Mexico (Ch. 13) Test

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Mexico (Ch. 13) Test - Quiz

7th Grade


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the Capital of Mexico?

    • A.

      Mexico City

    • B.

      Merida

    • C.

      Acapulco

    • D.

      Tampico

    Correct Answer
    A. Mexico City
    Explanation
    Mexico City is the correct answer because it is the capital of Mexico. It is the largest city in Mexico and serves as the political, cultural, and economic center of the country. Mexico City is located in the Valley of Mexico and has a rich history, with numerous historical and cultural landmarks. It is also the most populous city in Mexico, making it the obvious choice for the capital.

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  • 2. 

    What ocean borders Mexico on the West?

    • A.

      Gulf of Mexico

    • B.

      Caribbean Sea

    • C.

      Pacific Ocean

    • D.

      Atlantic Ocean

    Correct Answer
    C. Pacific Ocean
    Explanation
    The Pacific Ocean borders Mexico on the west. Mexico has a long coastline along the Pacific Ocean, spanning from the border with the United States in the north to the border with Guatemala in the south. The Gulf of Mexico is located on the eastern side of Mexico, while the Caribbean Sea is located on the southeastern side. The Atlantic Ocean is located to the east of Mexico, but it does not directly border the country.

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  • 3. 

    What TWO countries border Mexico on the Southeast?

    • A.

      Costa Rica

    • B.

      Belize

    • C.

      Guatemala

    • D.

      Honduras

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Belize
    C. Guatemala
    Explanation
    Belize and Guatemala are the two countries that border Mexico on the southeast. Belize is located to the east of Mexico, sharing a border along the Yucatan Peninsula. Guatemala is situated to the southeast of Mexico, sharing a border that extends from the Pacific coast to the Gulf of Honduras. These two countries form the southeastern border of Mexico, providing geographical and political boundaries between the nations.

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  • 4. 

    Mexico's Rio Bravo is known in the United States as the

    • A.

      Colorado River

    • B.

      Grand Caynon

    • C.

      Pacific Ocean

    • D.

      Rio Grande

    Correct Answer
    D. Rio Grande
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Rio Grande. The Rio Bravo, which is known as the Rio Grande in the United States, is a river that forms part of the border between Mexico and the United States. It is the fifth-longest river in North America and serves as an important water source for both countries. The river is known for its significant cultural and ecological importance, as well as its role in shaping the landscape of the region.

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  • 5. 

    Most of Northern Mexico is

    • A.

      Arid

    • B.

      Rainy

    • C.

      Covered in Ice

    • D.

      Humid

    Correct Answer
    A. Arid
    Explanation
    Northern Mexico is characterized by a dry and desert-like climate, with very little rainfall and limited vegetation. The region receives less than 10 inches of precipitation annually, making it arid. The lack of rainfall and high temperatures result in a scarcity of water and limited agricultural activities. The arid climate is influenced by the presence of the Sonoran and Chihuahuan Deserts, which cover a significant portion of Northern Mexico.

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  • 6. 

    What resource is found under the Yucatan Peninsula?

    • A.

      Limestone

    • B.

      Gold

    • C.

      Oil

    • D.

      Copper

    Correct Answer
    A. Limestone
    Explanation
    Limestone is found under the Yucatan Peninsula. This is because the Yucatan Peninsula is primarily composed of limestone, which is a sedimentary rock formed from the accumulation of shells, coral, and other organic materials over millions of years. The region's unique geology and the presence of underground water systems have also led to the formation of sinkholes and cenotes, which are natural water-filled sinkholes connected to underground rivers and caves. These geological features make the Yucatan Peninsula a popular destination for cave diving and exploring underground rivers.

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  • 7. 

    What is the major indicator of ethnic groups in Mexico today?

    • A.

      Languages

    • B.

      Religion

    • C.

      Hair color

    • D.

      Holiday celebrations

    Correct Answer
    A. Languages
    Explanation
    The major indicator of ethnic groups in Mexico today is languages. This is because Mexico is a country with a rich cultural and linguistic diversity. There are numerous indigenous languages spoken by different ethnic groups across the country, such as Nahuatl, Maya, Zapotec, and Mixtec. These languages serve as a significant marker of ethnic identity and are an important aspect of Mexico's cultural heritage.

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  • 8. 

    What is Mexico's most important mineral resource?

    • A.

      Sinkhole

    • B.

      Natural Gas

    • C.

      Oil

    • D.

      Water

    Correct Answer
    C. Oil
    Explanation
    Mexico's most important mineral resource is oil. Mexico is one of the largest oil producers in the world and has significant reserves of crude oil. The country's oil industry plays a crucial role in its economy, contributing to government revenue and providing employment opportunities. The extraction and export of oil have a significant impact on Mexico's trade balance and overall economic stability. Therefore, oil is considered Mexico's most important mineral resource.

