Medical Vocabulary Quiz 3

49 Questions | Total Attempts: 70

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Medical Vocabulary Quiz 3

 Introduction To Medical Vocabulary  QUIZ 3, 50 multiple choice questions help to study for Final Exam See other quizzes to help study for the Final


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The word root "orth" means:
    • A. 

      Muscle

    • B. 

      Joint

    • C. 

      Bone

    • D. 

      Straight

  • 2. 
    The medical term bradykinesia means:
    • A. 

      Abnormal slow growth of long bones

    • B. 

      Joint stiffness

    • C. 

      Inability to coordinate muscles

    • D. 

      Abnormally slow movement

  • 3. 
    Inflammation and degeneration of a joint is known as:
    • A. 

      Spondylarthritis

    • B. 

      Achondroplasia

    • C. 

      Anklyosis

    • D. 

      Arthritis

  • 4. 
    A surgical puncture of a joint to withdraw or aspirate fluids from the synovial cavity is known as:
    • A. 

      Athrotomy

    • B. 

      Athroscopy

    • C. 

      Arthrocentesis

    • D. 

      Arthrodesis

  • 5. 
    A medical field that emphasizes the relationship between the musculoskeletal system and overall health with an emphasis on preventative medicine is:
    • A. 

      Orthotics

    • B. 

      Podiatry

    • C. 

      Chiropractic

    • D. 

      Osteopathy

  • 6. 
    Closing a tendon with sutures is known as:
    • A. 

      Tenomyoplasty

    • B. 

      Osteoplasty

    • C. 

      Tenorrhaphy

    • D. 

      Myoplasty

  • 7. 
    Surgical excision of part of a vertebra as part of treatment for a herniated disk is:
    • A. 

      Ostectomy

    • B. 

      Diskectomy

    • C. 

      Laminectomy

    • D. 

      Rachiotomy

  • 8. 
    The elderly patient fractured her hip and needs a hip replacement. She will be scheduled for an:
    • A. 

      Arthroscopy

    • B. 

      Arthrodesis

    • C. 

      Arthrotomy

    • D. 

      Arthroplasty

  • 9. 
    The paraplegic must exercise his muscles daily to prevent muscle wasting or:
    • A. 

      Tenodynia

    • B. 

      Ankylosis

    • C. 

      Atrophy

    • D. 

      Ataxia

  • 10. 
    The suffix which means surgical fixation or fusion is:
    • A. 

      -desis

    • B. 

      -clasis

    • C. 

      -otomy

    • D. 

      -schisis

  • 11. 
    The word root "myel" means:
    • A. 

      Bone marrow

    • B. 

      Hernia

    • C. 

      Spine

    • D. 

      Bent forward

  • 12. 
    Which combining form means curved?
    • A. 

      Scoli/o

    • B. 

      Clon/o

    • C. 

      Lord/o

    • D. 

      Rachi/o

  • 13. 
    What is the medical term for movement toward the body midline?
    • A. 

      Adduction

    • B. 

      Eversion

    • C. 

      Abduction

    • D. 

      Extension

  • 14. 
    Which types of joint allows the most movement between bones and occurs in the knew, elbow, wrist, and shoulder?
    • A. 

      Cartilaginous

    • B. 

      Fibrous

    • C. 

      Bursae

    • D. 

      Synovial

  • 15. 
    Which medical term is spelled correctly?
    • A. 

      Myoceole

    • B. 

      Fasciotomy

    • C. 

      Dyskinisia

    • D. 

      Cocycx

  • 16. 
    The ______ is the shaft of a long bone.
    • A. 

      Epiphysis

    • B. 

      Periosteum

    • C. 

      Endosteum

    • D. 

      Disphysis

  • 17. 
    ______ is a process of moving a body part away from the middle
    • A. 

      Abduction

    • B. 

      Inversion

    • C. 

      Eversion

    • D. 

      Adduction

  • 18. 
    The process of bending a limb is called
    • A. 

      Extension

    • B. 

      Flexion

    • C. 

      Supination

    • D. 

      Pronation

  • 19. 
    A bone forming cell is an:
    • A. 

      Osteoclast

    • B. 

      Osteoclasis

    • C. 

      Osteoblast

    • D. 

      Osteoma

  • 20. 
    A condition that results in reduction of bone mass is called:
    • A. 

      Osteonecrosis

    • B. 

      Osteopenia

    • C. 

      Osteoporosis

    • D. 

      Osteofibroma

  • 21. 
    The combining form chondr/o means:
    • A. 

      Clavicle

    • B. 

      Cancer

    • C. 

      Glue

    • D. 

      Cartilage

  • 22. 
    The suffix -physis means:
    • A. 

      Growth

    • B. 

      Formation

    • C. 

      Suture

    • D. 

      Repair

  • 23. 
    The membrane that forms the covering of bones except at their articular surfaces is:
    • A. 

      Periosteum

    • B. 

      Diaphysis

    • C. 

      Endosteum

    • D. 

      Epiphysis

  • 24. 
    Poor formation of bone is:
    • A. 

      Osteodystrophy

    • B. 

      Osteoclasis

    • C. 

      Osteolysis

    • D. 

      Myelopoiesis

  • 25. 
    Wasting away (no development) of muscle:
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Hypertrophy

    • C. 

      Myalgia

    • D. 

      Myasthenia