Meteorology 101 - Pressure Systems, Air Masses And Fronts Quiz

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Meteorology 101 - Pressure Systems, Air Masses And Fronts Quiz - Quiz

Quiz on Pressure Systems, Air Masses and Fronts.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the 2 types of pressure systems?

    • A.

      High Pressure System

    • B.

      Low Pressure System

    • C.

      Medium Pressure System

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. High Pressure System
    B. Low Pressure System
    Explanation
    High pressure systems and low pressure systems are the two main types of pressure systems in meteorology. A high pressure system is characterized by descending air that causes the air to sink and compress, resulting in clear skies and fair weather conditions. On the other hand, a low pressure system is characterized by ascending air that causes the air to rise and cool, leading to cloud formation and potentially stormy weather. These two pressure systems play a crucial role in determining weather patterns and are important for weather forecasting.

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  • 2. 

    What is another name for a high pressure system?

    Correct Answer(s)
    fair weather system
    anti cyclone
    Explanation
    A high pressure system is often referred to as a fair weather system because it typically brings clear skies, calm winds, and stable weather conditions. Another name for a high pressure system is an anticyclone, which is a weather phenomenon characterized by the clockwise rotation of air in the Northern Hemisphere and counterclockwise rotation in the Southern Hemisphere.

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  • 3. 

    What is another name for a low pressure system?

    Correct Answer(s)
    stormy weather system
    cyclone
    Explanation
    A low pressure system is commonly referred to as a stormy weather system or a cyclone. These terms are used interchangeably to describe a weather pattern characterized by low atmospheric pressure, which typically brings about unsettled weather conditions including rain, strong winds, and sometimes thunderstorms. The term "stormy weather system" is a general description, while "cyclone" specifically refers to a low pressure system that rotates counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. Both terms accurately describe the same meteorological phenomenon.

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  • 4. 

    Do high pressure systems have fronts?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    High pressure systems do not have fronts because they are characterized by descending air that creates stable and clear weather conditions. In contrast, low pressure systems have fronts, which are boundaries where different air masses meet and can cause weather disturbances.

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  • 5. 

    What are the 5 different kinds of air masses?

    • A.

      Continental Polar

    • B.

      Continental Arctic

    • C.

      Maritime Polar

    • D.

      Maritime Tropical

    • E.

      Continental Tropical

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Continental Polar
    B. Continental Arctic
    C. Maritime Polar
    D. Maritime Tropical
    E. Continental Tropical
    Explanation
    The correct answer lists the five different kinds of air masses: Continental Polar, Continental Arctic, Maritime Polar, Maritime Tropical, and Continental Tropical. These air masses are characterized by their temperature and moisture content, and they play a crucial role in determining weather patterns and climate conditions in various regions. Continental Polar air masses originate over land and are cold and dry, while Continental Arctic air masses are even colder. Maritime Polar air masses form over cold oceanic regions and are cold and moist. Maritime Tropical air masses originate over warm oceanic regions and are warm and moist. Continental Tropical air masses form over hot and dry land areas.

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  • 6. 

    What are the characteristics of an Arctic Polar air mass?

    • A.

      Very cold, very dry and very dense.

    • B.

      Warm, dry and not dense.

    • C.

      Cold, dry and dense.

    • D.

      Cold, wet and dense.

    • E.

      Warm, wet and not dense.

    Correct Answer
    A. Very cold, very dry and very dense.
    Explanation
    The characteristics of an Arctic Polar air mass are very cold, very dry, and very dense. This air mass originates from the Arctic region and is characterized by extremely low temperatures, minimal moisture content, and high density. These characteristics make the air mass stable and capable of retaining its properties as it moves southward.

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  • 7. 

    What are the characteristics of a Continental Polar air mass?

    • A.

      Warm, wet and not dense.

    • B.

      Very cold, very dry and very dense.

    • C.

      Cold, dry and dense.

    • D.

      Warm, wet and not dense.

    • E.

      Cold, wet and dense.

    Correct Answer
    C. Cold, dry and dense.
    Explanation
    A Continental Polar air mass is characterized by being cold, dry, and dense. This type of air mass forms over land in polar regions and brings cold temperatures and low humidity. Due to its density, it tends to sink and remain close to the surface, resulting in stable atmospheric conditions. This air mass is often associated with clear skies and stable weather conditions.

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  • 8. 

    What are the characteristics of a Maritime Polar air mass?

    • A.

      Warm, dry and not dense.

    • B.

      Cold, dry and dense.

    • C.

      Cold, wet and dense.

    • D.

      Warm, wet and not dense.

