Quiz On Prefix And Suffix Of Medical Terms! Trivia Questions Test

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Quiz On Prefix And Suffix Of Medical Terms! Trivia Questions Test - Quiz

This trivia test Quiz on Prefix and Suffix of Medical Terms is perfect for students to try out if they are having a hard time remembering some of the words that are used in a hospital setting. If this is you, do give it a shot and keep an eye out for others like this that will add on to your knowledge.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Ab-

    Explanation
    The prefix "ab-" in this context means "away from" or "away." This prefix is commonly used to indicate movement or separation from a certain point or direction. Therefore, the correct answer is "away from" or "away."

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  • 2. 

    Abdomin/o

    Explanation
    The term "abdomin/o" is a combining form that refers to the abdomen. It is commonly used in medical terminology to describe various structures or conditions related to the abdominal area. The word "abdomen" itself refers to the region of the body between the chest and pelvis that contains the digestive organs, such as the stomach, liver, and intestines. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "abdomen."

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  • 3. 

    -ac, -al, -an, -ar, and -ary

    Explanation
    The given suffixes -ac, -al, -an, -ar, and -ary are used to form adjectives that indicate "pertaining to" or "related to" a certain noun or subject. For example, "cardiac" means "pertaining to the heart," "animal" means "pertaining to animals," and "lunar" means "pertaining to the moon." Therefore, the correct answer is "pertaining to."

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  • 4. 

    Ad-

  • 5. 

    Aden/o

    Explanation
    The term "aden/o" refers to a gland or glands. This is evident from the given options "gland" and "glands" which directly correspond to the meaning of "aden/o". Therefore, the correct answer is gland,glands.

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  • 6. 

    Adren/o

    Explanation
    The term "adren/o" refers to the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands are small endocrine glands located on top of the kidneys. They produce hormones such as adrenaline, cortisol, and aldosterone, which are important for regulating various bodily functions. Therefore, the correct answer is "adrenal glands, adrenal gland."

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  • 7. 

    -algia

    Explanation
    The term "-algia" is a suffix used in medical terminology to indicate pain. It is derived from the Greek word "algos" which means pain. Therefore, when "-algia" is added to the end of a word, it signifies that the person or object is experiencing pain. This suffix is commonly used in various medical conditions such as neuralgia (nerve pain) or arthralgia (joint pain).

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  • 8. 

    Amni/o

    Explanation
    The term "amni/o" refers to the amnion, which is the innermost membrane that surrounds and protects the fetus during pregnancy. It is filled with amniotic fluid and acts as a cushion, providing a stable environment for the developing baby. The amnion plays a crucial role in fetal development and helps to regulate temperature and protect against infections.

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  • 9. 

    An/o

  • 10. 

    Angi/o

    Explanation
    The term "angi/o" refers to blood vessels. It is derived from the Greek word "angeion" which means vessel. The suffix "-o" is commonly used in medical terminology to denote a condition or state. Therefore, "angi/o" signifies the condition or state of blood vessels. This term is used to describe various medical conditions related to blood vessels such as angiography (imaging of blood vessels) and angioplasty (surgical repair of blood vessels). Hence, the correct answer is "vessel, vessels" as it accurately represents the meaning and usage of the term "angi/o".

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  • 11. 

    Ante-

    Explanation
    The prefix "ante-" means "before." It is commonly used in English to indicate something that occurs or existed before a particular time or event. For example, "antecedent" refers to something that came before or preceded another thing. Therefore, the correct answer is "before."

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  • 12. 

    Anter/o

    Explanation
    The term "anter/o" refers to the front or anterior part of the body. It is commonly used in medical terminology to describe structures that are located towards the front of the body or towards the front of a specific organ or structure. In this context, "front" is the correct answer because it accurately represents the meaning of "anter/o".

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  • 13. 

    Anti-

    Explanation
    The prefix "anti-" means "against". It is used to indicate opposition or resistance to something. For example, "antibacterial" means against bacteria, and "antidepressant" means against depression. In this case, the correct answer is "against" because it accurately defines the meaning of the prefix "anti-".

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  • 14. 

    Arthr/o

    Explanation
    The term "arthr/o" refers to joints. Joints are the connections between bones that allow movement and provide support to the body.

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  • 15. 

    Arteri/o

  • 16. 

    Ather/o

  • 17. 

    -ation

    Explanation
    The suffix "-ation" is commonly used to form nouns from verbs, indicating the process or result of the action. In this case, "process" and "condition" are both nouns that can be formed by adding "-ation" to the verbs "process" and "condition" respectively. Therefore, both "process" and "condition" are correct answers.