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  • 9. 

    About 89% of Mexicans are

    • A.

      Islamic

    • B.

      Jewish

    • C.

      Protestant

    • D.

      Roman Catholic

    Correct Answer
    D. Roman Catholic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Roman Catholic because Mexico has a strong historical and cultural connection to Catholicism. The majority of Mexicans identify as Roman Catholic and the Catholic Church has played a significant role in shaping Mexican society and traditions. This is evident in the prevalence of Catholic rituals, holidays, and the influence of Catholicism in Mexican art, architecture, and literature.

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  • 10. 

    NAFTA is a trade agreement between Mexico, the United States, and South America.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. NAFTA is a trade agreement between Mexico, the United States, and Canada, not South America. South America is a different region and is not included in NAFTA.

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  • 11. 

    People of mixed European and Indian ancestry.

    • A.

      Mestizos

    • B.

      Mayan

    • C.

      Mulattoes

    • D.

      Ejidos

    Correct Answer
    A. Mestizos
    Explanation
    Mestizos refers to people of mixed European and Indian ancestry. This term is commonly used in Latin America to describe individuals who have both European and Indigenous American heritage. The term "mestizos" acknowledges the blending of cultures and races that occurred during the colonization of the Americas. It is important to note that the other options listed (Mayan, mulattoes, ejidos) do not accurately describe people of mixed European and Indian ancestry.

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  • 12. 

    What region in Mexico is the poorest?

    • A.

      Northern

    • B.

      Eastern

    • C.

      Southern

    • D.

      Western

    Correct Answer
    C. Southern
    Explanation
    The Southern region in Mexico is considered the poorest. This is due to several factors such as limited access to education, healthcare, and basic infrastructure, as well as high rates of unemployment and poverty. The Southern states in Mexico face significant economic challenges and have a higher concentration of indigenous populations, which often experience higher levels of poverty and marginalization. Additionally, the Southern region is characterized by a lack of economic diversity and dependence on agriculture, which further contributes to its lower economic development compared to other regions in Mexico.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following in one of the world's most polluted cities?

    • A.

      Tampico

    • B.

      Mexico City

    • C.

      Acapulco

    • D.

      Campech

    Correct Answer
    B. Mexico City
    Explanation
    Mexico City is one of the world's most polluted cities. It has consistently high levels of air pollution due to a combination of factors such as high population density, heavy traffic congestion, and industrial emissions. The city's geographical location exacerbates the problem as it is surrounded by mountains, which trap pollutants and prevent their dispersion. Additionally, Mexico City experiences temperature inversions, where a layer of warm air traps pollutants close to the ground. These factors contribute to the city's poor air quality and its classification as one of the most polluted cities in the world.

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  • 14. 

    Northern Mexico is the richest region in Mexico.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because Northern Mexico is known for its strong economy, particularly in industries such as manufacturing, mining, and agriculture. The region is home to several major cities, including Monterrey, which is considered the industrial capital of Mexico. Northern Mexico also benefits from its proximity to the United States, which allows for easier trade and investment opportunities. Additionally, the region has a higher average income and standard of living compared to other parts of Mexico. Therefore, it can be concluded that Northern Mexico is indeed the richest region in the country.

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  • 15. 

    What type of farming is practiced on the Yucatan Peninsula?

    • A.

      Maquiladoras

    • B.

      Cash crops

    • C.

      Slash-n-burn

    • D.

      Chinampas

    Correct Answer
    C. Slash-n-burn
    Explanation
    Slash-n-burn farming, also known as slash-and-burn agriculture or swidden agriculture, is a traditional farming method practiced on the Yucatan Peninsula. This farming technique involves clearing land by cutting down and burning vegetation, and then using the ashes to fertilize the soil. The cleared land is then used for cultivation for a few years until the soil fertility declines, after which the process is repeated in a different area. This method is commonly used in tropical regions, including the Yucatan Peninsula, to prepare the land for planting crops.

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  • 16. 

    The Aztec grew corn, beans, and peppers on these raised fields they called?

    • A.

      Chinampas

    • B.

      Slash-n-burn

    • C.

      Inflation

    • D.

      Ejidos

    Correct Answer
    A. Chinampas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is chinampas. The Aztecs used chinampas, which were raised fields, to grow crops such as corn, beans, and peppers. Chinampas were created by constructing small rectangular islands in shallow lakes and then layering them with mud and vegetation. This innovative agricultural technique allowed the Aztecs to maximize their crop yields and sustain their growing population.

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  • 17. 

    ________________ remains an important part of the Mexican economy, along with industry and tourism

    • A.

      Manufacturing

    • B.

