Genotypes And Phenotypes Trivia Quiz!

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| By Kyle Pearson
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Kyle Pearson
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Quizzes Created: 34 | Total Attempts: 91,874
Questions: 18 | Attempts: 927

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Genotypes And Phenotypes Trivia Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The scientist often referred to as the father of genetics.

    • A.

      Albert Einstein

    • B.

      Gregor Mendel

    • C.

      Louis Pasteur

    • D.

      Alexander Flemming

    Correct Answer
    B. Gregor Mendel
    Explanation
    Gregor Mendel is often referred to as the father of genetics because of his groundbreaking work on pea plants in the 19th century. Mendel's experiments on inheritance patterns laid the foundation for the field of genetics, as he discovered the principles of dominant and recessive traits, as well as the concept of genetic inheritance. His work was not widely recognized during his lifetime, but it later became the cornerstone of modern genetics, earning him the title of the father of genetics.

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  • 2. 

    An example of a heterozygous genotype is...

    • A.

      Xx

    • B.

      Tt

    • C.

      TT

    • D.

      Tall

    Correct Answer
    B. Tt
    Explanation
    A heterozygous genotype refers to having two different alleles for a particular gene. In this case, the genotype Tt represents heterozygosity because it contains both a dominant allele (T) and a recessive allele (t) for the gene being considered. This combination of alleles results in a heterozygous genotype, where the dominant allele masks the expression of the recessive allele.

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  • 3. 

    Blonde hair is an example of what?

    • A.

      Phenotype

    • B.

      Genotype

    Correct Answer
    A. Phenotype
    Explanation
    Blonde hair is an example of a phenotype. Phenotype refers to the observable physical characteristics of an individual, which are determined by the interaction of their genetic makeup (genotype) and environmental factors. In this case, the genetic makeup determines the presence of certain alleles that result in the expression of blonde hair. This physical trait can be easily observed and categorized as a phenotype.

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  • 4. 

    The scientific study of heredity is called...

    • A.

      Meiosis

    • B.

      Crossing Over

    • C.

      Genetics

    • D.

      Pollination

    Correct Answer
    C. Genetics
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Genetics. Genetics is the scientific study of heredity, which involves the passing on of traits from parents to offspring. It focuses on understanding how genes are inherited and how they contribute to the characteristics and traits of organisms. Through the study of genetics, scientists can gain insights into the mechanisms of inheritance, genetic variation, and the role of genes in determining traits and diseases. Meiosis, crossing over, and pollination are all processes or events related to genetics but do not encompass the entire scientific study of heredity.

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  • 5. 

    In a genotype for plant height, such as Tt, what does each letter represent?

    • A.

      One genotype

    • B.

      One gene

    • C.

      One allele

    • D.

      One gamete

    Correct Answer
    C. One allele
    Explanation
    In a genotype for plant height, such as Tt, each letter represents one allele. An allele is a variant form of a gene that determines a specific trait, in this case, plant height. The genotype Tt indicates that the plant has two different alleles for the height gene, with T representing the dominant allele and t representing the recessive allele.

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  • 6. 

    Who determines the gender of the offspring?

    • A.

      Male

    • B.

      Female

    Correct Answer
    A. Male
    Explanation
    In most species, including humans, it is the male that determines the gender of the offspring. This is because males have both X and Y chromosomes, while females have two X chromosomes. During fertilization, if a sperm carrying a Y chromosome fertilizes the egg, the offspring will be male, whereas if a sperm carrying an X chromosome fertilizes the egg, the offspring will be female. Therefore, the gender of the offspring is determined by the presence of either an X or Y chromosome in the sperm.

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  • 7. 

    Find all the recessive genotype pairs.

    • A.

      Gg

    • B.

      Tt

    • C.

      TT

    • D.

      EE

    • E.

      Blue petals

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Gg
    B. Tt
    Explanation
    The given answer is correct because it identifies the recessive genotype pairs. In genetics, recessive traits are expressed when an individual has two copies of the recessive allele. In this case, "gg" represents a recessive genotype for a specific trait, and "tt" represents another recessive genotype for a different trait. The other genotypes mentioned (TT and EE) are not recessive because they either have dominant alleles or a combination of dominant and recessive alleles. Therefore, the correct answer is gg,tt.

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  • 8. 

    Find all of the dominant homozygous pairs.

