not motivated by a desire for personal vengeance or satisfaction. Instead, they are driven by cultural and social factors such as the belief that it is a sign of status, a way to deter others from challenging them, and the perception that certain traits are desirable to women.

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  • 35. 

    Which is NOT a purpose of assessment of violent offenders?

    • A.

      Investigative

    • B.

      Guide treatment

    • C.

      Educate the offender

    • D.

      Predict recidivism

    Correct Answer
    C. Educate the offender
    Explanation
    The purpose of assessing violent offenders includes investigative, guiding treatment, and predicting recidivism. However, educating the offender is not a purpose of assessment. Assessments are typically conducted to gather information about the offender's risk level, treatment needs, and potential for reoffending, rather than to educate them.

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  • 36. 

    What three categories can psychological assessments be divided into?

    Correct Answer
    personality, attitudes, C..R.A.P (ex. Rorschach test)
    Explanation
    Psychological assessments can be divided into three categories: personality, attitudes, and C.R.A.P (ex. Rorschach test). Personality assessments aim to understand an individual's unique traits and characteristics. Attitude assessments focus on measuring an individual's beliefs, opinions, and perspectives. C.R.A.P refers to projective tests like the Rorschach test, which assesses a person's psychological functioning by analyzing their responses to ambiguous stimuli. These three categories help psychologists gain insight into various aspects of an individual's psychological makeup and provide valuable information for diagnosis and treatment.

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  • 37. 

    Which assesments are good and which are bad in guiding treatment of offenders?

    • A.

      MMPI=good, PCL-R= bad, VRAG=bad

    • B.

      MMPI=bad, PCL-R=good, VRAG=bad

    • C.

      MMPI=bad, PCL=R=bad, VRAG=good

    • D.

      MMPI=good, PCL-R=bad, VRAG=good

    Correct Answer
    C. MMPI=bad, PCL=R=bad, VRAG=good
    Explanation
    MMPI used the most but does not work, PCL-r no evidence that it works, VRAG the best but only used

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  • 38. 

    What is criminogenic need?

    Correct Answer
    the characteristics that are related to commiting crimes and need to be addressed (needs of the criminals in terms of reducing crimes)
    Explanation
    Criminogenic needs refer to the characteristics or factors that are associated with criminal behavior and should be targeted in order to reduce crime. These needs are specific to individuals who have a higher risk of engaging in criminal activities. By addressing these needs, such as substance abuse, lack of education, or poor social skills, interventions can be tailored to reduce the likelihood of reoffending and promote rehabilitation. Identifying and addressing criminogenic needs is crucial in developing effective strategies for crime prevention and reducing recidivism rates.

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