Pursuing Mbbs? Take Medical Terminology Quiz

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Pursuing Mbbs? Take Medical Terminology Quiz - Quiz

Medical terminology is language used to precisely describe the human body including its components, processes, conditions affecting it, and procedures performed upon it. Medical terminology is used in the field of medicine.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The medical term for moving a body part away from the body

    • A.

      A. rotation

    • B.

      B. abduction

    • C.

      C. dorsiflexion

    • D.

      D. pronation

    Correct Answer
    B. B. abduction
    Explanation
    Abduction is the correct answer because it refers to the movement of a body part away from the body's midline. This term is commonly used in medical contexts to describe movements such as moving the arms or legs away from the body. Rotation refers to the movement around an axis, dorsiflexion refers to the upward movement of the foot, and pronation refers to the rotation of the forearm so that the palm faces downwards.

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  • 2. 

    The medical term for bending a body part is

    • A.

      A. dorsiflexion

    • B.

      B. external rotation

    • C.

      C. flexion

    • D.

      D. range of motion

    Correct Answer
    C. C. flexion
    Explanation
    Flexion is the correct answer because it refers to the bending of a body part, typically at a joint, resulting in a decrease in the angle between two bones or body segments. It is a common movement that occurs in various parts of the body, such as the bending of the elbow or knee. Dorsiflexion refers specifically to the bending of the foot or hand towards the body's dorsal surface, while external rotation and range of motion are not directly related to the bending of a body part.

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  • 3. 

    The medical term for turning the palm backward is

    • A.

      A. pronation

    • B.

      B. adduction

    • C.

      C. external rotation

    • D.

      D. supination

    Correct Answer
    A. A. pronation
    Explanation
    Pronation is the correct answer because it refers to the movement of turning the palm backward. This movement involves rotating the forearm so that the palm faces downwards or towards the back. It is the opposite of supination, which is the movement of turning the palm forward or upwards. Adduction refers to movement towards the midline of the body, while external rotation refers to the rotation of a joint away from the midline of the body.

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  • 4. 

    The medical term bending backward is

    • A.

      A. contracture

    • B.

      B. dorsiflexion

    • C.

      C. hyperextension

    • D.

      D. extension

    Correct Answer
    B. B. dorsiflexion
    Explanation
    Dorsiflexion refers to the movement of bending the foot and toes upward towards the shin. This term is commonly used in medical contexts to describe the range of motion in the ankle joint. Contracture refers to the permanent shortening of a muscle or joint, hyperextension refers to excessive extension of a joint beyond its normal range of motion, and extension refers to the straightening of a joint. Therefore, the correct answer is b. dorsiflexion.

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  • 5. 

    The medical term for moving a body part toward the midline of the body

    • A.

      A. flexion

    • B.

      B, abduction

    • C.

      C. adduction

    • D.

      D. contracture

    Correct Answer
    C. C. adduction
    Explanation
    Adduction is the correct answer because it refers to the movement of a body part toward the midline of the body. Flexion is the movement of bending a joint or decreasing the angle between two body parts. Abduction is the movement of a body part away from the midline of the body. Contracture is the permanent shortening of a muscle or joint, leading to limited movement. Therefore, adduction is the most appropriate term for moving a body part toward the midline of the body.

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  • 6. 

    The medical term for moving a body part toward the midline of the body

    • A.

      A. flexion

    • B.

      B, abduction

    • C.

      C. adduction

    • D.

      D. contracture

    Correct Answer
    C. C. adduction
    Explanation
    Adduction is the correct answer because it refers to the movement of a body part towards the midline of the body. This movement brings the body part closer to the center of the body, such as bringing the arm or leg closer to the torso. Flexion refers to the bending of a joint, abduction refers to the movement away from the midline, and contracture refers to the shortening or tightening of muscles or tendons.

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  • 7. 

    The medical term for the abnormal shortening of a muscle is

    • A.

      A. adduction

    • B.

      B. extension

    • C.

      C. contracture

    • D.

