12th Grade Physics Exam: Quiz!

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| By Lalitha Priya
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Lalitha Priya
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Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 1,490
Questions: 14 | Attempts: 434

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12th Grade Physics Exam: Quiz! - Quiz

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Preparing for the 12th-grade physics exam? Ready to take the quiz? As it pertains to this quiz, you must understand how many electron volts make up 1 joule and the electrons ejected from metals because of the effect of light. What is the refractive directory of the core in optical fibers, the angle of minimum deviation, and a wavefront due to a source situated at infinity? Good luck with this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    An electron, an alpha-particle, and a proton have the same kinetic energy. Which of these particles has the shortest de Broglie wavelength?

    • A.

      A. electron

    • B.

      B. proton

    • C.

      C. alpha-particle

    Correct Answer
    C. C. alpha-particle
    Explanation
    de Broglie wavelength is given by λ =h/ p -(1) Also KE is given by K = p^ 2 / 2m --(2) From (1) and (2) we can say that For the same kinetic energy K, the de Broglie wavelength associated with the particle is inversely proportional to the square root of their masses. Now alpha-particle is heaviest among them Hence, alpha-particle has the shortest de Broglie wavelength. So (c) is correct

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  • 2. 

    How many electron volts makeup 1 Joule?

    • A.

      (a) 6.25×10^18 eV.

    • B.

      (b) 1.25×10^181 eV

    • C.

      (c) 6.25×10^16 eV.

    Correct Answer
    A. (a) 6.25×10^18 eV.
    Explanation
    1 eV= 1.6 × 10 ^−19 J
    So 1 J= 6.25×10 ^18 eV
    Hence (a) is the correct option

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  • 3. 

    If the maximum Kinetic energy of electrons emitted in a photo-cell is 6 eV. What is the stopping potential?

    • A.

      3 V

    • B.

      12 V

    • C.

      6 V

    Correct Answer
    C. 6 V
    Explanation
    The stopping potential in a photo-cell is the minimum potential difference required to stop the flow of electrons. In this case, the maximum kinetic energy of the emitted electrons is given as 6 eV. The stopping potential is equal to the maximum kinetic energy, which means it is also 6 V.

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  • 4. 

    The electrons ejected from metals due to effect of light are called

    • A.

      Primary electrons

    • B.

      Thermions

    • C.

      Photoelectrons

    Correct Answer
    C. Photoelectrons
    Explanation
    When light shines on a metal surface, it can cause the electrons in the metal to be ejected. These ejected electrons are called photoelectrons. This phenomenon is known as the photoelectric effect. The energy of the incident light is transferred to the electrons, giving them enough energy to overcome the attractive forces within the metal and escape. These photoelectrons can be detected and measured, providing valuable information about the properties of the metal and the characteristics of the incident light.

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  • 5. 

    The frequency of the incident light falling on a photosensitive metal plate is doubled, stopping potential will be:

    • A.

      Double the earlier value

    • B.

      Unchanged

    • C.

      More than doubled

    Correct Answer
    C. More than doubled
    Explanation
    ⅇV0=hν-∅0 use this formula. ⅇV0 + ∅0 =hν

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  • 6. 

    A converging lens is used to form an image on a screen. When the upper half of the lens is covered by an opaque screen.

    • A.

      (a) half the image will disappear.

    • B.

      (b) intensity of image will decrease but complete image is formed.

    • C.

      (c) intensity of image will increase but image is not distinct.

    Correct Answer
    B. (b) intensity of image will decrease but complete image is formed.
    Explanation
    because focal length of lens does not change but amount of light passing through lens becomes half.

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  • 7. 

    In optical fibers, the refractive index of the core is:

    • A.

      Greater than that of the cladding.

    • B.

      Smaller than that of the cladding.

    • C.

      Equal to that of the cladding.

    Correct Answer
    A. Greater than that of the cladding.
    Explanation
    R.I. of core is greater than that of the cladding for total internal reflection to occur.

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  • 8. 

    A metal coin is at bottom of a beaker filled with a liquid of refractive index = 4/3 to a height of 6 cm. To an observer looking from above the surface of the liquid, coin will appear at a depth.

    • A.

      (a) 1.5 cm

    • B.

      (b) 4.5 cm

    • C.

      (c) 6.75 cm

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    B. (b) 4.5 cm
    Explanation
    R.I = Real depth / apparent depth

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  • 9. 

    The refractive index of the material of an equilateral prism is √3. What is the angle of minimum deviation?

    • A.

      (a) 45°

    • B.

      (b) 60°

    • C.

      (c) 37°

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    B. (b) 60°
    Explanation
    use Prism formula for minimum deviation condition

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  • 10. 

    In an experiment to find the focal length of a concave mirror, a graph is drawn between the magnitude of u and v. The graph looks like?

    • A.

      Option 1

    • B.

      Option 2

    • C.

      Option 3

    Correct Answer
    C. Option 3
    Explanation
    u – v curve is a rectangular parabola.

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  • 11. 

    The wavefront due to a source situated at infinity is:

    • A.

      Spherical

    • B.

      Planar

    • C.

      Cylindrical

    Correct Answer
    B. Planar
    Explanation
    When a source is situated at infinity, the wavefront it produces appears as a planar wavefront. This means that the wavefront is flat and extends infinitely in all directions. A planar wavefront is characterized by parallel wavefront lines, which indicates that the wave is propagating in a straight line. In contrast, a spherical wavefront would indicate that the wave is originating from a point source, and a cylindrical wavefront would suggest that the wave is spreading out in a cylindrical shape. Therefore, the correct answer is planar.

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  • 12. 

    A laser beam is coherent because it contains:

    • A.

      (a) waves of several wavelengths.

    • B.

      (b) coherent waves of a single wavelength.

    • C.

      (c) coherent waves of several wavelengths

    Correct Answer
    B. (b) coherent waves of a single wavelength.
    Explanation
    A laser beam is coherent because it contains coherent waves of a single wavelength. Coherence refers to the property of waves having a constant phase relationship with each other. In a laser, the light waves are produced through stimulated emission, where photons are emitted in phase with each other. This results in a beam of light with a single wavelength and a constant phase relationship between the waves. This coherence allows the laser beam to have a narrow, focused beam and to exhibit interference effects such as diffraction.

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  • 13. 

    According to Huygens’ principle, light is a form of

    • A.

      Particle

    • B.

      Wave

    • C.

      Radiation

    Correct Answer
    B. Wave
    Explanation
    According to Huygens' principle, light is considered to be a wave. This principle states that every point on a wavefront acts as a source of secondary spherical waves, and the sum of these waves determines the new position of the wavefront. This concept is used to explain various optical phenomena, such as diffraction and interference, which are characteristic of wave behavior. Therefore, the correct answer is wave.

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  • 14. 

    Two coherent monochromatic light beams of intensities I and 41 superimpose. The maximum and minimum possible intensities in the resulting beam are:

    • A.

      (a) 5I and I

    • B.

      (b) 5I and 3I

    • C.

      (d) 9I and I

    Correct Answer
    C. (d) 9I and I
    Explanation
    I max= I1 + I2 + 2 √ (I1 X I2)= 9 I
    I min = I1 + I2 - 2 √ (I1+I2) = 1 I

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