      Haciendas

    • C.

      Banking

    • D.

      Farming

    Correct Answer
    D. Farming
    Explanation
    Farming remains an important part of the Mexican economy because agriculture plays a significant role in the country's GDP and employment. Mexico has a diverse range of agricultural products, including crops like corn, beans, and sugarcane, as well as livestock farming. The agricultural sector contributes to food security, rural development, and export revenues, making it a crucial component of Mexico's economy alongside industry and tourism.

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  • 18. 

    Many foreign-owned factories, known as __________________, are located in northern Mexico.

    • A.

      Ejidos

    • B.

      Maquiladoras

    • C.

      Missions

    • D.

      Mestizos

    Correct Answer
    B. Maquiladoras
    Explanation
    Maquiladoras are foreign-owned factories located in northern Mexico. These factories are typically set up by companies from other countries, particularly the United States, to take advantage of lower labor costs and favorable trade agreements. Maquiladoras play a significant role in the Mexican economy, providing employment opportunities for many workers and contributing to the country's export industry.

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  • 19. 

    Term for Spanish conquerors

    • A.

      Maquiladoras

    • B.

      Conquistadores

    • C.

      Chinampas

    • D.

      Mestizos

    Correct Answer
    B. Conquistadores
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "conquistadores." This term refers to the Spanish conquerors who led the colonization and exploration of the Americas during the 15th and 16th centuries. They played a significant role in the expansion of the Spanish Empire and the establishment of colonies in regions such as Mexico, Central America, and South America. The conquistadores were known for their military prowess and their desire to acquire wealth and power through the conquest and exploitation of indigenous peoples and resources.

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  • 20. 

    Mixed European and African ancestry.

    • A.

      Mulattoes

    • B.

      Mestizos

    • C.

      Ejidos

    • D.

      Missions

    Correct Answer
    A. Mulattoes
    Explanation
    The term "mulattoes" refers to individuals who have mixed European and African ancestry. This term is commonly used to describe people who have one white and one black parent. It is derived from the Spanish word "mulato," which means a mule, symbolizing the mixed heritage of these individuals. The term "mestizos" refers to individuals of mixed European and Indigenous American ancestry, while "ejidos" refers to communal lands in Mexico, and "missions" refer to religious settlements established by European colonizers.

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  • 21. 

    What were the Spanish conquistadores looking for in the mesoamerica?

    • A.

      Land

    • B.

      Slaves

    • C.

      Gold

    • D.

      Diamonds

    Correct Answer
    C. Gold
    Explanation
    The Spanish conquistadores were looking for gold in Mesoamerica. Gold was highly valued during that time and was seen as a symbol of wealth and power. The Spanish believed that Mesoamerica had abundant reserves of gold, which motivated them to explore and conquer the region. They hoped to find vast quantities of gold that they could claim for themselves or send back to Spain to enrich the Spanish empire.

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  • 22. 

    Even though the Cortez and his soldiers where out maned by thousands of Aztecs, why where the Spanish able to conquer the Aztecs?

    • A.

      Smarter

    • B.

      Diseases

    • C.

      Better ships

    • D.

      Swords

    Correct Answer
    B. Diseases
    Explanation
    The Spanish were able to conquer the Aztecs because they unintentionally brought diseases with them that the Aztecs had no immunity to. These diseases, such as smallpox, devastated the Aztec population, weakening their military forces and making it easier for the Spanish to conquer them.

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  • 23. 

    What TWO items did the Spanish bring with them that the natives had never seen?

    • A.

      Horses

    • B.

      Pigs

    • C.

      Swords

    • D.

      Guns

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Horses
    D. Guns
    Explanation
    The Spanish brought horses and guns with them, which were items that the natives had never seen before. Horses provided the Spanish with a significant advantage in warfare and transportation, as the natives had never encountered such large and powerful animals. Guns, on the other hand, introduced the concept of firearms to the natives, revolutionizing warfare and giving the Spanish a technological edge. These two items played a crucial role in the Spanish conquest of the Americas.

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  • 24. 

    How many states does Mexico have?

    • A.

      31

    • B.

      41

    • C.

      30

    • D.

      33

    Correct Answer
    A. 31
    Explanation
    Mexico is divided into 31 states. Each state has its own government and is further divided into municipalities. This decentralized system allows for local governance and administration within the country. Therefore, the correct answer is 31.

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  • 25. 

    What does the word 'meso' means in mesoamerica?

    • A.

      A big country

    • B.

      In the middle

    • C.

      Northern country

    • D.

      Southern country

    Correct Answer
    B. In the middle
    Explanation
    The word 'meso' in mesoamerica means 'in the middle'. Mesoamerica refers to the region in Central America that includes parts of Mexico and Central America. The term 'meso' is derived from the Greek word meaning 'middle', indicating that Mesoamerica is located in the middle of the Americas.