      D. flexion

    Correct Answer
    C. C. contracture
    Explanation
    Contracture refers to the abnormal shortening or tightening of a muscle, leading to a reduced range of motion in the affected joint. This condition can be caused by various factors, such as prolonged immobility, muscle weakness, or neurological conditions. It can result in stiffness, pain, and difficulty in performing daily activities. Treatment options for contracture may include physical therapy, stretching exercises, splinting, and in severe cases, surgical intervention.

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  • 8. 

    The abbreviation for laboratory is

    • A.

      A. lab

    • B.

      B. L

    • C.

      C. lbb

    • D.

      D. lbt

    Correct Answer
    A. A. lab
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a. lab" because it is the commonly used abbreviation for the word "laboratory". It is a shortened form that is widely recognized and understood in various contexts. The other options, "b. L", "c. lbb", and "d. lbt", do not accurately represent the abbreviation for laboratory and are not commonly used or recognized.

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  • 9. 

    The abbreviation for discontinue is

    • A.

      A. DD

    • B.

      B. D&C or D.&C.

    • C.

      C. Dx

    • D.

      D. d/c

    Correct Answer
    D. D. d/c
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "d. d/c". The abbreviation "d/c" is commonly used in medical and healthcare settings to represent the word "discontinue". It is often seen in medication orders or instructions to indicate that a certain medication or treatment should be stopped or discontinued.

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  • 10. 

    The abbreviation for bedtime or hour of sleep is

    • A.

      A. ht

    • B.

      B. B.M or b.m

    • C.

      C. hs

    • D.

      BSC or bsc

    Correct Answer
    C. C. hs
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. hs. The abbreviation "hs" stands for "hora somni" in Latin, which translates to "hour of sleep" in English. It is commonly used in medical and healthcare contexts to refer to the time at which a person goes to bed or the time at which they should take their medication before sleep.

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  • 11. 

    The abbreviation for above or high

    • A.

      A. hyper

    • B.

      B. approx

    • C.

      C. hypo

    • D.

      D. HS or hs

    Correct Answer
    A. A. hyper
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a. hyper" because the abbreviation "hyper" is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate something that is above or high. It is often used to describe conditions or symptoms that are excessive or elevated. The other options, "approx," "hypo," and "HS or hs," do not accurately represent the meaning of above or high.

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  • 12. 

    The abbreviation for Papanicolaou smear is

    • A.

      A. pap smear

    • B.

      B. PS

    • C.

      C. PPSM

    • D.

      D. P smear

    Correct Answer
    A. A. pap smear
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a. pap smear". Papanicolaou smear is commonly referred to as a pap smear. This test is used to screen for cervical cancer by examining cells from the cervix for any abnormalities. The term "pap smear" has become the standard abbreviation for this test in medical terminology.

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  • 13. 

    The abbreviation for hour is

    • A.

      A. ht

    • B.

      B. HS or hs

    • C.

      C. ord

    • D.

      D. hr or h

    Correct Answer
    D. D. hr or h
    Explanation
    The correct answer is d. hr or h. This is because "hr" and "h" are commonly used abbreviations for the word "hour".

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  • 14. 

    The abbreviation for cancer

    • A.

      A. cc

    • B.

      B.CCU

    • C.

      C. CA

    • D.

      D. C/O or c/o

    Correct Answer
    C. C. CA
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "c. CA" because CA is commonly used as the abbreviation for cancer. This abbreviation is widely recognized and used in medical contexts to refer to the disease.

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  • 15. 

    The medical term for sugar in urine

    • A.

      A. glucosuria

    • B.

      B. ketone

    • C.

      C. acetone

    • D.

      D. catheter

    Correct Answer
    A. A. glucosuria
    Explanation
    Glucosuria is the medical term for the presence of glucose (sugar) in the urine. This condition occurs when the level of glucose in the blood exceeds the kidney's ability to reabsorb it. It is commonly seen in individuals with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, where high blood sugar levels spill over into the urine. Glucosuria can also be a sign of kidney damage or other underlying medical conditions.

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  • 16. 

    The medical term for loss of appetite is

    • A.