    • E.

      Very cold, very dry and very dense.

    Correct Answer
    C. Cold, wet and dense.
    Explanation
    A Maritime Polar air mass is characterized by its cold temperature, moisture content, and high density. It forms over the ocean in high latitudes and brings cool, damp weather when it moves over land. The air mass is cold because it originates from polar regions, and it is wet due to the evaporation of moisture from the ocean's surface. The high density is a result of the cold temperature causing the air molecules to be closely packed together.

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  • 9. 

    What are the characteristics of a Continental Tropical air mass?

    • A.

      Very cold, very dry and very dense.

    • B.

      Cold, dry and dense.

    • C.

      Warm, wet and not dense.

    • D.

      Cold, wet and dense.

    • E.

      Warm, dry and not dense.

    Correct Answer
    E. Warm, dry and not dense.
    Explanation
    Continental Tropical air masses are formed over land in tropical regions. They are warm because they originate in areas with high temperatures. They are dry because they form over arid regions where moisture is scarce. They are not dense because warm air is less dense than cold air. Therefore, the correct answer is "Warm, dry and not dense."

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  • 10. 

    What are the characteristics of a Maritime Tropical air mass?

    • A.

      Cold, dry and dense.

    • B.

      Warm, wet and not dense

    • C.

      Very cold, very dry and very dense.

    • D.

      Warm, dry and not dense.

    • E.

      Cold, wet and dense.

    Correct Answer
    B. Warm, wet and not dense
    Explanation
    Maritime Tropical air masses are characterized by being warm and moist, as they originate over warm ocean waters. These air masses are not dense, meaning they have a lower air pressure compared to other types of air masses. They can bring humid and potentially stormy weather conditions, as the warm and moist air rises and cools, leading to the formation of clouds and precipitation.

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  • 11. 

    What are the 4 different kinds of fronts?

    • A.

      Warm Front

    • B.

      Cool Front

    • C.

      Cold Front

    • D.

      Occluded Front

    • E.

      Stationary Front

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Warm Front
    C. Cold Front
    D. Occluded Front
    E. Stationary Front
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Warm Front, Cold Front, Occluded Front, and Stationary Front. These are the four different kinds of fronts that occur in weather systems. A warm front occurs when warm air replaces cold air, causing a gradual increase in temperature. A cold front occurs when cold air replaces warm air, causing a rapid drop in temperature. An occluded front occurs when a cold front overtakes a warm front, lifting the warm air off the ground. A stationary front occurs when two air masses meet but neither is strong enough to replace the other, resulting in little to no movement.

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  • 12. 

    How fast do warm fronts usually move?

    • A.

      10 to 15 mph

    • B.

      5 to 15 mph

    • C.

      25 to 30 mph

    • D.

      40 to 50 mph

    • E.

      They don't move at all.

    Correct Answer
    B. 5 to 15 mph
    Explanation
    Warm fronts typically move at a speed of 5 to 15 mph. Warm fronts occur when warm air replaces cold air, and they typically move slower than cold fronts. This slower movement is due to the fact that warm air is less dense than cold air, causing it to rise more gradually and move at a slower pace. The speed of a warm front can also be influenced by other weather patterns and atmospheric conditions.

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  • 13. 

    How fast do cold fronts usually move?

    • A.

      15 to 20 mph

    • B.

      5 to 10 mph

    • C.

      20 to 40 mph

    • D.

      40 to 60 mph

    • E.

      They don't move at all.

    Correct Answer
    C. 20 to 40 mph
    Explanation
    Cold fronts usually move at a speed of 20 to 40 mph. Cold fronts are boundaries between cold and warm air masses, and they typically move faster than warm fronts. The speed at which a cold front moves can vary depending on various factors such as the strength of the air masses involved and the overall weather patterns in the region. However, on average, cold fronts tend to move within the range of 20 to 40 mph.

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  • 14. 

    Can thunderstorms form from all 4 of the fronts?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    Thunderstorms can form from all four types of fronts: cold fronts, warm fronts, stationary fronts, and occluded fronts. Cold fronts occur when a cold air mass displaces a warm air mass, causing instability and the potential for thunderstorm development. Warm fronts occur when a warm air mass displaces a cold air mass, and they can also trigger thunderstorms. Stationary fronts, which occur when neither air mass is displacing the other, can lead to the development of thunderstorms as well. Lastly, occluded fronts, which form when a cold front overtakes a warm front, can also produce thunderstorms. Therefore, thunderstorms can indeed form from all four types of fronts.

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  • Current Version
  • Feb 10, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 03, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Weatherguy18
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