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  • 18. 

    Aur/o

    Explanation
    The term "aur/o" is a combining form that refers to the ear. It is derived from the Latin word "auris," which means ear. Therefore, "aur/o" is used in medical terminology to indicate anything related to the ear, such as auricle, auricular, or otoscope.

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  • 19. 

    Aut-

    Explanation
    The prefix "aut-" means self. In this case, the answer "self" is the correct choice because it directly corresponds to the given prefix. The prefix "aut-" is commonly used in words like "autobiography" (a written account of one's own life) and "autonomous" (having the ability to function independently). Therefore, "self" accurately represents the meaning of the prefix "aut-".

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  • 20. 

    Axill/o

    Explanation
    The term "axill/o" refers to the armpit. It is a combining form used in medical terminology to describe conditions or anatomical structures related to the armpit. Therefore, the correct answer is "arm pit."

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  • 21. 

    Bari/o

  • 22. 

    Blephar/o

    Explanation
    The term "blephar/o" refers to the eyelid. It is a combining form used in medical terminology to indicate the eyelid.

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  • 23. 

    Brady-

  • 24. 

    duoden/o

    Explanation
    The term "duoden/o" refers to the duodenum, which is the first part of the small intestine. The duodenum plays a crucial role in the digestion process as it receives partially digested food from the stomach and further breaks it down with the help of enzymes from the pancreas and bile from the liver. It is responsible for the absorption of nutrients and is an important part of the gastrointestinal system.

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  • 25. 

    Dur/o

    Explanation
    The term "dur/o" refers to the hard or tough outermost layer of the meninges, known as the dura mater. This layer protects the brain and spinal cord, providing a strong barrier against injury. It is composed of dense connective tissue and is responsible for holding the brain in place within the skull. Therefore, "dura mater" is the correct answer as it accurately represents the term "dur/o" and its corresponding anatomical structure.

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  • 26. 

    -dynia

  • 27. 

    Dys-

    Explanation
    The prefix "dys-" is used to indicate something abnormal, bad, painful, or difficult. It can be added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning. For example, "dysfunction" means abnormal functioning, "dyslexia" refers to difficulty in reading, "dyspepsia" means painful digestion, and "dysphoria" refers to a state of unease or dissatisfaction. Therefore, all the given options - abnormal, bad, painful, and difficult - can be associated with the prefix "dys-".

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  • 28. 

    -eal

    Explanation
    The given word ending "-eal" is commonly used to form adjectives that mean "pertaining to" or "related to." This suffix is often added to noun stems to create adjectives that describe characteristics or qualities associated with the noun. For example, "ethereal" means pertaining to the ethereal or heavenly, "emotional" means pertaining to emotions, and "material" means pertaining to matter or physical substance. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "pertaining to" as it accurately represents the meaning of words ending in "-eal".

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  • 29. 

    Ec-

  • 30. 

    -ectasis

    Explanation
    The term "-ectasis" refers to the condition of dilation, stretching, widening, or expanding. This suffix is commonly used in medical terminology to describe the abnormal enlargement or expansion of a tubular structure or organ in the body. Therefore, the correct answer options of dilation, stretching, widening, and expanding all accurately describe the meaning of "-ectasis" in this context.

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  • 31. 

    Ecto-

    Explanation
    The prefix "ecto-" means "outside." It is commonly used in scientific and medical terminology to indicate something that is located or occurs outside of a certain structure or area. For example, ectoderm refers to the outermost layer of cells in an embryo, and ectomorph is a term used to describe a lean and slender body type. Therefore, the correct answer is "outside."

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  • 32. 

    -ectomy

    Explanation
    The term "-ectomy" refers to the surgical removal or excision of a specific organ or tissue. It involves cutting out or removing the affected area from the body. "Excision," "cut out," "removal," and "resection" all accurately describe this process. Therefore, all of these terms can be used interchangeably to represent the correct answer.

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  • 33. 

    Electr/o

    Explanation
    The term "electr/o" is a combining form that refers to electricity. Therefore, the correct answer is "electricity" because it is the term that is related to the combining form "electr/o".

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  • 34. 

    -emesis

    Explanation
    The term "emesis" is a medical term used to describe the act of vomiting. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "vomitting", as it is the correct spelling of the word "vomiting".

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  • 35. 