      A. dehydration

    • B.

      B. edema

    • C.

      C. anorexia

    • D.

      D. nutrient

    Correct Answer
    C. C. anorexia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. anorexia. Anorexia is the medical term used to describe the loss of appetite. It is a condition where a person experiences a lack of desire to eat or has a reduced interest in food. This can be caused by various factors such as medical conditions, medications, psychological issues, or even certain lifestyle choices. Anorexia can lead to significant weight loss and nutritional deficiencies if not addressed properly. It is important to seek medical attention if experiencing persistent loss of appetite.

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  • 17. 

    The medical term for tube feeding is

    • A.

      A. IV

    • B.

      B. gavage

    • C.

      C. IVN

    • D.

      D. esophageal intoduction

    Correct Answer
    B. B. gavage
    Explanation
    The correct answer is b. gavage. Gavage is the medical term for tube feeding, which involves the administration of liquid nutrition directly into the stomach through a tube. This method is commonly used when a patient is unable to consume food orally or has difficulty swallowing. IV (intravenous) refers to the administration of fluids or medications directly into a vein, IVN is not a recognized medical term, and esophageal introduction does not accurately describe the process of tube feeding.

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  • 18. 

    The common term for a decubitus ulcer; a pressure sore is

    • A.

      A. blister

    • B.

      B. pimple

    • C.

      C. fever

    • D.

      D. bed sore

    Correct Answer
    D. D. bed sore
    Explanation
    A decubitus ulcer, commonly known as a pressure sore, is a type of injury that occurs when there is prolonged pressure on the skin. This pressure can lead to the breakdown of skin and underlying tissues, resulting in an open wound. The term "bed sore" is often used to describe this condition because it commonly occurs in individuals who are bedridden or have limited mobility. The other options, blister, pimple, and fever, do not accurately describe this specific type of wound.

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  • 19. 

    The abbreviation for temperature, pulse, and respiration is

    • A.

      A. temp

    • B.

      B. TPR

    • C.

      C. vtls

    Correct Answer
    B. B. TPR
    Explanation
    The correct answer is b. TPR. TPR stands for temperature, pulse, and respiration, which are three vital signs used to assess a person's health status. This abbreviation is commonly used in medical settings to record and communicate these measurements efficiently. The other options, a. temp and c. vtls, are not widely recognized or used abbreviations for these vital signs.

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  • 20. 

    The word element phlebo means

    • A.

      A. vein

    • B.

      B. breathing

    • C.

      C. air, lungs

    • D.

      D. alongside of

    Correct Answer
    A. A. vein
    Explanation
    The word element "phlebo" refers to veins.

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  • 21. 

    The word element pneumo means

    • A.

      A. disease

    • B.

      B. air, lungs

    • C.

      C. eye

    • D.

      D. fear dread

    Correct Answer
    B. B. air, lungs
    Explanation
    The word element "pneumo" is derived from the Greek word "pneuma," which means air or breath. In medical terminology, "pneumo" is used to refer to anything related to air or lungs. Therefore, the correct answer is b. air, lungs.

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  • 22. 

    The word element adeno means

    • A.

      A. pain

    • B.

      B. both

    • C.

      C. gland

    • D.

      D. anus

    Correct Answer
    C. C. gland
    Explanation
    The word element "adeno" refers to glands. This can be inferred from the fact that the other options - pain, both, and anus - do not have any relation to the term "adeno". Therefore, the correct answer is c. gland.

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  • 23. 

    The word elements algia, algesia, refer to

    • A.

      A. artery

    • B.

      B. pain

    • C.

      C against

    • D.

      D. air

    Correct Answer
    B. B. pain
    Explanation
    The word elements "algia" and "algesia" are commonly used in medical terminology to refer to pain. These elements are derived from Greek and are often used in the names of medical conditions or disorders related to pain, such as "neuralgia" (nerve pain) or "fibromyalgia" (chronic muscle pain). Therefore, the correct answer is b. pain.

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  • 24. 

    The word element cardiio means

    • A.

      A. gall

    • B.

      B. colon

    • C.