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  • 26. 

    Only the rich got to eat meat in the Aztec culture?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In the Aztec culture, meat was considered a luxury and was primarily consumed by the wealthy elite. This is because meat, especially from animals such as deer and turkey, was scarce and difficult to obtain. It was also associated with the gods and was often used in religious ceremonies. The common people, on the other hand, relied more on a diet based on maize, beans, and vegetables. Therefore, it can be concluded that only the rich had the privilege of eating meat in the Aztec culture.

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  • 27. 

    What early form of this crop that we still eat today did the early natives domesticate?

    • A.

      Beans

    • B.

      Wheat

    • C.

      Bananas

    • D.

      Corn

    Correct Answer
    D. Corn
    Explanation
    The early natives domesticated corn, which is an early form of crop that is still consumed today. Corn has a long history of cultivation by indigenous peoples in the Americas and has been a staple food for centuries. It was an important crop for early civilizations such as the Mayans and the Aztecs, and it remains a significant food source worldwide.

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  • 28. 

    What body of water is south of the Yucatan Peninsual?

    • A.

      Caribbean Sea

    • B.

      Pacific Ocean

    • C.

      Gulf of Mexico

    • D.

      Gulf of California

    Correct Answer
    A. Caribbean Sea
    Explanation
    The Yucatan Peninsula is located in southeastern Mexico, and it is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the east. Therefore, the correct answer is the Caribbean Sea.

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  • 29. 

    This is a limited resource, particularly in the dry north, and is a serious issue.

    • A.

      Limestone

    • B.

      Gold

    • C.

      Roads

    • D.

      Water

    Correct Answer
    D. Water
    Explanation
    Water is a limited resource, especially in the dry north, and is a serious issue. This suggests that the availability and access to water is scarce in this region, making it a significant problem. The other options, limestone, gold, and roads, do not have the same level of scarcity or impact on the region's well-being as water does.

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  • 30. 

    What was the Mexican-American war fought over?

    • A.

      Trade issues

    • B.

      Texas's border

    • C.

      Resources

    • D.

      Pride

    Correct Answer
    B. Texas's border
    Explanation
    The Mexican-American war was fought over Texas's border. The conflict arose because Mexico did not recognize Texas as an independent nation after it declared independence from Mexico in 1836. Mexico claimed that the border between Texas and Mexico was the Nueces River, while Texas argued that it was the Rio Grande. This disagreement over the border ultimately led to the outbreak of the war in 1846.

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  • 31. 

    What does NAFTA stand for?

    • A.

      Never Again Feed Tom Apples

    • B.

      North America Force Trade Argument

    • C.

      North America Free Trade Agreement

    • D.

      North America Free Trip Airlines

    Correct Answer
    C. North America Free Trade Agreement
    Explanation
    NAFTA stands for North America Free Trade Agreement. It is an international trade agreement between the United States, Canada, and Mexico. The purpose of NAFTA is to eliminate trade barriers and promote economic cooperation between the three countries. This agreement allows for the free movement of goods, services, and investments across the borders, resulting in increased trade and economic growth in the region.

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  • 32. 

    Modern scholars have been unable to read any Maya writing?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Modern scholars have not been unable to read any Maya writing. In fact, they have made significant progress in deciphering the Maya script and have been able to understand a large portion of it. Through the efforts of epigraphers and linguists, many Maya inscriptions have been translated, providing valuable insights into Maya history, culture, and beliefs. While there are still some portions of the script that remain undeciphered, it is incorrect to say that modern scholars have been unable to read any Maya writing.

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  • 33. 

    Hernan Cortes and his conquistadores defeated the Maya.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because Hernan Cortes and his conquistadores did not defeat the Maya. Cortes was a Spanish conquistador who is famously known for his conquest of the Aztec Empire in Mexico, not the Maya civilization. The Maya civilization existed in Mesoamerica long before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors and experienced a decline before the Spanish colonization.

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  • 34. 

    The native people of the American had NO resistance to diseases brought by Europeans.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the native people of America had no prior exposure to the diseases that were brought by Europeans, such as smallpox, measles, and influenza. As a result, they had no immunity or resistance to these diseases, making them highly susceptible to illness and death. This lack of resistance played a significant role in the devastating impact of European diseases on the native populations, leading to widespread depopulation and decimation of entire communities.

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  • 35. 

    Mexicans usually refer to the Mexican-American war as the North American Invasion.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Mexicans often refer to the Mexican-American war as the North American Invasion because it reflects their perspective on the conflict. From their point of view, the war was an invasion by the United States into Mexican territory. This term highlights the power dynamics and the perception of American aggression in the conflict.

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