    -emia

    Explanation
    The term "-emia" is a medical suffix that refers to a condition or presence of a substance in the blood. In this case, the word "blood" is the correct answer because it directly relates to the suffix "-emia" and signifies a condition or substance within the blood.

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  • 36. 

    En-

    Explanation
    The given answer options all convey the idea of something being located or contained inside or within something else. "Within" suggests that something is inside a particular area or boundary. "Inside" means that something is situated or enclosed on the inside of something else. "Inner" refers to something that is located on the inside, closer to the center or core. These words can be used interchangeably to describe the position or location of something being inside or within something else.

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  • 37. 

    Encephal/o

    Explanation
    The term "encephal/o" refers to the brain. This is a combining form used in medical terminology to indicate a relationship or association with the brain. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "brain."

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  • 38. 

    Endo-

    Explanation
    The prefix "endo-" means "within" or "inside". This prefix is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate something that is located or occurring within a specific organ or structure. For example, endoscopy is a procedure in which a thin tube with a camera is inserted into the body to examine the internal organs. Therefore, the correct answer is "within" or "inside".

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  • 39. 

    Endocrin/o

    Explanation
    The term "endocrin/o" refers to the endocrine system, which is composed of various endocrine glands. These glands are responsible for producing and secreting hormones into the bloodstream to regulate bodily functions and maintain homeostasis. Therefore, the correct answer is "endocrine glands" or "endocrine gland" because they are directly related to the term "endocrin/o."

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  • 40. 

    Endometri/o

    Explanation
    The term "endometri/o" refers to the endometrium, which is the inner lining of the uterus. This lining undergoes changes during the menstrual cycle and is shed during menstruation. The suffix "-ium" is commonly used to denote a tissue or structure. Therefore, "endometrium" is the correct answer as it specifically refers to the tissue lining of the uterus.

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  • 41. 

    Enter/o

    Explanation
    The word "enter/o" is a combining form that refers to the intestines. It is derived from the Greek word "enteron," which means intestines. Therefore, the correct answer is "intestines" or "intestine" because they are the appropriate terms related to the word "enter/o."

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  • 42. 

    Epi-

    Explanation
    The prefix "epi-" means "above" or "upon". It is used to indicate something that is located or positioned above or upon something else. For example, in medical terms, "epidermis" refers to the outer layer of the skin, which is situated above the dermis. Similarly, "epicenter" is the point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake. Therefore, the correct answer is "above, upon".

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  • 43. 

    Epiglott/o

    Explanation
    The term "epiglottis" refers to a flap of cartilage located at the base of the tongue. It is responsible for preventing food and liquids from entering the windpipe during swallowing, by covering the opening of the larynx. The word "epiglott/o" is the combining form that represents this anatomical structure. Therefore, "epiglott/o" is the correct term for the root word that pertains to the epiglottis.

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  • 44. 

    Epitheli/o

    Explanation
    The term "epitheli/o" refers to the prefix used in medical terminology to denote "skin." This prefix is commonly used in words related to the skin, such as "epithelial" which refers to the tissue that covers the external surface of the body. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "skin."

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  • 45. 

    Erythr/o

    Explanation
    The term "erythr/o" is derived from the Greek word for "red." This prefix is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate something related to the color red. It can be seen in words like erythrocyte (red blood cell) and erythema (redness of the skin). Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "red."

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  • 46. 

    Esophagi/o

    Explanation
    The term "esophagi/o" refers to the esophagus, which is the muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach. This term is derived from the Greek word "esophagos." The suffix "-o" indicates that it is a combining form used to form medical terms related to the esophagus. Therefore, "esophagi/o" is the correct term for the esophagus.

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  • 47. 

    Esthesi/o

    Explanation
    The term "esthesi/o" refers to sensation. This could include the perception of touch, temperature, pain, or any other sensory experience. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "sensation."

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  • 48. 

    Ex-, exo-, and extra-

    Explanation
    The prefixes "ex-", "exo-", and "extra-" all have the meaning of "out" or "outside". Therefore, the correct answer is "out" or "outside".

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  • 49. 

    Fibr/o

    Explanation
    The term "fibr/o" is a combining form that refers to fibers or fibrous tissue. Therefore, when combined with the word "tissue," it creates the term "fibrous tissue," which accurately describes a type of tissue that is composed of fibers.

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  • 50. 

    Femor/o

    Explanation
    The term "femor/o" is a combining form that refers to the femur, which is the bone located in the thigh. It is the longest and strongest bone in the human body. Therefore, the correct answer is "femur" because it directly corresponds to the given combining form.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 14, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Sunshine33
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