      C. heart

    • D.

      D. cut

    Correct Answer
    C. C. heart
    Explanation
    The word element "cardiio" is derived from the Greek word "kardia" which means "heart". Therefore, the correct answer is c. heart.

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  • 25. 

    The word element ectomy means

    • A.

      A. air

    • B.

      B. outer, on the outside

    • C.

      C. surgical removal

    • D.

      D. cartilage

    Correct Answer
    C. C. surgical removal
    Explanation
    The word element "ectomy" is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate the surgical removal or excision of a particular body part or tissue. This suffix is derived from the Greek word "ektomē," which means "cutting out." Therefore, option c, "surgical removal," accurately represents the meaning of the word element "ectomy."

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  • 26. 

    The word element emesis means

    • A.

      A. vomiting

    • B.

      B.kill

    • C.

      C.weakness

    • D.

      D. no correct answer

    Correct Answer
    A. A. vomiting
    Explanation
    The word element "emesis" refers to the act of vomiting. This is indicated by the use of the word "means" in the question, which suggests that the word element is being defined. Therefore, the correct answer is a. vomiting.

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  • 27. 

    The word element cise means

    • A.

      A. colon

    • B.

      B. cut

    • C.

      C. tumor, swelling, hernia,sac

    • D.

      D. no correct answer

    Correct Answer
    B. B. cut
    Explanation
    The word element "cise" is derived from the Latin word "cisus" which means "to cut". Therefore, the correct meaning of the word element "cise" is "cut".

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  • 28. 

    The word element centesis means

    • A.

      A. slow

    • B.

      B. common bile duct

    • C.

      C. cell

    • D.

      D. puncture

    Correct Answer
    D. D. puncture
    Explanation
    The word element "centesis" refers to a medical procedure that involves puncturing a body cavity or organ with a needle or other sharp instrument. This procedure is commonly used for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes, such as draining fluid or obtaining a tissue sample. Therefore, the correct answer is d. puncture.

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  • 29. 

    The word element renal means

    • A.

      A. kidney

    • B.

      B. flow

    • C.

      C. nose

    • D.

      D. no correct answer

    Correct Answer
    A. A. kidney
    Explanation
    The word element "renal" specifically refers to the kidney. It is derived from the Latin word "renes" which means kidneys. Therefore, the correct answer is a. kidney.

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  • 30. 

    The  word element post means

    • A.

      A. pus

    • B.

      B. before

    • C.

      C. after

    • D.

      D. too few

    Correct Answer
    C. C. after
    Explanation
    The word element "post" means "after". It is commonly used as a prefix in words like "postpone" (to do something after the originally planned time) or "postwar" (referring to the time after a war). Therefore, option c is the correct answer.

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  • 31. 

    The word element osis means

    • A.

      A. tumor

    • B.

      B. eye

    • C.

      C. condition of

    • D.

      D. ear

    Correct Answer
    C. C. condition of
    Explanation
    The word element "osis" is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate a condition or state of something. It is derived from the Greek word "osis" meaning "a condition of" or "a state of." Therefore, the correct answer is c. condition of.

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  • 32. 

    The word element rhino means

    • A.

      A. ear

    • B.

      B. nose

    • C.

      C. throat

    • D.

      D. eye

    Correct Answer
    B. B. nose
    Explanation
    The word element "rhino" is derived from the Greek word "rhis," which means "nose." This is evident in words like "rhinoplasty" (nose surgery) and "rhinoceros" (a large mammal with a prominent nose horn). Therefore, the correct answer is b. nose.

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  • 33. 

    The word element stomato means

    • A.

      A. mouth or the ostium uteri

    • B.

      B. upper intestine

    • C.

      C. psychogenic symptoms

    • D.

      D. gallstones

    Correct Answer
    A. A. mouth or the ostium uteri
    Explanation
    The word element "stomato" is derived from the Greek word "stoma" which means "mouth". Therefore, the correct answer is a. mouth or the ostium uteri.

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  • 34. 

    The word  element super means

    • A.

      A. great

    • B.

