Medication Administration Exam 2 Prep

34 Questions

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Medication Administration Exam 2 Prep


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    When are parenteral medications administered by injection?
    • A. 

      When the medication must be absorbed as slowly and completely as possible.

    • B. 

      When the medication must be absorbed as rapidly and completely as possible.

    • C. 

      When patient is unable to take medication by mouth.

    • D. 

      Both A & C

    • E. 

      Both B & C

  • 2. 
    Pay special attention to these (select all that apply) while administering parenteral medications:
    • A. 

      It is an invasive procedure

    • B. 

      Skin is first line of defense

    • C. 

      Remember aseptic technique

    • D. 

      Only administer 1/2 of medication at first

    • E. 

      Make sure you're at the proper site of injection

  • 3. 
    With parenteral administration, these things may occur:
    • A. 

      Allergic reaction

    • B. 

      Patient won't be harmed with the wrong medication

    • C. 

      Infection

    • D. 

      Trauma at site of needle puncture

    • E. 

      It is irretrievable

  • 4. 
    The parts of a syringe include the barrel, the [Blank], and the tip.
  • 5. 
    Syringes come in many sizes. Anywhere from 1ml to ____ ml(s). 
    • A. 

      45

    • B. 

      50

    • C. 

      55

    • D. 

      60

  • 6. 
    Insulin syringes hold 1ml/cc.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Bevels are always ____!
    • A. 

      Pointing up

    • B. 

      Pointing down

    • C. 

      Pointing towards you

    • D. 

      Pointed towards your ear

  • 8. 
    The 3 parts of a needle include: hub, ____, and bevel.
  • 9. 
    Angle for IM shots are [Blank] degrees.
  • 10. 
    Angle for SQ shots are [Blank] degrees.
  • 11. 
    Angle for IV shots are [Blank] degrees.
  • 12. 
    Angle for TB shots are [Blank] degrees.
  • 13. 
    The higher the gauge number, the [Blank] the needle.
  • 14. 
    Consider these factors when medications are given (check all that apply).
    • A. 

      Onset

    • B. 

      Dosage

    • C. 

      Cost

  • 15. 
    Parenteral administration is considered any route other than the enteral or gastrointestinal tract.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Lipohypertrophy is the build up of subcutaneous fat at the site of insulin injection and slows the rate of absorption of medication.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Lipoatrophy is the breakdown of subcutaneous fat at the site of insulin injection and slows the rate of absorption of medication.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Check all that apply to the characteristic features of a needle.
    • A. 

      The slant of the shaft

    • B. 

      The length of the needle

    • C. 

      All needles are universal for both adults and infants/small children

  • 19. 
    How long until you need to throw away an insulin-Flex Pen?
    • A. 

      Once a year

    • B. 

      2 weeks

    • C. 

      Twice a year

    • D. 

      28 days

  • 20. 
    NPH stands for neutral protamine hagedorn.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Select the correct answer pertaining to the maximum volume per shot you can administer to adults, small children/older infants, and small infants.
    • A. 

      Adults: 4 ml, small children: 2ml, infants: 1ml

    • B. 

      Adults: 3ml, small children: 2 ml, infants: 0.5ml

    • C. 

      Adults: 3ml, small children: 1ml, infants: 0.5ml

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 22. 
    Hypoglycemia is defined as a blood sugar > 80 mg/dl.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    When using a sliding scale for insulin...
    • A. 

      Amount of insulin units are usually small and rapid/short acting

    • B. 

      Amount of insulin units are usually large and rapid/short acting

    • C. 

      Amount of insulin units are usually large and long acting

    • D. 

      Amount of insulin units are usually large and rapid/short acting

  • 24. 
    Duration is defined as how long a medication is in your system once administered.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    The different types of actions are rapid, short, intermediate, and mixture.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    Which of these are considered insulins?
    • A. 

      Regular

    • B. 

      Neutral Protamine Hagedorn

    • C. 

      Lantus

    • D. 

      Humalog

  • 27. 
    Protamine is added to slow the duration of insulin. Protamine is also why the insulin may be cloudy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    Can regular insulin be given intravenously?
    • A. 

      Yes, but only regular insulin can be given intravenously.

    • B. 

      Yes, all insulin can be given intravenously.

    • C. 

      Absolutely not, insulin is not administered intravenously.

    • D. 

      Only certain kinds of insulin may be given intravenously.

  • 29. 
    Can insulin be given orally?
    • A. 

      Yes, but it can also be given per injection.

    • B. 

      No, because the enzymes in the GI tract would destroy it.

    • C. 

      No, because it would taste disgusting to the patient.

    • D. 

      Yes, solely because there is no harm in giving it orally.

  • 30. 
    Select all that apply to the "three P's".
    • A. 

      Polyatigue

    • B. 

      Polyuria

    • C. 

      Polyphagia

    • D. 

      Polydipsia

    • E. 

      Polyfakia

  • 31. 
    When choosing a syringe and needle, consider these:
    • A. 

      Route

    • B. 

      Size of patient

    • C. 

      Condition of patient

    • D. 

      When patients last bowel movement was

    • E. 

      Amount of adipose tissue the patient has

    • F. 

      Volume of medication being administered

    • G. 

      Degree of calibration

    • H. 

      Type of medication and its viscosity

  • 32. 
    When mixing insulin, always go from cloudy to clear.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    NPh is...
    • A. 

      Long acting

    • B. 

      Fast acting

    • C. 

      Short acting

  • 34. 
    Regular insulin is...
    • A. 

      Fast acting

    • B. 

      Short acting

    • C. 

      Long acting