    • A.

      RR

    • B.

      Short

    • C.

      Pp

    • D.

      GG

    • E.

      Qq

    • F.

      LL

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. RR
    D. GG
    F. LL
    Explanation
    The dominant homozygous pairs are RR, GG, and LL. This means that in each pair, both alleles are dominant. In the case of RR, both alleles are dominant for the trait represented by R. Similarly, for GG, both alleles are dominant for the trait represented by G. Lastly, for LL, both alleles are dominant for the trait represented by L.

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  • 9. 

    Find all of the heterozygous pairs.

    • A.

      Bb

    • B.

      HH

    • C.

      Ff

    • D.

      Gg

    • E.

      MMM

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Bb
    D. Gg
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the pairs Bb and Gg. This suggests that the individuals mentioned in the question are heterozygous for the corresponding genes. Heterozygous means that they have two different alleles for a particular gene, one dominant and one recessive. In this case, the individuals have one dominant allele (represented by the uppercase letter) and one recessive allele (represented by the lowercase letter). Therefore, Bb and Gg are the heterozygous pairs mentioned in the answer.

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  • 10. 

    Find all of the phenotypes.

    • A.

      Blue eyes

    • B.

      Tall person

    • C.

      Bb

    • D.

      YY

    • E.

      Wrinkled peas

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Blue eyes
    B. Tall person
    E. Wrinkled peas
    Explanation
    The given answer correctly identifies the phenotypes as blue eyes, tall person, and wrinkled peas. Phenotype refers to the observable characteristics or traits of an organism, which can be influenced by genetic factors. Blue eyes, tall stature, and wrinkled peas are all examples of phenotypes that can be observed in individuals. The presence of the gene Bb indicates a possible phenotype related to a specific trait, but without further information, it is not possible to determine the exact phenotype associated with this gene. Similarly, the presence of the gene YY does not provide enough information to determine the corresponding phenotype.

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  • 11. 

    Organisms that have two different alleles for a particular trait are said to be:

    • A.

      Hybrid

    • B.

      Homozygous

    • C.

      Heterzygous

    • D.

      Dominant

    Correct Answer
    C. Heterzygous
    Explanation
    Organisms that have two different alleles for a particular trait are said to be heterozygous. This means that they have two different versions of the gene for that trait, one inherited from each parent. In contrast, homozygous organisms have two identical alleles for the trait, while hybrid refers to the offspring of two different species or varieties. Dominant refers to an allele that is expressed over another allele in a heterozygous individual.

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  • 12. 

    Find all of the homozygous pairs.

    • A.

      HH

    • B.

      Bb

    • C.

      Ff

    • D.

      Gg

    • E.

      Tt

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. HH
    C. Ff
    E. Tt
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the pairs HH, ff, and tt. In genetics, homozygous refers to having two identical alleles for a particular gene. In this case, the pairs HH, ff, and tt are homozygous because both alleles in each pair are the same. Therefore, these pairs represent the homozygous individuals in the given set.

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  • 13. 

    Find ALL of the pairs that show dominant alleles.

    • A.

      Kk

    • B.

      LL

    • C.

      Ll

    • D.

      Tt

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Kk
    B. LL
    Explanation
    The pairs Kk and LL show dominant alleles because in both cases, the dominant allele (K and L, respectively) is present. The lowercase letter represents the recessive allele, which is not dominant in this case. The pair ll does not show dominant alleles because both alleles are lowercase, indicating that they are both recessive. The pair tt does not show dominant alleles because there is no uppercase letter present, indicating the absence of a dominant allele.

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  • 14. 

    Is an allele that is represented by a capital letter dominant or recessive? 

    Correct Answer(s)
    dominant
    Explanation
    An allele that is represented by a capital letter is dominant because it is capable of masking the presence of a recessive allele. This means that if an individual has one copy of the dominant allele, it will be expressed in the phenotype, regardless of whether they also have a copy of the recessive allele.

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  • 15. 

    A recessive allele is represented by a _____   _______.

    Correct Answer(s)
    lowercase letter
    Explanation
    A recessive allele is represented by a lowercase letter because in genetics, uppercase letters are typically used to represent dominant alleles. Recessive alleles are only expressed when an individual has two copies of the recessive allele, one from each parent. Lowercase letters are commonly used to denote these recessive alleles in genetic notation.

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