      B. above

    • C.

      C. study of

    • D.

      D. no correct answer

    Correct Answer
    B. B. above
    Explanation
    The word "super" is used to indicate something that is above or beyond the normal or expected level. It implies a higher or superior position or quality. Therefore, the correct answer is b. above.

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  • 35. 

    The abbreviation for toxic shock syndrome is

    • A.

      A. TSS

    • B.

      B. tox

    • C.

      C. tsx

    • D.

      D. txs

    Correct Answer
    A. A. TSS
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a. TSS. TSS is the commonly used abbreviation for toxic shock syndrome. It is a rare but serious condition caused by bacterial toxins. It can occur in both men and women, but it is most commonly associated with the use of tampons in women. TSS can cause symptoms such as high fever, rash, low blood pressure, and organ failure. Prompt medical attention is necessary if TSS is suspected to prevent complications.

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  • 36. 

    Erythema refers to

    • A.

      A. blue skin

    • B.

      B. red skin

    • C.

      C. gray skin

    • D.

      D. yellow skin

    Correct Answer
    B. B. red skin
    Explanation
    Erythema refers to red skin. This term is used to describe the redness or inflammation of the skin, often caused by an increase in blood flow to the area. It can be a result of various factors such as sunburn, allergic reactions, or skin infections. The redness is typically a visible sign of an underlying issue or irritation on the skin.

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  • 37. 

    The oppesite of deep is

    • A.

      A. superficial

    • B.

      B. low

    • C.

      C. proximal

    • D.

      D. no correct answer

    Correct Answer
    A. A. superficial
    Explanation
    The opposite of deep is superficial. When something is deep, it means it is far down or extends far inward. On the other hand, something that is superficial is shallow or near the surface. Therefore, superficial is the opposite of deep in terms of depth or extent.

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  • 38. 

    High blood pressure is referred to as

    • A.

      A. palpttation

    • B.

      B. hypertension

    • C.

      C. bradycardia

    • D.

      D. trachycardia

    Correct Answer
    B. B. hypertension
    Explanation
    Hypertension is the correct answer because it refers to high blood pressure. Palpitation refers to a rapid or irregular heartbeat, bradycardia refers to a slow heart rate, and tachycardia refers to a fast heart rate.

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  • 39. 

    Neoplasm refers to

    • A.

      A. above

    • B.

      B. new growth

    • C.

      C. cut into

    • D.

      D. liver

    Correct Answer
    B. B. new growth
    Explanation
    The term neoplasm refers to the formation of new abnormal growth in the body. It is commonly used in the medical field to describe the development of tumors or other abnormal cell growth. This answer is correct because it accurately defines neoplasm as a new growth.

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  • 40. 

    The abbreviation carb means

    • A.

      A. carbolic

    • B.

      B. computer aided sleep system

    • C.

      C. carbohydrate

    • D.

      D. no correct answer

    Correct Answer
    C. C. carbohydrate
    Explanation
    Carb is an abbreviation commonly used to refer to carbohydrates, which are a group of macronutrients found in food and are the body's main source of energy. Carbohydrates are made up of sugar molecules and are found in a variety of foods such as bread, pasta, fruits, and vegetables. They play a crucial role in providing energy for the body's functions, particularly during physical activity. Therefore, option c, carbohydrate, is the correct answer.

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  • 41. 

    The abbreviation for chief complaint is

    • A.

      A. CC

    • B.

      B. ccom

    • C.

      C. chf

    • D.

      D. CCFD

    Correct Answer
    A. A. CC
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a. CC. Chief complaint is commonly abbreviated as CC in medical terminology. This abbreviation is used to refer to the main reason or concern that a patient presents to a healthcare provider. It helps in summarizing the patient's primary symptoms or issues and is an important component of medical history documentation.

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  • 42. 

    The abbreviation for grain is

    • A.

      A. gr

    • B.

      B. g

    • C.

      C. gn

    • D.

      D. grn

    Correct Answer
    A. A. gr
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a. gr" because "gr" is the commonly accepted abbreviation for the word "grain".

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