Medical Vocabulary Quiz 2

48 Questions

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Medical Vocabulary Quiz 2

Introduction To Medical VocabularyQUIZ 2, 50 multiple choice questionshelp to study for Final ExamSee other quizzes to help study for the Final


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    List building blocks of the body in order from simple to complex
    • A. 

      Organs, tissues, cells, atoms

    • B. 

      Cells, molecules, organs, tissues

    • C. 

      Atoms, tissues, cells, organs

    • D. 

      Molecules, cells, tissues, organs

  • 2. 
    The word root that means color is:
    • A. 

      Thel

    • B. 

      Lei

    • C. 

      Rhabd

    • D. 

      Chrom

  • 3. 
    One who studies tissues is known as a(n):
    • A. 

      Cytologist

    • B. 

      Oncologist

    • C. 

      Histologist

    • D. 

      Pathologist

  • 4. 
    DNA, which contains genetic material, is the universal acronym for:
    • A. 

      Deoxynucleic acid

    • B. 

      Deoxyribonucleic acid

    • C. 

      Dioxide nucleic acid

    • D. 

      Denatured acidic material

  • 5. 
    The parts of a cell that perform many of its functions such as construction of molecules and release of energy are known as:
    • A. 

      Chromosomes

    • B. 

      Nuclei

    • C. 

      Organelles

    • D. 

      Cell membranes

  • 6. 
    Which is NOT a type of muscle tissue?
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Nerve

    • D. 

      Cardiac

  • 7. 
    Which prefix means up, toward, or apart?
    • A. 

      Epi-

    • B. 

      Ana-

    • C. 

      Meta-

    • D. 

      Dys-

  • 8. 
    The prefix "meta" means
    • A. 

      After or change

    • B. 

      Upon

    • C. 

      Excessive or above normal

    • D. 

      Up, toward, or apart

  • 9. 
    What combining form means flesh or muscle?
    • A. 

      Lei/o

    • B. 

      Sarc/o

    • C. 

      Neur/o

    • D. 

      Aden/o

  • 10. 
    What suffix means formation, cause, or produce?
    • A. 

      -sis

    • B. 

      -gen

    • C. 

      -oid

    • D. 

      -plasia

  • 11. 
    A malignant tumor of glandular epithelial tissue is known as:
    • A. 

      Adenocarcinoma

    • B. 

      Fibrosarcoma

    • C. 

      Lymphoma

    • D. 

      Anaplasia

  • 12. 
    The spreading of cancer cells from the primary tumor is known as:
    • A. 

      Hyperplasia

    • B. 

      Dysplasia

    • C. 

      Metastasis

    • D. 

      Oncogenic

  • 13. 
    A malignant carcinoma arising from connective tissue is known as:
    • A. 

      Neuroma

    • B. 

      Sarcoma

    • C. 

      Lymphoma

    • D. 

      Lipoma

  • 14. 
    A treatment for cancer using drugs is known as:
    • A. 

      Remission therapy

    • B. 

      Chemotherapy

    • C. 

      Radiation therapy

    • D. 

      Oncogenic therapy

  • 15. 
    Which term describes the spread of malignant tumors to a distant location?
    • A. 

      Encapsulation

    • B. 

      Anaplasia

    • C. 

      Metastasis

    • D. 

      Infiltration

  • 16. 
    What term describes localized tumor growth?
    • A. 

      Sarcoma

    • B. 

      Pleomorphic

    • C. 

      Anaplastic

    • D. 

      Carcinoma in situ

  • 17. 
    What term means improvement or absence of signs of disease?
    • A. 

      Remission

    • B. 

      Differentiation

    • C. 

      Relapse

    • D. 

      Mutation

  • 18. 
    Excessive formation and growth of normal cells is:
    • A. 

      Hypercyesis

    • B. 

      Hyperplasia

    • C. 

      Hypercalcemia

    • D. 

      Hyperhydrosis

  • 19. 
    Cancer causing (mutated) genes are known as:
    • A. 

      Oncogenes

    • B. 

      Oncogenics

    • C. 

      Oncolytics

    • D. 

      Onocogenes

  • 20. 
    A _______ is any agent or substance that incites cancer
    • A. 

      Carcinoid

    • B. 

      Carcinomatosis

    • C. 

      Carcinoma

    • D. 

      Carcinogen

  • 21. 
    The combining form lei/o means:
    • A. 

      White

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Soft

    • D. 

      Hard

  • 22. 
    In the term chromosome, the combining form chrom/o means
    • A. 

      Color

    • B. 

      Body

    • C. 

      Metal

    • D. 

      Hard

  • 23. 
    In the term cytoplasm, the combining form cyt/o means:
    • A. 

      Soft

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Cell

    • D. 

      Fat

  • 24. 
    The pale area at the proximal end of the nail is the:
    • A. 

      Lunula

    • B. 

      Sensory receptor

    • C. 

      Eponychium

    • D. 

