Medical Vocabulary Quiz 5

47 Questions

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Medical Vocabulary Quizzes & Trivia

Introduction To Medical Vocabulary QUIZ 5, 50 multiple choice questions help to study for Final Exam See other quizzes to help study for the Final


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which gland secretes growth hormone (GH)?
    • A. 

      Anterior lobe of pituitary gland

    • B. 

      Posterior lobe of pituitary gland

    • C. 

      Pineal gland

    • D. 

      Thyroid gland

  • 2. 
    The prefix "syn-" means:
    • A. 

      Near

    • B. 

      Together

    • C. 

      Away from

    • D. 

      Absorbing

  • 3. 
    The suffix which means condition of is:
    • A. 

      -emia

    • B. 

      -osis

    • C. 

      -plasia

    • D. 

      -oid

  • 4. 
    Which endocrine gland is known as the "master gland" due to the control it maintains over other glands?
    • A. 

      Adrenal gland

    • B. 

      Pituitary gland

    • C. 

      Thyroid gland

    • D. 

      Pancreas

  • 5. 
    Which word root means gland?
    • A. 

      Endocrin

    • B. 

      Acr

    • C. 

      Adren

    • D. 

      Aden

  • 6. 
    Congenital hypothyroidism in children, which results in reduced mental development and dwarf-like physical stature is:
    • A. 

      Acromegaly

    • B. 

      Hirsutism

    • C. 

      Myxedema

    • D. 

      Cretinism

  • 7. 
    The lab test showed that the client's calcium levels were low. This client has:
    • A. 

      Hypokalemia

    • B. 

      Hyperglycemia

    • C. 

      Hyperthyroidism

    • D. 

      Hypocalcermia

  • 8. 
    Parathyroidectomy is removal or excision of:
    • A. 

      Pineal gland

    • B. 

      Thyroid gland

    • C. 

      One or more parathyroid glands

    • D. 

      Thymus gland

  • 9. 
    Tetany, which leads to excitation of nerves and muscle spasms, is caused by a deficiency of:
    • A. 

      Growth hormone

    • B. 

      Calcitonin

    • C. 

      Thyroxin

    • D. 

      Parathyroid hormone

  • 10. 
    The medical term for abnormal condition of a gland is:
    • A. 

      Adrenalitis

    • B. 

      Adrenopathy

    • C. 

      Endocrinopathy

    • D. 

      Adenosis

  • 11. 
    The use of radioactive iodine to treat a disease of the thyroid tland, such as a thyroid tumor, is:
    • A. 

      Thyroxine test

    • B. 

      Radioactive iodine uptake

    • C. 

      Hormone replacement therapy

    • D. 

      Radioiodine therapy

  • 12. 
    Which medical term is spelled correctly?
    • A. 

      Adrenelectomy

    • B. 

      Calcipoenia

    • C. 

      Lutienizing hormone

    • D. 

      Adenohypophysis

  • 13. 
    Aldosterone, which regulates body fluid balance and blood pressure, is secreted by the:
    • A. 

      Adrenal cortex

    • B. 

      Anterior pituitary

    • C. 

      Adrenal medulla

    • D. 

      Posterior pituitary

  • 14. 
    A condition resulting from excessive thyroid hormone levels is known as:
    • A. 

      Myxedema

    • B. 

      Thyrotoxicosis

    • C. 

      Hyperinsulinism

    • D. 

      Acidosis

  • 15. 
    Kal/o is a combining form for which substance?
    • A. 

      Phosphorus

    • B. 

      Sodium

    • C. 

      Potassium

    • D. 

      Calcium

  • 16. 
    Natr/o is the combining form for which substance?
    • A. 

      Iodine

    • B. 

      Sugar

    • C. 

      Potassium

    • D. 

      Sodium

  • 17. 
    The combining form 'crin/o' means
    • A. 

      To urge on

    • B. 

      To secrete

    • C. 

      Thirst

    • D. 

      Sweetbread

  • 18. 
    The medical term for excessive thirst is:
    • A. 

      Polydipsia

    • B. 

      Polyglycia

    • C. 

      Polyuria

    • D. 

      Polyphagia

  • 19. 
    ______ is essential for maintenance of a normal level of blood surgar
    • A. 

      Parahormone

    • B. 

      Cortisol

    • C. 

      Serotonin

    • D. 

      Insulin

  • 20. 
    An enlargement of the extremities due to excessive growth hormone is called:
    • A. 

      Cretinism

    • B. 

      Gigantism

    • C. 

      Acromegaly

    • D. 

      Dwarfism

  • 21. 
    ______ is a gland which produces an internal secretion
    • A. 

      Endocrine

    • B. 

      Ectropion

    • C. 

      Exocrine

    • D. 

      Enzyme

  • 22. 
    The suffix '-drome' means
    • A. 

      Secrete

    • B. 

      Dome

    • C. 

      Run, running

    • D. 

      Fever

  • 23. 
    The suffix '-plasia' means:
    • A. 

      Deficiency

    • B. 

      Decrease

    • C. 

      Shape, formation

    • D. 

      Condition

  • 24. 
    Which word root means fat?
    • A. 

      Pector

    • B. 

      Ather

    • C. 

      Isch

    • D. 

      Varic

  • 25. 
    The prefix "brady-" means:
    • A. 

