Medical Vocabulary Quiz 5

47 Questions | Total Attempts: 59

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Medical Vocabulary Quizzes & Trivia

Introduction To Medical Vocabulary QUIZ 5, 50 multiple choice questions help to study for Final Exam See other quizzes to help study for the Final


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which gland secretes growth hormone (GH)?
    • A. 

      Anterior lobe of pituitary gland

    • B. 

      Posterior lobe of pituitary gland

    • C. 

      Pineal gland

    • D. 

      Thyroid gland

  • 2. 
    The prefix "syn-" means:
    • A. 

      Near

    • B. 

      Together

    • C. 

      Away from

    • D. 

      Absorbing

  • 3. 
    The suffix which means condition of is:
    • A. 

      -emia

    • B. 

      -osis

    • C. 

      -plasia

    • D. 

      -oid

  • 4. 
    Which endocrine gland is known as the "master gland" due to the control it maintains over other glands?
    • A. 

      Adrenal gland

    • B. 

      Pituitary gland

    • C. 

      Thyroid gland

    • D. 

      Pancreas

  • 5. 
    Which word root means gland?
    • A. 

      Endocrin

    • B. 

      Acr

    • C. 

      Adren

    • D. 

      Aden

  • 6. 
    Congenital hypothyroidism in children, which results in reduced mental development and dwarf-like physical stature is:
    • A. 

      Acromegaly

    • B. 

      Hirsutism

    • C. 

      Myxedema

    • D. 

      Cretinism

  • 7. 
    The lab test showed that the client's calcium levels were low. This client has:
    • A. 

      Hypokalemia

    • B. 

      Hyperglycemia

    • C. 

      Hyperthyroidism

    • D. 

      Hypocalcermia

  • 8. 
    Parathyroidectomy is removal or excision of:
    • A. 

      Pineal gland

    • B. 

      Thyroid gland

    • C. 

      One or more parathyroid glands

    • D. 

      Thymus gland

  • 9. 
    Tetany, which leads to excitation of nerves and muscle spasms, is caused by a deficiency of:
    • A. 

      Growth hormone

    • B. 

      Calcitonin

    • C. 

      Thyroxin

    • D. 

      Parathyroid hormone

  • 10. 
    The medical term for abnormal condition of a gland is:
    • A. 

      Adrenalitis

    • B. 

      Adrenopathy

    • C. 

      Endocrinopathy

    • D. 

      Adenosis

  • 11. 
    The use of radioactive iodine to treat a disease of the thyroid tland, such as a thyroid tumor, is:
    • A. 

      Thyroxine test

    • B. 

      Radioactive iodine uptake

    • C. 

      Hormone replacement therapy

    • D. 

      Radioiodine therapy

  • 12. 
    Which medical term is spelled correctly?
    • A. 

      Adrenelectomy

    • B. 

      Calcipoenia

    • C. 

      Lutienizing hormone

    • D. 

      Adenohypophysis

  • 13. 
    Aldosterone, which regulates body fluid balance and blood pressure, is secreted by the:
    • A. 

      Adrenal cortex

    • B. 

      Anterior pituitary

    • C. 

      Adrenal medulla

    • D. 

      Posterior pituitary

  • 14. 
    A condition resulting from excessive thyroid hormone levels is known as:
    • A. 

      Myxedema

    • B. 

      Thyrotoxicosis

    • C. 

      Hyperinsulinism

    • D. 

      Acidosis

  • 15. 
    Kal/o is a combining form for which substance?
    • A. 

      Phosphorus

    • B. 

      Sodium

    • C. 

      Potassium

    • D. 

      Calcium

  • 16. 
    Natr/o is the combining form for which substance?
    • A. 

      Iodine

    • B. 

      Sugar

    • C. 

      Potassium

    • D. 

      Sodium

  • 17. 
    The combining form 'crin/o' means
    • A. 

      To urge on

    • B. 

      To secrete

    • C. 

      Thirst

    • D. 

      Sweetbread

  • 18. 
    The medical term for excessive thirst is:
    • A. 

      Polydipsia

    • B. 

      Polyglycia

    • C. 

      Polyuria

    • D. 

      Polyphagia

  • 19. 
    ______ is essential for maintenance of a normal level of blood surgar
    • A. 

      Parahormone

    • B. 

      Cortisol

    • C. 

      Serotonin

    • D. 

      Insulin

  • 20. 
    An enlargement of the extremities due to excessive growth hormone is called:
    • A. 

      Cretinism

    • B. 

      Gigantism

    • C. 

      Acromegaly

    • D. 

      Dwarfism

  • 21. 
    ______ is a gland which produces an internal secretion
    • A. 

      Endocrine

    • B. 

      Ectropion

    • C. 

      Exocrine

    • D. 

      Enzyme

  • 22. 
    The suffix '-drome' means
    • A. 

      Secrete

    • B. 

      Dome

    • C. 

      Run, running

    • D. 

      Fever

  • 23. 
    The suffix '-plasia' means:
    • A. 

      Deficiency

    • B. 

      Decrease

    • C. 

      Shape, formation

    • D. 

      Condition

  • 24. 
    Which word root means fat?
    • A. 

      Pector

    • B. 

      Ather

    • C. 

      Isch

    • D. 

      Varic

  • 25. 
    The prefix "brady-" means:
    • A. 

      Inner

    • B. 

      Slow

    • C. 

      Around

    • D. 

      Fast