      Cuticle

  • 25. 
    Which medical term is spelled correctly?
    • A. 

      Sebacious

    • B. 

      Rhytidoplasty

    • C. 

      Oncyhomalacia

    • D. 

      Zeroderma

  • 26. 
    The word root that means nail is:
    • A. 

      Pachy

    • B. 

      Scler

    • C. 

      Trich

    • D. 

      Onych

  • 27. 
    The combining form "myc/o" means:
    • A. 

      Fungus

    • B. 

      Thick

    • C. 

      Wrinkles

    • D. 

      Nail

  • 28. 
    The definition of the suffix "-malacia" is:
    • A. 

      Excessive discharge

    • B. 

      Abnormal state

    • C. 

      Softening

    • D. 

      Inflammation

  • 29. 
    The medical suffix that means view of is:
    • A. 

      -malacia

    • B. 

      -opsy

    • C. 

      -osis

    • D. 

      -tome

  • 30. 
    What medical term means disease-related death of tissue?
    • A. 

      Necrosis

    • B. 

      Xanthoderma

    • C. 

      Onychomalacia

    • D. 

      Onychophagia

  • 31. 
    The abused client comes to the emergency room with multiple purplish patches on the skin caused by leaking blood vessels. The health care worker would chart that the client has multiple:
    • A. 

      Abrasions

    • B. 

      Lesions

    • C. 

      Petechiae

    • D. 

      Ecchymoses

  • 32. 
    An abscess is defined as:
    • A. 

      A skin wound caused by scraping

    • B. 

      A collection of pus from a localized infection

    • C. 

      A closed sac or pouch containing fluid

    • D. 

      The formation of local hard areas on the skin or elsewhere

  • 33. 
    An injury to the skin causing discoloration and swelling without breaking the skin surface is known as:
    • A. 

      Laceration

    • B. 

      Fissure

    • C. 

      Contusion

    • D. 

      Vesicle

  • 34. 
    The patient's skin had a yellowish coloration. The health care provider should chart that the skin:
    • A. 

      Was erythematous

    • B. 

      Had induration

    • C. 

      Was jaundiced

    • D. 

      Had pallor

  • 35. 
    A small, solid, circumscribed skin elevation is a:
    • A. 

      Macule

    • B. 

      Vesicle

    • C. 

      Nevus

    • D. 

      Papule

  • 36. 
    A chronic skin condition characterized by red lesions with silvery scales is known as:
    • A. 

      Herpes

    • B. 

      Pediculosis

    • C. 

      Cellulitis

    • D. 

      Psoriasis

  • 37. 
    Vitiligo is defined as a:
    • A. 

      Skin infection composed of a cluster of boils caused by staphylococci bacteria

    • B. 

      Condition in which a loss of pigment-producing cells results in whitish areas of skin

    • C. 

      Fungal infection of the skin

    • D. 

      Contagious skin infection characterized by blisters that later erupt to form a yellowish crust

  • 38. 
    Which term is spelled correctly?
    • A. 

      Hydradenitis

    • B. 

      Paronychia

    • C. 

      Echymosis

    • D. 

      Emolient

  • 39. 
    Xer/o is a combining form meaning:
    • A. 

      Thick

    • B. 

      Dry

    • C. 

      Scaly

    • D. 

      Yellow

  • 40. 
    The combining form meaning death is:
    • A. 

      Crypt/o

    • B. 

      Necr/o

    • C. 

      Trich/o

    • D. 

      Pachy/o

  • 41. 
    The skin is essentially composed of two layers known as:
    • A. 

      Epidermis and papillary layer

    • B. 

      Epidermis and epithelium

    • C. 

      Epidermis and reticular layer

    • D. 

      Epidermis and dermis

  • 42. 
    A pigment that gives color to the skin is:
    • A. 

      Corneum

    • B. 

      Keratin

    • C. 

      Melanin

    • D. 

      Folliculum

  • 43. 
    The medical term for a bedsore is:
    • A. 

      Macula

    • B. 

      Papule

    • C. 

      Keloid

    • D. 

      Decubitus ulcer

  • 44. 
    Overgrowth of scar tissue due to excessive collagen formation is called a/an:
    • A. 

      Cicatrix

    • B. 

      Keloid

    • C. 

      Scab

    • D. 

      Acne

  • 45. 
    The combining form hidr/o means:
    • A. 

      Sweet

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Sweat

    • D. 

      Hidden

  • 46. 
    A hypodermic injection would be given
    • A. 

      Under the skin

    • B. 

      Above the skin

    • C. 

      Between the skin

    • D. 

      Within the skin

  • 47. 
    An instrument used to cut the skin - as for grafting - is a:
    • A. 

      Dermatoscopy

    • B. 

      Dermatophyte

    • C. 

      Dermascope

    • D. 

      Dermatome

  • 48. 
    Xanthoderma is another term for:
    • A. 

      Lesion

    • B. 

      Jaundice

    • C. 

      Callus

    • D. 

      Dry skin