      Inner

    • B. 

      Slow

    • C. 

      Around

    • D. 

      Fast

  • 26. 
    Which suffix means recording?
    • A. 

      -graph

    • B. 

      -sclerosis

    • C. 

      -dynia

    • D. 

      -gram

  • 27. 
    The valve that channels blood to flow in one direction from the left atrium to the left ventricle is the:
    • A. 

      Semilunar valve

    • B. 

      Mitral or bicuspid valve

    • C. 

      Tricuspid valve

    • D. 

      Aortic valve

  • 28. 
    The client's x-ray showed an abnormal enlargement (hypertrophy) of the heart. This client has:
    • A. 

      Cardiodynia

    • B. 

      Cardiomyopathy

    • C. 

      Angiostenosis

    • D. 

      Cardiomegaly

  • 29. 
    Chest pain usually caused by an insufficient supply of blood to the heart is:
    • A. 

      Claudication

    • B. 

      Palpitation

    • C. 

      Angiospasm

    • D. 

      Angina pectoris

  • 30. 
    A disturbance or abnormality of the heart's normal rhythmic cycle is known as:
    • A. 

      Dysrhythmia

    • B. 

      Palpitation

    • C. 

      Bradycardia

    • D. 

      Tachycardia

  • 31. 
    A chronic condition characterized by the inability of the left ventricle to pump enough blood through the body to adequately supply systemic tissues is:
    • A. 

      Cor pulmonale

    • B. 

      Congestive heart failure

    • C. 

      Cardiac tamponade

    • D. 

      Myocardial infarction

  • 32. 
    A congential defect in which the opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta that allows blood to pass across during fetal circulation before birth, fails to close after birth is known as:
    • A. 

      Tetralogy of Fallot

    • B. 

      Patent ductus arteriosus

    • C. 

      Atrial septal defect

    • D. 

      Coarctation of the aorta

  • 33. 
    A recording of a procedure in which the electrical events associated with the beating of the heart are evaluated in a(n):
    • A. 

      Electrocardiogram

    • B. 

      Angiogram

    • C. 

      Arteriogram

    • D. 

      Echocardiogram

  • 34. 
    The medical term for persistently high blood pressure is:
    • A. 

      Ischemia

    • B. 

      Cardiomyopathy

    • C. 

      Hypertension

    • D. 

      Hypotension

  • 35. 
    Which medical term is spelled correctly?
    • A. 

      Sphygmanometry

    • B. 

      Thromboangiitis obliterans

    • C. 

      Interstiteal fluid

    • D. 

      Hemorhoidectomy

  • 36. 
    Cardiac tamponade is:
    • A. 

      Blockage of an artery supplying the heart

    • B. 

      A general disease of the heart muscle

    • C. 

      Death of a portion of the myocardium, usually caused by an occluded vessel interrupting blood flow

    • D. 

      Acute compression of the heart due to the accumulation of fluid within the pericardial cavity

  • 37. 
    An ultrasound procedure that evaluates blood flow in an effort to determine the cause of a localized reduction in blood flow is:
    • A. 

      Myocardial radionuclide perfusion scan

    • B. 

      Positron emission tomography

    • C. 

      Doppler sonography

    • D. 

      Angioscopy

  • 38. 
    _____ _____ is the pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the vessles
    • A. 

      Pulse pressure

    • B. 

      Diastolic pressure

    • C. 

      Systolic pressure

    • D. 

      Blood pressure

  • 39. 
    A condition in which there is a lack of rhythm of the heart beat is:
    • A. 

      Murmur

    • B. 

      Fibrillation

    • C. 

      Palpitation

    • D. 

      Arrhythmia

  • 40. 
    A fast heartbeat is known as:
    • A. 

      Brachycardia

    • B. 

      Tachycardia

    • C. 

      Trachycardia

    • D. 

      Bardycardia

  • 41. 
    Phlebitis:
    • A. 

      Inflammation of a vein

    • B. 

      Blockage of a heart valve

    • C. 

      Narrowing of a valve with inflammation

    • D. 

      Inflammation of a capillary

  • 42. 
    Removal of plaque from an artery:
    • A. 

      Endarterectomy

    • B. 

      Aneurysmectomy

    • C. 

      Valvuloplasty

    • D. 

      Arteriography

  • 43. 
    The medical term for hardening of the arteries is:
    • A. 

      Arteriotome

    • B. 

      Atheroma

    • C. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • D. 

      Arteriosclerosis

  • 44. 
    A condition in which a blood clot attaces to a wall and obstructs the vessel is:
    • A. 

      Cyanosis

    • B. 

      Constriction

    • C. 

      Thrombosis

    • D. 

      Embolism

  • 45. 
    An incision into a vein is known as:
    • A. 

      Phlebectomy

    • B. 

      Phlebitis

    • C. 

      Phlebolith

    • D. 

      Phlebotomy

  • 46. 
    Cyanosis:
    • A. 

      Associated with a hemangioma

    • B. 

      Yellow coloration of the skin

    • C. 

      A form of atherosclerosis

    • D. 

      Bluish coloration of the skin

  • 47. 
    A local widening of an artery:
    • A. 

      Aneurysm

    • B. 

      Aortic stenosis

    • C. 

      Thrombosis

    • D. 

      Infarction